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best essayists The Classical Essayists: the apa referencing essay letter and you will be brought to the beginning of the appropriate biography list. (Click on letter to go to index.) Addison, Joseph (1672-1719): The eldest son of a cleric, Addison eventually found himself at Oxford (Queen's and Magdalen). Essays About? He wrote favourable (whether commissioned, or not) articles concerning certain powerful people and their works; he was duly rewarded with a pension of ?300 which allowed Addison to travel extensively throughout the continent for four years. Apa Referencing Websites Essay? With the check student essays plagiarism victory at websites essay Blenheim, in 1704, Addison was commissioned to write The Campaign and this led to further political patronage; he was appointed as a Commissioner of Excise Taxes (the only significant taxes they had in those days). To Save Spm? The job as a commissioner, presumably, took little of Addison's time and he was left to apa referencing websites essay, pursue his writing. While he had contributed to the Tatler (started by Steele in 1709), Addison started his own paper in 1711, the Spectator (In the psy d Spectator may be traced the foundations of all that is sound and healthy in modern English thought. [ Chambers. ]) Addison had a warm relationship with Swift. (Click on letter to go to apa referencing websites essay, index.) -B- Belloc, Hilaire (1870-1953): Bennett, Arnold (1867-1931): Bierce, Ambrose Birrell, Augustine (1850-1933): Educated at Cambridge, Birrell was called to the bar in 1875. He became a member of the British parliament in 1889; as the Minister of Education he introduced a major education bill in 1906; he served as the Secretary to Ireland between 1907-16, he resigned after the Sinn Fein rebellion. Chamber's describes him as a person with a shrewd wit and charming essayist: Benet's , acute, judicious, and ways money essay spm, trenchantly witty. Websites? Birrell is one of my favourite writers.
He has written biographies of Charlotte Bronte , Marvell, and Hazlitt. Among my library books I have a number of Birrell's works. In addition to the biographies on Marvell and Hazlitt, I have, on my shelf: Obiter Dicta (London: Duckworth, 1913), More Obiter Dicta (London: Heinemann, 1924), A Rogue's Memoirs (London: Arthur L. Humphreys, 1912), and his Selected Essays (London: Nelson, 1908). Boswell, James (1740-1795): Boswell was originally from Scotland and is chiefly known as the business project for students biographer of Samuel Johnson; Boswell's father was an English judge; he was called to the Scottish bar in apa referencing websites essay, 1766, and simple, practised for essay, 20 years. He met Johnson in 1763 and about, made yearly visits to London to see him.
It was in 1773 that he made his tour through Scotland with Johnson (he wrote about his travels a year after Johnson's death, 1785, The Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides with Samuel Johnson, LL D. ). Websites Essay? In 1786 he moved to London and joined the bar there, but without much success. He was renowned as good company, with his lively mind and formidable memory, a man exuberant and melancholy by turns. ( Cambridge .) In 1949, a number of his private papers were discovered at mark youth Malahide Castle. Butler, Samuel (1835-1902): See treatment under Biographies of the apa referencing essay Fiction Writers. Mark Essays Advice Youth? (Click on letter to apa referencing essay, go to index.) (Click on check student plagiarism, letter to go to index.) -D- De Quincey, Thomas (1785-1859): De Quincey's most noteworthy work is Confessions of an apa referencing, English Opium Eater which first appeared in common sat essay topics, 1821. As an essayist, as Chambers observed, the brilliance of his articles was marred by apa referencing essay, an incurable tendency to digress. (Click on letter to go to index.) -E- Ellis, Henry Havelock (1859-1939): Ellis studied medicine at London. His Studies in twain essays youth, the Psychology of Sex was the first detached treatment of the subject unmarred by any guilt feelings, which caused tremendous controversy, but is now largely superseded by modern studies, beginning with those of Freud. ( Chambers .) Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1803-82): Emerson, from Boston, entered the ministry but gave it up.
He settled in Concord, Massachusetts; and websites, became known as the sage of Concord. He traveled and visited with the common topics major English writers of the time. He usually made a profound impression on all of those whom he met; he certainly did on Crabb Robinson. Robinson who had a general dislike for Americans because of their penchant for websites, using slaves was immediately won over by Emerson: . in an instant all my dislike vanished. He has one of the most interesting countenances I ever beheld -- a combination of psy d dissertation, intelligence and sweetness that quite disarmed me. . He conquers minds as well as hearts wherever he goes. [ Diary, Reminiscences and Correspondence of Henry Crabb Robinson (1775-1867) (Boston: Fields, Osgood, Co., 1869).] Emerson was representative of a literary movement known as transcendentalism . Transcendentalism flourished in New England c.1836-60; it was a reaction against Calvinist orthodoxy and Unitarian rationalism.
Influenced by the German idealist philosophers (e. g. Kant) transcendentalism was advanced by English authors such as Carlyle, Wordsworth and American authors such as Emerson and Emerson's friend Thoreau. Its tenets included a belief in God's immanence, and in man and apa referencing websites essay, nature, and in individual intuition as the highest source of knowledge. An optimistic philosophy, it emphasized individualism, self-reliance, and rejection of traditional authority. Unlike Carlyle -- with whom Emerson had a lasting and significant friendship, and who was deeply imbued with the belief in the depravity of the human race -- Emerson never weakened in essays about mentors, his optimism. Essay? Emerson and his group went beyond simply stressing the mark twain essays essential unity of all things; this doctrine went beyond pantheism as developed by Spinoza, it allowed for the existence of a Supreme Mind, or Over-soul, and that man's soul was, somehow, a reflection of this divinity. Pantheism, viz., essential unity of all things, strikes me as a fair idea, - but Transcendentalism? (Click on apa referencing essay, letter to go to index.) (Click on letter to mark advice youth, go to index.) -H- Harrison, Frederic (1831-1923): Attending Oxford, Harrison became a tutor there. He was called to the bar in websites essay, 1853 and practised conveyancing and in the Courts of Equity. He was a positivist (see Comte). and an advanced Liberal. Essays Mentors? Hazlitt, Henry (1894-1993) See Biographies of the Economists. Hazlitt, William (1778-1830): Hemingway, Ernest (1899-1961): While, in his early career a newspaperman, Hemingway's fame rests as a novelist; see Biographies of the websites Fiction Writers. Check Plagiarism? Holmes, Oliver Wendell (1809-94): American physician, professor and man of apa referencing websites, letters, Holmes is a very readable writer.
Read any of Holmes' Breakfast-Table series, but his best was his first, The Autocrat of simple, The Breakfast-Table (1858) a book in which one will find many of his wise sayings (and, too, his poem, The Chambered Nautilus). (Incidentally, there were two famous persons with the name Oliver Wendall Holmes: one the father, the doctor; and the other and the son, Mr. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes (1841-1935) a judge of the United States Supreme Court (1902-1935). The lawyer should extend his reading from the father to the son. (For a sample of Holmes' prose, see his essay, My Last Walk With The Schoolmistress.) Hunt, Leigh (1784-1859): Hunt was given to express his liberal views in the paper which, with his brother, he established, The Examiner . The government was of the view, in apa referencing websites, these years of war with Napoleon, that the Hunt brothers went over the line. Tried and found guilty for a libel on the prince regent, Hunt was imprisoned for two years, 1813-15. Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825-1895): An English biologist and teacher, Thomas Huxley was a defender of mark twain essays advice youth, Darwin (Darwin's Bulldog). There are those who hold the name of Professor Huxley as synonymous with irreverence and atheism.
Plato's was so held, and essay, Galileo's and mark twain youth, Descarte's, and Newton's, and Faraday's. There can be no greater mistake. No man has greater reverence for the Bible than Huxley. No one had more acquaintance with the text of scripture. He believes there is definite government of the universe; that pleasures and pains are distributed in accordance with law; and that the certain proportion of evil woven up in the life even of worms will help the man who thinks to bear his own share with courage. (Tyndall's Fragments , advertisement.) We have, here at www.blupete.com, a sample of Huxley's writing: see Science And Culture. (Click on letter to websites, go to index.) (Click on letter to mark, go to index.)
(Click on letter to go to index.) -L- Lamb, Charles (Elia) (1775-1834): Lamb's writing is known for its humor, whimsy, and faint overtones of pathos. ( Benets .) Hazlitt thought Lamb to be the most delightful, the most provoking, the apa referencing essay most witty and sensible of men. Landor, Walter Savage (1775-1864): Landor - forced to leave Oxford because of his opinions - raised a regiment, and, in 1807, went off to Spain to fight Napoleon. It is surprising to read this, for, Birrell, in his work on Hazlitt, said: Between Hazlitt and Landor there were obvious resemblances. Both hated kings far better than they loved peoples. . About? Both men had idolized Napoleon . Landor lived in Italy for websites essay, a number of years (it was in Florence, 1824#177, that Hazlitt met Landor; and, so, too, for Henry Crabb Robinson, in 1831). By 1838 Landor was living at Bath. Dickens, in his novel, Bleak House , models Mr. Boythorn after Landor. Leacock, Stephen (1869-1944): Born in England, Leacock came to Canada at a young age and grew up on a farm in the Lake Simcoe area of Ontario. Before moving on to teaching at twain advice a university, Leacock - it should be a prerequisite of all university professors - taught in a regular school system for ten years. In 1906, Leacock wrote his first book, Elements of Political Science ; it was to become a standard collage textbook. In 1908, he went to Montreal's McGill, heading up its new department of Political Economy; he continued his association with McGill until his death.
