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Delft thesis

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Master Thesis - TU Delft

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Persuasive Essay On Harriet Tubman Essays and delft, Research Papers. Harriet Tubman By Blake Snider December 5, 2010 Professor J Arrieta Seminar Critical Inquiry . Harriet Tubman is a woman of faith and dignity who saved many African American men and women through courage and love for write paper, God. One would ponder what would drive someone to bring upon pain and thesis, suffering to one’s self just to help others. Harriet Tubman was an African American women that took upon bad driving habits, many roles during her time just as abolitionist, humanitarian, and thesis, a Union. Abraham Lincoln , African American , American Civil War 2290 Words | 6 Pages. Harriet Ross Tubman was an African American who escaped slavery and then showed runaway slaves the way to freedom in professional plan the North . for thesis, longer than a decade before the American Civil War.

During the war she was as a scout, spy, and habits essay, nurse for the United States Army. Delft. After that she kept working for rights for blacks and women. Members. br br Harriet Tubman was originally named Araminta Ross. She was one of delft thesis 11 children born to Harriet Greene and Benjamin Ross on a plantation in Dorchester County, Maryland. She. African American , American Civil War , Black people 1168 Words | 4 Pages. born as a slaveBorn a slave, Harriet Tubman iscan be defined as a self-liberated abolitionist who is hthat is how to paper, honored for saving . hundreds of slaves and helping them reach freedom. Delft Thesis. Harriet Tubman struggled through her early years working as a slave for plantation owners. Harriet wapossessed ves very little worth to anyone, she never got the respect or companionship that which a person needs. She faced discrimination, racism, and torture from developing essay questions, all of her owners. Delft. Harriet Tuman dealt with Overcoming various.

African American , American Civil War , Atlantic slave trade 1608 Words | 4 Pages. Catherine Clinton’s biography “ Harriet Tubman : The Road to Freedom” is an interesting and members, comprehensive biography on delft thesis, . Harriet Tubman’s life. Catherine Clinton is a renowned historian with a special interest in black history. Many consider Harriet Tubman as the “Black Moses” of professional business plan America and for good reason; she has lead hundreds of slaves to freedom, risking her own life for their welfare. This book is thesis, truly comprehensive and immersive and focuses on exposing the reality of Harriet Tubman’s life. Most biographical. Abolitionism , African American , African American history 1020 Words | 3 Pages.

Introduction Harriet Ross Tubman originally named Araminta Ross a black woman, she was born into slavery. A Seminar. She is a very . courageous woman. She would do anything to help others expect out of slavery and into the ?free land?, Canada. She is very smart especially when it comes to thesis, fouling the bloodhounds and smoking ban essay final, the slave captures. Thesis. Araminta lived till she was in her late 90?s. Paper. She was born 1 of eleven children. Through the thesis courses of her life she served as a spy, scout a cook, and a seminar, a nurse. Biography Harriet Ross. American Civil War , Auburn, New York , Harriet Tubman 872 Words | 3 Pages. Johnson History 2020 18 April 2011 Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad Harriet Tubman , . also known as “Moses”, played a big part in American history for delft thesis, her role as a conductor on the Underground Railroad.

A former slave, Tubman was a determined woman who never gave up and knew she would one day fulfill her dream of becoming a free woman. Electronics Group 7 Strategic Management Case. She was born somewhere around 1820 as Araminta Ross in Dorchester County, Maryland. Her parents were Harriet Green and Benjamin Ross, slaves to Anthony. American Civil War , Auburn, New York , Harriet Tubman 1375 Words | 4 Pages. Mrs. Fernandez Do you know how many slaves Harriet Tubman saved throughout her whole life? Harriet . Tubman was born in Dorchester County, Maryland in the year of 1822. Harriet Tubman grew up with a very loving mother, but the thesis first years of her life were pretty tough, though. She lived with a fear of getting separated from her family, like many other slaves. Harriet’s real name was Armanitia Ross, but she changed it. Harriet was a humanitarian to all slaves by taking care of them; being.

American Civil War , Compromise of 1850 , Fugitive slave 763 Words | 3 Pages. Harriet Tubman Harriet Ross Tubman (1820-1913) is best known for final, her involvement in the . Underground Railroad. She was also an abolitionist, Civil War spy and nurse, suffragist, and humanitarian. After she escaped from thesis, slavery in 1849, she dedicated her life to fighting for freedom and equality. Samsung Group 7 Strategic Management Case. Harriet freed over 300 blacks from slavery in the South, to freedom in delft the North.

For her heroic efforts, she received the bad driving habits essay biblical name “Moses.” This name came from the delft bible story in Exodus where. Auburn, New York , Harriet Tubman , John Brown 1478 Words | 4 Pages. ? Harriet Tubman Your heart is beating hard and fast. So quickly that your footsteps lag behind it, so strong that it pounds . in your head. The hunters might even hear it, but with all the adrenaline, the thought stays in the back of your mind. You are a slave. Your master just died. Habits. You’re running. This is exactly what happened to Harriet Tubman , most known for being a conductor (a.k.a. escort who journeyed with fugitives) on the Underground Railroad (a network of people and safe houses to get. Auburn, New York , Harriet Tubman , John Brown 934 Words | 2 Pages. Early Years Her real name was Harriet Beecher Stowe.

Born as a salve on June 14, 1820 on a plantation in Maryland. Delft Thesis. There were 8 children . in her family and email members, she was the sixth. When she was five, her Mother died. Thesis. Her Father remarried one year later and in time had three more children. Her Father always wanted her to be a boy.

When Harriet was only 13 years old, she tried to ban essay final statement, stop a person from being whipped and delft thesis, went between the two people. The white man hit her in the head with a shovel and. Abolitionism , American Civil War , Harriet Beecher Stowe 1182 Words | 4 Pages. Harriet Tubman Summary of bad driving essay Harriet Tubman : “Some linked her to Joan of Arc for her charisma and . simple faith. She had a dream and visions, and extraordinary things happened to her. She led a charmed life through incredible dangers” (http://www.harriettubman.com/callhermoses.html). Thesis. Harriet Ross Tubman was born in the Bucktown district of Dorchester County, Maryland. As an illiterate slave she escaped to samsung electronics group 7 strategic management case, freedom in 1849. “For the thesis next 11 years she returned to the South 19 times to samsung 7 strategic case, lead more than. African Methodist Episcopal Church , Harriet Tubman , John Brown 1505 Words | 5 Pages. Harriet Tubman was an influential figure in delft both, the committee Underground Railroad and multiple anti-slavery movements.

Clearly . defined, the Underground Railroad was the series of pathways and stations used by runaways in delft their escape to freedom (Schraff 24). Electronics Management Study. The Railroad provided houses, buildings, and thesis, ways of travel for many slaves desiring for to dissertation committee members, deliverance (Schraff 24). Harriet Tubman’s birth name was Araminta Ross, which she later changed to delft, Harriet (americancivilwar.com). Around the year 1820. Compromise of 1850 , Harriet Tubman , John Brown 1911 Words | 5 Pages. I had reasoned this out in smoking final statement my mind, there was one of two things I had a right to, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other. This . Delft Thesis. above quote stated by Harriet Tubman is write, evidence of her inclusive dedication to the emancipation of slavery. One of Tubman's most distinguished accomplishments includes her efforts in thesis the Underground Railroad. In September of 1850 she was made an email to dissertation committee, official conductor of the Railroad; she knew all the routes to free territory. Her hard work.

Abolitionism , American Civil War , Frederick Douglass 1183 Words | 3 Pages. Harriet Tubman and Secret Passage. Harriet Tubman and delft thesis, Secret Passage Your Name School Date Class Professor Harriet . Tubman was born around 1820 in Maryland as a slave. She started working at the early age of five as a house servant. Tubman made her way to the work field at smoking statement the early at of twelve. Tubman spent the next years working in the fields, until one night she decided to follow the delft North Star to how to paper, free lands. Harriet Tubman goal was help free as many slave as she could.

Tubman became a part of the thesis Underground Railroad. American Civil War , Compromise of 1850 , Harriet Tubman 832 Words | 3 Pages. Who is Harriet Tubman ? Harriet Tubman was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and . Union spy during the American Civil War, and was also known as the conductor of the Underground Railroad. Harriet Tubman was born in professional plan template 1820, in Dorchester County, Maryland as Araminta Harriet Ross. She later changed her first name to Harriet , after her mother. She was also known by the nicknames of Minty or Moses. She was one of eleven children of Harriet and Benjamin Ross, and thesis, she was of pure African. Abolitionism , American Civil War , Auburn, New York 2054 Words | 6 Pages. not have one, I would have the smoking ban essay final statement other; for no man should take me alive; I should fight for thesis, my liberty as long as my strength lasted, and bad driving habits, when the time came . for me to delft thesis, go, the Lord would let them take me”. The brave women who said these words were Harriet Tubman and she was one of the leaders of the Underground Railroad that helped slaves reach freedom. Members. “Although not an actual railroad of steel rails, locomotives and steam engines, the Underground Railroad was real nevertheless” (encyclopedia The Civil.

African American history , American Civil War , Compromise of 1850 1698 Words | 4 Pages. Harriet Tubman was born into slavery to Bengamin Ross and Harriet Greene—both slaves of Edward Brodas—as their 11th . child. Her birth name was Araminta and thesis, was called “Minty” as a child. Professional Template. By the time she reached adulthood, she was calling herself Harriet . She was born on delft, Edward Brodas’ plantation in Dorchester County, Maryland. Her exact date of birth is not known, because slaves holders didn’t record birth days of their slaves; and write a seminar, different accounts list her to be born in the year 1820 or 1821. Delft Thesis. Because. Abolitionism , American Civil War , Auburn, New York 1268 Words | 3 Pages. A Speech of Commemoration for Harriet Tubman. Title: A speech of commemoration for Harriet Tubman Specific purpose: To commemorate March 10th as Harriet . Tubman Day and to inform the developing questions audience about delft her life and fight for freedom I. Questions. Introduction A. Attention getter: Imagine a time when you have no rights of your own. From the time that you are born until the time that you die, you are someone else's property and are under their directions and orders- and thesis, sometimes their cruelty.

You are a slave in how to write a seminar paper the mid 1800s in the Southern. American Civil War , Compromise of delft thesis 1850 , English-language films 711 Words | 3 Pages. Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad… know today as Harriet Tubman . She was born in 1820, Dorchester County, Maryland. She was born a slave and the owner did not . record their birthdates. Harriet's ancestors had been brought to America from Africa during the early time period of the 18th Century. Harriet was the 11th child born to Benjamin Ross and Harriet Greene, slaves of Edward Brodas, at write a seminar birth her given name was Araminta.

By the thesis time she was older, she was calling herself Harriet (after her mother’s name). When Harriet was five or six. Auburn, New York , Harriet Tubman , John Brown 1384 Words | 4 Pages. The Life of Harriet Tubman Early Life Originally named Araminta, or Minty, Harriet Tubman was . born in early 1819 or 1820 on the plantation of Anthony Thompson, south of Madison in Dorchester County, Maryland. Tubman was the fifth of nine children of Harriet Rit Green and Benjamin Ross, both slaves. Members. Edward Brodas, the stepson of Anthony Thompson, claimed ownership of delft thesis Rit and her children through his mother Mary Pattison Brodas Thompson. Ben Ross, the bad driving habits essay slave of delft Anthony Thompson, was a timber. Atlantic slave trade , Confederate States of America , Harriet Tubman 978 Words | 3 Pages. 5-18-13 Quick Q: Harriet Tubman In 1822 Minty Ross was born at Dorchester County, Maryland. She was black, which meant that . Bad Driving Habits. her childhood was based on labor; she took care of delft thesis children and worked at ban essay final statement fields and hauled logs. Thesis. When she was twenty-two, she married a free black man and changed her name to Harriet Tubman . And when her master died in business 1849, she decided to escape and was successful at it.

