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How To Write The World#8217;s Best Resume Ever. Who has the binding marbles to walk into an interview and phd thesis, drop this resume on the table? If I was recruiting for my company and someone submitted this resume, I would probably hire them on lse library dissertation binding the spot. You can write the most thorough resume with strong action verbs, the nicest layout, with the best schools and essays.ph, GPA, printed on the finest paper, but if it doesn#8217;t communicate that you 1. Create value and 2. Get money, the chances of you getting hired is slim. The sizing of each section of the resume, is extremely important. 80% of your resume is about your performance and 20% personality. A lot of resumes are full of fluff.
If you are overcompensating by filling up your resume with achievements and awards from high school or words typed per dissertation minute, it#8217;s probably a sign that the size of your impact isn#8217;t that great. Essays.ph. Where you went to school and your GPA don#8217;t matter that much—even 4.0 won#8217;t get you hired today. The baseline is binding, that you have finished college, created value, and some sort of leadership beyond self. As I stated in essay transference, my last post #8220;How To Write A Real Resume#8221; (link here), a resume should not be a carbon copy of your job descriptions. Instead, each bullet-point should communicate how you moved the organization or some aspect of it from dissertation, Point A to Point B. Phd Thesis Rules. Potential employers are more concerned with what you MOVED FORWARD than what you DID BACK THEN. You can even take it one step further and create a resume 2.0 (see mine here), which is more like a visual portfolio of your value. Binding. An addendum to game your portfolio should include physical examples of the lse library dissertation binding quality of your work (i.e. Soto. business plans or essays you#8217;ve written, presentations you#8217;ve created, an actual website or product you designed or marketed, etc). Employers trust results, not resumes. Let#8217;s face it, most resumes are lies. There is so much information asymmetry in the career search process. Companies lie by posting job descriptions that don#8217;t truly communicate the nature of the job and potential employees exaggerate each and every bullet-point on their resume falsely presenting their true nature.
It#8217;s easier to search the lse library dictionary for the perfect SAT word than it is for someone to transference countertransference actually create real value. Lse Library Binding. Employers see you as a risk until proven otherwise. Every company is hiring#8230;even in economic downturn. In other words, no company is NOT hiring. When a company is down, it will hire anyone who it thinks will take it higher. The only essay transference way to bounce back from an economic downturn is to lse library either layoff people and hope that things return to the good ol#8217; days or hire great people who will be intrapreneurs (=entrepreneurs within an essays, existing company) and lse library dissertation, think of essay health care, new ways to reposition and repurpose the company through innovation. Lse Library Binding. If someone great knocks on the door, they won#8217;t shut it. But keep in mind that I don#8217;t mean great as in great person or personality—I mean someone with a great performance track record. Leading people over rules, the past 10 years has shown me that nice people don#8217;t always produce nice results. It#8217;s sad but true—unfortunately, personality and performance aren#8217;t correlated. Personality only gets you so far.
Sometimes nice guys do finish last because they don#8217;t perform. Have you created EXTREME value? If so, how? The best resume I#8217;ve ever seen is Jay-Z#8217;s (click image on right to enlarge). His resume is dissertation, full of ways that he has created EXTREME value for companies he has started and worked with. School doesn#8217;t prepare us to create EXTREME value—it prepares us to be employees. Soto Essays. An 8am-3pm workday become 9am-5pm and homework becomes work that you have to take home. Bill Gates (Microsoft) Steve Jobs (Apple), Michael Dell (Dell), Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook), Ralph Lauren, Jack Taylor (Enterprise) and others dropped out of college because they saw ways to create EXTREME value in the world that college wasn#8217;t preparing them to do. Imagine if Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, and Mark Zuckerberg followed the rest of his classmates and ended up being a consultant or investment banker. I probably wouldn#8217;t be typing this to you on a PC or a Mac and you probably wouldn#8217;t be reading it on lse library dissertation binding Facebook. Essays.ph. I#8217;m not saying this to lse library dissertation encourage anyone drop out—I have three degrees and essays.ph, I value each one, because I used the free time and risk-free space to practice value creation.
I failed at 5 business during college and grad school. Instead of seeing yourself as buying an education, see it as buying two or four years of lse library dissertation binding, time to educate yourself and demonstrate you can create value through on-campus leadership, entrepreneurship, event execution, and game, internships. Even if you don#8217;t want to be an entrepreneur, you need to embrace the entrepreneurial spirit. Everyone expects to have a job, but few are creating them. The last time I was speaking I asked everyone who intended to have a job to lse library dissertation binding stand up and of course everyone stood up. Next, I said sit down if you#8217;ve never created $1,000 of on universal care, income in a year through any form of work and dissertation binding, about 30% of the room sat down. And finally I said sit down if you#8217;ve never created $1,000 of income on your own outside of a company before. Only a handful of people remained standing. This is the problem with our economy—everyone wants a job, but nobody is trying to create them.
There is an imbalance between entrepreneurial-minded people and employee-minded people. Companies need both, but the soto entrepreneurial-minded person will always get hired first and dissertation binding, the employee-minded person will always get fired first. Value is that which causes a transaction. True value forces whoever is being offered the gary essays value to make a choice. Lse Library. It causes the exchange or movement of time, money, and transference, other forms of capital. Most people are indifferent and happy with who they are and where they are even though they may say they aren#8217;t.
Value makes them admit that they want to be somewhere else, somewhere better, and then helps them actually get there. In my book, The 8 Cylinders of Success, I define this ability to close space between point A and point B for someone else as your professional velocity. The higher your professional velocity is, the faster you will get hired. You communicate this on your resume through using point A to point B bullet points. Unemployment is caused by bad resumes, not a bad economy.
Unemployment is lse library dissertation, not a sign of the lack of gary pie, jobs in dissertation, the economy. Unemployment is a sign of a lack of people who have and can demonstrate that they have created value for others in the past. That#8217;s why 50% of workers are underemployed, meaning that that they have jobs, but they aren#8217;t using their passion, they aren#8217;t reaching their full potential, and they aren#8217;t making their highest contribution to the world every day. Whereas the national unemployment rate is only 10%, underemployment is essays.ph, five times that. This cycle starts with your resume. So many people drive to work, leave half themselves in the passenger seat, and drag the other half of themselves inside the dissertation office.
Note that underemployment has nothing to rules do with one#8217;s salary—You can be making $200,000 a year and lse library dissertation binding, still be underemployed. Economies fail when too many people are underemployed. Employees get mad when companies cut dead-weight and employers get mad when they realize that they hired dead weight. Are you dead weight or are you helping your company soar? It#8217;s hard for dead weight to move, so it simply holds on gary soto essays as long as it can. At the end of the day, a resume 1.0 won#8217;t get you a job and a resume 2.0 might land you an interview. Lse Library Binding. A resume is exactly what it means#8230;without the transference accent (#8216;) over the e. It#8217;s a document that employers use to answer the question #8220;Will this person be able to resume (pronounced re-zoom) their past success here?#8221; But if you haven#8217;t been creating value where you are right now—even if you hate it—it#8217;s going to be difficult to communicate your value to another potential employer. If you hate your job, remember that you chose it by lse library dissertation way of your past choices and actions which ultimately shaped your future choices.
So seek to essays.ph create value wherever you are because it will only position you to do things that you truly value in the near future. Lse Library. I#8217;ll leave you with the essays.ph quote that inspired this blog entry. It came from Jeremih#8217;s #8220;I#8217;mma Star#8221;—an unexpected place. #8220;So here I am, check my DNA. Gettin#8217; money is the only thing on dissertation binding my resume. Essay-justice. I thought I told you I#8217;ma star#8221; Are you a star? Is creating value in your DNA?
And is gettin#8217; money evident on lse library binding your resume?
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Hume on Miracles, Frequencies, and dissertation binding Prior Probabilities (1998) Bertrand Russell was reportedly once asked what he would say to God if he were to rules, find himself confronted by the Almighty about why he had not believed in God's existence. He said that he would tell God Not enough evidence, God, not enough evidence! But perhaps, if God failed to give Russell enough evidence, it was not God's fault. We are inclined to suppose that God could satisfy Russell by performing a spectacular miracle for lse library Russell's benefit. But if the essay transference countertransference, reasoning in David Hume's epistemological argument against belief in miracles  is correct, then no matter how hard God tries, God cannot give Russell an evidentially justified belief in Himself by performing miracles.
According to Hume, no matter what miracles God performs, it is always more reasonable to believe that the event in question has a natural cause and is not miraculous. Hence, if Russell needs a miracle to believe reasonably in God, then Russell is out of luck. Dissertation Binding. Russell cannot complain about God's failure to provide evidence, since none would be sufficient. But God cannot complain about Russell's failure to gary pie, believe. Hume's argument is actually directed against testimony-based belief in the miraculous, although others have extended the lse library binding, argument to the case of miracles directly experienced. It proceeds by two steps. Essay Countertransference. The first step is an argument for the claim that the antecedent probability of an event's occurrence diminishes the credibility of binding, testimony to essays.ph, it. That is, we must not only consider the credibility of the lse library dissertation, testifier, but also the antecedent probability of that which is testified to. The second step in Hume's argument is a defense of his claim that the miraculous nature of a purported event makes its antecedent probability as small as could possibly be imagined; that any combination of natural events, however antecedently improbable, is antecedently more probable than a scenario involving supernatural intervention. If this argument is successful, then Hume has successfully impugned the rationality of anyone (including millions of Christians who believe in the resurrection of essay transference countertransference, Jesus) who believes that a miracle has occurred.
In recent years, several attempts have been made to lse library, bring considerations based on Bayes' theorem to bear on essays.ph, Hume's essay. But while Bayesian theory explains clearly how one goes from an antecedent probability to a subsequent probability, Bayesian theory is not so clear on how one establishes prior probabilities in the first place. Some Bayesians have attempted to defend a view that says that prior probabilities can and must be based on the frequency with which event-types occur in experience. This model of prior probabilities, I contend, is implicit within Hume's argument against lse library, miracles. But this theory of prior probabilities is fraught with difficulties and, I contend, cannot be accepted. Without a frequentist foundation for his antecedent probability claims, Hume's argument against miracles collapses. II. Game. Antecedent Probabilities in Hume's Essay.
Hume's argument against miracles makes its case against miracles on the grounds 1) that one must consider the antecedent probability of the event reported as well as the credibility of the dissertation, reporter, and 2) that miracles, as violations natural law, are less probable than any set of natural events required to explain the known facts. The first of these principles is elucidated by Hume as follows: When anyone tells me, that he saw a dead man restored to life, I immediately consider with myself, whether it be more probable, that this person should either deceive or be deceived, or that the essays.ph, fact, which he relates, should have really happened. I weigh the binding, one miracle against gary soto pie, the other; and according to lse library binding, the superiority, which I discover, I pronounce my decision, and always reject the essay-justice, greater miracle. If the falsehood of the testimony would be more miraculous, than the event which he relates; then, and not till then, can he pretend to command my belief or opinion. Now I think this passage makes a somewhat question-begging identification of dissertation, improbability with miraculousness, but it seems commonsensical. I do not accept everything from the same source with equal assurance. If one of the tabloids were to say that Marcia Clark and Christopher Darden were secretly engaged, I would be rather skeptical of the report, coming from such a source. But I would be far more certain that any report, in that same tabloid, to the effect that Nicole Brown Simpson rose from the dead and was planning to testify in court could not possibly be true.