A humorous, -- in the vein of Haliburton, Dickens and apa referencing websites essay, Twain -- Leacock wrote his first humorous work, Literary Lapses in 1910; he subsequently wrote a humorous book, once a year, for the rest of his life. He spent his summer vacations on the shores of Lake Couchiching in Orillia, Ontario, his Mariposa, the little town in business for students, the Sunshine Sketches . Leacock had the gift, as he described it, of liquefied loquacity and he strove always to apply to the life he saw around him the genial corrective of the humorous point of view. As Dr. Gerhard R. Apa Referencing Essay? Lomer, Librarian of McGill University, pointed out in his index of assisting business for students, Leacock's writings (Ottawa: National Library of Canada, 1954), Leacock, in apa referencing websites, his writings, touched upon an astonishing number of topics, including the pompous politician and the bulky businessman. Dissertation? While Leacock is websites essay, best remembered for dissertation, his humorous stories, his best writing, in websites, my view, is to be found in business project for students, his more serious works, as, for example, The Unsolved Riddle of Social Justice (New York: John Lane, 1920) and Our Heritage of Liberty (London: Bodley Head, 1942). Lippmann, Walter (1889-1974): Educated at Harvard, Lippmann was a journalist, and won many awards, such as the Pulitzer for International Reporting in 1962. Any one of these three of his books should occupy a space on your shelf: A Preface to Morals (New York: MacMillan, 1929), The Good Society (1937), (Boston: Little, Brown; 1946), or The Public Philosophy (1955) (Boston: Little, Brown; 1955). Apa Referencing Websites? As for The Good Society : The latter part of the book is marred by an inconsistent support of an apparently Keynesian type of 'monetary management.' But the first half is an check essays, penetrating as it is eloquent. (Henry Hazlitt.) Lowell, James Russell (1819-1891): Lowell was an American, who was educated at Harvard where he eventually taught. He was an abolitionist and gave himself unreservedly to the cause of freedom. (Click on websites essay, letter to go to index.) (Click on letter to common, go to apa referencing essay, index.)
(Click on letter to go to index.) (Click on letter to go to index.) (Click on letter to go to index.) -T- Thoreau, Henry David (1817-1862): Thoreau was a man of simple and high thinking and his writings proved to have more of an common topics, impact on the men of the 20th century than the men of his own century, the 19th, for essay, instance Gandhi became convinced, by reading Thoreau, of the rightness of the principle of passive resistance and civil disobedience.
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model report writing Click on the highlighted text to see the comments. Computer systems computer systems. This report investigates the current state of scanner technology and examines the websites essay, predicted future advancements of scanners. A brief history of the scanner and its operation is initially outlined. The discussion then focuses on the advantages and limitations of the five main types of essays, scanners in websites essay, common use today: drum, flatbed, sheet-fed, slide, and hand held scanners. The performance of these scanners is examined in relation to four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. It is concluded that further technological advances in these four areas as well as the common sat essay topics, deployment of new sensor technology will continue to improve the quality of scanned images. It is apa referencing essay, also suggested that specialised scanners will increasingly be incorporated into mark essays advice youth, other types of technology such as digital cameras.
The purpose of this report is to essay survey the current state of scanner technology and to mark essays briefly discuss predicted advancements in the field. By examining a range of recently published journal articles, magazine articles and internet sites on the topic of scanners this report describes the websites, main types of scanners in common use today and examines their performance in relation to four criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and essays, software. The report then considers the effect of further technological advances in these four areas, as well as the deployment of new sensor technology on the future development of scanners. The first scanner, initially referred to as a #039;reading machine#039;, was developed in 1960 by Jacob Rabinow, a Russian born engineer. The device could scan printed material and then compare each character to a set of standards in a matrix using, for apa referencing the first time, the best match principle to determine the original message (Blatner, Fleishman and Roth 1998, p.3). Essays Mentors. This reading machine was to form the apa referencing, basis for project writing for students the development of current scanning, sorting and processing machines. An early improvement on the reading machine was the drum scanner. These scanners used a type of scanning technology called photomultiplier tubes (PMT) . Drum scanners are still used in industry today because of the high quality images they produce.
The development of smaller, more economical scanners such as desktop scanners and scanners for domestic use followed the drum scanner as the number of computer users increased and computer technology advanced. Scanners can now capture images from a wide variety of two and three dimensional sources. These images are converted to digitised computer files that can be stored on a hard-drive or floppy disk. With the aid of specific software, these images can then be manipulated and enhanced by the user. It is now possible to deploy electronic acquisition to create an entire layout (including all graphic elements) from the same computer. Essay. This means manual stripping is sat essay topics, no longer required (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000). Scanners are considered an invaluable tool for adding graphics and text to websites documents and essays about, have been readily adopted by both business and domestic users. A scanner is apa referencing websites, a device that uses a light source to electronically convert an image into binary data (0s and 1s). This binary data can then be used to dissertation store the scanned image on a computer. A scanner recreates an image by using small electronic components referred to as the scanner#039;s #039;eyes#039; (Scanner tips 2000).
The type of #039;eyes#039; used in today#039;s scanners are charge-coupled devices (CCD) and photomultiplier tubes (PMT). These electronic eyes measure the amount of light reflected from individual points on the page and translate it to websites digital signals that correspond to the brightness of each point (Englander 2000). To create a file on simple ways essay spm, the computer that represents a colour image, the scanner divides the apa referencing essay, image into a grid with many individual points called pixels or picture elements (Scanner tips 2000). Ways Essay Spm. A scanning head, termed a row of #039;eyes#039;, reads over apa referencing websites essay the grid and assigns a number to each pixel based on the main colour in that pixel, using green, blue and red. For example an aqua pixel would be saved as a number to represent the proportion of assisting business project writing, blue, green and red which represents the colour aqua (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000). There are five main types of apa referencing websites essay, scanners in common use today: drum scanners, flatbed scanners, sheet-fed scanners, slide scanners, and hand held scanners. Drum scanners were widely used in the past, however they are much less commonly used today due to advances in scanner technology.
As a result of mark advice youth, their expense, these machines are primarily used by professionals in industry, where they are considered important due to websites the high-end quality image they produce and because they use PMT technology which is more sophisticated than charge-coupled devices (CCDs) and contact image sensor#039;s (CISs). Drum scanners are difficult to operate and technicians operate these scanners by placing the item to be scanned on a glass cylinder rotating at common, high speeds around the sensor (Sullivan 1996). The most popular scanners for general use are flatbed scanners. This type of scanner is highly versatile because it is able to scan flat objects as well as small three dimensional objects. Flat-bed scanners operate by placing the item to be scanned on a glass window while scanning heads move underneath it. A transparency adapter is apa referencing, used to about scan transparent originals such as slides or x-rays, and an automatic document feeder is available for scanning large numbers of documents (Scanner tips 2000) . Sheet-fed scanners have grown in popularity in recent years, particularly for small office or domestic use as they are reasonably priced, can scan full-sized documents and apa referencing, are compact, requiring limited desk space (Scanner tips 2000). Most models of sheet-fed scanners have an student plagiarism inbuilt document feeder to overcome the problem of manually feeding one sheet of paper at a time. However the actual process or scanning with a sheet-fed scanner may result in essay, distortion as the image to be scanned moves over the scanning heads (Scanner tips 2000).
A further limitation of sheet-fed scanners is youth, that they are unable to scan three dimensional objects. This type of scanner is used to scan items such as slides that need careful handling during scanning. Unlike other scanners, the scanning heads in slide scanners do not reflect light from the apa referencing websites essay, image, but rather pass light through it. This enables these scanners to produce superior results without distortions caused by reflective light. To be able to scan small and detailed items, these scanners have a large number of eyes on the scanning head which produces a high quality result. Psy D. Slide scanners tend to be more expensive and less versatile than flatbed and sheet-fed scanners as they are limited to websites essay only scanning slides and film. Money. These scanners, however, are well suited to users requiring high quality scans of large numbers of slides (Scanner tips 2000). Hand held scanners are compact, portable scanners which are simply dragged across a page manually to capture an image. These scanners are easy to use and economical to purchase; however, their use is limited to text of up to four inches in diameter that does not require a high resolution. For this reason, hand held scanners are unsuitable for colour images. A further disadvantage of hand held scanners is that the user must have a steady hand when scanning or the resulting image will be distorted (Scanner tips 2000).
The performance of a scanner can be examined in relation to four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. Resolution is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can sample in apa referencing, a given image. It is used to describe the amount of detail in an image (Figeiredo, McIllree and Thomas 1996). Higher resolution scanners are generally more expensive and assisting business project writing, produce superior results as they have a greater capacity to capture detail. Scanners have two types of resolutions: optical resolution and interpolated resolution. Optical resolution, or hardware resolution, is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can actually read. Websites. A current model desktop scanner typically has a resolution of about mentors, 300 x 300 dots per inch (dpi) (Anderson 1999) . This means that this scanner has a scanning head with 300 sensors per inch, so it can sample 300 dpi in one direction and websites, 300 dpi in the other direction by stopping the scanning head 300 times per inch in both directions. Some scanners stop the scanning head more frequently as it moves down the page, giving an optical resolution of about mentors, 300 x 600 dpi; however, scanning more frequently in one direction does not improve the result of the scan. The basic requirement for scanning detailed images and line art from photos or other printed originals is an optical resolution of 600 dpi. When scanning slides and negatives the minimum optical resolution is 1200 dpi. Interpolated resolution measures the number of pixels a scanner is able to predict.
A scanner can turn a 300 x 300 dpi scan into websites, a 600 x 600 dpi scan by looking in-between scanned pixels and dissertation, guessing what that spot would have looked like if it had been scanned. Websites Essay. This prediction is assisting writing, then used to insert new pixels in between the actual ones scanned. This technique is less precise than optical resolution; however it assists in improving the enlargement of scanned images. Bit depth refers to the amount of information that a scanner records for each pixel when converting an essay image to digital form. Scanners differ in the amount of data they record for each pixel within an image. The simplest kinds of scanners only record data related to black and white details and have a bit depth of 1 (Anderson 1999). The minimum bit depth required for scanning photographs and documents is 24-bits, while slides, negatives or transparencies need a scanner with at least 30-bits. Thus for a scanner to produce a high quality scan with colour, a higher bit depth is required. In general, current scanners have a bit depth of 24, which means that 8 bits of information can be collected for assisting business for students the three primary colours used in scanning; blue, red and essay, green (Anderson 1999).
This high resolution allows scanners to produce images close to photographic quality. Dynamic range refers to the measurement of the range of tones a scanner can record on a scale of 0.0 to 4.0, with 0.0 being perfect white and 4.0 being perfect black. Colour flat-bed scanners usually have a dynamic range of 2.4. A range of money, this measurement is unable to provide high quality colour scans. A dynamic range of 2.8 and 3.2 is suited to professional purposes and can be found in high-end scanners. An even higher dynamic range of essay, 3.0 to 3.8 can be provided by drum scanners. A scanner, like any type of hardware, requires software. Mark Twain Essays Youth. Typically the two most common pieces of software provided with scanners include optical character recognition (OCR) and image editing software. Optical character recognition software translates the information recorded in a scan, tiny dots, into a text file which can be edited. Image editing software allows the tones and colours of an image to be manipulated for better printing and display.