She then dedicated her life to save slaves and help and bless others. In 1850, Harriet saved at least thirty-eight. American Civil War , Banach–Mazur game , English-language films 1002 Words | 3 Pages. Harriet Tubman and Underground Railroad. began in delft the 1780s while Harriet Tubman was born six decades later in antebellum America. The Underground Railroad was successful . in its quest to essay, free slaves; it even made the South pass two acts in a vain attempt to delft, stop its tracks. Business Plan Template. Then, Harriet Tubman , an African-American with an incredulous conviction to lead her people to the light, joins the delft thesis Underground Railroad’s cause becoming one of the leading conductors in the railroad. To Dissertation Committee Members. The Underground Railroad and Harriet Tubman aided in delft bringing down slavery. Abolitionism , American Civil War , Compromise of 1850 1905 Words | 5 Pages. ? Harriet Tubman Early Life: A. Birth a. Final. 1820 b. Dorchester county, Maryland B. Thesis. Siblings a. Smoking Ban Essay Final. Brothers: Ben, Henry, Moses, . James, Robert b. Sisters: Rachel, Linah, Soph, Mariah Ritty C. Delft Thesis. Parents: a. Mom: Harriet Greene “Old Rit” b. Dad: Ben Ross “Old Ben” D. Childhood events a. Born into smoking ban essay, Brodas Plantation a.i.

Spent younger days with Grandmother a.ii. Worked in cotton fields when she came of age (6) b. Delft. James Cook hired her out b.i. Punished by looking for muskrats b.ii. Waded in water. Family , Harriet Tubman , Marriage 579 Words | 3 Pages. Harriet Tubman: Moses of Her People Harriet Tubman : “Moses of committee Her People” March 27, 2012 Lily Papalii . Harriet Tubman : “Moses of Her People” I. Early Life A. Birth 1. Thesis. Araminta “Minty” Ross was born March 10, 1820.

2. She was born in Dorchester County, Maryland. B. Family 1. Harriet’s father died in the year of 1871. 2. Years later, her mother died in the year of 1880. 3. Harriet had 10 sisters and brothers, altogether. Auburn, New York , Cambridge, Maryland , Fort Hill Cemetery 1235 Words | 5 Pages. Similarities and Differences of Harriet Tubman and Susan B. Samsung Electronics. Anthony. Here are the simlilarities and delft, differences of the lives of Harriet Tubman and Susan B. How To A Seminar Paper. Anthony. Delft Thesis. Susan B. Anthony had a better . Essay. life growing up than Harriet Tubman . Susan B. Anthony was born in 1820 in a small town in delft thesis western Massechusets.

Also was the daughter of a principled and plain Quaker father, and a loving, committed, withdrawn mother. Her childhood was spent in the midst of her mother's unending domestic chores, and her brief limited education was designed to cultivate in. American Civil War , Black people , Elizabeth Cady Stanton 748 Words | 4 Pages. Persuasive Essay The idea of a doll who is supposed to teach my child and she what a cute young girl looks like, would you . think it would be dress to essay, a parents idea of cute? The Bratz Dolls are unbelievably dressed and constructed. There has recently been much controversy over these dolls in my home town.

It was a young Childs birthday party; she received a Bratz Doll as a present for delft thesis, her party. The following is the email committee members story that was written on what happened after the mother opened the gift and. Barbie , Bratz , Bratz Babyz 860 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Erica Crawley COMM215 August 10, 2014 University of Phoenix Running head: PERSUASIVE . ESSAY 1 PERSUASIVE ESSAY 2 Persuasive Essay Many people can benefit from joining the Military service for delft, a lot of different reasons. Some joined for ban essay statement, the pay, to serve their country and some do it for delft thesis, the experience. There are many reason people join the United States Army.

Some other reasons to join the Army could be job security, education benefits, health insurance benefits, life. Ernest McFarland , G.I. Bill , Health insurance 779 Words | 3 Pages. Writing assignment seriesPersuasive or argumentative essaysIn persuasive or argumentative writing, we try to convince othersto agree with our . facts, share our values,accept our argument and business, conclusions,and adopt our way of thinking.Elements toward building a good persuasive essay include establishing factsto support an argument clarifying relevant valuesfor your audience (perspective) prioritizing, editing, and/or sequencingthe facts and delft thesis, values in importance to committee members, build the argument . Argument , Conclusion , Logic 691 Words | 3 Pages. ? Harriet Tubman was a very accomplished woman with many great feats under her belt. Born into thesis, slavery under the email name Araminta, . she lived a tough life. Delft. She later married a free black man, and took her mother’s first name and her husband’s last name, now under the name Harriet Tubman . Essay. A short while after she married her husband, her master died, this was when Tubman made her move. She escaped, going from Maryland to Pennsylvania alone and unnoticed. Delft. She later went on to become a conductor for. Escape , Harriet Tubman , John Brown 590 Words | 2 Pages. Persuasive Essay Craig Harper Comm/215 Essentials of College Writing September 19, 2012 Richard Cammarota . Persuasive Essay Crime is on the rise throughout America and it is essay, happening at alarming rate.

The offenders are getting younger and delft, younger and they seem to have no respect for other people property or values. Violent crimes is on the rise and how to a seminar, the offenders getting younger and creating homelessness. This is thesis, just part of what I want to discuss in my essay . . Bloods , Crime , Criminology 772 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Ryan Murphy COMM/215 March 6, 2013 Gary Christiansen Persuasive Essay . Sequester, what is it? How did we get here? Who is at fault? These are the thing we will discuss. Recently a lot of people have been in an uproar over sequester and the spending cuts that will automatically take place. What most people fail to understand is that this is not something that happened overnight it has loomed over us for months and our government has failed to habits, take appropriate action to prevent. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , George W. Bush 980 Words | 3 Pages.

Persuasive Essay Raquel Daniel COMM/215 Essentials of College Writing July 7, 2011 Cassundra Flemister-White . Thesis. Persuasive Essay Gangs Gangs are killing our upcoming generations. Gangs have always been around for many years and they are still growing. Plan. They are becoming more violent now because they are using more than just their body parts to beat up people. These gangs are killing and raping people. It used to be about delft thesis colors and different language but now it is about something different. Bloods , Crime , Gang 921 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Maurice R. McKenzie Comm/215 August 23, 2012 Dr. Smoking. Robert Hobson Introduction A universal healthcare . plan would lower the overall healthcare cost and make it affordable for more people. The Obamacare, addresses key issues that are beneficial to thesis, the majority and not the rich minority population. Developing Questions. The plan focus on affordable insurance for more people, coverage for delft, children with pre-existing conditions, and requiring business with fifty or more employees to offer health insurance.

Health , Health care , Health economics 794 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive essay to essay, your Employer Maria Cummings-Pinole Comm. /105 May 22, 2010 Margaret Fletcher Persuasive . essay to your Employer Tuition reimbursement program is delft, one thing that every company should consider to offer to their employees. The program will not only essay benefit employees but the company as well. Companies who offer this program are usually at an upper hand over delft thesis a company that does not offer it. Three advantages for a company that offer tuition reimbursement program are, more knowledge. Commerce , Company , Employment 960 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Medelin Ocasio COMM/215 Essentials of Collage Writing January 29, 2013 Instructor Beverly Raznoff . Persuasive Essay In the future; university education would be free?

A few days ago my daughter asked me why people pay for our college education if everyone can help the society. Immediately flowed many questions in my mind and realized that her inquietude was true. Education is the key to professional, success. Delft Thesis. At different stages of my life I have heard this phrase. Academic degree , College , Education 827 Words | 5 Pages.

? Harriet Tubman My paper is on developing, Harriet Tubman . Harriet Tubman was a very . Delft. heroic woman who completed thirteen missions to free black slaves using the email members Underground Railroad. Harriet Tubman was born with the name Araminta Minty Ross to slave parents, Harriet Rit Green and Ben Ross. Harriet Tubman was born in thesis Dorchester County, Maryland. There is no accurate account of Harriet Tubman’s birthday. Harriet only had a general knowledge that she was born in between the years of 1815 to a seminar paper, 1825. Harriet Tubman. American Civil War , Arab slave trade , Black people 660 Words | 2 Pages. ? Harriet Tubman -Born: Between 1820 and thesis, 1825 in Dorchester County, Maryland, U.S.A. (Birth records were not kept for slaves . and Tubman was born as a slave). -Death: March 10th 1913, Auburn, New-York -Family Ben Ross (father): Ben was released from slavery at the age of forty-five. Essay. Harriet Greene (mother): No details. Delft. -Childhood: In Dorchester country, Tubman was often beaten and whipped by professional business plan, most of her slave owners. As a young child, she suffered a terrible head injury while trying. American Civil War , Cambridge, Maryland , Family 504 Words | 2 Pages.

Harriet Tubman When I found I had crossed that line, I looked at thesis my hands to see if I was the same person. There was such a . Smoking Final. glory over thesis everything; the essay sun came like gold through the trees, and over delft the fields, and I felt like I was in Heaven.” ( Harriet Tubman , approx. 1820’s-1913). Business Template. Harriet Tubman quoted this after her first breath of freedom. She was born into slavery in the 1820’s, so it is delft thesis, chilling to hear her description of what that meant to her. How To A Seminar. I asked myself, “Would I risk that glory. Auburn, New York , Combahee River , Fort Hill Cemetery 507 Words | 2 Pages. PERSUASIVE ESSAY COMM/215 ESSENTIALS OF COLLEGE WRITING JANUARY 20TH, 2013 The use of guns is everywhere nationwide. . Many families and individuals own a gun for their own personal protection. Thesis. Some families only feel comfortable owning a gun in their home to committee, protect their families, than Sandy Hook happened and the world started turning.

All of the sudden guns became dangerous but what people don’t understand is that before that tragedy happened many families and individuals still had ownership. Cannon , Firearm , Gun 812 Words | 3 Pages. ?Lorenzo Escude BBonincontri Ethical decision September / 22 / 2014 Persuasive essay The social network The social . networks like Facebook actually alienate people instead of bringing them together through the isolation of sitting alone on the computer. The film The social network, is a film that brings the story how does this person create the Facebook. It is a story of delft entrepreneurship and theft, and of friendship and betrayal. More than anything else, it is a study of Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook’s. Dustin Moskovitz , Facebook , Mark Zuckerberg 904 Words | 4 Pages. Harriet Tubman Harriet Tubman was born Araminta Ross to slave parents, Harriet . Members. Green and Ben Ross.

Harriet Green was known as Rit. Harriet Tubman was known as Minty. Rit was owned by Mary Pattison Brodess and later her son Edward. Her mother Rit who may have been the child of a white man was a cook for the Brodess family .Her father Ben was a skilled woodsman who managed the timber work on Thompson's plantation.In Harriet’s childhood, Harriet had to watch her little brother and a baby because. Family , Harriet Tubman , Slavery in the United States 683 Words | 2 Pages. Persuasive Essay In 1983, Raymond Carver introduced his short story “Cathedral” to the public.

The first-person narrative takes . place within the narrator’s home, where his wife is waiting upon the arrival of her blind friend Robert. The narrator, however, becomes more concerned about how Robert’s visit will affect him rather than enjoy the situation. Once Robert arrives, the narrator tries to understand the blind man, but he is thesis, unaware of what tasks Robert is capable of performing due to smoking ban essay final, the narrator’s. Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 807 Words | 3 Pages. Chana Mushka Kalmanson Persuasive Essay November 26, 2012 Physical Education is a Necessity Schools are struggling with . the issue of delft thesis whether physical education classes (“PE”) are a necessity or are an extra-curricular. However, PE is and must be an absolute necessity.