Hume quotes a saying, I would not believe such a story if it were told to me by game Cato, which captures this point nicely. Clearly, in common sense reasoning, the intrinsic incredibility of an event can overthrow the testimony of otherwise credible witnesses. But when one attempts to develop this idea into mathematical probability theory, one must avoid untoward consequences, and Hume simply did not possess the mathematical sophistication to accomplish this. Lse Library. If the theory of essay my favourite subject spm, probabilistic inference he himself presents in Of Miracles is lse library taken literally, it has the consequence that if the Arizona Republic were to report that I won the lottery, you should disbelieve the report, because my chance of soto pie, winning the lottery is less than the percentage of erroneous reports by the Republic. But surely this is implausible. The development of Bayes' theorem allows a person to factor in the antecedent probability of an lse library, event's occurrence without being forced by one's theory to reject such things as newspaper reports of lottery victories. According to Bayes' Theorem: Bayes' theorem isolates three factors: the prior probability of the hypothesis (in this case, that a miracle has occurred) given background knowledge, the probability of the evidence (in this case testimony) given both the subject, hypothesis and background knowledge, and the probability of the lse library dissertation binding, evidence given background knowledge alone. So, to apply Bayes' theorem to a piece of essays.ph, testimonial evidence, we need to ask 1) how antecedently probably the dissertation, event testified to is, 2) how likely it would be for this piece of testimony to be put forward given the fact that the hypothesis is true, and 3) how likely this piece of testimony would be regardless of whether the hypothesis is true or not.
An antecedently improbable event can be strongly supported by testimonial evidence if it is highly probable that the event would not be testified to if it did not occur and would be testified to if it did occur. We can see how Bayes' theorem can handle reports of lottery victories. It is true that, in a million-person lottery in which each person enters but once, each person has a one-in-a-million chance of winning that lottery. But one's chance of being reported the winner of the lottery is essay spm about as great as one's chance of winning the lottery; in fact, lottery victories are typically reported just in dissertation binding, case lottery victories occur. Game. P(h/k) (the likelihood that someone won a lottery) may be low in lse library, these cases, but p(e/k) (the likelihood that this person would be reported as the phd thesis, lottery winner) is also equally low.
But in the case of binding, miracles, these are often falsely reported, sometimes even by otherwise credible witnesses. So Hume's suspiciousness of miracle reports seems justified, in rules, that one must carefully consider the prior improbability of the miracle report and accept the lse library, report only if accepting the miracle would be accepting a lesser improbability than rejecting the claim and on universal health care believing that this miracle was falsely reported. III. The Prior Improbability of Miracles. So far, so Humean. But while our argument so far would lead us to reject many miracle reports, it hardly suffices to show that a reasonable person will reject all such reports. All we have shown is lse library binding that if p(h/k) is phd thesis sufficiently low, then this factor can require us to lse library, disbelieve the miracle report even when p (e/h k) is high.
What it does not do is show that p(h/k) is, or ought to be, always sufficiently low that no matter how high p(e/h k) is and how low p(e/k) is, belief in the hypothesis that a miracle has occurred will always be unjustified. We can imagine testimony of any finite strength; it is always possible to add more and more independent witnesses, give them almost lethal doses of truth drugs, make denying the essays.ph, miracle very rewarding and make affirming it very painful or lethal, etc. In order to guarantee that disbelief in lse library dissertation, miracles will always be rational, it is necessary that the health, prior probability of their occurrence be zero. Or, if not zero, at least very, very, very low. And it is lse library quite true that, for many individuals, miracles are not quite that hard to believe in. So we need an argument for step 2, explaining why miracles should be given a zero or near-zero probability. And indeed Hume provides one:
A miracle is a violation of the my favourite, laws of nature, and lse library as a firm and unalterable experience has established these laws, the proof against a miracle, from the very nature of the fact, is as entire as could possibly be imagined. Now the concept of a miracle as a violation of the laws of essays, nature has its problems, but if an event did not contradict our naturalistic expectations, we would not be inclined to look for a supernatural cause for it. One may say the birth of a baby is a miracle, but one does not mean to suggest that births so contradict naturalistic expectation that we should perhaps consider the possibility that they occur by divine intervention. But Hume points out that our confidence in binding, human testimony is based itself on experience; on that past conjunction between testimony and phd thesis rules the truth of what is testified to. The experiential basis for confidence in testimony cannot be as strong as the experiential basis for lse library dissertation the laws of nature. So, Hume argues, testimony that contradicts expectations generated by natural law should be rejected as false. That some person deviate from this rule and essays.ph accept testimony to miracles is, on Hume's view, to be explained in terms of cognitive pathology. To understand this better, let us consider a case that was certainly in the back of Hume's mind when he wrote Of Miracles, the case of the lse library, resurrection of Jesus. Some people in Hume's time, as well as today, have argued that one ought to believe that Jesus rose from the dead because no believable story can be told about how certain well-established events such as empty tomb reports, appearance claims, and the rapid spread of Christianity, could have occurred had there been no resurrection. They often point out what seems to be the incredibility of naturalistic stories concerning the essay, beginnings of Christianity. For example, some opponents of Jesus's resurrection have maintained that the disciples stole the body of lse library, Jesus and then pretended that the tomb was empty because its occupant had risen from the countertransference, dead.
But critics of this theft theory have pointed out that we have reason to suppose that many of the apostles, who would have had to dissertation binding, have been the perpetrators of this hoax, were martyred for proclaiming Jesus's resurrection. Rules. Since human beings typically do not die for things they know to lse library binding, be untrue, it is transference countertransference argued that the lse library binding, theft theory is care less plausible than the claim that Jesus really did rise from the dead. It is here that Hume's argument goes to lse library dissertation, work. If twelve people's dying for what they know to be untrue is improbable, it is even less probable that Jesus rose from the dead. A resurrection is a violation of a law of nature, people dying for a known falsehood is at most a psychological oddity. Gary Soto Essays. The experiential support for the claim Dead people stay dead is lse library greater than our experiential support for people never die for things they know to be false. So if we must choose between the theft theory and phd thesis rules accepting a resurrection (and of course these need not be our only choices), then the theft theory, with all its problems, must be accepted. Of course, sometimes we receive evidence that might convince us to alter our beliefs about what the laws of nature are. Thus pre-Einstein, it was thought to be naturally impossible that someone could travel in a near-light-speed spaceship and lse library dissertation age almost not at phd thesis all, while people on lse library binding, earth age fifty years. But the very reason we have for essay-justice game doubting the lse library dissertation, expectation we formed based on essay transference, what we thought the laws of nature were is exactly the reason we have for lse library binding supposing the essays.ph, event could occur without supernatural intervention. But one might ask Hume at this point, what about God?
Suppose someone already believes in God, or thinks it at lse library dissertation binding least possible that God exists. And suppose one is forced to choose between a theft theory and rules a resurrection. Dissertation. Now it seems unlikely that God would cause a group of people to engage in a conspiracy to propagate a religious hoax about some teacher's rising from the dead and then give them the courage (or foolhardiness) to defend their hoax to the death. But it does seem to fit better the traditional picture of God that He might raise a great prophet, or his son, from the dead to certify that person's special place in his scheme of things. Soto Essays. And considerations like these are deliberately left out of Hume's account of how one assesses the lse library, credibility of miracles. Indeed, these considerations are deliberately left out of Hume's account. Expectations considering the on universal health care, possible intentions of supernatural agents are not grounded in experience, and therefore cannot be factored into reasonings concerning matters of fact.
Though the being to whom the miracle is ascribed be almighty, it does not, upon this account become a whit more probable; since it is impossible for us to know the attributes or actions of lse library, such a being, otherwise than from the experience we have of his productions, in the usual course of nature. This still reduces us to past observation, and obliges us to compare the instance of the violations of truth in the testimony of men, with those of the transference countertransference, violation of the laws of nature by miracles, in order to judge which of them is most likely and probable.  (italics mine). This is a strong statement of Hume's empiricism concerning the sources of probability judgments, and it is the key to lse library binding, his position on miracles. Only those probability judgments that can be directly tied to experienced frequencies (in this case the frequency of essay countertransference, false statements as opposed to the frequency of miraculous violations of the laws of nature) can be relevantly employed in assessing the probability that an event has occurred. Much of Hume's discussion in Part I of Of Miracles enunciates a frequentist theory of probability assessment. Consider the dissertation, following passage, which is typical:
And, as the evidence, derived from witnesses and rules human testimony, is founded on past experience, so it varies with the dissertation binding, experience, and essay transference countertransference is regarded either as a proof or a probability, according as the conjunction between any particular kind of report and any kind of object has been found to be constant or variable. There are a number of lse library, circumstances to be taken into consideration in all judgments of this kind; and essays.ph the ultimate standard, by which we determine all disuptes, that may arise concerning them, is always derived from experience and observation. It will be the contention of my subsequent discussion that this connection between experience and probabilities that Hume draws here, while seeming to accord with common sense, really cannot be sustained. I maintain that proper and correct prior probabilities cannot straightforwardly be read off of experience, although I certainly do not deny that experience plays a vital role in our decisions about what is or is not probable. The problem is that experience does not come to us in clean-cut pieces of uninterpreted fact.
Rather, what we call experience is lse library binding interpreted in essays.ph, terms of already-existing theoretical constructs. In this essay it seems that Hume, careful and skeptical thinker that he was, betrays a commitment to the Enlightenment ideal of a perfectly neutral and presupposition-free inquiry, an ideal shown by more recent developments in the philosophy of science to be impossible to achieve. IV. Probability and its Empirical Foundations. According to Hume, probabilistic beliefs concerning the intentions of a supernatural being are inadmissible in dissertation, reasonings concerning matters of fact because these beliefs fail to be grounded in experience. This insistence has been enunciated by Bayesian theorists, and it is the frequency theory. Game. But the frequency theory has fallen on hard times, and lse library dissertation most Bayesian theorists do not accept it, largely because of difficulties related to the problem of the single case.
The problem is this. Frequencies give us information as to how often event-types have occurred in the past. But we often want to know the probability of particular events: this coin-toss, this horse-race, this piece of testimony to the miraculous, etc. If we are to accept Hume's conclusion that testimony to essay-justice game, the miraculous ought never to be accepted, we need to show more than just that rejecting testimony to lse library dissertation, miracles in general is a good idea because false miracle claims outnumber true ones. Many Christians are skeptical of miracle claims put forward by essay transference countertransference televangelists, but nonetheless believe that the evidence in support of the resurrection of Jesus, and perhaps in support of some modern miracles, is binding sufficient to overthrow our ordinary presumption against accepting miracle reports. Frequentists have attempted to essays.ph, assess the prior probability of individual purported events by assimiliating them some class of events. Thus, we assess the probability of a particular coin-toss as 1/2 in virtue of its membership in the class of coin-tosses. But the question is which class the relevant reference class is. The claimed resurrection of Jesus falls into many classes: into the class of miracles, into lse library, the class of events reported in Scripture, the class of events reported by Peter, the class of events believed by millions to have occurred, into the class of events basic to the belief-system of a religion, etc. Of course it is what is at issue between orthodox Christians and their opponents whether the class of miracles in essay-justice, the life of Jesus is empty or relatively large. Wesley Salmon attempts to solve this problem by defining the conception of an epistemically homogeneous reference class.
A class is homogenous just in case so far as we know it cannot be subdivided in a statistically relevant way. Thus, according to Salmon, if Jackson hits .322 overall but hits .294 on Wednesdays, the Wednesday statistic is binding not to be treated as relevant unless we know something about my favourite subject, Wednesday that makes a difference as to how well Jackson will bat. Thus, according to Salmon, the relevant reference class is the dissertation binding, largest homogeneous reference class; we should try to get a sample as large as we can without overlooking a statistically relevant factor. There are two difficulties with this method as an attempt to essay, satisfy Hume's strong empiricist requirements for properly grounded probability judgments. First, questions of statisical relevance cannot be fully adjucated by appeal to frequencies. Second, the very heuristic of selecting the largest homogeneous reference class cannot be read off experience. On the first point, consider the situation of a baseball manager who must choose between allowing Wallace to bat or letting Avery pinch-hit for him. Wallace has an overall batting average of .272, while Avery's is .262. But the pitcher is left-handed, and while Wallace bats .242 against left-handed pitching, Avery bats .302.
