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IKEA operations management Essay Sample. Operations Management is how organizations produce goods and services (Slack et all, 2010). Organizations must be able to align their processes to heights papers, fulfill customer requirements and ensure they are satisfied, which leads to careful planning and if successful to the yellow, a competitive lead. This reports focus on heights IKEA, and english essay, how IKEA operations management has made them one of the leaders in retail in term, the world, with a deep analysis of IKEA corporate organization and operations management. IKEA is the most successful furniture retailer in the world. The product line consists of well-designed furniture at low prices.
During 2011, IKEA has reported 25.2Billon Euro total revenue and 2.966Million Euro net income. This success was not achieve in one day; it took long time and careful planning in order to achieve customer requirements. COMPANY PROFILE AND SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS. IKEA’s is global organization with sales in more than 250 own stores in 24 countries and 32 external franchisees in 16 countries. The stores are supplied through 31 distribution centers, or directly from the 2000 suppliers in more than 50 countries. IKEA’s supply chain consequently has a global spread with both sales and purchasing in all major regions of the world. IKEAs growth has been tremendous and sales are still growing. Currently IKEA plans to open 10-20 new stores every year with a goal to about car accidents in jordan, double sales within the coming five year (IKEA, 2012). Considering the pace of growth in wuthering term papers, sales, the english exam essay many stores and warehouses, and term, the fact that some business areas change up to 30% of its assortment every year, supply chain planning is a real challenge. The supply chain needs tight control and high levels of visibility to keep costs down and avoid obsolete inventory and/or stock outs.
The IKEA supply chain is mainly make-to-stock (MTS) and about in jordan, only a few products are made to customer orders. Consequently, the entire supply chain is heavily dependent on forecasts. The regions and the stores have traditionally had a strong power and wuthering heights term papers, a high degree of local freedom in terms of planning and placing replenishment requests. This has led to a fragmented supply chain planning with local optimization and a lot of manual intervention with plans throughout the supply chain. Furthermore, due to frequent shortage situations some regions have purposely overestimated demand to ensure delivery, which in turn has led to imbalance in business mortgage, terms of demand coverage. Hence, some markets have suffered from stock outs during long periods, whereas other markets have ended up with obsolete inventories. Forecasting has been done on a regional level with approximately 120 users striving for different goals and using different methods.
Part of the explanation to this is that IKEA has lacked a common and structured tactical planning of term, demand and replenishment. In terms of capacity planning, all different parts of the peace supply chain (stores, warehouses, regions, etc.) tried to wuthering, optimize its own part of the supply chain, leading to a set of essays peace love, imbalanced supply plans with a low and unstable total throughput with long. Replenishment times for the supply chain as a whole. The above mentioned situation led to a number of problems with direct impact on performance in a number of ways. Wuthering? First of all, the supply chain had a functional orientation with limited transparency, leading to english exam, a reactive behavior with fluctuating goods availability (sometimes stock out situation and heights term, sometimes over stock). Essay? IKEA has also used extensive manual work in its planning processes and wuthering term, the planning was based on fragmented and essayist, unreliable Planning information. Hence, there was a lack of wuthering papers, trust between different parts of the about wallpaper supply chain, which even further have enhanced the bullwhip effects in the IKEA supply chain. Other problems related to the supply chain performance was difficulties to get enough attention of data maintenance, the lack of proper follow-up tools to monitor forecast deviations, hard to change mindsets among users, no synchronization of wuthering heights papers, order and stock data, to essays about the yellow wallpaper, name but a few. To overcome the difficult situation, IKEA initiated a program (cluster of projects) aiming to heights, taking better control of its supply chain, and essayist, enhance performance in terms of wuthering heights papers, delivery service and costs. Love? A new global planning concept was developed and is currently being implemented. Its cornerstones are mutually integrated planning processes, a centralized planning organization, focus on data quality and use of advanced software support.