It is bad driving, integral to delft, the comprehensive school experience, both academically and socially. Essay. As such, it is vital that physical education classes be incorporated into the curriculum, regardless of grade. High school students. College , Exercise , Grammar school 868 Words | 3 Pages. Adam A Bentley English Comp. I Professor Singer January 31, 2012 Persuasive Essay , I’d Rather Smoke Than Kiss In times . like today, people have mixed views on thesis, smoking and on the effects it has on the human body. Most people who smoke, feel that non-smokers are against them, and believe in the myths that are portrayed by cigarette companies.

They do not realize how addictive cigarettes are, and end up stuck with the plan burden. I feel that her entire article is delft, truly opinionated and biased about. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 889 Words | 3 Pages. Evan Bennett November 4, 2010 Persuasive Essay Gay discrimination is a major problem that affects individuals all across the . country. The Defense of Marriage Act needs to be repealed. First, the Defense against Marriage Act will be explained and then why it needs to be repealed, then the effects the to dissertation committee law has on society. The federal government needs to give same sex couples the same health benefits that heterosexual couples receive.

Currently, the government offers employees benefits such as health. Bisexuality , Bullying , Discrimination 881 Words | 3 Pages. ?Iomy Estevez April 8, 2013 Persuasive essay Mandaory School Uniform Have you thought about delft thesis how your family, your . home, music and even television have influenced you on smoking statement, the way you behave or even dress? While I was in middle school it was mandatory for all students to delft thesis, wear uniform and I loved it, i felt welcome into the school and since every one had to wear the same thing no one was bullied and developing essay questions, i became a straight A student sice i would only focuse in school. Then high school came. Clothing , College , Dress code 802 Words | 3 Pages.

Moses and Harriet Tubman Throughout history, there have been many historical figures relevant to lives we live today. They . have paved the way and made for many opportunities for all the people of our time and delft thesis, generation by taking risks and posing as heroes for the people of their time and generation. These innovative thinkers caused for how to write, a better today and thesis, even tomorrow by being proactive. They gave people hope, strength and something to look forward to. It takes an extremely courageous person. Bible , Harriet Tubman , Hebrews 1617 Words | 5 Pages. Gabby Nelson Mr. Telles English 2; Period 4 6 March 2013 Persuasive Essay Although many countries use nuclear weapons, it . is write, a struggle for them to realize that it is very destructive and harmful to the people and delft, land.

One nuclear bomb can kill a many as an entire city, and can cause many long-lasting effects on peoples lives. Committee. The use of nuclear weapons is never justified, it is destructive to the country and can kill many innocent people. Delft. Many people say that nuclear weapons should be used. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Hiroshima , Little Boy 905 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Communications The housing . Business Plan. market or the housing bubble, which burst did affect everyone nationally and local has been hit by the economy .My opinion I do not think that the delft housing market contributed to what the economy is bad driving essay, today. But he housing market did hit the peak for what houses were worth in the San Diego area.( And this was all caused by the actions of lenders are directly attributable. Debt , Fannie Mae , Mortgage 856 Words | 3 Pages. ? Persuasive Essay Many movies, television shows, music songs, and video games are filled with violence: murder scenes, nonstop . profanity, rape and torture scenarios. By placing scenes like these in the movies for the children and teenagers to see, the media is causing them to become more violent than it already is.

What has our society come to thesis, these days? Everywhere we look, violence is present; in the streets, back alleys, schools, and even at home. Even if one might be a pacifist, violence will. Columbine High School massacre , Media violence research , Seung-Hui Cho 888 Words | 2 Pages. Persuasive Essay COMM/215 Legalize Marijuana This essay will be about the legal issues of marijuana. The . California government chooses to have a vote in California and other states and it passed the vote, now the federal government is professional business, trying to shut down dispensaries in the state. Even though California passed the vote in thesis 1996 to ban essay, allow the use of medical marijuana for medical use, the delft thesis drug is still illegal under federal law. According to federal law, any amount found on a person is a misdemeanor. Cannabis , Domestic violence , Global Marijuana March 963 Words | 3 Pages.

? bcom/215 Persuasive Essay At least 11% of women smoke during pregnancy. Email To Dissertation Committee. Many of these . women smoke without knowing the significant negative effects smoking has on their babies before, during, and after the pregnancy. When a woman smokes during pregnancy, she exposes her baby to delft, dangerous chemicals such as tar, carbon monoxide, nicotine, and other poisonous chemicals that travels through the bloodstream and goes directly to the baby. Nicotine restricts the oxygen. Acute respiratory distress syndrome , Breastfeeding , Childbirth 788 Words | 3 Pages. ? Sydia Smith December 17, 2013 ENGL 101 Persuasive Essay Assignment: For generations people . of developing questions color have been put into a system caste of injustice. From slavery, to the Jim Crow era, and now in today’s society. Delft Thesis. Today in the United States the questions incarceration rate has nearly tripled over the years.

With the thesis significant increase in the incarceration rates, it leads you to wonder what the cause may be. Samsung Group 7 Strategic Management Study. The government has found a way to indirectly create another system. African American , Drug addiction , Incarceration 1013 Words | 3 Pages. Final: Persuasive Essay “Home Sweet Home” COM/156 Why spend money that is really needed for other things? Why live . uncomfortably? Why be trapped in delft thesis this hole called a home that belongs to another person?

Why not live free and peacefully? When a person rents he or she usually throws away money that could be used to how to, purchase something that belongs to them. Money is not easy to come by so why pay out thesis hundreds toward something that is not benefit to the person paying it out. A Seminar. There is no good explanation. Apartment , English-language films , Landlord 1195 Words | 3 Pages. ? ENG 121.201 14 July 2014 Persuasive Essay : It's not just a game, to delft thesis, many athletes this statement rings . true. Sports fuel the email to dissertation drive and determination within people, and delft, provide them an essential learning tool from which they can grow. Competitive is defined as, of or relating to a situation in which people or groups are trying to committee, win a contest or be more successful than other : relating to or involving competition .(merriam-webster.com) This concept of competitiveness is.

Child , Game , Health 1173 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Laziness in America By Greg Hill Comp 2 America today is a very lazy place; people have become too . accustomed to their ways and delft thesis, will not even consider what it is doing to them. Everyone constantly praises our wonderful technology; what they don’t realize is what our tech has done to a seminar, us. Delft Thesis. As we depend more and email members, more on gadgets to do things for us we lose ourselves to apathy and our personal interests completely forgetting the thesis common good. When it becomes so easy to satisfy our. Adipose tissue , Body mass index , Body shape 1046 Words | 3 Pages. ?Hannah Gillespie Mr. Shoupe Period 7 Persuasive Essay 6 October 2014 Don’t Protect Marriage, Expand It Everyone has rights.

In . America, we have the Bill of Rights, telling the American people that they have the professional business right to bear arms, freedom of speech, etc. Delft Thesis. A human, in any circumstance, has the right to love, and to get married. Why is it that men and women are expected to get married, have a family, and grow old together, but the right to be in a relationship with someone of the same gender is a seminar paper, unspeakable. Civil union , Heterosexism , Homophobia 990 Words | 4 Pages. “FRAILITY, THOU NAME IS NOT HARRIET TUBMAN ” “Now look here. I done worked as hard as any man for twenty-four years.

I made . my way to freedom on my own, and delft, now I intend to help my family. Business Template. I’m not afraid of what I have to thesis, do, and I sure ain’t afraid just because I am a woman!” Yes, shades of my ole buddy Sojourner Truth ripple though the words of my new hero, Harriet Tubman . Spoken with the verve of how to paper a true martyr for delft thesis, freedom, and a liberal dose of members Sojourner spunk these words convinced. African American history , Auburn, New York , Freedman 5738 Words | 13 Pages. A. Write a persuasive essay on: People depend too much on computers. B. Audience: Your college professor C. Position: For or . against it? D. Composing your three page persuasive essay : 1. Introduction A. Hook B. Thesis 2. Body (several paragraphs) A. Topic sentence B. Supporting Details C. Transitions 3. Conclusion (a paragraph) A. Restate your main point B. Leave the reader with something to delft thesis, think about Nowadays people use computers in business, public services, education and.

Computer , Docent , Lecturer 321 Words | 3 Pages. Carolyn Gaudioso 2-13-12 Dr. Vericker: English 211 Persuasive Essay School Budget Cuts Do More Harm Than Good Due to the . financial crisis there have been many changes made to government programs to reduce costs and help with debt. Many of these cuts are happening statewide, in America’s public schools. The first programs that are being cut are the essay questions art programs, and the excuse is thesis, that the core classes are more important.

The argument is that children need to be more focused on email committee members, test scores.

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Thesis - TU Delft

A Modest Proposal, by Jonathan Swift. Best known for Gulliver#39;s Travels , an allegorical account of Lemuel Gulliver#39;s fanciful voyages, Jonathan Swift also published numerous essays and political pamphlets. The most sensational of these short works, #34;A Modest Proposal,#34; is generally considered to be the most famous satirical essay in delft the English language. But in fact there#39;s nothing straightforward about #34;A Modest Proposal.#34; As you read Swift#39;s proposal, originally published anonymously in 1729, consider why it has been characterized as #34;a masterpiece of ironic logic.#34; When you are done, you may want to try our Reading Quiz on #34;A Modest Proposal.#34; You may also find it worthwhile to how to write a seminar paper compare Swift#39;s essay to two other classic proposals: #34;An Economical Project#34; by delft, Benjamin Franklin and #34;Portrait of an Ideal World#34; by H.L. Mencken. For Preventing the Children of Poor People in Ireland from Being a Burden to Their Parents or Country, and for Making Them Beneficial to the Public.

1 It is ban essay statement a melancholy object to those who walk through this great town or travel in the country, when they see the streets, the roads, and cabin doors, crowded with beggars of the female sex, followed by three, four, or six children, all in rags and importuning every passenger for an alms. These mothers, instead of being able to work for their honest livelihood, are forced to employ all their time in strolling to beg sustenance for their helpless infants: who as they grow up either turn thieves for want of work, or leave their dear native country to fight for the Pretender in Spain, or sell themselves to delft thesis the Barbadoes. 2 I think it is agreed by all parties that this prodigious number of children in the arms, or on the backs, or at the heels of their mothers, and frequently of their fathers, is in the present deplorable state of the kingdom a very great additional grievance; and, therefore, whoever could find out a fair, cheap, and questions, easy method of making these children sound, useful members of the commonwealth, would deserve so well of the public as to delft thesis have his statue set up for a preserver of the nation. 3 But my intention is very far from being confined to provide only for the children of professed beggars; it is of a much greater extent, and shall take in the whole number of developing essay questions infants at a certain age who are born of parents in effect as little able to thesis support them as those who demand our charity in the streets. 4 As to my own part, having turned my thoughts for developing essay, many years upon this important subject, and maturely weighed the delft thesis, several schemes of other projectors, I have always found them grossly mistaken in the computation. It is true, a child just dropped from its dam may be supported by her milk for a solar year, with little other nourishment; at most not above the value of 2s., which the mother may certainly get, or the email to dissertation committee members, value in scraps, by her lawful occupation of begging; and thesis, it is exactly at one year old that I propose to provide for electronics case, them in such a manner as instead of being a charge upon their parents or the parish, or wanting food and raiment for the rest of their lives, they shall on the contrary contribute to the feeding, and partly to the clothing, of many thousands. 5 There is delft thesis likewise another great advantage in my scheme, that it will prevent those voluntary abortions, and that horrid practice of women murdering their bastard children, alas! too frequent among us! sacrificing the bad driving habits essay, poor innocent babes I doubt more to thesis avoid the smoking ban essay final statement, expense than the shame, which would move tears and pity in the most savage and delft, inhuman breast.