Image editing also gives filters to apply special effects to scanned images. The quality of scanned images is constantly improving as characteristics such as resolution, bit-depth and dynamic range are enhanced and further developed. More sophisticated image editing and optical character recognition software development is also resulting in superior quality scans. Future advances are expected to result in the incorporation of specialized scanners into essay, other types of technology such as the recently developed digital camera. This device allows the user to take pictures of advice youth, three-dimensional objects much like a regular camera, except that instead of websites essay, using film, the objects are scanned by the camera in a similar process to the functioning of a flatbed scanner. The relatively new area of sensor technology in the form of a contact image sensor (CIS) (see Appendix 1) is expected to improve the functionality of scanners and simple ways to save money essay spm, the quality of images as it replaces the cumbersome optical reduction technique with a single row of sensors (Grotta and websites essay, Wiener 1998, p. Mark Advice Youth. 1). Developers have already been able to produce a CIS scanner which is thinner, lighter, more energy efficient and cheaper to manufacture than a traditional CCD base device.
However, the quality of the scan is not as good as its counterparts. Further development of CIS technology is needed to essay improve image quality and colour, and to address the psy d, problem of a limited 300 or 600 dpi. This report has identified five types of scanners currently available. Some are primarily used for professional purposes such as the apa referencing essay, drum scanner; others are used more broadly in the workplace and home such as flatbed scanners and to a lesser extent sheetfed scanners. Scanners for specialized purposes have also been identified such as slide and handheld scanners. The performance of these scanners is dependent upon their resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. Simple Ways To Save Essay. Scanners have improved significantly in apa referencing websites, recent years in terms of weight, size, price and simple to save money spm, speed, and the replacement of CCD technology with CIS technology is anticipated to produce further benefits to essay these areas as well as to scan quality. The impact of these improvements is expected to increase the accessibility of scanner technology to a wider range of project writing, users and its suitability for a wider range of purposes. In relation to this, the future of scanner technology seems to point to the convergence of different technologies. Specialized scanners are currently being incorporated into websites essay, other types of technologies such as digital cameras, printers, and photocopiers.
This can be expected to continue with other forms of technology in conjunction with further improvements to image quality, speed, price, size and weight. Anderson, D. The PC Guide. Simple To Save Money. [http:www.pctechguide.com/18scanners.htm]. Blatner, D., Fleishman, G. Roth, G. (1998) Real world scanning and halftones 2nd edition, Peachpit Press, USA. Englander, I (2000). The Architecture of computer hardware and apa referencing essay, systems software. Assisting Project. John Wiley, USA, p272. Figeiredo, J. Apa Referencing Websites. McIllree, J. Money Spm. Thomas, N. (1996) Introducing information technology 2nd edition Jacaranda Press, Singapore, p145.
Grotta, D. and Weiner, S. What#039;s now . What#039;s next. [http://www.zdnet.com/pcmag/features/scanners98/intro.html] PC Magazines 20 October 1998. 8/4/00. Prepress, scanners, digital cameras and photoCDs. [http://www.prepress.pps.com/mem/lib/ptr/scanners.html] 1998. 6/4/00. Scansoft scanner tips [http://www.scannercentral.com/scanners/tips/tips1.asp] 2000.6/4/00. Sullivan. M. Types of scanners. [http://hsdesign.com/scanning/types/types.html] 1996.
8/4/00. Clear statement of the four criteria used in apa referencing essay, the report to assess the technology. Appropriately mentions an important aspect of future enhancements - sensor technology, as well as other aspects of future scanning technology. The comment on the quality of scanned images could be extended to include other desirable improvement outcomes; for example, faster scanning or 3D scanning. States the purpose and outlines the content of the report succinctly at psy d dissertation, the start. Historical background is then provided. This level of apa referencing, detail should be placed in Section 2 #039;How Scanners Work#039;. Try to avoid repeating ideas in the body of the mark, report by apa referencing websites grouping ideas on the same topic or subtopic together. Good comment - provides an overall picture. It would be more appropriate to discuss such detailed aspects of scanning in the body of the report rather than the introduction. When a technical term such as this is used it should be explained and simple to save money spm, related to the previous sentence(s).
This paragraph presents a clear definition of essay, how a scanner works. The student#039;s understanding of the concept is evident because the definition has been clearly expressed in the student#039;s own words and mark twain essays advice youth, the sources of the definition have been acknowledged. The student has used information from only one source for Sections 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, and 3.5. This has severely limited the apa referencing, content of these sections of the report. This paragraph provides a good description of this criteria in simple clear language. It would be better to use a more recent reference here. A 1999 reference which states this is current typical resolution in common, an essay written in 2002 is inappropriate - computer technology develops very quickly. This concept is poorly explained. The student needs to express the main point in more detail. The ideas in websites essay, this paragraph are well expressed; however the source of these ideas has not been provided. The student needs to provide references.
The concept of #039;dynamic range#039; has not been sufficiently explained here. The student needs to provide further detail and to provide references to the sources of information used. As in the previous paragraph, the concept has not been sufficiently explained. Further detail is required, especially in relation to common sat essay the current capabilities and limitations of the software. References to the sources used are also required here. This sentence is too general. It would be better to include more specific information about the kind of apa referencing websites, enhancements being referred to. This paragraph provides an appropriate amount of psy d, detail. Significant improvements to the field are identified in a brief discussion of apa referencing essay, new technology. However the student has again omitted references to the sources used in the discussion.
This conclusion presents a brief summary of the main ideas that have been established in the report. Unfortunately, it typifies the limitations of the report; that is, the content is assisting business writing, too general - more specific detail is websites essay, required. Simple Money Essay. A further improvement would be to provide more detail on how the current state and future position of scanner technology is related to the broader field of websites, computer technology. WARNING - do not use this reference list as a model! The number of sources used in an assignment depends on the quality of the sources - their currency, reliability, and the amount of relevant information. This reference list consists of 8 sources: 3 books, 1 magazine, and 4 commercial web sites. It does not meet the requirements of the assignment description. One source is used for a number of sections in essays about, the report. The reference list needs to include several academic journal articles and more magazine articles. This would enable a wider range of opinions and ideas to websites be included. For this report, it is best to mentors only use commercial web sites published by major manufacturing companies which provide technical and educational information rather than online shopping or reseller sites, or sites developed by individuals.
Content and layout: The citations need to include appropriate details, and to apa referencing websites essay be punctuated according to the Harvard Referencing System. Essays. For example, the country (USA) has been provided as the place of publication in a number of websites essay, citations instead of the name of a city or town, the copyright dates of many of the web sites has not been included, and twain advice, the inclusion of a page number for a book (p.145) is not necessary in the reference list (it is required in the text if the student is making a direct quote). The use of punctuation in this reference list is apa referencing, inconsistent and not always appropriate. Problems? Questions?
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A Comprehensive Guide to apa referencing websites APA Citations and Format. Ways Money Spm? This page will provide you with an overview of APA citation format. Websites Essay? Included is information about APA referencing, various citation formats and examples for psy d dissertation, each source type, and other helpful information related to APA. Websites Essay? If you’re looking for simple money essay, MLA format, check out Citation Machine’s MLA Guide. Also, visit Citation Machine’s homepage to use the APA formatter, which is an APA citation generator. See more across the site. Being Responsible While Researching. When you’re writing a research paper or creating a research project, you will probably use another individual’s work to help develop your own project. A good researcher or scholar uses another individual’s work in a responsible way. Websites Essay? This involves indicating that the work of other individuals is included in your project, which is mark essays advice one way to prevent plagiarism. The word plagiarism is derived from the latin word, plagiare, which means to apa referencing essay kidnap.
The term has evolved over the years to now mean the psy d, act of taking another individual’s work and using it as your own, without acknowledging the original author. Be careful of apa referencing websites essay, plagiarism! Plagiarism is illegal and mark advice youth, there are many serious ramifications for plagiarizing someone else’s work. Thankfully, plagiarism can be prevented. One way it can be prevented is by including APA format citations in your research project. Want to make these citations quickly and easily? Try our APA citation machine which is found on our homepage. Citations are included in research projects anytime you use another individual’s work in your own assignment. Essay? When including a quote, paraphrased information, images, or any other piece of information from another’s work, you need to show where you found it by including a citation.
This APA format guide explains how to make citations in common sat essay, APA style. There are two types of APA citations. Websites Essay? The first type of citation, which is called in-text, or parenthetical citations, are included when you’re adding text, word for word, from another individual’s work into your own project. If you don’t use the information from another source word for word in your assignment, but you paraphrase it in your own words, you also need to add an in-text citation. The other type of APA format citations, which are called reference citations, are found at the end of your research project, usually on the last page. Included on this reference list page are the full citations for dissertation, any in-text citations found in the body of the project, as well as full citations for any other sources you used to help develop your research. Apa Referencing? These citations are listed in alphabetical order, one after the other. Psy D? The two types of citations, in-text and reference citations, look very different.
In-text citations include three items: the last name(s) of the author, the year the source was published, and the page or location of the information. Reference citations include more information such as the name of the author(s), the year the source was published, the title of the apa referencing, source, and the URL or page range. Why is it Important to Include APA Citations? Including APA citations into youth, your research projects is a very important component of the research process. When you include citations, you’re being a responsible researcher.
You’re showing readers that you were able to find valuable, high-quality information from other sources, place them into your project where appropriate, all while acknowledging those original authors. The American Psychological Association, also called APA, is an organization created for individuals in the psychology field. With close to 116,000 members, they provide education opportunities, funding, guidance, and apa referencing websites, research information for everything psychology related. APA also has numerous high-quality databases, peer-reviewed journals, and books that revolve around mental health. The American Psychological Association is also credited with creating APA Style, which is a popular way to create citations. This citation format is sat essay topics used by websites individuals not only in the psychology field, but many other subject areas as well. Education, economics, business, and social sciences also use APA style quite frequently.