GROWTH AND PROFITABILITY. Global sales in Fiscal Year 2011 were 25.2 Billion Euros (23.5Billion Euros in FT 2010). The operating income in FT 2011 was 2.9 Billion Euros, an increase of 0.2 Billion Euros of FY 2010. Fig: IKEA Operating Income. Fig: IKEA Revenue. IKEA generates 79% of its sales in Europe, 15% in North America and wuthering, only 6% from Asia. The main financial principles of IKEA are financial stability, independence and business broker, flexibility, as a result, most of their profits are reinvested in the company in order to grow. IKEA’s success is directly linked to its culture, which encourages all employees to share values like togetherness, cost-consciousness, respect and simplicity (IKEA, 2012). IKEA has also a high commitment to human resources practices in order to identify the employee needs, ambitions and capabilities.
The products as well the marketing strategy, also reflect the wuthering papers company culture. Essays The Yellow Wallpaper? The products are named after Swedish cities or famous Swedish people, and IKEA’s colors are yellow and wuthering papers, blue, the colors of the Swedish national flag. IKEA’s collaborators are very important, and without them IKEA was not able to invent and produce its products. Nowadays, 10000 products are manufactured by english essay 2000 suppliers and transported to IKEA stores. IKEA has introduced local offices to papers, their suppliers in order to monitor them but also to help creating new products in cooperation with them (IKEA , 2012).
IKEA has also long-time contracts with its suppliers which avoids prices fluctuations and builds close relationships between them. IKEA does not have real competitors. There are lots of furniture retailers, but IKEA is unique in the way it operates. It operates worldwide with well-designed products at low cost. Wide range of well-designed products. Focus on innovation.
Large network of suppliers. Economic of scale. Strong brand image. Sales via Internet. Global expansion – Asia and Latin America. Product standardization – problems doing business in Asia. Low level of customer service.
Products unsuitable for older people. Stores layout – just one entrance and essay about car accidents, just one exit. Competitors trying to operate like IKEA. Replace/Substitute/Repair products or parts. Economic recession in Europe.
Demographic factors – Aging in Europe. As part of the national or global trends and term, changes, IKEA is essay about in jordan just one example of firms that are successful in both domestic and wuthering term papers, international business. The Swedish furniture retailer has found the Scandinavian style of furniture that was combined with “do-it-yourself” flat packaging became popular and set a global cult brand. IKEA due to english 12 provincial exam essay, the economic changes and trends is adopting different kind of strategies that will take an appeal on their customers and aiming to own the term papers customer loyalty. Essayist? The strength of IKEA grew from the ownership transfer of the wuthering heights business to the Stitching Ingka. Essays About? It made the company adopt other furniture style such as dinnerware, lightings and even rugs. Yet, the economic conditions affected the wuthering heights company’s market performance and shawshank essay, declared a slowdown because of lacking the strategic direction. In order to generate the high performance of the business, IKEA considers exchange rates, low cost suppliers, lean manufacturing.
The IKEA used quality technology and systems to promote the heights term shorter queues, proper scheduling, tracking and trading patterns, and staffing. It aims to 12 provincial exam, be more productive and establish employee preferences. Heights Term? The system made the IKEA in a position to ensure the right number of staff in a right place and in a right time to match the unique trading pattern s at each stores of IKEA. The company view in optimizing everything from the supply chain is also optimizing and managing the workforce to create an efficient store environment and keep customers happy. IKEA contributed much in the society as they provide opportunities in people and the employees are entitled in different benefits such as insurance and essayist, pensions. Moreover, the company promises to provide more high quality furniture that sticks to their original concept – stylish furniture at low prices. The legal compliance of IKEA is heights term papers strictly implemented with the relevant and applicable laws and regulations that pertain to the environment, social and working conditions. Peace Love? The company also scheduled the papers most demanding requirements to be specific in maintaining the list of laws and regulations and with the procedures. With regards to the environmental factors such as the air, noise, and water, inspections are implemented to ensure the company provides corrective actions within the stipulated time. The environmental inspection is part of the legal documentation and environmental authorities as the shawshank essay business operations are on-goings and maintains the competence.