6 The number of souls in this kingdom being usually reckoned one million and a half, of these I calculate there may be about business template two hundred thousand couple whose wives are breeders; from delft thesis which number I subtract thirty thousand couples who are able to email to dissertation members maintain their own children, although I apprehend there cannot be so many, under the present distresses of the kingdom; but this being granted, there will remain an hundred and seventy thousand breeders. I again subtract fifty thousand for those women who miscarry, or whose children die by accident or disease within the year. Delft Thesis. There only remains one hundred and to dissertation committee, twenty thousand children of poor parents annually born. The question therefore is, how this number shall be reared and delft thesis, provided for, which, as I have already said, under the present situation of affairs, is utterly impossible by professional, all the methods hitherto proposed. For we can neither employ them in handicraft or agriculture; we neither build houses (I mean in delft the country) nor cultivate land: they can very seldom pick up a livelihood by stealing, till they arrive at six years old, except where they are of questions towardly parts, although I confess they learn the rudiments much earlier, during which time, they can however be properly looked upon only as probationers, as I have been informed by a principal gentleman in the county of Cavan, who protested to me that he never knew above one or two instances under the age of six, even in a part of the kingdom so renowned for the quickest proficiency in that art. 7 I am assured by our merchants, that a boy or a girl before twelve years old is no salable commodity; and even when they come to this age they will not yield above three pounds, or three pounds and half-a-crown at most on the exchange; which cannot turn to account either to the parents or kingdom, the charge of nutriment and delft thesis, rags having been at least four times that value. Business Plan. 8 I shall now therefore humbly propose my own thoughts, which I hope will not be liable to the least objection. 9 I have been assured by a very knowing American of thesis my acquaintance in London, that a young healthy child well nursed is at a year old a most delicious, nourishing, and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled; and professional business, I make no doubt that it will equally serve in a fricassee or a ragout.

Continued on page two. 10 I do therefore humbly offer it to public consideration that of the hundred and twenty thousand children already computed, twenty thousand may be reserved for breed, whereof only one-fourth part to be males; which is more than we allow to delft thesis sheep, black cattle or swine; and how to write a seminar paper, my reason is, that these children are seldom the delft thesis, fruits of statement marriage, a circumstance not much regarded by our savages, therefore one male will be sufficient to serve four females. Thesis. That the remaining hundred thousand may, at a year old, be offered in the sale to the persons of quality and smoking ban essay, fortune through the delft, kingdom; always advising the mother to let them suck plentifully in the last month, so as to template render them plump and fat for a good table. A child will make two dishes at an entertainment for friends; and when the delft, family dines alone, the to dissertation committee members, fore or hind quarter will make a reasonable dish, and seasoned with a little pepper or salt will be very good boiled on the fourth day, especially in winter. 11 I have reckoned upon a medium that a child just born will weigh 12 pounds, and in a solar year, if tolerably nursed, increaseth to 28 pounds. 12 I grant this food will be somewhat dear, and therefore very proper for landlords, who, as they have already devoured most of the parents, seem to have the best title to the children. 13 Infant#39;s flesh will be in season throughout the year, but more plentiful in March, and a little before and delft thesis, after; for we are told by a grave author, an eminent French physician, that fish being a prolific diet, there are more children born in Roman Catholic countries about nine months after Lent than at any other season; therefore, reckoning a year after Lent, the markets will be more glutted than usual, because the number of popish infants is at professional business plan template least three to one in this kingdom: and therefore it will have one other collateral advantage, by lessening the number of delft papists among us. 14 I have already computed the bad driving habits, charge of nursing a beggar#39;s child (in which list I reckon all cottagers, laborers, and four-fifths of the delft, farmers) to professional plan be about two shillings per annum, rags included; and I believe no gentleman would repine to give ten shillings for the carcass of delft a good fat child, which, as I have said, will make four dishes of excellent nutritive meat, when he hath only some particular friend or his own family to email to dissertation committee members dine with him. Thus the thesis, squire will learn to habits essay be a good landlord, and grow popular among his tenants; the mother will have eight shillings net profit, and delft, be fit for work till she produces another child. 15 Those who are more thrifty (as I must confess the times require) may flay the carcass; the skin of which artificially dressed will make admirable gloves for business, ladies, and summer boots for fine gentlemen. 16 As to our city of Dublin, shambles may be appointed for this purpose in the most convenient parts of it, and delft, butchers we may be assured will not be wanting; although I rather recommend buying the children alive, and ban essay statement, dressing them hot from the knife, as we do roasting pigs.

17 A very worthy person, a true lover of his country, and whose virtues I highly esteem, was lately pleased in discoursing on delft thesis, this matter to offer a refinement upon my scheme. Business Plan. He said that many gentlemen of this kingdom, having of late destroyed their deer, he conceived that the want of thesis venison might be well supplied by essay, the bodies of young lads and maidens, not exceeding fourteen years of age nor under twelve; so great a number of both sexes in every country being now ready to starve for want of work and service; and delft thesis, these to be disposed of by their parents, if alive, or otherwise by their nearest relations. But with due deference to so excellent a friend and so deserving a patriot, I cannot be altogether in his sentiments; for as to the males, my American acquaintance assured me, from frequent experience, that their flesh was generally tough and paper, lean, like that of delft our schoolboys by continual exercise, and their taste disagreeable; and to fatten them would not answer the charge. Then as to the females, it would, I think, with humble submission be a loss to paper the public, because they soon would become breeders themselves; and besides, it is delft not improbable that some scrupulous people might be apt to how to write a seminar paper censure such a practice (although indeed very unjustly), as a little bordering upon cruelty; which, I confess, hath always been with me the strongest objection against any project, however so well intended. 18 But in order to justify my friend, he confessed that this expedient was put into his head by the famous Psalmanazar, a native of the delft thesis, island Formosa, who came from thence to London above twenty years ago, and in conversation told my friend, that in his country when any young person happened to be put to death, the executioner sold the carcass to persons of quality as a prime dainty; and that in his time the body of a plump girl of write a seminar paper fifteen, who was crucified for delft thesis, an attempt to poison the emperor, was sold to his imperial majesty#39;s prime minister of state, and other great mandarins of the court, in joints from the gibbet, at four hundred crowns.

Neither indeed can I deny, that if the same use were made of several plump young girls in professional business plan template this town, who without one single groat to their fortunes cannot stir abroad without a chair, and appear at playhouse and delft, assemblies in foreign fineries which they never will pay for, the kingdom would not be the worse. Electronics Management Case. 19 Some persons of a desponding spirit are in great concern about thesis that vast number of poor people, who are aged, diseased, or maimed, and I have been desired to employ my thoughts what course may be taken to ease the nation of so grievous an encumbrance. But I am not in the least pain upon that matter, because it is very well known that they are every day dying and rotting by cold and famine, and filth and how to paper, vermin, as fast as can be reasonably expected. And as to the young laborers, they are now in as hopeful a condition; they cannot get work, and consequently pine away for delft, want of nourishment, to electronics 7 strategic study a degree that if at any time they are accidentally hired to common labor, they have not strength to perform it; and thus the thesis, country and themselves are happily delivered from the evils to come. Concluded on group, page three. 20 I have too long digressed, and therefore shall return to my subject. I think the advantages by delft thesis, the proposal which I have made are obvious and many, as well as of the highest importance. How To Write Paper. For first, as I have already observed, it would greatly lessen the number of papists, with whom we are yearly overrun, being the principal breeders of the nation as well as our most dangerous enemies; and who stay at home on delft thesis, purpose with a design to deliver the kingdom to how to write paper the Pretender, hoping to take their advantage by thesis, the absence of so many good protestants, who have chosen rather to leave their country than stay at email members home and pay tithes against their conscience to an episcopal curate. 21 Secondly, The poorer tenants will have something valuable of their own, which by law may be made liable to distress and help to pay their landlord#39;s rent, their corn and thesis, cattle being already seized, and money a thing unknown.

22 Thirdly, Whereas the maintenance of an hundred thousand children, from two years old and email to dissertation, upward, cannot be computed at less than ten shillings a-piece per annum, the nation#39;s stock will be thereby increased fifty thousand pounds per annum, beside the profit of delft a new dish introduced to the tables of all gentlemen of fortune in to dissertation committee the kingdom who have any refinement in taste. And the money will circulate among ourselves, the goods being entirely of our own growth and delft, manufacture. 23 Fourthly, The constant breeders, beside the gain of eight shillings sterling per annum by the sale of their children, will be rid of the charge of maintaining them after the first year. Paper. 24 Fifthly, This food would likewise bring great custom to delft thesis taverns; where the vintners will certainly be so prudent as to procure the best receipts for dressing it to perfection, and to dissertation, consequently have their houses frequented by delft thesis, all the fine gentlemen, who justly value themselves upon their knowledge in good eating: and a skilful cook, who understands how to oblige his guests, will contrive to make it as expensive as they please. 25 Sixthly, This would be a great inducement to marriage, which all wise nations have either encouraged by rewards or enforced by laws and developing essay questions, penalties. It would increase the care and tenderness of mothers toward their children, when they were sure of a settlement for life to the poor babes, provided in delft thesis some sort by the public, to their annual profit instead of expense. Smoking Final. We should see an honest emulation among the married women, which of thesis them could bring the fattest child to the market. Men would become as fond of their wives during the time of their pregnancy as they are now of their mares in foal, their cows in calf, their sows when they are ready to farrow; nor offer to beat or kick them (as is too frequent a practice) for fear of a miscarriage. 26 Many other advantages might be enumerated. For instance, the addition of some thousand carcasses in our exportation of barreled beef, the propagation of swine#39;s flesh, and improvement in the art of making good bacon, so much wanted among us by business template, the great destruction of pigs, too frequent at our tables; which are no way comparable in taste or magnificence to a well-grown, fat, yearling child, which roasted whole will make a considerable figure at a lord mayor#39;s feast or any other public entertainment.

But this and many others I omit, being studious of brevity. 27 Supposing that one thousand families in delft this city, would be constant customers for bad driving habits, Infant#39;s Flesh, besides others who might have it at merry meetings, particularly at weddings and christenings, I compute that Dublin would take off annually about twenty thousand carcasses, and the rest of the Kingdom (where probably they will be sold somewhat cheaper) the remaining eighty thousand. 28 I can think of no one objection, that will possibly be raised against this proposal, unless it should be urged, that the number of delft thesis people will be thereby much lessened in the Kingdom. This I freely own, and #39;twas indeed one principal design in offering it to the world. I desire the reader will observe, that I calculate my remedy for this one individual kingdom of Ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or I think, ever can be upon 7 strategic case study, Earth. Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients: of taxing our absentees at five shillings a pound: of using neither clothes, nor household furniture, except what is of our own growth and manufacture: of utterly rejecting the materials and instruments that promote foreign luxury: of curing the delft thesis, expensiveness of pride, vanity, idleness, and gaming in our women: of business plan template introducing a vein of parsimony, prudence and temerance: of learning to love our country, wherein we differ even from Laplanders, and the inhabitants of Topinamboo: of delft quitting our animosities, and factions, nor act any longer like the electronics management case study, Jews, who were murdering one another at the very moment their city was taken: of delft being a little cautious not to sell our country and consciences for nothing: of questions teaching our landlords to have at least one degree of mercy towards their tenants. Lastly, of putting a spirit of honesty, industry, and skill into our shop-keepers, who, if a resolution could now be taken to buy only delft our native goods, would immediately unite to write a seminar paper cheat and exact upon us in the price, the measure and the goodness, nor could ever yet be brought to make one fair proposal of just dealing, though often and earnestly invited to it. Delft Thesis. 30 But as to my self, having been wearied out for many years with offering vain, idle, visionary thoughts, and at length despairing of success, I fortunately fell upon this proposal, which as it is write a seminar paper wholly new, so it hath something solid and delft, real, of no expense and little trouble, full in bad driving essay our own power, and whereby we can incur no danger in disobliging England. Delft. For this kind of commodity will not bear exportation, the flesh being of too tender a consistence, to admit a long continuance in salt, although perhaps I could name a country, which would be glad to eat up our whole nation without it. Developing Questions. 31 After all, I am not so violently bent upon my own opinion as to reject any offer proposed by wise men, which shall be found equally innocent, cheap, easy, and effectual. But before something of delft that kind shall be advanced in contradiction to my scheme, and offering a better, I desire the author or authors will be pleased maturely to consider two points.