Click here for essays, more information. APA created APA style format in websites essay, 1929 in order to form a standard way for essays mentors, researchers in apa referencing essay, the science fields to document their sources. Prior to the inception of these standards, individuals were most likely including various pieces of information about a source, in to save spm, a random order. You can probably imagine how difficult it would be to look at a few different pieces of apa referencing, research and essays mentors, determine the types of sources that were used to develop the apa referencing websites, research project! Having a standard format for citing sources allows readers to essays glance at an APA citation and easily locate the title, author, year published, and other critical pieces of apa referencing essay, information needed to understand a source. Click here to learn more about why the American Psychological Association created APA.
APA Style is currently in its 6th edition, which was released in 2009. In previous versions of APA format, researchers and scholars were required to include the date that an electronic resource was accessed. In addition, names of databases were included, and only the name of the city was included for common, publication information. Now, it is no longer required to include the date of access as well as the name of the apa referencing, database in an APA citation. The full location, including the city AND state, or the city and country if it’s an psy d international publisher, is included in websites, the citation. In 2013, APA released a revised manual just for electronic resources. This was released due to the increase in the amount of technology advances and to save money spm, resources.
There are two types of citations in APA Style - there are in-text, or parenthetical citations, and essay, complete reference APA citations. About Mentors? In-text, also called parenthetical citations, are found in the body, or text, of a research project. They’re included after a direct quote or paraphrase. Apa Referencing Websites? See the next section below to learn more about how to format and include in-text citations in your project. Assisting Writing? Complete reference citations are found at the end of a research project. These reference citations are longer, complete citations for all of the sources used in a project. Apa Referencing Essay? So, full citations for all of the in-text citations are found here. The format for APA reference citations varies, but some APA citations use this general format: Author’s Last name, First initial. (Date published). Title . Student Plagiarism? Retrieved from URL. Researchers and scholars must look up the proper APA citation format for the source that they’re using.
Books have a certain APA format, websites have a different format, periodicals have a different format, and so on. Scroll down to websites essay find the proper format for business project for students, the source you’re trying to cite. If you would like to cite your sources automatically, Citation Machine’s APA generator is a helpful APA reference generator that will make the essay, citation process easier for you. In-text, or parenthetical citations, are included in research projects in three instances: When using a direct quote, paraphrasing information, or simply referring to a piece of information from another source. Quite often, researchers and scholars use a small amount of text, word for word, from another source and include it in simple ways to save essay, their own research projects. This is done for many reasons. Sometimes, another author’s words are so eloquently written that there isn’t a better way to rephrase it yourself.
Other times, the author’s words can help prove a point or establish an understanding for something in your research project. When using another author’s exact words in your research project, include an in-text citation directly following it. In addition to using the exact words from apa referencing another source and placing them into your project, in-text citations are also added anytime you paraphrase information. Paraphrasing is when you take information from another source and rephrase it, in your own words. When simply referring to another piece of information from another source, also include an in-text citation directly following it. In text APA citations are found after a direct quote, paraphrased information, or reference. They are formatted like this: Exact text, paraphrased information, or reference (Author’s Last Name, Year published, page number or paragraph number * ) * Only include the page or paragraph number when using a direct quote or paraphrase. Check Plagiarism? This information is included in order to help the reader locate the exact text themselves. It is not necessary to include this information when you’re simply referring to another source.
Here’s are some examples of in-text APA citations: “Well, you’re about to enter the land of the free and the brave. And I don’t know how you got that stamp on your passport. Apa Referencing Websites? The priest must know someone” (Toibi?n, 2009, p. 52). Student teachers who use technology in their lessons tend to continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers (Kent Giles, 2017). If including the author’s names in common sat essay, the sentence, only include the year in the in-text APA citation. According to a study done by Kent and Giles (2017), student teachers who use technology in their lessons tend to continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers. The full references, or citations, for apa referencing essay, these sources can be found on the last part of a research project, the “Reference List.” While this guide’s intent is to help you understand and about mentors, develop citations on your own, there are many APA formatter tools, including a free APA citation generator, available on Citation Machine. Try our APA citation machine which is found on our homepage. Click here to learn more about crediting work. APA Reference List Citation Components.
As stated above, reference list citations are the full citations for all of the in-text citations found in the body of a research project. These full citations are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last names. They have a hanging indent, meaning that the second line of text is indented in half an inch. See examples below to see what a hanging indent looks like. Websites? The format for APA reference citations varies based on assisting business project writing the source type, but some APA citations use this general format: Author’s Last name, First initial. (Date published). Title . Apa Referencing Essay? Retrieved from URL.
Learn more about each component of the reference citation and how to format it in the sections that follow. The names of authors are written in reverse order. Common? Include the websites essay, initials for check plagiarism, the first and middle names. End this information with a period. When two or more authors work together on apa referencing websites a source, write them in assisting project writing, the order in which they appear on the source, using this format: Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M. Kent, A. G., Giles, R. M. Thorpe, A., Lukes, R., Bever, D. J, He, Y. If there are 8 or more authors listed on apa referencing a source, only include the first 6 authors, add three ellipses, and mark essays youth, then add the essay, last author’s name. Roberts, A., Johnson, M. C., Klein, J., Cheng, E. Psy D? V., Sherman, A., Levin, K. K. , . Lopez, G. S. Apa Referencing Websites Essay? If you plan on using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, which is an APA citation generator, the names of the authors will format properly for you. Directly after the author’s name is the date the source was published. Include the common sat essay topics, full date for newspapers, the month and year for magazine articles, and essay, only the year for journals and all other sources. If no date is found on the source, include the initials, n.d. for “no date.” Narducci, M. (2017, May 19). City renames part of twain youth, 11th Street Ed Snider Way to honor Flyers founder.
The Philadelphia Inquirer . If using our APA citation maker, Citation Machine’s APA generator will add the correct date format for apa referencing, you automatically. When writing out titles for books, articles, chapters, or other nonperiodical sources, only capitalize the check essays plagiarism, first word of the title and the first word of the subtitle. Websites? Names of assisting project writing, people, places, organizations, and websites, other proper nouns also have the first letter capitalized. For books and reports, italicize the title in an APA citation. Strange case of Dr.
Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Roots: The saga of an American family. For articles and chapters in APA referencing, do not italicize the common sat essay topics, title. Wake up the nation: Public libraries, policy making, and political discourse. For newspapers, magazines, journals, newsletters, and other periodicals, capitalize the first letter in each word and italicize the title. The Seattle Times. A common question is whether to essay underline your title or place it in italics or quotation marks.
In APA, titles are never underlined or placed in psy d, quotation marks. They are either placed in italics or not. Here’s a good general rule for APA: When a source sits alone and is not part of a larger whole, place the title in italics. If the source does not sit alone and is part of a larger whole, do not place it in italics. Books, movies, journals, and television shows are placed in italics since they stand alone. Songs on an album, episodes of television shows, chapters in books, and articles in journals are not placed in italics since they are smaller pieces of larger wholes. Citation Machine’s APA citation generator formats the title in your citations automatically by following proper APA bibliography guidelines.
Additional Information about the Title. If you feel as though it would be helpful to the reader to include additional information about the source type, include this information in brackets immediately following the title. Use a brief descriptive term and capitalize the first letter. Kennedy, K., Molen, G. R. (Producer), Spielberg, S. Websites Essay? (Director). (1993). Jurassic Park [Motion picture]. USA: Universal. Besides [Motion picture], other common notations include: [Letter to psy d the editor] [Television series episode] If you are using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, additional information about the title is websites essay automatically added for you. The APA citation generator will add this information based on the source form that you choose. Information About the check essays plagiarism, Publication.
For books and websites essay, reports, include the city and state, or the city and psy d, country, of the publisher’s location. Instead of typing out the entire state name, use the proper two-letter abbreviation from the United States Postal Service. Type out the entire country name when including areas outside of the United States. After typing the apa referencing websites, location, add a colon, and dissertation, continue with the essay, name of the publisher. It is not necessary to to save spm include the entire name of the publisher. It is acceptable to use a brief, intelligible form. However, if Books or Press are part of the publisher’s names, keep these words in the citation. Other common terms, such as Inc., Co., Publishers, and others can be omitted.
For newspapers, journals, magazines, and other periodicals, include the volume and issue number after the apa referencing websites essay, title in an APA citation. The volume number is listed first, by itself, in mark twain essays, italics. Apa Referencing Websites Essay? The issue number is in parentheses immediately after it, not italicized. Giannoukos, G., Besas, G., Hictour, V., Georgas, T. (2016, May). A study on the role of computers in adult education. Educational Research and assisting business writing for students, Reviews, 11 (9), 907-923. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/ERR2016.2688. If the publisher is apa referencing essay a college or university, and the location name matches part of the school’s information, exclude the publisher information from the citation.
After including the ways money, location and publisher information, end this section of the citation with a period. London, England: Pearson. New York, NY: Perseus Books. Our APA generator is an APA reference generator that will automatically format your publication information in your citations for apa referencing websites essay, you. Visit Citation Machine’s homepage to about learn more. For online sources, the URL or DOI (Direct Object Identifier) are included at the end of a citation. DOI numbers are often created by publishers for websites essay, journal articles and other periodical sources. They were created in response to the problem of broken or outdated links and URLs. Check? When a journal article is assigned a DOI number, it is static, and apa referencing websites essay, will never change.
Because of its permanent characteristic, DOIs are the preferred type of electronic information to include in APA citations. When a DOI number is not available, include the source’s URL. For DOIs, include the number in this format: For URLs, only ways to save money include the essay, information about the homepage and dissertation, write it in apa referencing essay, this format: Retrieved from http:// Other APA referencing information about electronic sources: - If the sat essay, URL is longer than a line, break it up before a punctuation mark. - Do not place a period at the end of the citation. - It is not necessary to include retrieval dates, unless the source changes often over time. - It is not necessary to include the names of databases. When using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, if your source was found online, the online publication information will be replaced by the DOI.
Our APA citation machine will properly cite your online sources for you, automatically. Click here for more information about the websites, basics of APA. APA Citation Examples for Sources. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Check Essays? Title of work . Location: Publisher. Dickens, C. (1942). Great expectations . Apa Referencing Websites? New York, NY: Dodd, Mead. Print Books with Two or More Authors.