Nevertheless, the lse library dissertation, pitcher is Williams, and while Avery is 2-for-10 against Williams, Wallace is 4-for-11. Have these batters faced Williams too few times for this last statistic to count? And can this be straightforwardly determined from experience? What is needed is essay subject spm a judgment call about the relevance of this statistical information, and this judgment cannot simply be read straightforwardly from lse library dissertation frequencies. The frequentist's epistemology for probabilistic beliefs, insofar as it is an attempt to conform to empiricist/foundationalist constraints, seems impossible to complete. On the second point, is the heuristic of selecting the smallest homogeneous reference class justified simply by an appeal to experience? Admittedly it makes a certain amount of common sense. But this attempt to go from a statistical is to on universal care, an epistemological ought seems to suffer from with the same (or worse) difficulties that getting ought from is suffers from in lse library, ethics, and here again Hume's empiricist/foundationalist assumptions impose an impossible burden on probability theory. The frequency theory seems clearly to be the theory of priors that Hume would have adopted had he been involved in the contemporary Bayesian debate on essays.ph, prior probabilities. But even this theory fails to lse library, adjudicate the essay-justice game, issue concerning miracles in Hume's favor or in favor of the defenders of lse library dissertation, miracles, because it lacks the resources within itself to select the appropriate reference class. This inability to provide determinate answers to questions of gary soto essays, probability is what makes this theory inadequate for resolving the question of miracles.
Therefore Hume cannot justify his claim that it is never rational to believe testimony to any miracle on the grounds that miracles are less frequent in experience than false miracle reports. V. Hume's Essay Without Frequency Theory. There are two responses which Humeans might make in defense of Hume's position on miracles if they are persuaded that the frequency theory of prior probability is inadequate. Dissertation Binding. One is to challenge the coherence of the essay my favourite spm, employment of probabilistic reasoning on the part of persons committed to the possibility of lse library, evidence for miracles. It might be suggested that, in virtue of health, our custom-and-habit imposed commitment to a law-governed universe, persons are committed to a Humean view of miracles, even though, incoherently, they may treat miracles at times as if they were epistemic possibilities or even actualities. Since coherence is binding a requirement of Bayesian rationality even for essay transference countertransference people who accept a subjectivist theory of prior probabilities, it might be argued that all miracle-believers are irrational because their belief-systems are incoherent. But it is not clear why it is incoherent to suppose that the vast majority, but not absolutely every, event has a natural cause.
That we usually ignore, for practical purposes, the possibility of supernatural intervention does not mean that we are committed to assigning a vanishing probability to lse library, supernatural intervention. Some possibilities are sufficiently remote as to make it unreasonable to try to do anything about them, but not so remote as to phd thesis, require us to disbelieve strong testimony to these possibilities. And, of course, people pray for supernatural intervention; this would be a waste of time unless such intervention were thought possible. Humeans need an argument to show that persons who take divine intervention to be epistemically possible must have incoherent personal probabilities. Such an argument, to dissertation, my knowledge, has not been provided by Hume or by anyone else. Michael Root offers an argument in support of Hume that, in essence, makes a charge of self-referential incoherence against essay-justice game, those who employ testimony to support belief in miracles. According to lse library dissertation, the view Root attributes to care, Hume, testimony owes its force to the Principle of the Uniformity of lse library dissertation binding, Nature. If we are to make an inference from the truthfulness of essay-justice, past testimony to the truthfulness of present or future testimony, we need to assume that nature is lse library uniformly lawful; that what goes on in the transference, future will resemble what went on in the past.
But testimony to a miracle is testimony to the effect that nature is not uniform. Thus, if nature is uniform, then testimony to the miraculous is lse library dissertation binding false, but if nature is not uniform, then testimony is not a reliable source of information, and therefore it fails to justify belief. In neither case is it possible to have a justified, true, belief that a miracle has occurred. But this argument conflates the claim that the future will resemble the past in some respect with the claim that nature is strictly uniform in phd thesis rules, the sense that it is deterministic and closed. It should be evident that the possibility of making probabilistic judgments based on testimony does not depend on nature being strictly uniform; that is, on strict natural-law determinism being true. If it did, then the acceptance of indeterminism in the area of quantum mechanics would have destroyed the scientific enterprise which, after all, relies heavily on testimony for its operation. We do need to believe that what has happened in the past is some indication of what is likely to happen in binding, the future.
And admittedly we would have little confidence in our probabilistic beliefs if nature did not behave lawfully to a very large extent. But the traditional theistic view is that nature obeys its God-given laws almost all the time, and those laws, as we understand them, form our expectations concerning what we expect to happen in the future. But sometimes God intervenes for a good reason which is not entirely transparent, but still not entirely opaque, to human beings. There are resemblances between the way in which nature behaves in essays.ph, the past and the way it will behave in binding, the future (God the creator of nature sees to that). But beliefs about the likely plans and purposes of God must play a role in the credence functions, not only of believers, but of those who think God's existence epistemically possible. Essay. What is binding necessary to make probabilistic judgments is that we have some idea of what would confirm or disconfirm those judgments. It is transference not necessary to assume nature to be a closed, deterministic system. The other basic line of lse library dissertation, argument involves the contention that in rejecting Hume's naturalistic constraints on prior probabilities, we open the floodgates and allow that just any belief may be rational. Dorothy Coleman responds to the charge that Hume's position involves a dogmatic rejection of supernatural causation as follows: The difficulty with this argument is that it justifies too much.
First, unless one assumes that all anomalous events appropriate for God to cause are so caused, one cannot rationally discriminate between those that are and those that are not. Second, one can no more reasonably assume that an anomalous event is caused by God given a set of assumptions about the existence and nature of subject, God any more than one can say the event is caused by unknown alien life-forms, gremlins, demons, fairies, or any other fanciful creature given a similar set of lse library dissertation, assumptions about their imagined pattern of behavior. The internal consistency of a causal explanation is not sufficient for qualifying it as a reasonable scientific hypothesis. In response to Coleman's first point, it should be pointed out that religious believers, and even religious unbelievers, can, based on their own belief system, have ideas with respect to what they expect God (if God exists) to do. Healings and resurrections are more in character with the Christian God than, say, providing the gary soto, Notre Dame football team with supernatural assistance in winning championships. Catholics are more likely to believe miracle claims involving the lse library dissertation binding, Blessed Virgin Mary than are Protestants. Of course, one can say God did it about anything. But one can discriminate between actions more in character for God and those less in character. Pie. Those who believe in miracles typically believe that God has performed many miracles over a long period of time, and can formulate a general theory as to dissertation, what types of miracles are most likely under certain circumstances.
Expectations concerning the essay on universal health care, activities of dissertation, God are not going to be as precise as expectations concerning electrons; nevertheless they are sufficient to make some miracle claims more plausible than others, relative to a belief system. Of course, Coleman will no doubt respond to this by saying that while some miracle claims are more plausible than others relative to some belief system or other, they are not more probable objectively. But if she is asking for objective probabilities, then she needs a theory of objective probability that permits us to grade the probability of essay my favourite spm, particular events. Lse Library Dissertation. The frequency theory promised to spm, do this, but, as we have noticed, it is a failure. So in dissertation, order to object in essays.ph, this manner, she needs to lse library binding, produce a theory of prior probability according to which the my favourite spm, most probable miraculous scenario is less probable than the binding, least probable non-miraculous scenario. This is a daunting task, to say the least. As for gremlins, etc., it makes a good deal of difference whether the advocate of health, a gremlin-theory has some idea of what a gremlin is more or less likely to do. If there is some kind of probability curve for gremlin behavior, then we can see whether anything like the expected gremlin activities are taking place.
If they aren't, then the gremlin theory is disconfirmed. If the gremlin advocate simply wishes to attribute this, that, and the other to gremlins without offering any suggestion as to lse library binding, what gremlins are likely to do; if the my favourite spm, gremlin advocate offers gremlin hypotheses only after the fact, whenever other types of explanation are difficult to find, then gremlin-hypotheses are empirically empty, and are not really hypotheses at all. The miracles attributed to God in lse library, the Biblical tradition do not seem to be typical gremlin-antics. Essays. But, I realize that it is logically possible that someone else's credence function might be different from mine. But even on the subjectivist theory of prior probabilities I am not required to admit the existence of lse library, real rational gremlin-believers. I happen to essays.ph, think that the evidence that gremlins did not raise Jesus from the dead, indeed the binding, evidence that gremlins do not exist, is sufficiently strong that even if one began with a high prior probability for gremlins, this prior would wither in phd thesis, the face of the evidence against lse library binding, their existence. Indeed, I am strongly inclined to suspect irrationality in those who believe in gremlins.
But what underlies this belief is simply the a posteriori evidence against transference countertransference, their existence, and not some general theory of prior probabilities. A Bayesian evolutionist might perhaps admit the theoretical possibility that a creationist could be rational, while at the same time maintaining that in fact all creationists are irrational. An opponent of miracles can indeed maintain that investigation of the evidence in support of purported miracles will prove that none of these miracles can be accepted by reasonable people concerning the facts surrounding them. But I maintain that we cannot have what Hume hopes to provide, an argument from the nature of the fact that would make the lse library dissertation binding, very investigation of particular miracle claims unnecessary. But, perhaps there is something inherent in supernatural hypotheses that makes it the case that they are empirically empty. Keith Parsons, in criticizing attempts to essay health, provide scientific support for theistic beliefs, writes: Science is unavoidably naturalistic, or atheistic if you prefer. Science operates in terms of lse library dissertation, scrutable, independently testable entities that operate in essays.ph, accordance with knowable regularities.
Supernatural beings, on the other hand, are essentially mysterious; claims made on their behalf are not independently checkable, and binding there are no laws of supernature governing their behavior. Essay On Universal. Furthermore, explanations in terms of dissertation, supernatural entities are inevitably post hoc and untestable. In other words, proponents of supernaturalistic theories can glibly account for things we already know, but become strangely silent when asked to essays pie, predict something new, something that would allow their theory to be tested. Even though the lse library dissertation binding, locus of discussions of essay transference, miracles is historical rather than scientific, if it is the case that supernaturalist hypotheses are inevitably untestable, this would mean that supernaturalist claims cannot be genuinely supported by evidence. Lse Library. But some points can be made in essay my favourite, response to this position. First of all, I see no in principle impossibility in lse library binding, laws of supernature. One cannot, of course, generate deterministic laws governing divine conduct, but one cannot generate such laws concerning the behavior of essay transference, subatomic particles, either.
One can, of course, form probabilistic expectations concerning the conduct of subatomic particles, but, as we have noted, one can generate probabilistic expectations concerning divine conduct as well. It would disconfirm belief in the Christian God if Jim Bakker were to die and rise again on the third day, ascending into heaven a few weeks later. The laws of supernature that Christians or other theists are inclined to postulate may not be as detailed as the laws scientists hope to discover in lse library binding, nature, but they leave theistic claims open to confirmation and disconfirmation. Second, someone who postulates a miraculous account of something may try to gary soto, claim that by admitting a miracle in the background, we render a number of natural events more open to lse library dissertation binding, naturalistic explanation. Phd Thesis. If we find that someone refuses to recant his faith when threatened with death by torture, this occurrence is a natural event.
The explanation for this may be a very strong, sincere belief that a miracle has occurred, again a natural event. But it may be that the dissertation, least forced explanation for this sincere belief is essay that a miracle did occur. It is a mistake to think that just because a theory involves commitment to the supernatural, that the supernatural content is all that there is to the theory. A supernaturalist theory can have a naturalistic trail of evidence for which can be found or not found. Lse Library Dissertation Binding. Those who believe that Jesus was raised from the dead believe that Jesus's body will not be found. If it is found (or if it had been found in the first century), traditional Christian belief will be faced with a devastating disconfirmation. If believers choose (or had chosen) to maintain their belief somehow in the face of this kind of essay health, counterevidence, this would perhaps show their irrationality, but would not show the lse library dissertation, untestability of their belief per se. It is quite true that it is always possible to save a supernaturalist hypothesis from subject refutation by dissertation manipulating the theological background beliefs to essay care, protect one's theory. Historical evidence against Jesus's resurrection could be passed off as Satanic delusion, for example.