First, as things now stand, how they will be able to find food and raiment for an hundred thousand useless mouths and backs. And secondly, there being a round million of creatures in study human figure throughout this kingdom, whose whole subsistence put into a common stock would leave them in debt two millions of pounds sterling, adding those who are beggars by delft thesis, profession to the bulk of farmers, cottagers, and laborers, with their wives and children who are beggars in effect: I desire those politicians who dislike my overture, and may perhaps be so bold as to business plan template attempt an answer, that they will first ask the delft thesis, parents of these mortals, whether they would not at this day think it a great happiness to have been sold for food, at a year old in the manner I prescribe, and thereby have avoided such a perpetual scene of misfortunes as they have since gone through by the oppression of landlords, the impossibility of paying rent without money or trade, the want of common sustenance, with neither house nor clothes to cover them from the inclemencies of the weather, and the most inevitable prospect of developing essay questions entailing the delft, like or greater miseries upon their breed for ever. Professional. 32 I profess, in the sincerity of my heart, that I have not the least personal interest in endeavoring to promote this necessary work, having no other motive than the public good of delft my country, by advancing our trade, providing for infants, relieving the poor, and giving some pleasure to the rich. I have no children by which I can propose to get a single penny; the youngest being nine years old, and my wife past child-bearing.

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What is thesis Critique? An Essay on Foucault’s Virtue. What is email it to offer a critique? [1]This is something that, I would wager, most of us understand in some ordinary sense. Delft. But matters become more vexing if we attempt to final statement, distinguish between a critique of this or that position and critique as a more generalized practice, one that might be described without reference to its specific objects. Can we even ask such a question about the delft thesis generalized character of critique without gesturing toward an essence of critique? And if we achieved the generalized picture, offering something which approaches a philosophy of template critique, would we then lose the very distinction between philosophy and critique that operates as part of the definition of critique itself? Critique is always a critique of some instituted practice, discourse, episteme, institution, and it loses its character the moment in which it is abstracted from delft thesis its operation and made to stand alone as a purely generalizable practice. But if this is true, this does not mean that no generalizations are possible or that, indeed, we are mired in particularisms. On the contrary, we tread here in an area of constrained generality, one which broaches the philosophical, but must, if it is to remain critical, remain at a distance from that very achievement. The essay I offer here is about Foucault, but let me begin by suggesting what I take to be an interesting parallel between what Raymond Williams and Theodor Adorno, in committee members different ways, sought to accomplish under the name of “criticism” and what Foucault sought to understand by “critique.” I maintain that something of Foucault’s own contribution to, and alliance with, a progressive political philosophy will be made clear in the course of the comparison. Raymond Williams worried that the notion of criticism has been unduly restricted to the notion of “fault-finding”[2] and proposed that we find a vocabulary for the kinds of responses we have, specifically to cultural works, “which [do] not assume the habit (or right or duty) of judgment.” And what he called for was a more specific kind of response, one that did not generalize too quickly: “what always needs to be understood,” he wrote, “is the specificity of the response, which is not a judgment, but a practice.”(76) I believe this last line also marks the trajectory of Foucault’s thinking on this topic, since “critique” is precisely a practice that not only suspends judgment for him, but offers a new practice of delft thesis values based on that very suspension.

So, for Williams, the practice of critique is not reducible to arriving at questions, judgments (and expressing them). Significantly, Adorno makes a similar claim when he writes of the “danger. of judging intellectual phenomena in a subsumptive, uninformed and administrative manner and assimilating them into the prevailing constellations of power which the intellect ought to expose.”[3] So, the task of thesis exposing those “constellations of power” is impeded by statement, the rush to “judgment” as the thesis exemplary act of critique. For Adorno, the very operation of judgment serves to separate the critic from the social world at hand, a move which deratifies the results of its own operation, constituting a “withdrawal from praxis.” (23) Adorno writes that the critic’s “very sovereignty, the claim to a more profound knowledge of the object, the separation of the idea from its object through the independence of the critical judgment threatens to succumb to the thinglike form of the professional plan object when cultural criticism appeals to a collection of ideas on delft, display, as it were, and samsung 7 strategic management case study fetishizes isolated categories.”(23) For critique to operate as part of a praxis, for Adorno, is for it to delft, apprehend the ways in professional plan which categories are themselves instituted, how the field of knowledge is ordered, and how what it suppresses returns, as it were, as its own constitutive occlusion. Judgments operate for both thinkers as ways to subsume a particular under an already constituted category, whereas critique asks after the occlusive constitution of the field of categories themselves. What becomes especially important for Foucault in this domain, to try to think the problem of freedom and, indeed, ethics in general, beyond judgment: critical thinking constitutes this kind of effort. In 1978, Foucault delivered a lecture entitled, “What is Critique?”,[4] a piece that prepared the thesis way for his more well-known essay, “What is Enlightenment?” (1984). He not only asks what critique is, but seeks to understand the kind of question that critique institutes, offering some tentative ways of circumscribing its activity. Habits Essay. What remains perhaps most important about that lecture, and the more developed essay that followed, is the question form in delft which the matter is put. For the very question, “what is critique?” is an instance of the critical enterprise in question, and so the question not only poses the problem—what is this critique that we supposedly do or, indeed, aspire to do?—but enacts a certain mode of questioning which will prove central to members, the activity of critique itself.

Indeed, I would suggest that what Foucault seeks to do with this question is delft something quite different from what we have perhaps come to expect from critique. Developing Questions. Habermas made the operation of critique quite problematic when he suggested that a move beyond critical theory was required if we are to delft thesis, seek recourse to norms in making evaluative judgments about essay, social conditions and social goals. The perspective of critique, in his view, is delft able to how to write a seminar paper, call foundations into question, denaturalize social and delft political hierarchy, and committee members even establish perspectives by which a certain distance on the naturalized world can be had. Delft. But none of these activities can tell us in what direction we ought to move, nor can they tell us whether the activities in bad driving habits essay which we engage are realizing certain kinds of normatively justified goals. Hence, in his view, critical theory had to give way to a stronger normative theory, such as communicative action, in order to supply a foundation for critical theory, enabling strong normative judgments to be made,[5] and for politics not only to have a clear aim and delft normative aspiration, but for us to samsung 7 strategic management case, be able to evaluate current practices in terms of their abilities to reach those goals.

In making this kind of criticism of critique, Habermas became curiously uncritical about the very sense of normativity he deployed. For the question, “what are we to do?” presupposes that the “we” has been formed and that it is known, that its action is possible, and the field in which it might act is delimited. But if those very formations and delimitations have normative consequences, then it will be necessary to ask after the values that set the stage for action, and thesis this will be an important dimension of any critical inquiry into normative matters. And though the Habermasians may have an answer to this problem, my aim today is not to rehearse these debates nor to answer them, but to mark the distance between a notion of critique that is characterized as normatively impoverished in some sense, and another, which I hope to offer here, which is not only more complex than the usual criticism assumes but which has, I would argue, strong normative commitments that appear in forms that would be difficult, if not impossible, to read within the current grammars of normativity. Indeed, in this essay, I hope to show that Foucault not only makes an important contribution to normative theory, but that both his aesthetics and template his account of the subject are integrally related to both his ethics and politics.

Whereas some have dismissed him as an delft aesthete or, indeed, as a nihilist, I hope to suggest that the foray he makes into the topic of self-making and, by samsung electronics study, presupposition, into poiesis itself is delft thesis central to the politics of desubjugation that he proposes. Paradoxically, self-making and desubjugation happen simultaneously when a mode of write a seminar existence is risked which is unsupported by what he calls the regime the thesis truth. Foucault begins his discussion by how to paper, affirming that there are various grammars for the term, “critique,” distinguishing between a “high Kantian enterprise” called critique as well as “the little polemical activities that are called critique” (24) Thus, he warns us at the outset that critique will not be one thing, and that we will not be able to define it apart from the various objects by which it itself is defined. “By its function,” he writes “[critique] seems to be condemned to dispersion, dependency and pure heteronomy.” “It only exists in relation to something other than itself.” Thus, Foucault seeks to define critique, but finds that only a series of approximations are possible. Critique will be dependent on its objects, but its objects will in turn define the very meaning of critique. Thesis. Further, the primary task of critique will not be to professional business plan template, evaluate whether its objects —social conditions, practices, forms of thesis knowledge, power, and discourse—are good or bad, valued highly or demeaned, but to professional business plan, bring into delft thesis relief the very framework of evaluation itself. What is the relation of knowledge to power such that our epistemological certainties turn out to support a way of structuring the world that forecloses alternative possibilities of ordering? Of course, we may think that we need epistemological certainty in order to samsung electronics group 7 strategic, state for thesis, sure that the world is and ought to be ordered a given way.

To what extent, however, is that certainty orchestrated by forms of knowledge precisely in order to foreclose the possibility of thinking otherwise? Now, one might wisely ask, what good is thinking otherwise, if we don’t know in advance that thinking otherwise will produce a better world? If we do not have a moral framework in which to samsung group management case, decide with knowingness that certain new possibilities or ways of thinking otherwise will bring forth that world whose betterness we can judge by sure and already established standards? This has become something of a regular rejoinder to Foucault and the Foucaultian-minded. And shall we assume that the relative silence that has greeted this habit of delft fault-finding in Foucault is a sign that his theory has no reassuring answers to give? I think we can assume that the answers that are being proffered do not have reassurance as their primary aim. This is, of course, not to say what withdraws reassurance is, by definition, not an answer. Indeed, the only rejoinder, it seems to email, me, is to return to a more fundamental meaning of “critique” in order to thesis, see what may well be wrong with the question as it is posed and, indeed, to pose the question anew, so that a more productive approach to the place of professional business plan ethics within politics might be mapped. One might wonder, indeed, whether what I mean by “productive” will be gauged by standards and measures that I am willing to reveal, or which I grasp in full at the moment in which I make such a claim. But here I would ask for your patience since it turns out that critique is a practice that requires a certain amount of patience in the same way that reading, according to Nietzsche, required that we act a bit more like cows than humans and learn the art of slow rumination. Foucault’s contribution to what appears as an impasse within critical and post-critical theory of our time is precisely to ask us to rethink critique as a practice in which we pose the question of the limits of our most sure ways of thesis knowing, what Williams referred to as our “uncritical habits of mind” and professional template what Adorno described as ideology (where the “unideological thought is that which does not permit itself to be reduced to ‘operational terms’ and delft thesis instead strives solely to help the things themselves to that articulation from which they are otherwise cut off by professional, the prevailing language.”[29]) One does not drive to the limits for a thrill experience, or because limits are dangerous and sexy, or because it brings us into a titillating proximity with evil.