Recycled and heights term papers, Renewal materials. Finished products(beds, sofas, etc.) Good business behavior. Prevent child labor. Realistic room settings. Specified retailer centers. Delivery of products. As per Slack (2010) , there are five basic performance objectives that apply to all organizations: quality, speed, dependability, flexibility and business plan, cost . These objectives have order-winning, order-qualifying and less important factors. “Order winning factors are those things which directly and significantly contribute to winning business.
They are regarded by customer as key reasons for papers purchasing the product” (Slack et all, 2010,pp 69). Simplified it is what a company does in order to 12 provincial, make customer buy their products and papers, not from their competitors. According to Slack (2010) raising performance in an order-winning factor, will result in gaining more market share or a better overall performance. Order-qualifying factors are “those aspects of competitiveness where the operation’s performance has to be above a particular level just to be considered by the customer” (Slack et all, 2010, pp.69). Essay? Products must fulfill minimum requirements in wuthering term, order to be considered by the customer. If the products are below the minimum requirements, the company will not sell their products end eventually will not be competitive in their business environment. Moreover, less important factors are such factors which are “neither order-winning nor order-qualifying and peace love, do not influence customer in a significant way (Slack et all, 2010, pp.69). “Quality is a major influence on customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction” (Slack et all,2010,pp.40).
Quality for IKEA means that their products are functional and safe to use. The quality of heights term papers, IKEA’s products is subject to the international standard ISO 17025. About? Due to this, IKA has established test laboratories, where the products are tested in order to meet the customer’s demands, not only in terms of design, function and price, but also with regards to safety, stability and heights papers, durability (IKEA Right Quality, 2010). As per IKEA slogan , : Is is our customers that we want to plan broker, come back – not our products! ” (IKEA Right Quality,2010), IKEA tests products not only during the development phase, but also takes samples from products that are already in one of IKEA’s stores. Quality in this case is an order-qualifying factor for IKA, because if the wuthering term papers safety and essay about in jordan, function is not guaranteed, customers would not consider buying one of wuthering heights papers, IKEA’s products. Nevertheless, quality can be seen under a different aspect, the customer have to peace, go all the way through the store before they can pay for heights term the products, therefore, IKA needs to present their products within the stores in essayist, an attractive and appropriate way. In addition, referring to families, IKA takes care of their children while they are shopping. This additional service leads to more quality for the families as well to papers, customer satisfaction. In this case, quality is an order-winning factor for IKEA. “Speed means the elapsed time between customers requesting products and receiving them” (Slack et all, 2010, pp.40).
For IKEA speed is a less important factor since IKEA is not delivering their products. Customers chose their products and pick them up by themselves. Customers also take over the transportation from the store to the home. The speed is depending on the customer and not IKEA. “Dependability means doing things in time for customers to receive their goods exactly when they are needed or at last when they were promised” (Slack et all, 2010, pp.42). For IKEA dependability means to assure that the wide range of english 12 provincial exam, products that IKEA offers is available for customers on time.
Every August IKEA publishes its catalogue to millions of customers in 31 countries (The Ikea catalogue, 2011). IKEA must be prepared to handle the run on its products. To ensure that all products are sufficient available on time, IKA has introduced local offices close to their suppliers in order to heights term papers, monitor them. In addition, IKEA has long-terms contracts with its suppliers, which has the advantage that the processes between them run more smoothly due to english essay, the experience and consequently the improvements they have made it in the past (Baraldi, 2008, pp.99). Dependability is an order-qualifying factor for heights IKEA because customers expect that all products are available on time. A customer who goes to IKEA and does not find the plan mortgage product as showed in the catalog, will be frustrated and may consider not to buy further products of IKEA. “Flexibility means being able to change the wuthering heights term operation in some way. English 12 Provincial Exam? Specifically, customers will need the operation to change so that it can. provide four types of requirement” (Slack et all, 2010, pp.46):
Product flexibility – the operation’s ability to heights term, introduce new or modified products; Mix flexibility – the operation’s ability to produce a wide range of products. Volume flexibility- the operation’s ability to change its level of output, to produce different quantities of products. Delivery flexibility – the operation’s ability to change the essays peace love timing of papers, delivery. For IKEA product flexibility is essential for the company’s success. Peace Love? According to IKEA’s slogan ” To create a better everyday life for heights term the many people” (IKEA Welcome Inside, 2010, pp. 19), IKEA puts emphasis on shawshank redemption essay hope innovation to satisfy all the different needs of their customers.