Recall Edmund Gosse's attempt to save creationism by saying that the dissertation binding, fossils were put in the ground by God to fool the scientists. Essays.ph. But, as is familiar from Duhem, it is lse library dissertation possible to save naturalistic theories by adding auxiliary hypotheses. There may be more temptation to do this in rules, the case of dissertation binding, supernaturalist hypotheses, but I see no reason why the transference, temptation could not be avoided. Admittedly, many people who have advanced supernaturalist theories in a scientific context have used the supernatural content of their beliefs as a kind of all-purpose escape clause to avoid the impact of counterevidence. A good example would be scientific creationists of the young earth variety, whose main explanation for the sedimentation of different life forms is a worldwide Noachian deluge. As examples of difficulties for this kind of lse library dissertation binding, theory, we might mention the fact that it is essay countertransference hard to explain how all earthly species could get into an ark whose dimensions are given in Scripture, the fact that it is hard to see how species could relocate at lse library binding such great distances from Ararat after the Flood, and the fact that if the earth is as young as they claim, it is essays.ph hard to see how there can be stars 500,000 light years away. Lse Library. In Abusing Science Philip Kitcher claims that while creationists propose to game, escape the claim that they are proposing an explicitly religious theory by not making specific reference to the revealed character of the Creator, in fact they deal with difficulties for binding their theory either by ignoring these difficulties or by appealing to the august and mysterious nature of God as an all-purpose escape clause. A comment like this, for Whitcomb and Morris's The Genesis Flood , is an health, example of the use of such an escape clause:
The more we study the fascinating story of animal distribution around the earth, the dissertation, more convinced we have become that this vast river of variegated life forms, moving ever outward from the Asiatic mainland, across the contintents and seas, has not been a chance and essay health care haphazard phenomenon. Binding. Instead we see the hand of phd thesis, God guiding and dissertation directing these creatures in essay my favourite, ways that man, with all his ingenuity, has never been able to lse library binding, fathom, in order that the great commission to the postdiluvian animal kingdom might be carried out, and that they might breed abundantly in the earth, and be fruitful and multiply upon the earth (Gen 8.17). Of course, it may be a divine mystery how these things happened. But if it is, the right thing to say from the point of transference countertransference, view of science (or even reasonable belief-formation) is that they happened in some other way, in a way that requires less faith in divine mysteries. But while Kitcher quite adeptly diagnoses the use of religious concepts to insulate a theory from empirical disconfirmation, he explicitly indicates that theologically grounded theories need not employ an all-purpose escape clause. In fact, he mentions the nineteenth century Catastrophists, who presented disconfirmable creationist hypotheses, and he even quotes one Catastrophist (Sedgwick) who abandoned his theory in the face of contrary evidence.
Although pure versions of Creationism were no longer in vogue among scientists by the end of the eighteenth century, they had flourished earlier (in the writings of dissertation, Thomas Burnet, William Whiston and others). Moreover, variants of Creationism were supported by a number of eminient nineteenth century scientists--William Buckland, Adam Sedgwick, and Louis Agassiz, for example. These Creationists trusted that their theories would accord with the Bible, interpreted in what they saw as the correct way. However, that fact does not affect the scientific status of those theories. Even postulating an unobservable creator need be no more unscientific than postulating unobservable particles.
What matters is the character of the proposals and the ways in which they are articulated and defended . The great scientific creationists of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries offered problem-solving strategies for many of the questions addressed by evolutionary theory. Game. They struggled hard to explain the dissertation, observed distribution of gary essays, fossils. Sedgwick, Buckland, and others practiced genuine science. They stuck their necks out and volunteered information about the catastrophes that they invoked to explain biological and lse library dissertation binding theological findings. Because their theories offered definite proposals, those theories were refutable.
Indeed, the theories actually achieved refutation. (italics mine) Young-earth creationists seem to me to be so committed to what they take to be a literal reading of Genesis that they are bound to defend it regardless of essays.ph, what counter-evidence may emerge. But this is binding not something one can infer simply from the fact that they are have supernatuarlist commitments. Both naturalists and supernaturalists can attempt to insulate their convictions from counterevidence, in fact Hume's essay on miracles is seen by many defenders of supernaturalism as a very clever attempt to do just that. But it does seem to be possible for a theist to make an empirically disconfirmable claim, for instance, that Jesus rose from the dead. Evidence can easily be imagined that would show to the satisfaction of most rational people that the whole thing is false. So long as theistic claims are not employed as all-purpose escape clauses to be employed in the face of disconfirming evidence, the claims can be supported by game empirical evidence. So where does this leave God and Bertrand Russell? Could God have given him enough evidence for his existence?
It is possible that Russell's credence function was such that no possible evidence would have been sufficient to convince him that God exists. But from what I know of Russell this was not the case. Whether Russell ignored available evidence, whether God has a reason for not having given Russell the kind of evidence he would have needed, or whether God's only lse library dissertation binding excuse is that he does not exist, is rules a topic far, far beyond the scope of this paper. V. Lse Library Binding. Postscript Concerning Apologetics. If my foregoing discussion is correct, opponents of, say, the essay transference, resurrection of Jesus cannot appeal to binding, a general theory of probability to prove that anyone who accepts the resurrection is being irrational. It is also a consequence that different people can reasonably expected to have different credence functions with respect to essay-justice, Christian (and other) miracle claims. Lse Library. If you want to convince some people that Christ was resurrected, you have a much heavier burden of proof than you have in convincing others. It must be noted that there is no way, on the model I have presented, to show that everyone who denies the Resurrection is irrational, or engaged in bad faith.
Of course, one can still believe that unbelievers disbelieve because of sin or suppressing the truth, or what have you. My Favourite Subject Spm. But given the legitimate differences that can exist concerning the antecedent probability of the miraculous, I don't see how such charges can be defended. So the lse library dissertation, lesson here, I think, is phd thesis rules that both apologetics and anti-apologetics should be engaged in persuasion, not coercion, and that the attempt to ground irrationality charges against one's opponents is a misguided enterprise.  Wesley Salmon, Religion and Science: A New Look at Hume's Dialogues, in Philosophical Studies 33 (1978), p. 176.  David Hume, Enquiries Concerning Human Understanding and lse library Concerning the Principles of Morals , ed. Essays.ph. L. A. Selby-Bigge, 2nd. ed. (1902; Oxford, 1972), pp. 109-131.  For example Michael Root extends Hume's argument to cover direct experience in Miracles and the Uniformity of Nature American Philosophical Quarterly 26 (October 1989), pp. 338-339.  Notably Bruce Langtry, Miracles and the Principles of Relative Likelihood, Internationial Journal for Philosophy of Religion 18 (1985) , pp. 123-131; Jordan Howard Sobel, On the lse library, Evidence of Testimony for Miracles: A Bayesian Interpretation of David Hume's Analysis, The Philosophical Quarterly 37 (1987) pp. 66-86; David Owen, Hume Versus Price on Miracles and Prior Probabilities: Testimony and the Bayesian Calculation, The Philosophical Quarterly 37 (1987), pp.
187-202; and Philip Dawid and gary soto Donald Gillies, A Bayesian Analysis of Hume's Argument Concerning Miracles, The Philosophical Quarterly 39 (1989) pp. Dissertation Binding. 57-65.  See Victor Reppert, Miracles and the Case for Theism, International Journal for Philosophy of Religion , (1989) pp. 44-45.  Ibid . p. 115. The Cato referred to my favourite subject, here is the ancient Roman patriot Cato, not O. J. Simpson's houseguest Kato, or Nicole's dog of the same name.  For a popular presentation of this type of argument see Josh McDowell, Evidence that Demands a Verdict (Arrowhead Springs, CA: Campus Crusade for Christ International, 1972), 247-257.  J. L. Mackie, The Miracle of Theism , pp. 24-25.
 Salmon, The Foundations of Scientific Inference (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1967), pp. 90-93.  These objections were suggested to me by in conversation by binding Patrick Maher.  Howard Sobel mentioned this possibility to me in gary pie, correspondence.  Root, Miracles and the Uniformity of Nature, pp. 337-338.  Dorothy Coleman, Hume, Miracles and Lotteries, Hume Studies (December 1988), pp.
339-40.  Keith Parsons, Is there a Case for Christian Theism? in J. P. Moreland and lse library dissertation binding Kai Nielsen, Does God Exist: The Great Debate (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1990) p. Essays.ph. 189.  Pierre Duhem, Aim and dissertation Structure of Scientific Theory , ch. 6.  John Whitcomb and Henry M. Morris, The Genesis Flood (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1961), p. 128.  Philip Kitcher Abusing Science: The Case Against Creationism (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1982), p. 125.
 I am indebted to Patrick Maher and Mark Vuletic for helpful comments on previous drafts.
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The Resume Mocked ‘Round the World. With his name and image appearing on the “Today” show, in The New York Post and all over the Web site Gawker, Aleksey Vayner may be the most famous investment-banking job applicant in recent memory. But he says his new celebrity is less blessing than curse. “This has been an extremely stressful time,” Mr. Binding. Vayner, a senior at Yale University, told DealBook over steak in a northern New Jersey restaurant Thursday. It was his first face-to-face meeting with a reporter since an 11-page application and elaborate video clip that he submitted to securities firm UBS showed up on two blogs, and essay-justice game then quickly spread to every corner of the Internet. The clip, staged to look like a job interview spliced with shots of Mr. Vayner’s athletic prowess, flooded e-mail inboxes across Wall Street and eventually appeared on the video-sharing site YouTube . And the dissertation binding, overwhelming reaction was mocking laughter. Mr. Vayner is gary pie not amused. Instead, he said he feels like a victim.
The job materials that were leaked and posted for public view included detailed information about him that allowed strangers to scrutinize and lse library dissertation binding harass him, he said. His e-mail inbox quickly filled up, with most of the messages deriding him and, in certain cases, threatening him. Gary. Since the video surfaced on the Internet, Mr. Vayner said he has deleted at lse library dissertation least 2,000 pieces of e-mail. It was Mr.
Vayner’s highly produced video that appears to have made his job application such a viral sensation. A Zen-like koan — “Impossible is nothing” — introduces the seven-minute clip, which shows Mr. Vayner performing various feats of physical strength and on universal skill, interspersed with inspirational maxims. Viewers are presented with images of lse library binding, Mr. Vayner bench-pressing weights (a caption suggests it is 495 pounds), playing tennis (firing off what is said to be a 140 mile-per-hour serve) and performing martial arts (he breaks seven bricks with his palm). The tone of the video seems too serious to be parody, yet too over-the-top to be credible. After sharing the on universal health, clip, fellow students at dissertation binding Yale began to share their favorite Aleksey-style tall tales, notably involving reminiscences of soto essays pie, bare-handed killings and nuclear waste. And then there were Mr.
Vayner’s claims about lse library dissertation running a charity, the legitimacy of which is now in question. In person, Mr. Vayner is phd thesis much as he appears in dissertation binding, the video. Tall, with gelled-back hair and a navy pinstriped suit, Mr. Vayner — along with his sister, Tamara, and his lawyer, Christian P. Stueben — met with DealBook on essay transference Thursday afternoon. Lse Library Dissertation. Throughout the interview, Mr. Essay Transference. Vayner was reserved, speaking deliberately, sometimes peering at what appeared to be notes in his Yale University portfolio.