One asks about the limits of ways of delft thesis knowing because one has already run up against a crisis within the epistemological field in which one lives. The categories by which social life are ordered produce a certain incoherence or entire realms of unspeakability. And it is from this condition, the tear in business template the fabric of our epistemological web, that the thesis practice of critique emerges, with the awareness that no discourse is adequate here or that our reigning discourses have produced an impasse. Indeed, the smoking final very debate in which the delft strong normative view wars with critical theory may produce precisely that form of discursive impasse from which the necessity and write urgency of critique emerges. For Foucault, critique is delft thesis “a means for a future or a truth that it will not know nor happen to be, it oversees a domain it would not want to email to dissertation committee members, police and thesis is unable to regulate.” So critique will be that perspective on established and ordering ways of professional business template knowing which is not immediately assimilated into that ordering function. Significantly, for delft, Foucault, this exposure of the limit of the epistemological field is linked with the practice of virtue, as if virtue is counter to regulation and order, as if virtue itself is to be found in the risking of established order. He is not shy about the relation here. He writes, “there is samsung 7 strategic case study something in critique that is akin to virtue.” And then he says something which might be considered even more surprising: “this critical attitude [is] virtue in general.” (25)

There are some preliminary ways we can understand Foucault’s effort to cast critique as virtue. Virtue is most often understood either as an attribute or a practice of a subject, or indeed a quality that conditions and thesis characterizes a certain kind of action or practice. It belongs to an ethics which is not fulfilled merely by following objectively formulated rules or laws. And virtue is not only a way of complying with or conforming with preestablished norms. It is, more radically, a critical relation to those norms, one which, for Foucault, takes shape as a specific stylization of morality. Foucault gives us an indication of what he means by smoking statement, virtue in the introduction to The Use of Pleasure: The History of Sexuality, Volume Two. [6] At this juncture he makes clear that he seeks to move beyond a notion of ethical philosophy that issues a set of prescriptions. Just as critique intersects with philosophy without quite coinciding with it, so Foucault in that introduction seeks to make of his own thought an example of a non-prescriptive form of moral inquiry. In the same way, he will later ask about forms of moral experience that are not rigidly defined by a juridical law, a rule or command to which the self is said mechanically or uniformly to submit. The essay that he writes, he tells us, is thesis itself the example of such a practice, “to explore what might be changed, in its own thought, through the practice of a knowledge that is foreign to it.” (9) Moral experience has to do with a self-transformation prompted by samsung electronics 7 strategic management, a form of delft thesis knowledge that is foreign to one’s own. And this form of moral experience will be different from the submission to a command. Indeed, to the extent that Foucault interrogates moral experience here or elsewhere, he understands himself to be making an inquiry into moral experiences that are not primarily or fundamentally structured by prohibition or interdiction.

In the first volume of The History of Sexuality ,[7] he sought to show that the primary interdictions assumed by psychoanalysis and the structuralist account of cultural prohibitions cannot be assumed as historical constants. Moreover, historiographically considered, moral experience cannot be understood through recourse to smoking final statement, a prevailing set of interdictions within a given historical time. Although there are codes to be studied, these codes must always be studied in relation to the modes of subjectivation to which they correspond. Delft Thesis. He makes the claim that the juridification of law achieves a certain hegemony within the thirteenth century, but that if one goes back to Greek and Roman classical cultures, one finds practices, or “arts of existence” (10) which have to paper, do with a cultivated relation of the self to itself. Introducing the notion of “arts of existence,” Foucault also reintroduces and reemphasizes “intentional and voluntary actions,” specifically, “those actions by which men not only set themselves rules of thesis conduct, but also seek to transform themselves in their singular being, and to make their life into an oeuvre.” Such lives do not simply conform to a seminar, moral precepts or norms in such a way that selves, considered preformed or ready-made, fit themselves into a mold that is delft thesis set forth by the precept. On the contrary, the bad driving self fashions itself in terms of the norm, comes to inhabit and incorporate the norm, but the delft thesis norm is not in this sense external to the principle by which the self is how to write a seminar formed . What is at issue for him is not behaviors or ideas or societies or “ideologies,” but “the problematizations through which being offers itself to be, necessarily, thought—and the practices on the basis of which these problematizations are formed.”(11)

This last claim is hardly transparent, but what it suggests is that certain kinds of practices which are designed to handle certain kinds of problems produce, over delft, time, a settled domain of ontology as their consequence, and this ontological domain, in turn, constrains our understanding of what is possible. Only with reference to write paper, this prevailing ontological horizon, itself instituted through a set of delft practices, will we be able to understand the kinds of relations to moral precepts that have been formed as well as those that are yet to be formed. For instance, he considers at length various practices of austerity, and he ties these to the production of a certain kind of masculine subject. The practices of austerity do not attest to a single and to dissertation abiding prohibition, but work in the service of crafting a certain kind of self. Thesis. Or put in a more precise way, the self, incorporating the rules of conduct that represent the virtue of austerity, creates itself as a specific kind of final subject.

This self-production is “the elaboration and stylization of an activity in the exercise of its power and delft the practice of its liberty.” This was not a practice that opposed pleasure pure and simple, but a certain practice of pleasure itself (24), a practice of pleasure in the context of moral experience. Thus, in section 3 of that same introduction, Foucault makes clear that it will not suffice to offer a chronicled history of moral codes, for such a history cannot tell us how these codes were lived and, more specifically, what forms of subject-formation such codes required and facilitated. Here he begins to sound like a phenomenologist. But there is, in addition to the recourse to the experiential means by how to a seminar paper, which moral categories are grasped, a critical move as well, for the subjective relation to those norms will be neither predictable nor mechanical. The relation will be ‘critical’ in the sense that it will not comply with a given category, but rather constitute an interrogatory relation to the field of categorization itself, referring at least implicitly to delft thesis, the limits of the epistemological horizon within which practices are formed. The point will not be to refer practice to a pregiven epistemological context, but to establish critique as the very practice that exposes the limits of that epistemological horizon itself, making the contours of the horizon appear, as it were, for the first time, we might say, in relation to its own limit.

Moreover, the critical practice in samsung electronics group 7 strategic management question turns out to entail self-transformation in relation to a rule of conduct. How, then, does self-transformation lead to the exposure of this limit? How is self-transformation understood as a “practice of liberty,” and how is this practice understood as part of Foucault’s lexicon of virtue? Let us begin first by understanding the notion of self-transformation at stake here, and then consider how it is related to the problem called “critique” which forms the delft focus of our deliberations here. It is, of course, one thing to conduct oneself in relation to a code of conduct, and it is another thing to form oneself as an write a seminar ethical subject in relation to a code of conduct (and it will be yet another thing to form oneself as that which risks the orderliness of the code itself). The rules of chastity provide an important example for Foucault. There is a difference, for instance, in not acting on desires that would violate a precept to which one is morally bound and developing a practice of desire, so to speak, which is informed by a certain ethical project or task. The model according to delft, which submitting to smoking ban essay statement, a rule of law is required would involve one in not acting in certain ways, installing an effective prohibition against the acting out of certain desires. But the model which Foucault seeks to understand and, indeed, to incorporate and exemplify takes moral prescription to participate in the forming of delft a kind of action. Foucault’s point here seems to professional template, be that renunciation and proscription do not necessarily enjoin a passive or non-active ethical mode, but form instead an ethical mode of delft conduct and a way of stylizing both action and pleasure. I believe this contrast that Foucault lays out between a command-based ethics and how to write a seminar paper the ethical practice which centrally engages the formation of the self sheds important light on the distinction between obedience and delft thesis virtue that he offers in statement his essay, “What is thesis Critique?” Foucault contrasts this yet to be defined understanding of “virtue” with obedience, showing how the how to a seminar paper possibility of this form of virtue is established through its difference from an uncritical obedience to thesis, authority.

The resistance to authority, of course, constitutes the professional business plan template hallmark of the Enlightenment for Foucault. Thesis. And he offers us a reading of the Enlightenment which not only establishes his own continuity with its aims, but reads his own dilemmas back into the history of the Enlightenment itself. The account he provides is one that no “Enlightenment” thinker would accept, but this resistance would not invalidate the characterization at hand, for what Foucault seeks in the characterization of the Enlightenment is precisely what remains “unthought” within its own terms: hence, his is how to a critical history. In his view, critique begins with questioning the demand for absolute obedience and delft subjecting every governmental obligation imposed on subjects to a rational and reflective evaluation. Although Foucault will not follow this turn to how to write a seminar, reason, he will nevertheless ask what criteria delimit the sorts of reasons that can come to bear on the question of obedience. He will be particularly interested in the problem of how that delimited field forms the subject and how, in delft turn, a subject comes to form and reform those reasons.

This capacity to form reasons will be importantly linked to the self-transformative relation mentioned above. To be critical of an authority that poses as absolute requires a critical practice that has self-transformation at its core. But how do we move from understanding the reasons we might have for consenting to a demand to developing questions, forming those reasons for ourselves, to transforming ourselves in delft thesis the course of developing essay questions producing those reasons (and, finally, putting at risk the field of reason itself)? Are these not distinct kinds of problems, or does one invariably lead to the other? Is the thesis autonomy achieved in forming reasons which serve as the basis for accepting or rejecting a pregiven law the professional same as the transformation of the self that takes place when a rule becomes incorporated into the very action of the subject?

As we shall see, both the transformation of the self in relation to ethical precepts and the practice of critique are considered forms of “art,” stylizations and delft repetitions, suggesting that there is no possibility of accepting or refusing a rule without a self who is smoking ban essay final statement stylized in response to the ethical demand upon delft it. In the context where obedience is required, Foucault locates the desire that informs the question, “how not to be governed?” (28) This desire, and how to the wonderment that follows from it, forms the delft thesis central impetus of critique. Bad Driving Essay. It is of course unclear how the desire not to be governed is delft linked with virtue. He does make clear, however, that he is paper not posing the possibility of radical anarchy, and that the question is not how to become radically ungovernable. It is a specific question that emerges in thesis relation to a specific form of government: “how not to developing questions, be governed like that , by delft, that, in the name of those principles, with such and such an objective in mind and by final statement, means of such procedures, not like that, not for that, not by them.” This becomes the signature mark of “the critical attitude”(28) and thesis its particular virtue. For Foucault, the question itself inaugurates both a moral and political attitude, “the art of not being governed or, better, the template art of not being governed like that and at that cost.”(29) Whatever virtue Foucault here circumscribes for us will have to do with objecting to that imposition of power, to delft, its costs, to the way in which it is administered, to those who do that administering. One might be tempted to think that Foucault is simply describing resistance, but here it seems that “virtue” has taken the place of that term, or becomes the means by which it is redescribed. We will have to ask why. Moreover, this virtue is described as well as an electronics group 7 strategic “art,” the art of not being governed “quite so much,” so what is the relation between aesthetics and ethics at work here?

He finds the origins of critique in the relation of resistance to ecclesiastical authority. In relation to thesis, church doctrine, “not wanting to be governed was a certain way of refusing, challenging, limiting (say it as you like) ecclesiastical rule. It meant returning to the Scriptures. it meant questioning what kind of email committee truth the Scriptures told.” (30). Delft. And this objection was clearly waged in the name of an how to paper alternative or, minimally, emerging ground of truth and thesis of justice. This leads Foucault to formulate a second definition of samsung electronics case “critique”: “Not to delft, want to be governed. not wanting to habits, accept these laws because they are unjust because. Delft Thesis. they hide a fundamental illegitimacy.”(30) Critique is that which exposes this illegitimacy, but it is not because critique has recourse to a more fundamental political or moral order. Foucault writes that the email to dissertation committee critical project is “confronted with government and the obedience it stipulates” and that what “critique means” in this context is “putting forth universal and indefeasible rights to which every government, whatever it may be, whether a monarch, a magistrate, an educator or a pater familias, will have to submit.”(30). The practice of critique, however, does not discover these universal rights, as Enlightenment theorists claim, but it does “put them forth.” However, it does not put them forth not as positive rights. The “putting forth” is an act which limits the power of the law, an thesis act which counters and rivals the workings of power, power at the moment of its renewal. This is the positing of limitation itself, one that takes form as a question and which asserts, in its very assertion, a “right” to question.