New inventions and developments are the impulses for new products and consequently to be competitive. Furthermore, IKEA has the ability to produce a wide range of products. There are about 10000 products in the total IKEA product range. The flexibility of IKEA regarding product and heights term papers, mix flexibilities are order-winning factors for IKEA. With its wide range and modern stylish products, IKEA attracts many customers. “To the companies which compete directly on price, cost will clearly be their major operations objective. The lower the cost producing their goods, the lower can be the price to their customers.
Not surprisingly, low cost is a universally attractive objective” (Slack et all, 2010, pp.48). The main goal of IKEA is to offer a wide range of well-designed, functional home furnishing products at prices so low that as many people as possible will be able to afford them (IKEA Welcome Inside, 2010, pp.7). This goal reflects the importance of the cost objective to essays peace love, IKEA. As multinational company, IKEA benefits of economic of scales. IKEA offers their products at low prices, which attracts more customers as IKEA would offer their products at high prices.
Because of wuthering term papers, this, the costs to produce one product are going down, which allows IKEA to offer them at low prices. Furthermore, the flat packages reduce the overall warehousing and distribution cost. The common packages have most of the time space between the surface of the package and the product inside. Peace Love? This space or unnecessary air cost money. By using the flat packages, IKEA spends less money for transportation and can offer their products at low prices. Moreover, the customer contributes to IKEA’s low prices. The Stores of IKEA are located outside the city centers where the wuthering heights term papers rest for IKEA is much cheaper, customers to the yellow wallpaper, go the stores as well bring the product they have purchased to their home. In addition, customers also put the wuthering heights term product together by themselves. All these are a factor that reduce the overall costs of IKEA and is why IKEA is able to offer such low prices. As a result costs is an order-winning factor for IKEA , because IKEA uses low prices to attract customers.
The polar representation shows the essayist relative importance of IKEA’s performance objectives to its products. According to Slack (2010) it is called polar representation because the scales which represent the wuthering heights importance of each performance objective have the same origin. The bold line describes the relative importance of peace, each objective. The close the bold line is to the common origin, the wuthering heights term less important is the objective to IKEA. Fig: IKEA polar representation. As can be seen in the polar representation the objectives cost, quality and flexibility are the order-winning factors for IKEA. 12 Provincial Exam? Dependability is an order-qualifying factor and wuthering heights term, speed does not influence IKEA’s customers in a significant way and in jordan, is therefore a less important factor. Cost can be seen as an order winning or qualifying factor. Term? For IKEA it is definitely an order winning factor because they attract their customer with low prices. IKEA has lower prices than its competitors do, which gives IKEA a competitive advantage. There are three performance objectives (cost, flexibility and quality) that IKEA puts a lot of emphasis on.
In the following sections, IKEA processes will be identified, and analyzed how the processes meet the performance objectives with the interrelation between product design and process design. To better identify the process types, the “Four V’s” model will identify what implication each dimension (Volume, Variety, Variation in demand, Visibility) for the cost of creating IKEA’s products have. In general, as per Slack (2010) high volume, low variety, low variation and low customer contact all help to keep processing costs down. With 10000 different products, IKEA produces a high volume of products. Due to the economics of scale the units’ costs are low.
The wide range of the products means that IKEA has a high variety in its product line. About Wallpaper? Moreover, the demand is rather predictable for IKEA. Therefore, the variation in heights term, demand can be seen as low. Finally yet important, the contact to their customers is also rather low. Customer choose their products and pick it them up by themselves, there are some staff and plan mortgage, information desks where customers can ask for help , but overall IKEA has low contact with the wuthering heights customers. Based on the “Four V’s”, it can be seen that IKEA manufactures a high volume and a high variety of products: Fig: IKEA Variety Vs Volume. Although IKA produces 10000 variants of products, IKEA is using mass production to produce its products, the different variety of its products do not affect the basic process of production (Slack et all, 2010, pp.93) .This means that the variety is high to customers but the essays wallpaper variety in the production process is low. There are advantages as well disadvantages of mass production.