Mr. Vayner, 23, said he has been interested in finance since he was 12 years old, when he was creating financial data models. So Mr. Vayner, who is registered in Yale’s class of lse library dissertation, 2008, decided a few weeks ago to look for a job at essay transference a Wall Street firm. Lse Library. He thought that making a video would help him stand out in the often cutthroat competition for investment-banking positions.
By emphasizing his various athletic pursuits, which he listed as including body sculpting, weightlifting and essay-justice Tai Chi, as well as brief stints on Yale’s polo and varsity tennis teams, Mr. Lse Library. Vayner said he could show that he had achieved success in physical endeavors — success that could carry over to the financial world. “I felt demonstrating competency in essays.ph, athletics is a good way to stand out, because the lse library dissertation binding, same characteristics are the same in business,” said Mr. Vayner, who legally changed his name from Aleksey Garber when he was 18. “The need to gary soto set and achieve goals, to have the dedication and competitive drive that’s required in business success.” Despite all the mockery that the video has inspired, he still speaks proudly of binding, his athleticism. Nearly all the feats in essay spm, the video are his, he said, and they are real. (The only doubt in his mind lies in the skiing segment, which he says is probably him.) When asked about a posting Mr. Vayner had placed on the classifieds site Craigslist soliciting skiing videos — a posting that was reproduced on a blog that questioned whether the lse library dissertation, skier was him — Mr. Vayner said he was simply looking for the cameramen who shot his ski-jump efforts. Much of the other Internet chatter about him, mentioning studies in Tibet under the Dalai Lama and a “Blood Sport”-type tournament in Thailand, is essay-justice false, he said.
Such claims stem from what he described as a satirical article in Yale’s tabloid, the Rumpus, detailing outsized claims from him when he was still a pre-freshman. The author, a then-student named Jordan Bass, was merely giving his opinion, Mr. Vayner said, and did not directly interview him for the article. In a piece in this week’s New Yorker magazine, though, Mr. Bass said that he was merely reiterating what Mr. Vayner had told him. In the end, though Mr. Vayner said he is less concerned about the mockery — “One mark of success is the ability to handle mass amounts of criticism,” he said — than about what appears to have been a leak of his application materials from UBS. Mr.
Vayner and his lawyer, Mr. Stueben, confirmed that they are exploring legal options against the investment banks to lse library which he sent the application. A UBS spokesman said in a statement: “As a firm, UBS obviously respects the privacy of essays.ph, applicants’ correspondences and does not circulate job applications and resumes to the public. To the extent that any policy was breached, it will be dealt with appropriately.” However the lse library, job materials landed on the Internet, the scrutiny has raised several questions about Mr.
Vayner’s claims. On Wednesday, the blog IvyGate posted excerpts from essay my favourite subject spm, Mr. Vayner’s self-published book, “Women’s Silent Tears: A Unique Gendered Perspective on the Holocaust,” which until recently was available on the Web site of dissertation binding, Lulu Press. IvyGate searched the Internet and found that many sections of the book seemed to have been copied from other Web sites. Asked about the essay on universal health, similarities, Mr. Vayner said Thursday that the text on Lulu’s Web site was a “pre-publication copy” based on lse library dissertation binding an earlier draft. The final version was worded more carefully, he said. On his resume, Mr.
Vayner cites his experience as an investment adviser at a firm called Vayner Capital Management and his charity work at an organization called Youth Empowerment Strategies, of which he was the gary pie, founder and lse library binding chief executive. Until recently, both organizations had active Web sites, explaining their missions and guiding principles. A statement on Vayner Capital said its philosophy was, “Never lose investors’ money.” Youth Empowerment Strategies featured a four-star banner said to essays.ph be from lse library binding, Charity Navigator, an evaluator of nonprofit charitable groups. Asked about Youth Empowerment Strategies, however, a representative of Charity Navigator said it had not given the group a coveted four-star rating. Care. Instead, it had referred Mr.
Vayner’s organization to the New York attorney general’s office, saying it should be investigated for potentially posing as a fraudulent charity. Mr. Vayner said Thursday that he had filed the necessary paperwork for the charity in August. Furthermore, he said that he had outsourced the design of his charity’s Web site to companies in India and Pakistan and had no role in placing the Charity Navigator banner on dissertation it. Essays.ph. Mr. Vayner told a reporter that he had the banner taken down immediately when he learned that the lse library, group had disclaimed the banner, some time around Sept. 15. Essay-justice Game. When a reporter then told Mr. Dissertation Binding. Vayner that the banner was still on soto the site as of last week, Mr. Vayner clarified that he had sent notification to take down the banner.
Mr. Vayner’s explanation does not satisfy Trent Stamp, Charity Navigator’s president. The group had first attempted to contact Youth Empowerment Strategies in early August, but its e-mails bounced back, Mr. Stamp told DealBook. After learning Mr.
Vayner’s new-found Internet fame earlier this month, the group redoubled its efforts, he said. “I’m not on the governing board of dissertation binding, Yale, but it seems to me that someone who committed massive charity fraud with intent to phd thesis deceive people shouldn’t be able to receive an Ivy League degree,” Mr. Stamp told DealBook. A Yale spokeswoman declined to comment. Asked for details about his investment firm, whose Web site has since gone dark, Mr.
Vayner said he hopes to obtain his investment adviser license next year, but insisted the dissertation binding, company was legitimate. He also stood by Vayner Capital’s stated mission of never losing money. It was not a promise, he said, but merely a philosophical polestar. “I have two rules,” he said. “One, I will never lose your money. And two, when in doubt, refer to rule No. 1.” For now, Mr.
Vayner said he is camping out at his mother’s residence in Manhattan, having taken a short leave of essay health, absence from Yale when his video hit the Internet. He said he may have lost his chance to binding work on Wall Street, and added that he may not succeed in essays.ph, securing a financial job at all. Real estate development is an option, he said, but for now his future is unclear. In the meantime, he plans on taking his midterm examinations next week. All photos by dissertation binding, Emile Wamsteker for The New York Times.
Comments are no longer being accepted. This guy is a villian of Ernst Stavro Blofeldian proportions. The mystery is care why it took so long for dissertation, someone to take the axe to this rooster. I am deeply disturbed by a resume sent in confidence to a highly respected firm had been made public and that confidence broken. Should we all worry about essays.ph where are resume’s end up once sent to lse library binding the firm of rules, our choice? Typical. What else would you expect out of Yale? no more recruiting at Yale for lse library dissertation binding, sure.
Whatever. Subject Spm. This guy just exemplifies the kind of people you find at Yale. I have seen his picture and lse library his body frame. There is essay my favourite NO WAY he can bench 495 Pounds if his picture is lse library Current. He does not have the Muscle mass or just the pure size to do it. Even if it was “Strong” muscle and not “Wide” Muscle. His chest area would have to be about 3-4 inches wider on each side…just to essays.ph ATTEMPT it. Classic 15-minutes of fame, but getting a story in the Time is pretty good; I bet this guy finds a pretty good job, after all.
I agree with poster above who mentions how a private resume would find it’s way out to binding the wide world. That’s a little dicey, to say the least. More of these kinds of things are on rules the horizon, no doubt, if not, as demonstrated here, right under our noses already. Thanks for reading, Dick Laresch, Jersey City, NJ. Tell him to do a Ph.D at lse library binding Yale then preach some more. May I suggest you join GW Bush and Gang – they have been defrauding US citizens all too successfully since whenever! Your talents will be much appreciated there. If he had spent the same amount of time actually doing what he said he did, he’d be much better off! stories sound similar to those of a curent clothesless emperor who attended Yale.
Naah, the essays.ph, emperor’s contain more lies. “I have two rules,” he said. “One, I will never lose your money. And two, when in doubt, refer to rule No. Binding. 1.” This guy is hilarious. He should lay low, wait tables for a couple years, then try to get back in the game. What a joke…”Coffee is for closers,” buddy, and rules there’s no way in lse library dissertation, h e l l you can hit a tennis ball 140 mph. my advice to essay countertransference mr. Lse Library. vayner: drop the finance career aspirations, you were made for essay transference countertransference, reality TV. Did it occur to anyone that this may have been a test by the young man of how major corporations handle job applications?
If so it was brilliant. And whoever at UBS leaked it needs their head examined–after they are escorted off the premises. Sharing humor is one thing; leaving in the personal identifiers is quite another. Not sure I’d hire the young man, but I’d sure like to talk to him–he’s clearly a risk-taker with a sense of humor. Not sure what to think of his other ventures–dishonesty or just naivete or perhaps part of the test to see if anybody actually checked his resume. I’m amazed at how many people still don’t! This is an dissertation binding excellent piece of reporting.
Pity the national press corps does not dedicate this level of scrutiny to other Yale alumni who have hoodwinked this nation for the last 18 years. As the body count of essays.ph, American soldiers in Iraq approaches the body count from lse library dissertation, 9/11, is spm anyone going toe-to-toe with decision makers on their decisions and lse library dissertation binding activities? Or will reporters keep eating the Snowfall? I agree with Martha. Although the essay-justice game, kid is obviously a ridiculous egomaniac and not a particularly good liar, the real guilty party here is UBS. We can forgive Mr. Vayner on lse library dissertation binding grounds of immaturity, but what excuse does UBS offer for having leaked documents delivered to it for the purposes of a normally confidential job application? It hardly inspires confidence in the clumsy financial giant. What is its claim to have “the heart and gary essays soul of a two-person organization,” but a more polished and more damaging lie than those Mr. Vayner offered? It seems to lse library dissertation binding be going unremarked upon that even the tagline of his video, “impossible is nothing,” was filched from a recent Adidas ad campaign.
Next stop for this guy should be The Apprentice. This story is easily distilled: either the charity was legitimate or it was a fraud. Phd Thesis. That issue is not nearly as murky as Mr. Lse Library. Vayner wants us to believe. Essays.ph. If it was a fraud, then his video is binding not a resume but a work of fiction, and I would be dubious about any privacy claims Mr. Vayner and his lawyer put forth. Essay Spm. Moreover, if it was fraud, Yale should do the honorable thing and expel him. Mr.
Vayner: Refer to comment number 10. If not successful, just come down to Brazil and lse library binding you will be instantly named President Lula’s personal advisor. That kid should be stripped of his degree. It seems reasonably clear that he has lived a life of lies; after some investigation I’m sure that Yale could confirm any doubts of his credentials. Nick Sylvester (faked Village Voice lifestyle piece; just gave a lecture at Harvard Law School; featured on gawker.com today) The kids are not all right.
do get it, at all. but then again, it’s Yale.
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A Few Essays That Worked (And a Few That Didn#8217;t) Jacques Steinberg, education correspondent for the Times, appears on the Today show to discuss what works in dissertation binding, a college essay. By None None on subject, Publish Date December 6, 2010. In preparation for a segment on NBC#8217;s #8220;Today#8221; show this morning, I reached out to the admissions offices at the University of Virginia and Occidental College in California for dissertation binding examples of essay my favourite, essays that they considered memorable #8212; for good, or ill. Lse Library! Before I share some of these samples, a caveat (one familiar to regular readers of this blog): while it can be instructive to read actual college admissions essays, trying to essay my favourite subject, copy a particular approach #8212; or in some cases avoid it #8212; can be perilous. That#8217;s because how one responds to an essay can be an intensely personal experience. That said, I would argue that there are some basic lessons to be gleaned from the following examples. Here, for instance, is an excerpt from an binding essay that was not especially well received at the University of Virginia, in part because the writer misjudged the transference age and dissertation binding, sensibility of his or her audience: John Lennon’s song ‘Imagine’ was sung by Fox’s new show, #8216;Glee.#8217; In one particular episode, a deaf glee club performed this song. Essays.ph! I heard it before when John Lennon sang it: unfortunately I did not care much for it.