Last name, First initial., Last name, First initial, Last name, First initial. (Date). Title . Location: Publisher. Goldin, C. D., Katz, L. F. (2008). The race between education and technology . Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Matthews, G., Smith, Y., Knowles, G. (2009). Disaster management in archives, libraries and museums . Farnham, England: Ashgate. When citing a chapter in an edited book, use the following format: Structure for Chapters in Edited Books in psy d, Print:
Last name of chapter author, First initial. Middle initial. (Year published). Chapter title. In First initial. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book Title (pp. Apa Referencing Websites? xx-xx). Publishing City, State: Publisher. APA reference Example for Chapters in Edited Books in Print: De Abreu, B.S. (2001). The role of media literacy education within social networking and the library. In D.E. Twain Advice Youth? Agosto J. Apa Referencing Websites? Abbas (Eds.), Teens, libraries, and social networking (pp.
39-48). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. Ways To Save? APA reference Structure for Chapters in Edited Books, found Online: Last name of apa referencing, chapter author, First initial. Essays Mentors? (Year published). Apa Referencing Websites Essay? Chapter title. In First initial.
Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book title [E-reader version, if used] (pp. xx-xx). Business For Students? http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Example for Chapters in Edited Books, found Online: Lobo, R. F. (2003). Introduction to the structural chemistry of zeolites. In S. Auerbach, K. Carrado, P. Dutta (Eds.), Handbook of zeolite science and technology (pp. 65-89).
Retrieved from https://books.google.com. Apa Referencing? If you’re still unsure about how to cite a chapter in a book, use Citation Machine’s APA formatter. Your citations will automatically format properly when using the generator. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of work [E-reader Version]. http://dx.doi.org/xxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Mark Twain Essays Youth? Auster, P. Apa Referencing? (2007). The Brooklyn follies [Nook version]. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.com/ Only the first letter of the first word and any proper nouns in the title should be capitalized in an APA citation.
A DOI (digital object identifier) is basically a number that links a source to its location on plagiarism the Internet. This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, it’s very important to websites essay include it in your APA referencing citation. Author Last Name, F. I. Common? (Year Published). Title of websites essay, work . http://dx.doi.org/xxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Baloh, P., Burke, M. E. (2007). Attaining organizational innovations. To cite your e-books automatically, use the “Book” form on Citation Machine’s APA generator, click on “Manual entry mode,” and click the “E-book” tab. Our APA citation maker will format your citation properly following APA bibliography guidelines. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published).
Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range. Gleditsch, N. P., Pinker, S., Thayer, B. A., Levy, J. S., Thompson, W. R. (2013). The forum: The decline of war. International Studies Review , 15 (3), 396-419.
If your source is found online, but there is no DOI provided, you can include the URL instead. A DOI (digital object identifier) is basically a number that links a source to its location on the Internet. This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, you should include it in your citation rather than including a URL. Unlike previous editions of APA, the 6th edition does not require including a retrieval date or date accessed for online sources. A retrieval date is only necessary if the common topics, source is likely to change (ex. Wikipedia). Instead, ‘Retrieved from’ is used. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range.
Sahin, N. T., Pinker, S., Cash, S. S., Schomer, D., Halgren, E. (2009). Sequential processing of lexical, grammatical, and phonological information within Broca’s area. Science, 326 (5951), 445-449. http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx. If you need additional help citing your journal articles, our APA reference generator is an APA citation maker that will cite your sources automatically for apa referencing websites essay, you. Page numbers: If article is only one page long, use ‘p.’ For any article longer than one page, use ‘pp.’ If an business project article appears is on non-sequential pages, separate each page number with a comma. Example: pp. D4, D5, D7-D8 APA referencing does NOT require you to include the apa referencing essay, date of access for electronic sources. Common? Author, F. I. (Year, Month Day Published). Websites Essay? Title of article.
Title of student essays plagiarism, Newspaper , page range. Frost, L. (2006, September 14). First passengers ride monster jet. The Salt Lake Tribune , A2. You may be wondering what to do if you find your newspaper article on a database.
Author, F. I. (Year, Month Date Published). Title of article . Title of Newspaper. Websites? Retrieved from newspaper homepage URL. Whiteside, K. (2004, August 31). College athletes want cut of action.
USA Today . Retrieved http://www.usatoday.com. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Published). Title of article. Title of Magazine, Volume (Issue), page range. Quammen, D. (2008, December). The man who wasn’t Darwin. National Geographic Magazine, 214 (6), 106. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Date Published).
Article title. Retrieved from URL. Example of an APA format website: Austerlitz, S. (2015, March 3). How long can a spinoff like ‘Better Call Saul’ last? Retrieved from http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/how-long-can-a-spinoff-like-better-call-saul-last/ Last name, First initial. (Year, Month, Date of blog post). Title of blog post [Blog post]. Retrieved from URL of ways to save, blog post. Essay? McClintock Miller, S. (2014, January 28). EasyBib joins the mark, Rainbow Loom project as we dive into research with the third graders [Blog post].
Retrieved from http://vanmeterlibraryvoice.blogspot.com. On our APA citation machine form for essay, blogs, you have the option to choose from standard, audio, and video blogs. Citation Machine’s APA generator will automatically cite your blog sources for you. Writer Last Name, F. I. (Writer), Director Last Name, F. I. (Director). (Year aired). Title of common, episode [Television or Radio series episode]. In Producer Last Name, F. I. (Executive producer), TV or Radio series name . City, State of original channel: Channel. Lin, K. (Writer), Coles, J. D. (Director). (2014). Apa Referencing Essay? Chapter 18 [Television series episode]. In Bays, C. (Executive producer), House of cards . Washington, D.C.: Netflix. If using Citation Machine’s APA generator,television and radio broadcasts use the same form.
Producer Last Name, F. I. (Producer), Director Last Name, F. I. (Director). (Year Released). Title of simple money essay, film [Motion picture]. Websites Essay? Country of origin: Studio. Assisting Business Project For Students? Bender, L. Apa Referencing Websites? (Producer), Tarantino, Q. Essays About Mentors? (Director). (1994). Pulp fiction [Motion Picture]. United States: Miramax. There is the option to automatically cite films found online, in websites, film, and on a database when using Citation Machine’s APA citation builder. It is highly recommended not to use personal (unpublished) interviews in your reference list. Instead, this type of source should be formatted as an in-text or parenthetical citation. However, here is an example of an in-text citation for a personal interview in APA: Structure: (Interviewee F .I., Last Name, personal communication, Date Interviewed) Example: (D. Halsey, personal communication, December 12, 2011) Published Interviews should be cited accordingly if they appear as journal articles, newspaper articles, television programs, radio programs, or films.
If your instructor requires a citation in the reference list, use the following structure: Author Last Name, F. Mark Essays? I. (Year, Month Date Interviewed). Interview type [email, phone, personal interview, personal interview with [third party FI Last Name]. Halsey, D. (2011, December 12). Personal Interview. If you are planning on using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, a note is displayed above the form stating that personal interviews are not typically cited in text.
Our APA format generator creates in-text citations and full reference citations for you. Songs Musical Recordings found Online. *Note: If the websites essay, name of the songwriter is the assisting business project writing for students, same as the name of the recording artist, leave out the bracketed information located after the apa referencing websites essay, name of the song. Last name, First initial. Middle initial. of songwriter. (Year created). Song title [Recorded by First initial. Middle initial. Last name of the performer’s name or the name of the band]. On Album Title [Medium]. Mark Advice? Retrieved from essay URL. Hedfors, A., Ingrosso, S., Angello, S. (2012). Greyhound [Recorded by Swedish House Mafia].
On Until Now [Audio file]. Retrieved from https://open.spotify.com/track/0VffaI2jwQknRrxpECYHsF. If using our APA citation machine, choose the form titled, “Music/Audio,” to ways to save money automatically cite your songs and musical recordings. Our APA citation maker is an APA format generator that is free and easy to apa referencing websites use. Doctoral Dissertations found on a Database: Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year published). Title of dissertation or thesis (Doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or Order No. xxxxxxx). English, L. S. (2014).
The influences of community college library characteristics on institutional graduation rates: A national study (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from project for students American Doctoral Dissertations. (37CDD15DF659E63F). On our APA citation machine, there is a form for apa referencing, dissertations that will cite this source type for you. Last name, First initial. (Producer). (Year, Month Day). Title of podcast [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from URL. Goodwin, G. Assisting Business Writing? (Producer). (2016, February 11). History extra [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.historyextra.com/podcasts.
If using Citation Machine’s APA format generator, choose the “Blog/Podcast,” form to cite your podcasts automatically. Last name, First initial. [YouTube username]. (Year, Month, Day of posting). Apa Referencing Essay? Title of YouTube video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL. Check Essays? Damien, M. [Marcelo Damien]. (2014, April 10). Tiesto @ Ultra Buenos Aires 2014 (full set) [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/mr4TDnR0ScM. If using our APA citation machine, choose the form titled, “Film” to automatically cite your YouTube videos. Looking for a source type that is not on websites this guide? Here is another useful link to follow. An APA annotated bibliography is a bibliography that includes the full reference citations in addition to a small paragraph containing your evaluation about each source.
When creating your citations, there is a field at the bottom of each form to add your own annotations. Looking to create an APA format title page? Head to Citation Machine’s homepage and choose “Title Page” at the top of the screen. A written work or composition found in print, or digitally as an e-book. Topics? Can be non-fiction or fiction. A popular work published periodically (weekly, monthly etc.) focusing on a specific interest or subject. A periodical publication containing current events, news, interviews and opinion articles. A collection of pages that provides information about a certain topic.
A scholarly work published periodically, containing highly specified research. A motion picture or movie. Can be a fictional movie, documentary or even YouTube videos. Copyright © 2000 - 2017 by apa referencing essay Citation Machine™, a Chegg Service. Citation Machine™ uses the 7th ed. of MLA, 6th ed. of APA, and 16th ed. of Chicago (8th ed.
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essay on telebanking Information technology in websites the banking sector : opportunities, threats and strategies. Graduate School of Business and Management, American University of Beirut, 1998. The 21 st century will bring about an all-embracing convergence of dissertation computing, communications, information and knowledge. This will radically change the way we live, work, and think. The growth of high speed networks, coupled with the falling cost of computing power, is making possible applications undreamed of in the past. Websites? Voice, data, images, and video may now be transferred around the world in micro-seconds. Ways Essay Spm? This explosion of technology is changing the banking industry from apa referencing essay, paper and branch banks to' digitized and about mentors, networked banking services.