The main advantage of mass production is that a company can achieve economic of scale. “Economic of scale in production mean that production at wuthering heights term, larger scale (more output) can be achieved at lower cost (i.e., with economies or saving)” (Hussain, 2010, pp. 149) . Since IKEA is producing a high volume of products, the company is achieving economic of scale as illustrated in the graphic below, which is in fact a competitive advantage: Fig: IKEA average Costs Vs Output. Furthermore, it has the advantage that it reduces nonproductive activities such as preparing materials and tools and english essay, it diminishes human errors due to standardization of the operations, in addition, workers perform simples work, as the tasks are repetitive. This allows companies to heights, hire workers with limited technical or mechanical skills after a short training period and will reduce the employees’ costs in the long term (Dolgui Proth, 2010, pp. 197). Nevertheless , there are some disadvantages, the rigidity of mass productions systems is one, which makes any production change very costly, and essays peace love, the variety of products that can be produced on wuthering heights term the same system is limited (Dolgui Proth, 2010, pp. 197). Mass production , in one hand, has the advantage that IKEA can achieve economic of scale, as already mentioned in order to meet the performance objective cost, in the other hand, it has the disadvantage that the inventory level is high which in particular means that the products of IKEA are make-to-stock (MTS). Redemption? “IN a make to stock process individual orders are not assigned to customers during manufacture” (Schroeder, 1993, pp.174). Term? This in particular means for the yellow wallpaper IKEA that the company must align their processes in a way that reduces their overall stockholding cost. To reduce the costs for storing the products, IKEA uses flat packages that do not waste unnecessary space.
Using flat packages also saves transportation costs that lowers the prices for the products. In addition , the wuthering heights term stores of IKEA have all large storing halls from where the customer picks up its chosen products. This means that the peace products will be delivered right away from the suppliers to the stores. There is no between storage. Referring to IKEA’s stores, they are also located outside the wuthering term city centers, where the rent for essay car accidents IKEA is much cheaper. Moreover, IKEA does not waste any leftovers that occur from the mass production process. For instance, leftover from a table will be used to produce a chair. Finally yet important, the customer has a significant influence on the production costs, IKEA produces the components of the furniture; the heights term installation does the customer. This is one reason why IKEA can produce such a variety and high volume at a mass production level. Furthermore it allows IKEA to offer its furniture approximately 20% cheaper (Koenig , 2000, pp.
67). Another important objective – flexibility – must be considered in the mass production process. As seen the rigidity of mass production systems is a major disadvantage, which makes any production change costly. Essayist? Nevertheless, to ensure flexibility in terms of a wide range as well as innovative products, IKEA works together with the more than 2000 suppliers. Papers? Most of the production occurs at essay, the facilities of the suppliers. The rest is produced at the IKEA industrial group facilities Swedwood and Swedspan. IKEA is wuthering heights term papers buying production capacity instead of buying product quantities from their suppliers. Business Broker? This means that IKEA is ordering, for wuthering instance, 10000 hours of production rather than 10000 beds. If IKEA launches a new product or need to produce existing products, IKEA examines which of their suppliers have the best capabilities to manufacture the product. Essays About The Yellow? The next step is that IKEA orders production capacity and 24/7 production at the suppliers facilities can begin, because IKEA cooperates with such a high number of heights papers, different suppliers, IKEA can provide such a high variety and high volume to car accidents, their customers an can eventually be flexible.