When I watched this episode while the deaf adolescents were singing it, and lse library dissertation, soon joined by another glee club, it surprisingly affected me#8230; John Lennon sang it like a professional, but what he did not have was the emotion behind the words. He sang it more staccato than legato. He sang it like it was his job, and essay countertransference, nothing more. These singers from Glee sang with powerful emotions. … Another essay, also musical in focus, got a more appreciative read at U.V.A.: I strode in front of lse library dissertation, 400 frenzied eighth graders with my arm slung over my Fender Stratocaster guitar — it actually belonged to my mother — and launched into the first few chords of Nirvana’s ‘Lithium.’ My hair dangled so low over my face that I couldn’t see the crowd in front of me as I shouted ‘yeah, yeah’ in my squeaky teenage voice. I had almost forgotten that less than a year ago I had been a kid whose excitement came from waiting for essay my favourite spm the next History Channel documentary. Lse Library Dissertation Binding! It was during the awkward, hormonal summer between seventh and gary soto, eighth grade when I first heard Nirvana’s ‘Smells Like Teen Spirit.’ The song shocked my senses — until that point my musical cosmos consisted mainly of my father’s Beatles CDs.
I would argue that the admissions committee was able to dissertation, relate a little more to essays.ph, this essay than the first. And it was certainly more evocative and detailed. It also conveyed more about the writer (and applicant) #8212; a crucial quality in a college admissions essay. I turn, now, to excerpts from dissertation binding, a recent essay that struck a visceral chord within the admissions office at Occidental (where, as an aside, President Obama began his college career): My head throbbed as I closed my eyes and tried to phd thesis, convince myself to give up. ‘Come on, Ashley. Put the pencil down. Just put the dissertation pencil down and gary soto essays, go to bed,’ I told myself sternly. I had been hard at work for lse library hours — brutal, mind-numbing hours. I groaned as I moved over to my bed, collapsing in a pile of pie, blankets and closing my eyes. Lse Library Binding! I lay there for a moment or two, gathering strength, gaining courage. My tense shoulders began to unclench as I stretched out and gary pie, opened my bleary eyes… Suddenly, I bolted upright on my bed, eyes wide, blankets flying.
Everything had fallen into place. I stumbled madly to my desk, thumped myself down, and snatched up my pencil. ‘I’ve got it! That’s it!’ I whooped, scribbling furiously, as my brother pounded on lse library, my wall for silence. I had just won another skirmish in my ongoing battle with the crossword puzzle. What worked here? I#8217;m told the admissions officers appreciated how the writer conveyed her love of essay-justice, words — and in the process told them much about lse library dissertation binding, herself. Essays.ph! As a writer, I admired the way she built a sense of mystery at the outset, one that served to draw the reader in. I#8217;ll close with an attempt at binding metaphor that fell a bit flat, at least in its reception at Occidental.
The applicant writes: I believe in spm, jello; a silly greeting, tasty dessert, or the answer to life as we know it? Factor #1: Have you ever tried to make jello? It takes patience. First you have to boil the water; then mix it with powder, stirring for two minutes; then finally adding the lse library cold water and putting it in the fridge for forty-five minutes. Think about the creation of people… To share your own thoughts on gary soto essays, essay strategies #8212; and, perhaps, some excerpts of lse library binding, your own #8212; please use the comment box below.
Comments are no longer being accepted. Although the essays chosen as the #8220;good#8221; examples are well-written, I found the gary other 2 more interesting. Each of those writers seemed to be struggling to express a concept instead of a fairly typical self-absorbed picture. Obviously. the lse library dissertation binding #8220;good#8221; essays are easier to identify with, but they are also rather juvenile. Our education system tends to game, reward the lse library neat package, not the messy one.
I#8217;d like to think that both sets of essay writers deserve an excellent education. I saw this segment on the Today Show and essay-justice, I am surprised about the first essay. Dissertation! I understand the concept of Glee being a new show and seeming juvenile, but it isn#8217;t. I find the show rather creative for taking older songs, modernizing them, and essays.ph, reintroducing them to a new generation of lse library dissertation binding, people. Not to mention it adds new life to a song already loved by the older generation who watch the transference show as well. If anything it shows the blatant generation gap between the administrators and the students writing their essay. John Lennon was a great artist but it doesn#8217;t mean I#8217;m obligated to be a fan, nor is this student. Lse Library Dissertation! People should respect the difference of phd thesis rules, opinion. This student was honest enough to say he/she didn#8217;t like the song and why when performed by John Lennon, but found beauty in the song he/she previously dismissed when performed by a group of deaf children. Lse Library Dissertation! I think that shows a strong sense of phd thesis, self in lse library dissertation, the student which was, unfortunately, overlooked. Thank you so much for these examples.
I will note that the Jello essay uses semicolons improperly. Grammar errors destroy credibility. I was accepted early decision to phd thesis rules, Virginia, and folks ask me all the lse library dissertation binding time about my application essay. Subject! I wrote about the single moment of shaking an opponent#8217;s hand during a national debate tournament. I was terrified about this opponent, but when I shook his hand, it was cold, limp, and soaking wet. Lse Library Dissertation! Knowing he was just as nervous as I changed everything for phd thesis rules me.
I wanted to share with the application committee my revelation that I don#8217;t need to be intimidated by anyone. My advice for lse library binding future applicants: Ask yourself what #8220;gift#8221; your essay delivers to the reader. What#8217;s the pay-off for the audience? If you aren#8217;t writing with the audience in mind, the essay will seem self-indulgent. Thanks so much! This is the part of the application that should be removed. Students that write their own essay are at a distinct disadvantage (unless they are among those students that truly do have talent in this area.) Because the stakes are so high and essay-justice, the competition so great, more and more families are hiring consultants to either write or heavily edit the essays.
A consultant could definitely tidy up the Glee and the jello essay and make it relevant. At least we know that the Glee and dissertation, jello essay writers received no assistance. Other than the most competitive schools is anyone reading the essay-justice game essays?? It seems that a well written essay if accompanied by low standard test scores gets ignored when in fact the essay is a better example of what the student can do. These students pour over every word as they see their future hanging in binding, the balance. Does the admissions committee at University of Maryland actually read the answers to the short answer questions?
Do they read the essays? I find these examples and the ensuing comments to be an example of just how subjective college admissions officers are when making their decisions. Some admissions essays must be objectively bad (poor grammar, incoherent prose, etc.) and I imagine that some must be objectively good, however, it seems to me that the essays.ph great bulk lie in binding, the middle. In that middle ground then isn’t the merit of one’s essay inextricably tied to the taste’s of the admissions officers reviewing that essay? Would a brilliant essay by Hunter S. Thompson be tossed out because the reader hated drug use and my favourite subject, non-conformity? Would an essay by Tom Wolfe be rejected because the reader hated exclamations? Oh my! Maybe that great 18th century wordsmith Charles Dickens pamphlet would be considered too word? Or Hemingway’s to sparse? What I found so troubling about the admissions cycle when I went through it a decade ago was how arbitrary decisions seemed to dissertation, be at the top schools.
It always seemed to me that once you were in essays.ph, a pool of dissertation, qualified applicants (good grades, test scores, extra-curricular activities) that admissions came down to chance. Transference Countertransference! I was admitted to lse library binding, the #1 US New School but admissions at a half a dozen lesser ranked schools where I had GPAs and essays.ph, SATs over the 75% mark. Some friends were admitted everywhere they applied, one friend was denied admission everywhere he applied but his in-state safety school despite the fact that he had mid 1500s SATs, a 4.0 GPA and lse library dissertation binding, founded our schools Environment Club. I’ve never figured out why that happened, I doubt there’s a simple answer. Essay-justice Game! The college a person attends doesn’t define them or set them on a fixed course through life. Nevertheless, it is important and it does matter. Lse Library Dissertation Binding! In fact it matters tremendously to those students and parents who struggle through courses and essay-justice, bills to make their dreams of education a success, and that’s why it is so terrifying that chance and subjectivity play such a large role in lse library, the college admissions process. The purpose of the essay is to reveal something personal about yourself to the admissions committee that isn#8217;t conveyed elsewhere in the application.
The first essay didn#8217;t work because it was analysis of the merits of two versions of a song. I#8217;m surprised that the crossword puzzle essay was offered as an essay that worked #8212; it seems unoriginal, forced, overly dramatic, self-coscious. I read plenty of those as an admissions officer. The debate one worked because it revealed the author as an observant, empathetic and subject, mature person. And for jello #8212; I think that could have been a very funny essay with some good editing, and perhaps may have revealed the author as a quirky kid with a good sense of humor. I agree with lp#8217;s analysis. It should be drummed into every applicant: whatever the subject, the real point is to provide a sense of yourself. Unless you are some kind of master stylist, writing about binding, #8220;other things#8221; will not impress #8212; and even superlative style might very well be lost on phd thesis rules, an admissions officer who is, after all, looking for a reason to make a decision #8212; any decision #8212; about lse library binding, your application. I too think the crossword puzzle essay seems silly and forced, but I also think the other musical essay was trite and forced. I am afraid that this is what the admissions process has reduced essay writing to.
With the exception of the second entry, (the Nirvana kid), the transference countertransference rest fell flat. He seemed to convey his thoughts fluidly, and in the manner that he was thinking them. The first entry was of minor interest#8230; but obvioulsy didn#8217;t achieve what it was intended to achieve. The third was simply terrible. Enough said. The fourth had redeeming value. Dissertation! There are multiple purposes for the essay. One is to guage an applicant#8217;s ability to write. Fortunately, many employers, like The Times, still value this ability.
If your child does not #8220;have a talent#8221; in this area, he/she needs to get to work. More important, if a consultant writes an applicant#8217;s essay, that applicant is cheating. Your answer implies that it is acceptable for a student to phd thesis, do so. It is no more acceptable for a consultant to binding, write the essay than it is for essay on universal care a student to exaggerate in her list of extracurricular activities. The essay is important and valuable and should remain a part of the lse library dissertation binding application process. It#8217;s not the topic, or it#8217;s generational relationship to the reader, it#8217;s the writing, Sentence structure, organization, rhetorical flourish; the good essays have all three of these. Soto! The poor essays just needed some editingor, in some cases, a lot of editing. Lse Library Dissertation Binding! The College Application Essay is one of the best ways to essay countertransference, introduce yourself to the Admissions Committee but must be done with care or it will reduce your chances for admission. Certainly there is a lot of good advice out there, yet it seems hard to believe that by the time a student reaches 17 or 18 years old, they need help with writing a 250-500 word essay!
I#8217;ve worked with teens applying to college for several years now, guiding them through the binding process, and yes, helping to write their essays. Believe me, they need it! Please realize that just over 26% of kids are now receiving professional guidance with their essays and college applications. Why? Competition has increased dramatically; a combination of demographics and the simplicity of The Common Application has contributed to the average student now sending out 10 or more applications! Assume that most kids will have similar GPA#8217;s, SAT#8217;s and a noteworthy background in athletics, music or some other passion when applying to a particular school#8230;..what really differentiates him or her? The essay and a personal interview. Essay Transference! Some schools do not offer interviews and more and more schools are adding supplemental essays to their applications to weed out the students that may not be all that serious about attending their school, even if they are accepted! Colleges are businesses with expenses and payrolls and endowments to consider. Use every tool you have to write a great essay, but grades and SAT scores still trump the. essays unless you can guarantee you#8217;ll bring them their first ever College Golf Championship! (Might be a good topic to write about!) Write a very interesting narrative that people will want to read and not put down until they have read the very last word!
Write to your audience#8230;#8230;do not write about the dissertation binding time you got caught doing something illegal and brag about your brillant negotiating skills with the police and how you managed to avoid being arrested! Forget humor unless you are a professional comic#8230;#8230;very hard to convey a funny story#8230;#8230;.sometimes you really need to have been there! Finally, have lots of people read it, and if it#8217;s not excellent, just very good, do it again! Its that important! Good Luck Everyone January 1st Deadline is coming fast! Is post number 12 an advertisement? Its seems like an essay awful lot of private college admissions #8220;counselors#8221; use the comments sections of lse library binding, this blog to justify their services.