It has already changed the internal accounting and management systems of banks. It is now fundamentally changing the apa referencing websites delivery systems banks use to interact with their customers. All over the world, banks are still struggling to find a technological solution to meet the challenges of a rapidly-changing environment. It is clear that this new technology is topics changing the banking industry forever. Banks with the apa referencing websites ability to invest and common sat essay topics, integrate information technology will become dominate in the highly competitive global market. Bankers are convinced that investing in essay IT is psy d critical.
Its potential and apa referencing websites, consequences on the banking industry future is enormous. Technology and Banks Transformation. Computers are getting more sophisticated. To Save? They have given banks a potential they could only dream about and have given bank customers high expectations. The changes that new technologies have brought to banking are enormous in their impact on officers, employees, and customers of banks. Advances in technology are allowing for delivery of banking products and services more conveniently and effectively than ever before - thus creating new bases of competition. Rapid access to critical information and the ability to act quickly and effectively will distinguish the successful banks of the apa referencing websites essay future. The bank gains a vital competitive advantage by psy d having a direct marketing and accountable customer service environment and new, streamlined business processes. Consistent management and essay, decision support systems provide the dissertation bank that competitive edge to forge ahead in the banking marketplace. Major applications.
The advantages accruing from computerization are three-directional - to the customer, to the bank and to the employee. For the customer. Apa Referencing Websites? Banks are aware of customer's need for new services and plan to make them available. IT has increased the mark twain youth level of competition and forced them to integrate the apa referencing essay new technologies in order to satisfy their customers. They have already developed and implemented a certain number of solutions among them: Self-inquiry facility: Facility for essays logging into specified self-inquiry terminals at the branch to inquire and view the transactions in the account. Remote banking: Remote terminals at the customer site connected to apa referencing websites essay, the respective branch through a modem, enabling the check customer to websites, make inquiries regarding his accounts, on-line, without having to move from his office.
Anytime banking- Anywhere banking: Installation of ATMs which offer non-stop cash withdrawal, remittances and inquiry facilities. Money Essay Spm? Networking of computerized branches inter-city and intra-city, will permit customers of apa referencing essay these branches, when interconnected, to transact from any of twain essays these branches. Telebanking: A 24-hour service through which inquiries regarding balances and transactions in apa referencing essay the account can be made over psy d dissertation the phone. Electronic Banking: This enables the bank to provide corporate or high value customers with a Graphical User Interface (GUI) software on websites, a PC, to inquire about assisting business project writing for students their financial transactions and accounts, cash transfers, cheque book issue and websites essay, inquiry on rates without visiting the common sat essay bank. Moreover, LC text and details on apa referencing essay, bills can be sent by the customer, and the bank can download the same. Mark Advice Youth? The technology used to provide this service is called electronic data interchange (EDI). It is used to transmit business transactions in computer-readble form between organizations and individuals in a standard format. As information is apa referencing websites centralized and updates are available simultaneously at all places, single-window service becomes possible, leading to effective reduction in waiting time.
For the bank . During the last decade, banks applied IT to a wide range of back and front office tasks in addition to a great number of new products. The major advantages for psy d dissertation the bank to implement IT are: Availability of a wide range of inquiry facilities, assisting the bank in business development and follow-up. Immediate replies to customer queries without reference to ledger-keeper as terminals are provided to essay, Managers and Chief Managers. About Mentors? Automatic and prompt carrying out of standing instructions on due date and apa referencing, generation of reports. Generation of various MIS reports and to save, periodical returns on due dates. Fast and up-to-date information transfer enabling speedier decisions, by interconnecting computerized branches and controlling offices. For the employees . IT has increased their productivity through the followings: Accurate computing of apa referencing cumbersome and time-consuming jobs such as balancing and interest calculations on due dates. Automatic printing of covering schedules, deposit receipts, pass book / pass sheet, freeing the staff from performing these time-consuming jobs, and dissertation, enabling them to give more attention to the needs of the customer. Signature retrieval facility, assisting in verification of transactions, sitting at their own terminal.
Avoidance of apa referencing essay duplication of entries due to existence of single-point data entry. A search of the writing for students banking literature reveals that banks are moving rapidly to take advantage of recent and new customer service and cost reduction opportunities that new technologies offer. A sampling is in the table below: Internet: Riding the apa referencing tiger. The Internet is rapidly becoming the information superhighway of a global electronic marketplace. The rising commercial interests in the Internet are especially evident in frontend applications such as electronic catalogs, yellow pages, storefronts, malls, and customer support centers. All these applications are based on the World Wide Web (WWW) -- the fastest growing segment of the mentors Internet. Although back-end applications such as electronic data interchange (EDI) are equally important, their adoption has not been as rapid. One major concern is security: the apa referencing Internet is generally perceived as not secure enough for transmitting sensitive data such as payments.
Upon a closer look, however, this view is not warranted, since technologies such as public key encryption and firewalls address essential security concerns. Moreover, such technologies are already available. Advice Youth? The only remaining barrier is the lack of apa referencing websites essay real world users of those technologies. The pilot project between Bank of America (BofA) and one of its large corporate customers involves transporting financial EDI transactions over the Internet. If successful, BofA expects that this new EDI option will lead to a reduction in telecommunications costs, an improved position with respect to its value-added network (VAN), and valuable learning experience with the Internet environment, which is becoming increasingly important to the bank. The project is also significant beyond BofA: because it is one of the first large-scale, real-world trials, its outcome will help dispel many uncertainties surrounding Internet-based EDI, and encourage more companies to move in this direction.
Investing in technology . Assisting Writing? According to a survey conducted by the American Bankers Association, US banks expenditure on information technology grew from $16.3 billion in 1994 to $18.7 billion in 1995-an increase of 14.7%, and $1 billion more than the same bankers forecasted they would spend in last year's survey. Apa Referencing Websites? By 1998, the banks expect to spend $21.2 billion (an increase of 7. 1 %). How to psy d dissertation, survive . The key to survival is customer service. Customer loyalty will be determined by convenient and innovative delivery of products and personalized services. In the '70's and '80's, banks were marketing to a generation raised on websites essay, old style banking: personal interaction at mark twain essays advice youth a banking office. That generation was disdainful of impersonal service and afraid of apa referencing websites computers. Convenience was having a branch in psy d one's neighbourhood.
Today, personal service and convenience are still the critical factors in the banking relationship, but they are defined differently. Consumers still want to bank with a financial institution they know, and one who knows them, but they do not necessarily want to apa referencing, go to the bank. They are not afraid of computers and technology; they embrace them. Convenience is doing their banking when they want, and where they want. They are now comfortable with personal computers and other electronic devices. They expect fast, efficient, and accurate service And the only way to cost effectively provide the instant, quality service that customers demand, and that the competition provides, is through intensive use of the most advanced information technologies and through good people trained in the use of these technologies. For all these reasons, the banks delivery systems are completely changing. The new Delivery Systems . The increasing cost of building brick-and-mortar branches, decreasing cost of computers, high delivery costs and slow revenue growth force a relook at the conventional delivery systems. Moreover, growing comfort of technology usage by the customer is rapidly fostering usage of non-branch channels for assisting business project routine transactions. The new strategy changes the focus of the branch from being a high cost transaction center to a provider of apa referencing websites essay a wide range of services like telebanking, customer service kiosks, ATMs, and remote electronic banking.
New Marketing Opportunities . As the new technology is essays so expensive banks need to use the new systems to do more than deliver information and basic services. Banks need the ability to also sell insurance and investment products to get a better return on this investment. Telephone banking can bring financial services to the home or office, especially if they are affordable screen phones. By noticing how much interest the customer expresses, the bank can market stock quotes and insurance quotes. Interactive videos are new technology that banks can make available to the customer to maintain personal contact while still lowering the apa referencing essay expense of delivery service. With an interactive video an expert employee is not needed in each branch. Common? Complex life insurance products, open brokerage accounts, customized product illustrations can be widely available where needed.
The interactive videos will be cost effective expertise. The internet is a medium to allow banks to apa referencing essay, offer products to essays about, customers outside the normal customer base of a branch. Banks are aware of the websites essay customer's need for these services and plan to make them available before other sources do. Drawbacks . Simple To Save Spm? Early experiences with electronic commerce in the banking industry, which has been a pioneer in the use of electronic systems, can be used to learn of some potential dangers and issues to be taken into account. The use of Automated Teller Machines and electronic home banking systems has increasingly allowed customers to bank outside of traditional bank facilities, for most of their usual transactions. This was consistent with the cost-savings strategy of most banks, which discovered that electronic transactions were about seven times less costly compared to the manual handling of websites these transactions by simple ways to save spm a bank teller. Nevertheless, the apa referencing websites essay fact that customers' only contact with their banks was through (rather unsophisticated) electronic interfaces, and the major difficulties in integrating the legacy systems of a typical bank, prevented banks in many cases from selling additional products to customers (cross-selling). In some European markets, the about mentors insurance companies took opportunity of that to websites essay, grab business from banks, selling savings products to customers through their extensive distribution network. Assisting Business Project? Similarly, the apa referencing decrease in human interaction with customers could also lead to a less sophisticated understanding of their needs, as they're not always able to express comments, criticisms or requests for new products while interacting with machines. This should lead to a design of electronic commerce systems which incorporate capabilities for customer understanding and for proactive selling of new products. Electronic business transactions can only be successful if financial exchanges between buyers and sellers can occur in a simple, universally accepted, safe and cheap way.
Various systems have been proposed, some of them based on ways to save, traditional mechanisms (e.g. credit cards accounts) while others rely on new designs, such as electronic money. The key here will be to find a few widely accepted mechanisms, which can be used by most actors. The recent agreement between Mastercard and Visa on apa referencing websites essay, one security standard for credit card transactions over the Internet, and its backing by most major software vendors is one step in the right direction. This doesn't diminish the need for essays about mentors more specialized systems, for instance to allow microtransactions, the exchange of very small amounts of money (a few cents) in exchange for information or services. These new payment mechanisms will in turn enable new business models such as pay-per-article newspapers. The Lebanese Case. During the last civil war (1975-1990), eighty percent of the Lebanese infrastructure was destroyed. The remaining twenty percent are now outdated. The Lebanese banking sector was heavily affected by the war.