According to Dolgui and Proth (2010) mass production diminishes human errors due to the standardization of the wuthering heights term operations. In addition, the business broker quality of wuthering term papers, IKEA’s products is english 12 provincial exam subject to ISO 17025. Due to this, IKEA has test laboratories, where products are tested in order to meet customer’s demands in term papers, terms of function, price and mortgage broker, also safety, stability and durability (IKEA Right Quality, 2010). PROCESS DESIGN – PRODUCT DESIGN. Process design and heights papers, product design are interrelated. Usually it is redemption essay common for manufactures that they fist manufacture or designs a product and then will target a price for the product and wuthering papers, set up process that endure that the product will be delivered to essays about the yellow, the customer. IKEA is going it the other way around (Margonelli, 2002). IKEA first targets a price and tries to wuthering term papers, find a supplier that is able to manufacture the product. Fig: Process Design relation with Product Design. For example, IKEA is business plan planning to wuthering heights term papers, design a new chair; they will target a price (for instance, 10 Eur). Afterwards, IKEA chooses a manufacture that has the capability to manufacture the exam essay chair, and then designers of IKEA will design the chair according to the customer trends.
Finally the chair will be manufactured in large quantities to lower the unit costs and eventually distribution centers will deliver the chair to IKEA stores. In the image below, the “process design has an impact on the product design and vice versa” (Slack et all, 2010, pp.88) Fig: Process Design – Product Design. Today, IKEA is one of the most successful furniture retailers in the world. This means the operations management of IKEA has been set up processes, which meets the wuthering heights term performance objectives in many ways, therefore it is difficult to find many areas for improvement, especially regarding the mass production process. IKEA generates more than 75% of its sales in Europe and only 6% in Asia, even though Asia has much larger customer market. IKEA has its background in Sweden, but IKEA should be interested in increasing its sales in Asia. The key reason why IKEA is not successful is that the mortgage broker “Do it yourself” culture, among Asian customers does not exist in the same way as in Europe. Compared to Europe, to wuthering term papers, hire workers who setup your furniture in Asia is much cheaper, they do not have to do it by themselves. However as already mentioned IKEA produces only the components of the furniture; the installation does the customer. This is one reason why IKEA can produce such a variety and high volume at essay, a mass production level.
IKEA should rethink its strategy in Asia because some products just simply do not fit to heights term, customer needs. Maybe IKEA should provide finished furniture to shawshank, the Asia customer, but the question is if IKEA could provide finished furniture at such low prices. The production process must be redesigned in particular for Asia. In Addition, IKEA might not be able to offer finished furniture in flat packages, which increase the wuthering heights term papers overall transportation and stockholding cost. Furthermore, the production process might not be compatible with its suppliers. IKEA must find new suppliers that are able to manufacture finished products. These are all expense factors, which lead to the assumption that it is not feasible to adjust IKEA’s processes in essayist, order to meet the needs of Asian customers.
Therefore to be successful IKEA musct create a ” Do it yourself culture” among its Asian customers, giving them more advices on how to set up their furniture. In long term it can provide good results in the Asian market. Another aspect that IKEA should improve, which does not affect the mass production process, is the fact that customers have to pass through the whole store before they can pay for their products. This distracts customer who want to buy only one product. Wuthering Heights? IKEA should provide more exits and/or cash desk allowing customers to plan mortgage, pay more quickly.
Furthermore, IKEA attracts many customers who are looking for low prices. IKEA’s marketing strategy is wuthering heights based on this. This means that high income customers might not regard to buy at IKEA , because IKEA is love seen as a low price furniture retailer. Heights Term? IKEA should also focus on attracting high income customer groups by launching marketing activities which primary focus on these groups. IKEA has modern and good quality products in its product line that will certainly meet the needs of high income groups. In addition, as Europe’s population is aging, it’s important for essayist IKEA to focus also on older population, having furniture to fulfill their needs. Based on the analysis in this report, the most important objective of IKEA is the cost, the processes objectives are to reduce the costs of the final product. IKEA uses mass processes in their production in order to achieve economy of scale. Wuthering Term? Furthermore IKEA is pioneer in essayist, using flat packages that reduces transportation costs as well stockholding costs. However, IKEA also focuses in flexibility and qualitity, which further satisfy the term needs of the peace customers.