For the record I agree with the Curmudgeon, having a consultant write your college application for essay on universal care you is lse library binding cheating. Its fine to have some help, but the on universal health majority of the binding work and the essay#8217;s #8220;voice#8221; should be the student#8217;s. As a further aside, who is to say that these advisors actually improve the essays. I#8217;m not a professional writer and I don#8217;t work in essays.ph, admissions, but I find #8220;Highly Competitive Essays'#8221; use of exclamation points to be excessive. Hi The Curmudgeon (#10), Post #12 confirms my point. If one fourth of the kids are receiving paid help, that puts the rest of the applicants at a distinct disadvantage. Lse Library! You would be very surprised to find out just how many people are hiring consultants to write these essays. I absolutely do not mean to infer that it is essay acceptable to cheat. I only mean to say that it creates an unfair playing field. Until the colleges can figure a way to make it fair, I think the essay should be removed.
Students can submit graded English assignments instead. I remember the binding kind of rules, person that I was as a teenager and know that if I had to write a college essay, it would have been the jello one. In addition, I liked the lse library dissertation binding Glee/Lennon essay because I wanted to know what she was going to say about the former Beatle. On the contrary, I lost interest in the 2nd music essay and skimmed over the crossword one (the so-called good essays). As a CUNY applicant in 1979-80, I didn#8217;t need to rules, complete an application essay. However, as a student years later (20-30 years later to be exact), my writing matured and I have won academic honors and one scholarship for my writing (I graduated from a state school). I love writing and couldn#8217;t imagine my life without it (although I write for pleasure, not publication). Lse Library Dissertation! By the way, my SAT scores were also low but I received a Bachelor#8217;s at 43 and a Master#8217;s (4.0 GPA) at 46. I currently have my dream job, introducing books to health, children. Binding! So there, admission officers! Consider reading the gary soto book(s) ESSAYS THAT WORKED; every admissions officer does.
My son wrote his essays for his AP English class at a top high school as an dissertation binding assignment. The #8220;prompts#8221; are known about in summer, so making it a part of AP English in fall was easy especially since many students applied to UC and the private colleges routinely and it boasts a 95% college rate. They went through several reviews and revisions. And by soto pie the end they worked well. He got into UCLA that was his first choice. After that experience, my daughter put together her essays easily with my son#8217;s input. She ran them by her college English and lse library binding, History instructors (she went entirely the community college route in lieu of essay my favourite subject spm, high school). She got into Berkeley that was her first choice. I believe that students who don#8217;t have diligent and involved English instructors who are willing to make these college essays a part of lse library dissertation, their curriculum or personal time are at a significant disadvantage. Even though the essay is written by essay on universal health the student and in the student#8217;s voice, these professionals pointed out flaws that needed correction and dissertation, reinforced the essays.ph prompt questions.
And in subsequent university courses, the lse library dissertation care of these instructors is soto essays pie evident in lse library binding, any courses where my kids must write an essay. Transference! They had a lasting impression. I would wish other student would get this guidance. I feel that these essays were #8220;first drafts#8221; with ideas but no guidance to refine them. So as a means to judge students, it really only shows the schools and dissertation, students who have caring instructors and essays.ph, follow through on their suggestions and those who may lack such resources. That comment read like an ad! But guess what.
Even ads can have too many exclamation points! If I was an admissions reader, I#8217;d be exhausted by all of those bangs! Please, please, please, spare us the lse library dissertation ads in the comments! Btw, the crossword essay was stylistically hackneyed! This is an interesting article. These next few weeks certainly are critical for subject college applications! On the lse library dissertation essay side of things, I#8217;ve found the site theEssayExchange.com, really helpful in assisting my daughter with building her essay. I believe the essay-justice importance of college application essays are overblown here. Lse Library Dissertation! You cannot expect engineering students to write as eloquently as liberal arts students.
The jello essay may have been written by an engineering student while the crossword puzzle essay by a liberal arts student. I hope colleges are not just looking for good writers. This country needs great engineers too! And you are not going to be impressed by many of their college app essays. My Favourite Subject! I agree with seachange. Lse Library Binding! Cheating is unjustifable, but we all know it happens. Besides consultants, friends, siblings and parents have been known to soto, write students#8217; essays. There is little chance to cheat on an SAT/ACT test or an AP/IB exam; these results, along with the transcript, should be given more weight. Yet every autumn it is the essay that causes the most anxiety.
My son and I brainstormed for weeks before he came up with a suitable topic to write about. Lse Library Binding! Then it took him another a few weeks to write and edit his essay. I would hate to see his four years of hard work and countertransference, excellent grades/test results wasted because the admissions committee at his number one school was not intrigued by his essay. Especially if someone with lower grades and test results is admitted on the basis of an lse library dissertation binding essay which they did not write. Essay! We are told that admissions counselors can tell the difference between an essay written by a high school student and one by an adult. I hope they really can. Personally, I feel the dissertation essay is important to give a #8220;face#8221; to essay-justice, the applicant. The rest of the application is a listing of grades, scores and extracurriculars (which can easily be embellished) but the essay is supposed to be the binding student#8217;s voice. I agree with another poster that sending in a graded English assignment is a good alternative.
These examples demonstrate the gary soto importance of lse library dissertation binding, teaching our kids to communicate effectively, not only through the written word, but also through speaking. Rules! If kids can#8217;t communicate their ideas through proper grammar techniques and lse library dissertation, through content, admissions officers have a difficult time deciding if they are an essays.ph appropriate match for the school. Communication is key in all fields. The kids who wrote the lesser essays may be amazing people, but they failed to lse library dissertation binding, communicate it. Gary! Glenda. I am often asked how to compose memorable application essays out of “ordinary” teenage lives. High school seniors who haven’t won international awards or lived on houseboats or in homeless shelters can feel as if their essays have little to offer. Lse Library Dissertation Binding! They’re terrified that they will make the essay on universal health same “mistakes” that are highlighted here in “The Choice” (and no wonder … even Ian admissions professional for three decadeshad a tough time differentiating between the “good” and “bad” ones!).
I always reply that, during my 15 years of reading application essays at Smith College, many of the most memorable submissions were on lse library binding, mundane topics. One of my all-time favorites was about a laundry mishap at a summer school. The author explained how she had accidentally washed her roommate’s expensive white undergarments with her own red sweatshirt. Of course, the gary soto essay wasn’t really just about laundry … it was more about the binding boundaries of friendship. Other wonderful essays I recall include a hilarious one on playing in a truly terrible school band and another called “Why I Shop at phd thesis Wal-Mart.” While there are lots of books out there that serve up samples of “successful” essays, there are two that I especially like that offer helpful suggestions on how to craft your own. #8220;On Writing The College Application Essay: Secrets of lse library, a former Ivy League Admissions Officer,#8221; by Harry Bauld (which I’ve recommended for rules eons) and a newcomer called, #8220;Concise Advice: Jump-Starting Your College Admissions Essays,#8221; by lse library dissertation binding Robert Cronk, both lead students through the composition process and never lose sight of the fact that 17-year-olds can rarely report triumphs—or traumas—that might help their essays stand out in a crowd. Essay-justice! Admission officials really DO want to lse library dissertation, read about their applicants’ experiences, no matter how “typical,” and my favourite spm, they are eager to view them through the writers’ eyes.
Students shouldn’t ever worry that they have nothing cataclysmic to lse library, chronicle. After all, what could be more #8220;ordinary#8221; than laundry? I would say that the applicant who wrote the #8220;Imagine#8221; essay didn#8217;t get due to gary, the essay#8217;s flat prose, poor organization, and questionable grammar, not its subject matter. Dissertation Binding! The song was not sung #8220;by the show,#8221; but by the characters on the show. The sentence #8220;When I watched this episode while the deaf adolescents were singing it, and soon joined by another glee club, it surprisingly affected me#8230;#8221; is just an incredible mess. Pie! He didn#8217;t watch #8220;while#8221; they were singing; it should be #8220;were joined by;#8221; and #8220;surprisingly affected me#8221; is a terribly clumsy construction.
How about: #8220;As I watched another glee club join the deaf adolescents in singing the song during this episode, I was surprised by how much it affected me.#8221; Not all applicants will be strong writers, but all need to show at least a basic grasp of how to lse library binding, communicate a thought.
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Essay On Visit To Farm House Essays and Research Papers. Visit to a Dairy Farm VISIT TO DAIRY FARM I visited a dairy farm located on Route 2 . about 20 miles north of Burlington, VT. The dairy owns about 150 cows and supplies all its milk to Ben and Jerry for binding ice cream. Ben and gary soto essays Jerry Company is conside Premium3931 Words16 Pages Dairy Farm DAIRY INDUSTRY IN INDIA India has the lse library dissertation highest livestock population in the world with 50% of the buffaloes and 20% of the rules world’s cattle population, most of which are milch cows and milch buffaloes. India’s dairy industry. Bulk tank , Cattle , Dairy 736 Words | 3 Pages. Tuesday, May 22, 2007 A Visit to Jose Rizal's House I am an admirer of Rizal for lse library dissertation binding as long as I can remember. As a child, I heard . countless stories about his greatness and essay bravery. Lse Library Dissertation Binding. Well, I don't know if all the stories I've heard were true, but one thing I am certain of, Jose Rizal was a great man. Like most schoolchildren, I learned from school his life and works, that he wrote two novels, and that he was shot by the Spaniards. Back then, I was very angry at essay transference countertransference, the Spaniards.
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“THE UTOPIAN DREAM, WHILE NOBLE, IS SHORT SIGHTED BECAUSE IT FAILS TO ACCOUNT FOR THE FLAWS IN HUMAN NATURE.” George Orwell's allegorical novel ‘Animal . Farm ’ demonstrates the rapid shift from hopeful Utopian Dream, to reproachful dystopian nightmare as a result of fundamental flaws in human nature, such as avarice, selfishness and the thirst for dissertation power over others. In the novel, the animals are promised a better life if they revolt and institute the system of Animalism, then they are promised a better. Animal Farm , Dystopia , George Orwell 978 Words | 3 Pages. English 10 Honors Period 3 April 13, 2011 Animal Farm Essay “The unrestricted competition so commonly advocated does not . leave us the survival of the fittest. Transference Countertransference. The unscrupulous succeed best in accumulating wealth” (Rutherford B. Hayes). This statement asserts the fact that when people compete for lse library dissertation survival the best individuals more often do not survive and in essays.ph, fact the more conceited and moral deprived individuals do survive. Lse Library Dissertation Binding. This shows they are best at essay-justice game, getting what they need to survive and nothing. Animal Farm , Bourgeoisie , Communism 1023 Words | 3 Pages. Animal farm Essay “What is the satirical comment that Orwell is trying to make in lse library binding, Animal Farm amp; how does he . Essay Transference. achieve this?” George Orwell’s famous Allegorical Beast fable titled Animal Farm , comments on the Russian revolution and on the misuse and abuse of dissertation binding, power. Essay My Favourite Subject. A master piece of lse library binding, political satire, Animal Farm is a tale of oppressed individuals who long for freedom. Through his literary links to scapegoating, revisionism and propaganda Orwell makes a satirical comment on the way in gary soto essays pie, which those.
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Chloe Stromberg Mrs. Reedng English Foundations II May 27th, 2013 The House on Mango Street by Sandra Cisneros The House on dissertation binding . Mango Street by Sandra Cisneros is a coming of age novel of a young Mexican-American girl developing in a working class Chicago neighborhood. The author is much like the essay-justice game main character Esperanza in many different ways. One being that Cisneros was also a Mexican-American girl growing up in a Chicago working class neighborhood. Esperanza is a foil of Cisneros’ beliefs and. Diego Rivera , Frida , Frida Kahlo 979 Words | 3 Pages.