They lacked the information technology revolution in the banking sector. It becomes a strategic necessity for the Lebanese banks to implement the websites new technologies at all levels, transactional level, managerial level and executive level. Simple Money Essay Spm? In the 1990's they started implementing IT capabilities to change the apa referencing essay work organization, raise the productivity, cut costs and deliver the best services to their customers and increase their profits in the same time. Most of the Lebanese bankers believe that IT will enable them to face the foreign competition and the possible consequences of the coming peace. Technology Adoption . The vast majority of the assisting project writing Lebanese banks have set very high standards of excellence for themselves in terms of technology, state-of-the-art facilities, customer service and customer orientation with all facets of operations totally computerized. Essay? The banks also make extensive use of communication technology to provide off-site banking facilities including ATMs.
Their ambition is to position themselves as technology-driven banks offering superior services to both their clientele classes - the project for students corporate customer and apa referencing essay, the retail customer. The corporate customer typically requires quick disposal of common loan applications and maximum returns from the cash balance. The needs of the corporate customer are functions of the speed of response. Technologically the answer to this is a reliable network connecting branches that run on-line. The first steps . At the early stage , Lebanese banks started to build their databases and automate their work procedures. Most banks have adopted ready made packages for their internal operations.
Currently, these banks are replacing their old information systems. The banks branches are planning to provide state-of-the-art services to their customers enabling a rapid growth of the bank's performance in a very competitive marketplace. Different approaches are followed in the Lebanese banks to acquire and implement the new technologies. Banque du Liban et d'outre-mer (BLOM), for example, has developed its own complete banking information system. While Ban k Audi followed another strategy and purchased an on-line information system providing a real time on line branch network with an up-to-date banking and customer information to senior management, middle managers, end users and business analysts.
Both information systems, in BLOM in Bank Audi are scheduled to run during this year. The major reasons behind adopting or developing new information systems are: Rapid geographical expansion has forced banks to replace their off-line systems by an on-line system linking the branches to apa referencing websites essay, the head office through the telecommunications network. Restructuring bank's processes in order to reduce staff expenses which constitute a large part of the operating costs and a heavy burden on its operating profitability. Essays About? Incompatibility of the old systems with the strategic necessity of websites integrating new technologies like ATMs, telebanking, etc. in twain youth order to provide the high quality services to the customers and competing on an equal foot with the foreign banks. The competition . The Lebanese banks are also planning to offer the entire range of services like telebanking, ATMs, etc. They also respond very actively in the marketplace in introducing new products and services.
Arab Bank was the essay pioneer in introducing ATMs in Lebanon. Arab bank started to install ATM machines in 1993. Other banks followed, by establishing in 1994 a network called Link Network, using Link cards. About 25 banks have joined this network and are sharing now its almost 60 machines located in the major cities of Lebanon. Check Student? The central bank is expecting that about 700 ATM machines will be installed in Lebanon by the year 2000.
Lebanese banks are also introducing remote banking services. Arab bank was also the first bank in Lebanon to offer this service. Early in 1994, Arab bank installed an interactive voice response system, called Phone Banking. At the same time, it introduced the computer based remote banking service which is called Corporate banking. Four other banks, Allied Business Bank, BLOM, Universal Bank, and apa referencing essay, the British Bank of the sat essay topics Middle East followed and introduced their telephone based remote banking. However these services are providing only inquiry facilities because they are off-line systems.
Technology Assessment . The diffusion and successful implementation of apa referencing IT in Lebanese banks is not an easy process. Lebanese banks are facing enormous challenges in mastering the new tools provided by IT. An important constraint to the diffusion and success of IT implementation is the check telecommunications infrastructure, another obstacle is managerial practices and organizational weaknesses. Websites Essay? In the following section, I will analyse and discuss these obstacles. In evaluating banks'use of essays about mentors technology, we look at both the technology in essay place to serve today's customer and the plans for serving tomorrow's. The first objective is to examine the bank's deployment of technology relative to what is available, tested, and proven to enhance bank performance. The second is to examine the bank's preparation for the future. We want to answer the sat essay following questions: The most important issues to be analysed are : To what degree is the apa referencing websites bank using proven technologies to enhance performance? Are there any technologies not deployed that would have a significant, positive effect on performance?
What level of specialized training has been received by the officers and employees assigned to selecting, deploying, and managing technology? What level of systems training has been provided to other officers and employees? How effective are the systems that are being used? Is Management monitoring the evolution of banking technologies and planning for the future? Telecommunication infrastructure . Simple Ways Essay Spm? The greatest obstacle to real time electronic banking in Lebanon is the telecommunications infrastructure. Telecommunications in apa referencing websites the banking sector is a major factor to the success or failure of assisting business for students any application or service. The Lebanese telecommunications infrastructure was devastated by the civil war. The process of rehabilitation and modernization of this infrastructure started in 1993.According to the recovery plan developed by apa referencing CDR the telecommunications rehabilitation plan will be completed by the year 1998. This means that banks will not be able to rely on the public network until 1998.
The result of such situation is a delay in implementing new services and products like remote banking, electronic funds transfer, real time bank information systems. This has also an effect on the reliability of the common services already implemented like ATMs. In order to face this challenge, banks began studying the feasibility of apa referencing installing a private telecommunications network. Four banks, Bank Audi, Arab Bank, Byblos Bank, and BLOM, started in the early 1996 considering the assisting project for students installation of a private network to apa referencing websites essay, connect their branches and thus conduct real time banking operations. This network will also be used to connect the ATMs machines which will thus function on-line. However three problems are delaying the implementation of such network: Obtaining a license from the Ministry of Post and telecommunications. The high cost of the equipment 0 The lack of coordination between the mark twain essays members of the Lebanese Banks Association. Human Resources Problems . Banking industry is heavily depending upon apa referencing essay information technology that needs professionals for development, implementation and support.
Despite the programs performed by many banks to develop their local expertise in IT, there is still a real shortage of qualified personnel. According to a recent survey ( T. Abdul Reda and M. Dayya, Banking IT: a look at Lebanon, AUB, 1996) the following problems were identified: almost half of the Lebanese banks do not have one engineer among their staff. lack of professional training programs. Business Project Writing For Students? Financial institutions in Lebanon offer a wide range of training programs to their employees. However, with respect to their technical IT staff the percentage of training programs is much less, because IT staff are considered to essay, be trained, highly qualified and business project for students, hence do not need extended training sessions. The consequence of apa referencing such policy is a reduction of the capability of IT staff to be up to date in the most recent advances . High turnover rate of assisting project writing technical staff. The turnover rate of the technical staff in some 40% percent the Lebanese banks is around 20%.
The low salaries and better opportunities in other industries are the main reasons for this high rate. Resistance to change. Resistance to change and the absorption capacity is often neglected once the automation system is adopted. However, this human factor is a critical factor in the success of any banking application of information technology. The only way to apa referencing websites essay, solve this problem is to design adequate training programs and increase the awareness of the employees. Most Lebanese banks have realized this fact and some of them have established a training centre. These are the major obstacles for implementing IT in assisting business for students Lebanese banks. Another point that should be mentioned is the necessity of planning very carefully the apa referencing websites essay development of any new application. A computerization plan is the basis for implementing successful information technology solutions. To be relevant, these plans have to be linked closely to organizational strategies, objectives, priorities and processes. Strategy for the future.
Banks face a serious challenge. The basic structure of the bank is increasingly in conflict with the changing product, delivery, and service needs of the customers The future belongs to financial service providers not traditional banks. The vast majority of large banks, will create value networks. Psy D? Doing so presents tremendous challenges. Banks will have to first develop a comprehensive distribution system that will enable customers to touch them at multiple points.
Banks must also create performance measurement systems to assure the mix products and services they offer are beneficial to both the customer and the bank. They must determine whether to deploy new technologies themselves or with other service providers. Nevertheless, technology alone will not solve issues or create advantages. This technology needs to essay, be integrated in an organization, with the essays mentors change management issues linked to people resisting new concepts and ideas. It also needs to support a clearly defined and well communicated business strategy.
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How to Write the Introduction of an Essay. I would dearly love to essay, take the following set of words and psy d dissertation engrave them on a large wooden bat: “Hi. Websites! I’m going to tell you about…”. “Today I’m going to write about…”. “This is mentors, my essay on…”. “Since my professor told me I have to…”. The bat would have a prominent place in my classroom, mounted on the wall, so I could point to it, give a big toothy grin, and say, “If any of you, at any time in apa referencing websites, your life, ever use these words again to psy d dissertation, begin an apa referencing, essay—even thirty years from now—I will hunt you down, wrap your essay around this bat, and advice use it to give you a sharp reminder of this lesson.”. This is, perhaps, a bit dramatic, but I feel it would clearly make the point. The first words of an apa referencing, essay are like a handshake or a cover letter for a resume; they create the first impression. If they are strong, confident and jovial, then you are setting yourself up for success.
If they put forward the metaphorical “dead-fish” hand, then you’re work has been deeply injured, even if what follows is top-notch work. Introductions matter, and I have designed this article to provide a framework for how to write essay introductions that are clear, strong and engaging. The concepts are applicable to the essays of middle school and high school writing all the mark essays advice, way up through writing in college and graduate school. The Wrong Way to Write an Essay Introduction. The phrases mentioned above, along with countless others, are the perfect way to apa referencing websites, completely destroy your essay before it even begins. If you begin your essay with these words, or anything even remotely close to them, no one who is not being paid or who is not your mother will ever read your paper—and even they will groan within themselves as they read. An introduction has two basic purposes: …to introduce the topic of the check, essay in clear and apa referencing websites concise terms. …to engage the reader so they actually want to read what you have to say. Sadly, many students address only the first of them. For the most part, this makes perfect sense. After all, the writers who really understand what it means to engage their readers are the professionals.
Why? Because they know very well that their readers are their bread and butter and they will leave at a moment’s notice if the writing becomes dull. Students, on the other hand, have a captive audience. Teachers and professors are paid to about mentors, read the work of apa referencing websites essay, their students, so why should the student care if their writing is psy d, engaging? Consider this situation, which both I and numerous other teachers and professors I know experience regularly: I assign a three to five page paper to a classroom of apa referencing essay, twenty-five students. Simple Ways Essay! A few weeks later, I now have a book of around one hundred pages to apa referencing, read, written by twenty-five different authors who are writing this because they have to, not because they want to, so their apathy is literally dripping off the pages. Common Topics! Imagine how I will react when I come across a student who finally takes the time to generate some genuine interest in the subject and catch my attention! This is websites, why students should care. The wrong way to begin an essay is to simple to save money essay, simply and dryly explain what the essay is about.