From the samsung 7 strategic study sixteenth century on, the question “how not to be governed” becomes specified as “What are the limits of the right to govern?”(31) “‘To not want to be governed’ is of course not accepting as true. what an authority tells you is true, or at least not accepting it because an authority tells you that it is true, but rather accepting it only if one considers valid the reasons for doing so.” There is of course a fair amount of ambiguity in delft this situation, for what will constitute a ground of validity for accepting authority? Does the validity derive from the consent to accept authority? If so, does consent validate the reasons offered, whatever they are? Or is it rather the case that it is only on the basis of a prior and discoverable validity that one offers one’s consent? And do these prior reasons, in their validity, make the consent a valid one? If the first alternative is correct, then consent is the criterion by which validity is judged, and it would appear that Foucault’s position reduces to a form of voluntarism. But perhaps what he is offering us by way of essay questions “critique” is an act, even a practice of freedom, which cannot reduce to voluntarism in any easy way. Thesis. For the practice by which the limits to how to write paper, absolute authority are set is one that is fundamentally dependent on delft, the horizon of knowledge effects within which it operates. The critical practice does not well up from the innate freedom of the soul, but is samsung electronics management case study formed instead in the crucible of a particular exchange between a set of rules or precepts (which are already there) and a stylization of acts (which extends and reformulates that prior set of rules and precepts). This stylization of the self in relation to the rules comes to count as a “practice.” In Foucault’s view, following Kant in an attenuated sense, the thesis act of consent is a reflexive movement by how to paper, which validity is attributed to or withdrawn from authority.

But this reflexivity does not take place internal to a subject. Delft. For Foucault, this is an act which poses some risk, for the point will not only how to write a seminar be to object to this or that governmental demand, but to ask about the order in delft thesis which such a demand becomes legible and possible. How To Write. And if what one objects to are the epistemological orderings that have established the rules of governmental validity, then saying “no” to the demand will require departing from the established grounds of its validity, marking the limit of that validity, which is something different and thesis far more risky than finding a given demand invalid. In this difference, we might say, one begins to professional business, enter a critical relation to such orderings and the ethical precepts to which they give rise. The problem with those grounds that Foucault calls “illegitimate” is not that they are partial or self-contradictory or that they lead to hypocritical moral stands.

The problem is thesis precisely that they seek to management case study, foreclose the critical relation, that is, to extend their own power to thesis, order the entire field of moral and political judgment. They orchestrate and exhaust the members field of certainty itself. Delft Thesis. How does one call into question the exhaustive hold that such rules of ordering have upon certainty without risking uncertainty, without inhabiting that place of wavering which exposes one to the charge of immorality, evil, aestheticism. The critical attitude is not moral according to the rules whose limits that very critical relation seeks to interrogate. But how else can critique do its job without risking the denunciations of those who naturalize and render hegemonic the very moral terms put into question by critique itself? Foucault’s distinction between government and governmentalization seeks to show that the apparatus denoted by the former enters into the practices of those who are being governed, their very ways of knowing, their very ways of being. To be governed is electronics group 7 strategic study not only to have a form imposed upon one’s existence, but to thesis, be given the terms within which existence will and will not be possible. A subject will emerge in relation to an established order of truth, but it can also take a point of view on that established order that retrospectively suspends its own ontological ground. If governmentalization is. this movement through which individuals are subjugated in the reality of a social practice through mechanisms of power that adhere to professional business template, a truth, well, then!

I will say that critique is the movement by which the subject gives himself the right (le sujet se donne le droit) to question truth on its effects of power and question power on its discourses of delft thesis truth. (my emphasis, English text, 32; French text, 39) Note here that the subject is said to “give himself that right,” a mode of self-allocation and selfauthorization that seems to foreground the reflexivity of the essay questions claim. Is this, then, a self-generated movement, one which shores up the delft thesis subject over and against a countervailing authority? And what difference does it make, if any, that this self-allocation and self-designation emerges as an “art”? “Critique,” he writes, “will be the art of voluntary insubordination, that of reflected intractability [ l’indocilite reflechie ].” If it is an “art” in professional his sense, then critique will not be a single act, nor will it belong exclusively to a subjective domain, for it will be the stylized relation to the demand upon it. And the delft thesis style will be critical to the extent that, as style, it is not fully determined in advance, it incorporates a contingency over developing, time that marks the limits to the ordering capacity of the thesis field in question. So the bad driving essay stylization of this “will” will produce a subject who is delft not readily knowable under the established rubric of electronics group 7 strategic management truth. More radically, Foucault pronounces: “Critique would essentially insure the desubjugation [ desassujetiisement ] of the subject in the context [ le jeu ] of what we could call, in delft thesis a word, the politics of a seminar paper truth.” (32, 39) The politics of truth pertains to those relations of delft power that circumscribe in advance what will and email to dissertation will not count as truth, which order the world in delft certain regular and regulatable ways, and which we come to accept as the given field of knowledge. Write Paper. We can understand the delft thesis salience of questions this point when we begin to ask: What counts as a person? What counts as a coherent gender?

What qualifies as a citizen? Whose world is legitimated as real? Subjectively, we ask: Who can I become in such a world where the meanings and limits of the subject are set out in advance for me? By what norms am I constrained as I begin to ask what I may become? And what happens when I begin to delft, become that for which there is bad driving essay no place within the given regime of truth? Is this not precisely what is meant by “the desubjugation of the subject in the play of. the politics of truth”(my translation)? At stake here is the relation between the limits of ontology and epistemology, the thesis link between the limits of what I might become and the limits of what I might risk knowing. Deriving a sense of critique from Kant, Foucault poses the question that is the question of critique itself: “Do you know up to what point you can know?” “Our liberty is at stake.” Thus, liberty emerges at the limits of what one can know, at the very moment in which the desubjugation of the subject within the politics of truth takes place, the moment where a certain questioning practice begins that takes the following form: “‘What, therefore, am I’, I who belong to essay questions, this humanity, perhaps to delft thesis, this piece of it, at this point in developing time, at this instant of humanity which is subjected to the power of thesis truth in general and professional template truths in particular?”(46) Another way of putting this is the following: “What, given the contemporary order of being, can I be?” If, in thesis posing this question, liberty is at stake, it may be that staking liberty has something to do with what Foucault calls virtue, with a certain risk that is samsung electronics case study put into play through thought and, indeed, through language where the delft contemporary ordering of being is brought to its limit. But how do we understand this contemporary order of being in which I come to stake myself? Foucault chooses here to characterize this historically conditioned order of being in professional business a way that links him with the critical theory of the Frankfurt school, identifying “rationalization” as the governmentalizing effect on delft, ontology. Allying himself with a Left critical tradition post-Kant, Foucault writes,

From the Hegelian Left to samsung management, the Frankfurt School, there has been a complete critique of positivism, rationalization, of techne and delft thesis technicalization, a whole critique of the relationships between the fundamental project of science and smoking techniques whose objective was to show the connections between science’s naive presumptions, on one hand, and the forms of domination characteristic of contemporary society, on the other. (39) In his view, rationalization takes a new form when it comes into the service of bio-power. And what continues to be difficult for most social actors and critics within this situation is to discern the relationship between “rationalization and delft power.”(39) What appears to be a merely epistemic order, a way of ordering the world, does not readily admit of the constraints by essay, which that ordering takes place. Nor does it eagerly show the way in which the intensification and delft totalization of smoking ban essay statement rationalizing effects leads to an intensification of delft power. Foucault asks, “How is it that rationalization leads to the furor of how to write a seminar power?”(42) Clearly, the capacity for rationalization to reach into the tributaries of thesis life not only characterizes modes of scientific practice, “but also social relationships, state organizations, economic practices and perhaps even individual behaviors?”(43) It reaches its “furor” and its limits as it seizes and pervades the subject it subjectivates. Power sets the limits to what a subject can “be,” beyond which it no longer “is,” or it dwells in smoking ban essay statement a domain of suspended ontology. But power seeks to constrain the subject through the force of coercion, and the resistance to coercion consists in the stylization of the self at the limits of established being. One of the first tasks of critique is to discern the relation “between mechanisms of delft coercion and elements of knowledge.” (50) Here again we seem confronted with the business plan template limits of what is knowable, limits which exercise a certain force without being grounded in any necessity, limits which can only be tread or interrogated by risking a certain security within an available ontology: [N]othing can exist as an element of knowledge if, on the one hand, it . does not conform to a set of rules and constraints characteristic, for example, of a given type of scientific discourse in a given period, and if, on delft, the other hand, it does not possess the effects of coercion or simply the incentives peculiar to what is scientifically validated or simply rational or simply generally accepted, etc. (52) He then continues to show that knowledge and power are not finally separable, but work together to establish a set of subtle and explicit criteria for thinking the how to write world: “It is delft therefore not a matter of describing what knowledge is and what power is and how one would repress the other or how the other would abuse the developing one, but rather, a nexus of delft thesis knowledge-power has to be described so that we can grasp what constitutes the smoking final acceptability of a system.” (52-53)

The critic thus has a double task, to show how knowledge and power work to constitute a more or less systematic way of delft ordering the world with its own “conditions of acceptability of a system,” but also “to follow the breaking points which indicate its emergence.” So not only is it necessary to isolate and identify the peculiar nexus of power and professional template knowledge that gives rise to delft, the field of intelligible things, but also to track the way in which that field meets its breaking point, the moments of its discontinuities, the sites where it fails to constitute the intelligibility for which it stands. What this means is that one looks both for the conditions by professional business plan template, which the delft thesis object field is constituted, but also for the limits of those conditions, the moments where they point up their contingency and their transformability. In Foucault’s terms, “schematically speaking, we have perpetual mobility, essential fragility or rather the complex interplay between what replicates the same process and what transforms it.” (58) Indeed, another way to habits, talk about this dynamic within critique is to say that rationalization meets its limits in desubjugation. If the desubjugation of the subject emerges at the moment in which the episteme constituted through rationalization exposes its limit, then desubjugation marks precisely the fragility and transformability of the epistemics of power. Critique begins with the thesis presumption of governmentalization and then with its failure to totalize the smoking subject its seeks to delft, know and to subjugate. But the means by which this very relation is articulated is described, in a disconcerting way, as fiction. Why would it be fiction?

And in what sense is it fiction? Foucault refers to “an historical-philosophical practice [in which] one had to make one’s own history, fabricate history, as if through fiction [ de faire comme par fiction ], in terms of email committee how it would be traversed by the question of the thesis relationships between structures of rationality which articulate true discourse and essay questions the mechanisms of subjugation which are linked to delft, it.” (45, 44) There is thus a dimension of the methodology itself which partakes of fiction, which draws fictional lines between rationalization and desubjugation, between the knowledge-power nexus and its fragility and limit. We are not told what sort of fiction this will be, but it seems clear that Foucault is drawing on Nietzsche and, in particular, the kind of essay questions fiction that genealogy is said to be. You may remember that although it seems that for Nietzsche the genealogy of morals is the attempt to locate the origins of values, he is actually seeking to find out how the very notion of the origin became instituted. And the delft means by professional business plan template, which he seeks to explain the origin is thesis fictional. He tells a fable of the nobles, another about a social contract, another about a slave revolt in morality, and yet another about creditor and debtor relations. None of questions these fables can be located in space or time, and delft thesis any effort to try to find the habits historical complement to Nietzsche’s genealogies will necessarily fail. Indeed, in the place of an thesis account that finds the origin to values or, indeed, the origin of the origin, we read fictional stories about the way that values are originated. A noble says something is the case and it becomes the case: the speech act inaugurates the value, and becomes something like an atopical and atemporal occasion for a seminar, the origination of values.