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In Henrik Ibsen’s play “The Doll House ”, he portrays an binding existential transformation on the main character Nora Helmer. The traumatic events that led to Nora’s identity crisis illustrates how a person can go from an ignorant girl to a revolutionary woman who takes means in her own hands. A Doll's House , Henrik Ibsen , Marriage 848 Words | 3 Pages. ? A Doll’s House by essay spm Henrik Ibsen tells the inspirational tale of a woman named Nora. Nora is dissertation binding living a seemingly perfect life, yet she is essay on universal care not . pleased with it, for lse library dissertation binding she has to sacrifice much to phd thesis, continue living it. Dissertation. She has to sacrifice her happiness, as her husband treats her as a possession rather than an equal. The text is beautifully written, and essay-justice game there are numerous symbols that can be found within it.
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Essay Writing Advice (for ECPE and C2 EFL exams) Here we tell you how to write an essay that will get good marks in an English language (EFL/ESL) exam such as the Michigan ECPE. The advice would be the same for the essays that candidates have to write in other EFL/ESL exams such as the IELTS, TOEFL and Cambridge CPE exams. First, let's have a look at some actual ECPE exam writing tasks so that we can see the different types of essay that we might have to write. Topic 1: In most families there is one family member who doesn't follow society's rules and often embarrasses the rest of the family by doing or saying something unusual or funny.
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Besides mathematical and linguistic intelligence, in dissertation, what other ways do you think people are smart? Be specific in your discussion and provide concrete examples. Topic 2: Most people agree that it is important for phd thesis rules co-workers to have good relationships. Lse Library Binding. However, a recent survey suggested that friendships at work can also cause problems. In what ways can friendships at my favourite subject spm work be harmful.
Discuss, giving specific examples. 2004 (Only one topic provided in the sample from ELI-UM) The United States government recently passed a law that would punish schools whose students do poorly on national exams. Some people think that schools should not take all the blame. In your opinion, what factors influence students' performance?
Discuss, giving specific examples to support your point of view. 2010 Topic 1. Some people believe that body language shows more about peoplea€™s true feelings than spoken language. Body language includes peoplea€™s facial expressions, hand gestures, and posture. Dissertation Binding. Do you believe we can tell more from body language than from essay, what people say? Be specific and give concrete examples in your response. Topic 2. Every generation of people is different from the previous one.
What is one important way in which your generation is different from your parentsa€™ generation? How will this difference affect your country or culture? Give specific details and dissertation reasons to support your viewpoint. Looking at these examples, there are two obvious types of essay question: descriptive and discursive (i.e. presenting arguments and opinions). Some students who have experience of creative writing in their own language may find it easy to write the descriptive essay, but in our experience the majority of students feel more comfortable with the essay on universal health care, discursive essay, partly because it is usually possible to use a formula and a number of set phrases. Dissertation. Note that there is essays not always a descriptive essay option, but (as far as we know) there will always be at lse library dissertation binding least one discursive essay task. On the rest of this page we will concentrate on the discursive essay. Plannning can seem like a waste of time, but it isn't, especially when time is essays.ph short and there is no possibility of redrafting the essay.
So after you have made sure that you have understood the topic correctly, give yourself a couple of minutes to note down some ideas you could mention in your essay. If you can quickly think of five or six, pause to lse library binding decide which two or three you want to essay my favourite develop in your essay. Choose ideas that you know you have the vocabulary to discuss. If it is appropriate or necessary to mention examples, choose ideas that you know you have examples for. You will get marks for how well-organised your essay is, which means you are likely to lose marks if you just start writing about the first idea that comes into your head. Every discursive essay needs an introduction and a main body. Normally a final paragraph that rounds off the essay is lse library dissertation needed, but examiners know that time could easily run out before you manage to round off your essay. Not having a concluding paragraph will probably not matter much; not having a good introduction will matter a great deal.
Begin by essays.ph, redescribing the lse library dissertation, phenomenon, the trend or the debate that is the focus of the essay question. In a short ECPE essay this might only need one or two sentences. In the essay-justice, past, it seemed obvious to many that the only reliable test of intelligence was one which assessed a person's ability to reason, especially the lse library, ability to see patterns in my favourite spm, words, numbers and symbols. Binding. In recent years, however, there has been a growing suspicion that those IQ tests assume a conception of gary soto, intelligence that is too narrow. End your introduction either by: 1 briefly stating the point of view you are going to defend. As I see it, musical and sporting abilities are two of the skill areas that deserve to be regarded as forms of lse library dissertation, intelligence. 2 stating what you are going to do in the rest of the essay.
In this essay I will look at two skill areas that deserve to be regarded as forms of intelligence. 3 stating the two different points of essay on universal health care, view that you are going to binding consider. Although the vast majority of farmers look upon pesticides as invaluable, some consumers and pressure groups have spoken out against them. 4 stating the question you are going to answer. This raises the essay my favourite subject, question of whether the benefits of pesticides outweigh their drawbacks. If the essay question specifically asks about your opinion, it might be better to dissertation briefly state this at the end of the introduction, without giving any details or arguments (but it is transference countertransference not absolutely necessary, especially if you don't have a firm opinion). If you want to look at different points of view before you weigh them up and give your final assessment, it might be better to use techniques three and four above. This needs two paragraphs, each of which should develop one point.
Depending on the essay task, you might need to describe examples (as in the question about intelligence), discuss different points of view, describe causes, make suggestions, and give reasons for your point of view. Below are examples of paragraphs that do each of these things. The exceptional bodily control seen in some athletes and dancers could definitely be viewed as a form of lse library binding, intelligence. The ability of a ballerina, for instance, to maintain perfect balance and essay countertransference turn her movements into a work of art can only be developed with years of binding, strenuous training. In a sense, ballet has its own language, and game it seems reasonable to dissertation binding compare the phd thesis, skill of using this language with the skill of using the verbal language that has been traditionally tested when measuring a person's IQ. Dissertation. Admittedly, performing in a ballet does not involve as much thought as solving problems in an IQ test, but that does not seem to me to be a good reason to exclude this as a form of intelligence.
Discussing different points of essays.ph, view. There are those who argue that the government should not interfere much in the economy, even if there are concerns about the level of unemployment. It is said that the lse library dissertation, rate of unemployment will fall naturally if there is phd thesis economic growth, and lse library dissertation binding the best way to guarantee economic growth is to essays.ph allow the market to develop without government interference. Those with this point of lse library dissertation binding, view accept that the rules, government has a responsibility, but they insist that it should not go beyond providing a minimal unemployment benefit to those who are temporarily out of work. Describing causes and lse library binding making suggestions. One of the reasons why some children fail at school is poverty. Students will only make good progress if they do their homework well, but a child from a large and poverty-stricken family who does not have a quiet room at home in which to study will not be able to do her homework well. Furthermore, in game, poor families the parents sometimes have a very low level of education and may even have a negative opinion about the importance of education. Lse Library Dissertation Binding. In these cases, they will not be able to give the help and encouragement that the essay countertransference, child needs.
Giving reasons for your point of view. One very powerful argument against pesticides is that they are harmful to humans. Chemicals can only be used as pesticides if they are toxic either to lse library binding plants or animals. These are poisons, and soto essays it is dissertation hardly surprising that chemicals that are poisonous to some forms of plant life, for instance, also have detrimental effects on phd thesis, human health. Eating rice that has been sprayed during storage and transport to prevent it being eaten by insects may not make us ill immediately, but by continually eating sprayed fruit and vegetables it is lse library almost certain that we increase our risks of suffering from phd thesis rules, cancer. Use this paragraph to re-emphasize the main point or points you want to make, or to lse library binding weigh up the opinions presented earlier in the essay. Phd Thesis Rules. Then add a comment about, for instance, why this is so important, or about dissertation binding how difficult or easy it will be to change things, or about the likely consequences if we do nothing. In conclusion, for the sake of both the environment and human health drastic reductions in our use of pesticides must be made. Admittedly this will not be easy, since they have become such an phd thesis important part of modern agriculture. However, if there is enough investment in research into alternatives I am optimistic that we will be able to phase out the lse library dissertation, use of these harmful toxins. Try to avoid simply repeating what you have already said.
This can be particularly difficult, especially when the essay task merely involves describing different aspects of something (like the forms of intelligence). To sum up, it is clear that the ability to do the my favourite spm, old-fashioned IQ tests is not the only form of intelligence. Dissertation. Not only are music and movement areas where we can see how smart people are, but there are also many others. On Universal Health Care. It is lse library wonderful that we are now appreciating this variety instead of giving a privileged place to one narrow set of abilities. When writing academic essays the usual advice is to avoid expressions that are considered informal. For instance, expressions with get are considered quite informal, so instead of saying kids will get bad marks, it would be better to say, children will receive a poor grade. Essay Subject Spm. One good reason for lse library binding following this advice is that most of the language you have been learning on your proficiency course is formal, and so by essay spm, choosing a formal register (as we call it) you give yourself more opportunities to show what you have learnt on dissertation, the course. However, you may be surprised to see that the sample essay from Michigan which was given an honors grade begins with a very informal conversational style. OK, so your son got a low score in his IQ tests. Don't be discouraged since this does not mean he is not intelligent. It simply means they may not have tested his main intelligence.
More and essay my favourite subject spm more reassuring news is coming from new research. These new studies indicate that there is more to intelligence than the traditional mathematical and linguistic intelligence. In his notes, the examiner calls this a strong beginning, but not everybody would agree. Lse Library. (By the rules, way, the rest of that essay didn't use a conversational style.) Our advice is to use more formal and sophisticated language wherever you can because this will give better proof that you have become a proficient user of the lse library binding, kind of essays.ph, academic English that makes up most of the ECPE exam. Do make sure you have understood the task correctly. Do ask if you are not sure about the lse library dissertation, task. Do spend a couple of minutes thinking of essay spm, ideas, choosing the binding, best ones and the order you will discuss them in. Do try to have a good introduction. This creates the first impression on the examiner, and first impressions are very important.
Do show that you appreciate how complex the topic is (vital if you want to get a rating of A or B) Do make sure that each paragraph in essay-justice, the main body of your essay has a clear topic. Do develop your ideas by giving arguments for lse library the opinions you mention, and/or giving examples, or drawing a contrast, or by acknowledging the opposite health care point of view (if you have not planned to do that in the following paragraph). Do imagine that you are writing for someone who is not quite as well-informed as you are, so that you really have to make your points clear. Do try to lse library binding use a good range of vocabulary. Do not just use the simplest expressions that come to mind first, and avoid repeating the same words if you can. Do find ways to avoid the sort of subject, repetition seen here: A major health hazard nowadays is pesticides.
Pesticides are widely used in binding, modern agriculture. Do use expressions such as On the one hand, Secondly, By contrast, Furthermore, Last but not least, All in all, etc, where appropriate, to make the connection between your sentences perfectly clear. See our list of useful phrases for essays. Do vary the length of phd thesis, your sentences. If all your sentences are either very short or very long, the dissertation, essay will be boring to read.
Do use some of the lovely proficiency structures you have learnt throughout the course. See our essay grammar structures to get a few ideas. Do not use phrases like, As I said above, which just prove that either you didn't plan the essay or the plan was a bad one. Do not use extremely general sentences that say nothing about your particular topic (sentences such as There are two sides to every coin. Everything has its drawbacks. Care. Nothing is perfect. etc). Send queries, comments and gentle reminders about spelling mistakes to: About Fullspate: - Fullspate is lse library dissertation binding actually one man with a PhD and essay countertransference a laptop who grew tired of the bland contents of EFL coursebooks, decided to dissertation binding write slightly more engaging stuff for his English students, and then thought it might be nice to transference countertransference share them online. The sites of some of our friends: Show your generosity by giving us the thumbs up on our Facebook page and do leave a message. It's the feedback that makes it all seem worthwhile.
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