While this is acceptable in apa referencing websites essay, elementary school, and perhaps up through a certain stage of middle school, it is unacceptable by late middle school, through high school and business writing for students most certainly at the collegiate level. Still, this kind of opening is all too common. An Essay Introduction Sample: The Wrong Way. To make this discussion clear, here is a sample introduction written the websites essay, “wrong way.” This is written at the level one might expect from a student in middle school or early high school. These points are just as relevant to student, college students and adults, however, because, while the points a college student would make might be more nuanced and detailed, many still write introductions that follow the same basic pattern. Describe the apa referencing, major accomplishments of Abraham Lincoln during his presidency. PROMPT RESPONSE (INTRODUCTION ONLY):
Abraham Lincoln accomplished many great things during his time as president of the United States. He saw the United States through the Civil War, helping to keep the country from falling apart and signed the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing all the African Americans in the United States from mentors slavery. Apa Referencing! When things got tough, he encouraged his citizens and his troops through great speeches like “The Gettysburg Address.” And, finally, as both a political leader and a military leader, he led in a way that emphasized wisdom through shared responsibility and discussion. Abraham Lincoln was one of the great presidents of the ways to save spm, United States. This introduction clearly establishes the purpose of the essay and lists many accomplishments of Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. As such, it is both adequate and also painfully boring. Ninety percent of your class will write an essay introduction just like this one—don’t be one of them. The Right Way to Write an apa referencing essay, Essay Introduction.
Catching the Reader’s Attention. A good essay begins with an invitation into a rich discussion. The writing is crafted in such a way that it sparks anticipation and excitement in mentors, the heart and apa referencing websites essay mind of the reader. Simply stating your opinion or the topic of the essay will never accomplish this. Engaging writing requires thoughtful attention to creating a hook for the reader. Hooks can be created in essays about, an infinite number of ways, but here is a list of approaches that often prove valuable. Note that this is essay, a list that you have likely seen before (most schools provide such a list), but be sure to read on as it is in the implementation of these ideas that they either succeed or fail: Start with a thought-provoking quotation. Start with a thought-provoking question. Tell a thought-provoking story. Make a surprising statement.
Present a simile or a metaphor to introduce your essay topic. Each of these options presents an approach to opening an mentors, essay that can work if it is apa referencing websites essay, implemented effectively. Of course, implementing them effectively is where things get tricky. A Thought-Provoking Quotation: Depending on the topic of your essay and the resources you have available, it can be very effective to begin with a direct quotation from a relevant source on check student essays plagiarism your topic that brings up key ideas or presents controversial opinions. You, as the websites essay, author, can then respond to them and establish your position in relation to this statement. Be certain the quotation you choose directly relates to your chosen topic. A Thought Provoking Question. Opening essays with questions is dangerous because they only work if the question causes your reader to genuinely wonder about something. Simplistic or obvious questions turn your reader off, so try another approach unless you are sure you have a question that really ties your essay topic to something personal for the reader or to some intriguing idea in essays about, the world.
A Thought-Provoking Story. As a fiction writer, this is my personal favorite. There are two options available here. Essay! One approach is to tell a true story in close-up intimate detail that directly relates to your topic. The other option is to craft a story around the factual details of your topic and sat essay helps to humanize it—taking your reader into websites essay, the personal human experience of someone in assisting business project, a given situation related to your subject. Apa Referencing Websites! Simply be sure to tell the story well and don’t forget to craft the story in such a way that it leads directly to common, the central point of your essay. Make a Surprising Statement.
This one is also a tricky way to go unless you have come across a very striking fact or are dealing with a controversial subject. Websites! In order for this approach to work, the statement must include something that will genuinely surprise the reader, which is difficult to do. In addition to shock value, the statement must also have direct relevance to your topic so that a strong transition can still be made into student plagiarism, your central argument. Present a Simile or Metaphor. Similes and metaphors are among the most powerful linguistic devices available. When used well, they can bring profound interest and insight to a given topic.
Using them well is, of course, the hard part. The trick to using them well is be sure that the apa referencing websites essay, nature of the symbol you use shares a great deal in common with the subtleties of the topic you are discussing. The broader and more specific those connections are, the stronger its linguistic power. The very best way to use a simile or metaphor in sat essay topics, an essay is to introduce it with the opening paragraph and then continue to weave the connections between the symbol and the subject throughout the entire essay, eventually bringing the idea back together in the conclusion to create a circular structure to the writing. This requires insightful thinking and hard writing work, but makes for an exceptional essay. Clearly Establishing Your Purpose. With your reader’s attention now in place, you must be certain that you also directly address the question or prompt to which you have been asked to respond. A colorful and engaging opening story is all well and good, but it is apa referencing websites essay, worthless if it does not lead into a straight and clear statement of your thesis (also known as “topic sentence” or “position statement”). Keep in student plagiarism, mind that, contrary to what is often taught in elementary school, the opening paragraph does not necessarily require a complete listing of the main points of your essay, though that can be helpful at times. Essay! The only non-negotiable requirement for an introduction is a direct and clear statement of purpose somewhere within that first paragraph.
With more creative openings, it generally occurs near the close of the first paragraph, anticipating the deeper explanations that take place in the body paragraphs of the essay. Feel free to be creative, but do not forget to directly address the essays youth, question you have been asked! Practical Pointers for Writing a Strong Introduction. Here is essay, a collection of thoughts to keep in mind as you begin to assisting business for students, craft your essay introduction: Remember that the audience is always right. Particularly if your audience is a teacher or a professor, it is essential that you check with the instructor first before trying anything too crazy and creative. Creativity in an academic essay only works when it functions within the expectations of your professor or teacher.
Be careful! Open with a creative hook that leads directly to your thesis statement. Do not get lost in the creativity! Making an essay interesting to read can be immensely valuable, but never lose sight of the apa referencing websites essay, fact that you are writing an essay—certain points must be clearly made and certain details must be directly addressed. Be clear on what they are and check for them! An Essay Introduction Sample: The Right Way. Once again, to make this discussion clear, here is a sample introduction that that models the effective use of one of the assisting writing for students, hook techniques followed by apa referencing a clear thesis statement.
This conclusion is also written from the perspective of a late middle school or early high school student. More advanced writers should follow the same approach using deeper and more nuanced language. Describe the simple ways, major accomplishments of Abraham Lincoln during his presidency. PROMPT RESPONSE (INTRODUCTION ONLY): He stood on a grassy hill beneath a clear blue sky in the soft breeze of spring. Around him, the birds chattered in the trees, completely oblivious.
They did not see the stains that lay strewn across the field. They paid no attention as the men, with grim and dirty faces, removed the last of the bodies. Apa Referencing! They were children—or, at least, they seemed so to him. His countrymen killing one another. Psy D Dissertation! He closed his eyes and sighed. At that moment, he did not know that, with the help of his decisions and websites essay the influence of his character on those around him, the dissertation, slaves would soon be free and the Union would be restored. He did not understand how history would remember Abraham Lincoln—as one of the essay, greatest presidents in sat essay topics, American history. Notice how the apa referencing essay, story is written to engage the heart of the common sat essay topics, reader and lead directly into apa referencing, a statement about the great accomplishments of Abraham Lincoln during his presidency. This catches the reader’s attention and directs it, preparing him for what comes next. About Mentors! This is the purpose of an introduction. Learn to craft introductions that catch your reader and lead him into essay, the heart of what you have to say.
How to psy d dissertation, Write a Personal Experience Essay With Sample Papers. by Virginia Kearney 17. Tips for Writing a Descriptive Essay. How to apa referencing websites, Write a Great Topic Sentence. by Virginia Kearney 37. Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas and Writing Prompts. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 123. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5.
100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. wayseeker 2 years ago from essays advice Colorado. They are unquestionably the best teachers! Thanks for websites reading, Mary Norton 2 years ago from Ontario, Canada. I certainly saw the difference between your 2 examples of check student plagiarism, introductions. Examples really work. Thank you. wayseeker 2 years ago from Colorado. Wow.
The wife of Doctor Who--pretty amazing! (Heh, heh.) I'm so please that this article was useful. Apa Referencing Websites! Thanks for reading! You used the project writing, incorrect version of your. the metaphorical “dead-fish” hand, then you’re work has been deeply injured, even if what follows is top-notch work. :) Love this article! It's amazing, and it has helped me with me writing SOOO much. wayseeker 3 years ago from Colorado.
Alex Writer 3 years ago from New York, New York. wayseeker 4 years ago from Colorado. Thank you so much for stopping in. This lesson has done a lot of good things for my students over the years. Devika Primic 4 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia. Brilliantly written and explained writing an essay takes time and patience. wayseeker 5 years ago from essay Colorado. Thanks for stopping in. How to Write the Body of an simple money essay spm, Essay will be coming out apa referencing essay shortly, completing this first part of this series. Thanks for taking the time to simple to save money, read! Akhil S Kumar 5 years ago from kerala.
yup..waiting for another hub. wayseeker 5 years ago from Colorado. Thanks again for apa referencing websites essay stopping in. These writing lessons are some of the basic things I teach every year--and reteach over topics and over again. For those who get it, it definitely makes a difference. I so appreciate your enthusiasm for my work and your willingness to share it around. Apa Referencing! I hope that it serves your students well! Marcy Goodfleisch 5 years ago from Planet Earth. Excellent information! I will be sharing this with my students - I completely agree with you on how not to start an essay!
As always, this is well-written and full of great information. Voted up and up! wayseeker 5 years ago from Colorado. Huzzah! Looks like the readers are responding in the right way. Business Writing! Thanks so very much. wayseeker 5 years ago from apa referencing websites essay Colorado.
Thanks for the positive review! I use these ideas all the time when I write my own hubs. Honestly, they apply to any nonfiction writing you might want to do. I might consider specifically mentioning that within the hub, because it would certainly work for hubbers, too. My sincere thanks for taking the time to read, wayseeker 5 years ago from twain advice Colorado.
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