Indeed, Nietzsche’s own fiction-making mirrors the very acts of inauguration that he attributes to those who make values. So he not only describes that process, but that description becomes an instance of value- production, enacting the very process that it narrates. How would this particular use of fiction relate to Foucault’s notion of critique? Consider that Foucault is trying to understand the possibility of desubjugation within rationalization without assuming that there is delft a source for resistance that is housed in electronics 7 strategic management study the subject or maintained in some foundational mode. Delft Thesis. Where does resistance come from? Can it be said to be the upsurge of some human freedom shackled by the powers of developing essay rationalization? If he speaks, as he does, of a will not to be governed, how are we to understand the status of that will?

In response to a query along these lines, he remarks. I do not think that the will not to be governed at all is something that one could consider an originary aspiration ( je ne pense pas en effet que la volonte de n’etre pas gouverne du tout soit quelque chose que l’on puisse considerer comme une aspiration originaire) . I think that, in fact, the will not to be governed is always the will not to be governed thusly, like that, by these people, at delft, this price. (72) He goes on smoking ban essay, to warn against the absolutizing of this will that philosophy is thesis always tempted to perform. He seeks to avoid what he calls “the philosophical and theoretical paroxysm of something that would be this will not to be relatively governed.”(72-73) He makes clear that accounting for this will involves him in a problem of the origin, and he comes quite close to samsung electronics study, ceding the terrain, but a certain Nietzschean reluctance prevails. He writes, I was not referring to something that would be a fundamental anarchism, that would be like an originary freedom ( qui serait comme la liberte originaire ), absolutely and wholeheartedly ( absolument et en son fond) resistant to any governmentalization. I did not say it, but this does not mean that I absolutely exclude it ( Je ne l’ai pas dit, mais cela ne veut pas dire que je l’exclus absolument ). I think that my presentation stops at this point, because it was already too long, but also because I am wondering ( mais aussi parce que je me demande ). if one wants to explore this dimension of critique that seems to me to be so important because it is both part of, and not part of, philosophy. it is delft supported by something akin ( qui serait ou ) to the historical practice of revolt, the non-acceptance of a real government, on one hand, or, on the other, the individual refusal of governmentality.”(72-73, 59) Whatever this is that one draws upon as one resists governmentalization will be “ like an originary freedom” and “something akin to the historical practice of developing essay revolt” (my emphasis). Like them, indeed, but apparently not quite the same.

As for thesis, Foucault’s mention of “originary freedom,” he offers and withdraws it at once. “I did not say it,” he remarks, after coming quite close to saying it, after showing us how he almost said it, after exercising that very proximity in the open for us in what can be understood as something of a tease. Email To Dissertation. What discourse nearly seduces him here, subjugating him to its terms? And how does he draw from the very terms that he refuses? What art form is this in which a nearly collapsible critical distance is performed for us? And is this the same distance that informs the practice of wondering, of questioning? What limits of knowing does he dare to thesis, broach as he wonders out loud for us? The inaugural scene of critique involves “the art of voluntary insubordination,” and email the voluntary or, indeed, “originary freedom” is given here, but in the form of a conjecture, in a form of art that suspends ontology and brings us into the suspension of disbelief.

Foucault finds a way to say “originary freedom,” and I suppose that it gives him great pleasure to thesis, utter these words, pleasure and fear. He speaks them, but only through staging the words, relieving himself of an smoking statement ontological commitment, but releasing the words themselves for a certain use. Does he refer to delft thesis, originary freedom here? Does he seek recourse to it? Has he found the well of originary freedom and drunk from it? Or does he, significantly, posit it, mention it, say it without quite saying it? Is he invoking it so that we might relive its resonances, and know its power? The staging of the term is not its assertion, but we might say that the assertion is professional staged, rendered artfully, subjected to an ontological suspension, precisely so it might be spoken. And that it is this speech act, the one which for a time relieves the phrase, “originary freedom,” from the epistemic politics within which it lives which also performs a certain desubjugation of the subject within the politics of truth. For when one speaks in that way, one is gripped and thesis freed by the words one nevertheless says. Of course, politics is not simply a matter of speaking, and I do not mean to rehabilitate Aristotle in group case study the form of Foucault (although, I confess, that such a move intrigues me, and I mention it here to offer it as a possibility without committing myself to it at once).

In this verbal gesture toward the end of his lecture, a certain freedom is exemplified, not by the reference to delft thesis, the term without any foundational anchor, but by the artful performance of its release from its usual discursive constraints, from the conceit that one might only utter it knowing in advance what its anchor must be. Foucault’s gesture is oddly brave, I would suggest, for it knows that it cannot ground the claim of original freedom. Electronics 7 Strategic Study. This not knowing permits for delft, the particular use it has within his discourse. He braves it anyway, and so his mention, his insistence, become an allegory for a certain risk-taking that happens at the limit of the epistemological field. And this becomes a practice of virtue, perhaps, and not, as his critics profess, a sign of moral despair, precisely to the extent that the practice of this kind of speaking posits a value which it does not know how to final statement, ground or to secure for itself, posits it anyway, and thereby shows that a certain intelligibility exceeds the limits on intelligibility that power-knowledge has already set. This is delft virtue in the minimal sense precisely because it offers the perspective by which the subject gains a critical distance on established authority.

But it is also an act of courage, acting without guarantees, risking the subject at the limits of its ordering. Who would Foucault be if he were to utter such words? What desubjugation does he perform for us with this utterance? To gain a critical distance from established authority means for Foucault not only to recognize the ways in which the members coercive effects of knowledge are at thesis, work in subject-formation itself, but to risk one’s very formation as a subject. Email Committee Members. Thus, in “The Subject and Power,”[8] Foucault will claim “this form of power [that] applies itself to immediate, everyday life which categorizes the individual, marks him by his own individuality, attaches him to his own identity, imposes a law of truth on him which he must recognize and delft which others have to bad driving habits, recognize in him.”(212) And when that law falters or is broken, the very possibility of recognition is imperiled. So when we ask how we might say “originary freedom,” and say it in the wondering, we also put into question the delft subject who is committee members said to thesis, be rooted in that term, releasing it, paradoxically, for a venture which might actually give the term new substance and possibility. In concluding, I would simply return to the introduction to The Use of Pleasure where Foucault defines the practices that concern him, the “arts of existence” (10), as having to do with a cultivated relation of the self to itself.

This kind of formulation brings us closer to the strange sort of virtue that Foucault’s antifoundationalism comes to represent. Indeed, as I wrote earlier, when he introduces the notion of “arts of existence,” Foucault also refers to such arts of existence as producing subjects who “seek to how to a seminar paper, transform themselves in their singular being, and to make their life into an oeuvre.” We might think that this gives support to the charge that Foucault has fully aestheticized existence at the expense of thesis ethics, but I would suggest only how to write a seminar that he has shown us that there can be no ethics, and delft no politics, without recourse to this singular sense of poiesis. The subject who is formed by the principles furnished by the discourse of developing questions truth is not yet the subject who endeavors to delft thesis, form itself. Engaged in “arts of a seminar paper existence,” this subject is both crafted and crafting, and the line between how it is delft thesis formed, and how it becomes a kind of business plan template forming, is not easily, if ever drawn. For it is not the case that a subject is formed and then turns around and begins suddenly to form itself.

On the contrary, the formation of the subject is the institution of the very reflexivity that indistinguishably assumes the burden of formation. The “indistinguishability” of this line is precisely the juncture where social norms intersect with ethical demands, and where both are produced in the context of delft thesis a self-making which is members never fully self-inaugurated. Although Foucault refers quite straightforwardly to intention and delft thesis deliberation in this text, he also lets us know how difficult it will be to understand this self-stylization in habits essay terms of thesis any received understanding of to dissertation committee members intention and deliberation. For an understanding of the revision of terms that his usage requires, Foucault introduces the terms, “modes of thesis subjection or subjectivation.” These terms do not simply relate the way a subject is formed, but how it becomes self-forming. This becoming of an ethical subject is not a simple matter of self-knowledge or self-awareness; it denotes a “process in which the individual delimits that part of himself that will form the object of his moral practice.” The self delimits itself, and decides on the material for its self-making, but the delimitation that the self performs takes place through norms which are, indisputably, already in place. Thus, if we think this aesthetic mode of self-making is contextualized within ethical practice, he reminds us that this ethical labor can only take place within a wider political context, the politics of norms. Bad Driving Habits Essay. He makes clear that there is thesis no self-forming outside of a mode of subjectivation, which is to say, there is no self-forming outside of the norms that orchestrate the possible formation of the samsung electronics group 7 strategic case subject. (28) We have moved quietly from the thesis discursive notion of the subject to a more psychologically resonant notion of “self,” and it may be that for Foucault the latter term carries more agency than the former. The self forms itself, but it forms itself within a set of professional plan template formative practices that are characterized as modes of thesis subjectivations. That the range of smoking ban essay final statement its possible forms is delft delimited in advance by such modes of 7 strategic case subjectivation does not mean that the self fails to form itself, that the delft thesis self is fully formed.

On the contrary, it is compelled to form itself, but to form itself within forms that are already more or less in samsung 7 strategic management case study operation and underway. Or, one might say, it is compelled to form itself within practices that are more or less in place. But if that selfforming is done in disobedience to the principles by which one is formed, then virtue becomes the practice by which the self forms itself in desubjugation, which is to delft thesis, say that it risks its deformation as a subject, occupying that ontologically insecure position which poses the question anew: who will be a subject here, and what will count as a life, a moment of ethical questioning which requires that we break the habits of judgment in favor of a riskier practice that seeks to yield artistry from professional template constraint. [1] This essay was originally delivered, in shorter form, as the Raymond Williams Lecture at delft, Cambridge University in May of 2000, then published in longer form in David Ingram, ed., The Political: Readings in bad driving habits Continental Philosophy , London: Basil Blackwell, 2002. I am grateful to William Connolly and Wendy Brown for their very useful comments on earlier drafts. [2] Raymond Williams, Keywords , (New York: Oxford University Press, 1976), 75-76. [3] Theodor W. Adorno, “Cultural Criticism and Society” in Prisms , (Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press, 1984), 30. [4] Michel Foucault, “What is Critique?” in The Politics of Truth , eds. Sylvere Lotringer and Lysa Hochroth, (New York: Semiotext(e), 1997), transcript by delft, Monique Emery, revised by Suzanne Delorme, et al., translated into English by Lysa Hochroth. This essay was originally a lecture given at the French Society of Philosophy on bad driving habits, 27 May 1978, subsequently published in Bulletin de la Societe francaise de la philosophie 84:2 (1990) 35-63; 21. [5] For an interesting account of this transition from critical theory to a theory of delft communicative action, see Seyla Benhabib, Critique, Norm, and committee Utopia: A Study of the Foundations of Critical Theory (New York: Columbia University Press, 1986), 1-13.

[6] Michel Foucault, The Use of Pleasure: The History of Sexuality, Volume Two (New York: Pantheon Press, 1985). [7] Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality, Volume One (New York: Random House, 1978). [8] Michel Foucault, “The Subject and Power” in Hubert L. Dreyfus and Paul Rabinow, eds., Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics , (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982), 208-228.