Thorught IKEA’s high commitment to innovation the company is able to wuthering heights papers, provide modern, stylish furniture that satisfies customers in terms of flexibility, and with the ISO 17025 standard, IKEA guarantees that their products have quality (are functional and safe). Overall, IKEA has successfully setup processes within the company, which ensures the satisfaction of the customers as well gave IKEA a competitive advantage in its business sector. IKEA has the right approach and will lead to a good performance in the future. Baraldi, E. (2008), “Strategy in Industrial Networks: Experiences from essays, IKEA”, California Management Review, vol 50, no. 4, pp 99. Dolgui, A. Proth, J. M. Wuthering Heights? (2010), Supply chain Engineering: Useful Methods and Techniques, Springer. Ikea (2010), The right quality for IKEA products. Available from http://ikea.com/ms/en_GB/about_ikea/press_room/rightquality.pdf [Accessed: April 8, 2012] Ikea (2010) , Welcome Inside. Available from http://ikea.com/ms/de_CH/about_ikea/pdf/Welcome_Inside_2010.pdf [Accessed: April 1, 2012]
Koenig, W. (2000), Geschichte der Konsumgesellschaft, Franz Steiner Verlag. Schroeder, R. Essay In Jordan? G. (1993) , Operations Management: Decision Making in the Operations Function, 4th ed, McGraw-Hill . Margonelli, L. (2002), How Ikea designs its sexy price Tags, Business 2.0. Wuthering Heights Papers? Available from : http://www.ise.ufl.edu/ein43333/articles/How_Ikea_Designs_Its_Sexy_Price_tags.pdf [Accessed: March 28, 2012] Slack, N., Chambers, S. Johnston, R. (2010), Operations Management, 6th ed, Pearson Education. Is this the perfect essay for english you? Save time and order IKEA operations management. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed!
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One of the key competitive advantages IKEA has is its extensive knowledge about the customers. The company understands the purchasing factors that influence customers to buy and… IKEA and Porter’s Five Forces. IKEA, the Swedish furniture conglomerate, has taken on aggressive growth goals over the past several years in an effort to wuthering heights term papers, remain competitive. With this in mind, Michael Porter’s “5 Forces”… IKEA – The Global Retailer. 1. How has the globalization of markets benefited IKEA? Economy of scale determinates globalization advantages.
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Revenge In Wuthering Heights - Research Paper
park planner resume The Interpretive Development Program is about professionalism. The Interpretive Development Program is a customized, outcome-based employee development program. Conceived, reviewed, and refined by over 300 field interpreters, this program enables an employee and supervisor to tailor professional development efforts, increase efficiency, and demonstrate interpretation at a national standard. Grounded in Ranger Careers, the Interpretive Development Program identifies essential Benchmark Competencies (knowledge, skills, and abilities) for heights term every interpretive ranger in Ranger Careers positions. However, the hope, program is widely applicable to all who do interpretive work or manage resources. Key features of heights this program: Focus is on developmental outcomes, not training courses Training decisions and resources are decentralized--the interpreter and supervisor determine training needs and make informed choices on developmental opportunities The program recognizes training as only the beginning of the learning process Continuous learning occurs at all levels of the organization.
As always, a learner may attend a given course covering a topic. In addition, a learner may work with the supervisor to identify and participate in essay about, any opportunity which supports meeting an interpretive certification requirement: sources of learning may be located ANYWHERE and could include peer or supervisory coaching, mentoring, detail assignments, college or university courses, correspondence courses, OJT, self study, IDP module-based courses delivered locally or nationally. These competencies are the NPS national standards for wuthering term papers interpretation, and stand as a goal to foster interpretive excellence nationwide in NPS areas, at every stage of an employee's career. The program is designed to be dynamic, and essayist, it changes as feedback and the growing professional needs of NPS interpreters require. It is imperative when participating in the program that you maintain your files with the wuthering heights term, most recent versions (available on this site). Revisions and updates of the material are posted to this site as they occur.
The interpretive competencies described here are also pursuant to the National Strategy for Training and Development, which prescribes competency development for all career fields within the National Park Service. Advantages of the Program. Employee and supervisor make decisions based on exam essay, developmental needs. The objective is professionalism through certification, not requiring the attendance of wuthering term papers a training course. Process for peer review and certification are modeled after professional education models, and are designed to enhance interpretive effectiveness servicewide.
Supports the about the yellow wallpaper, Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA), and parallels private sector strategies for successful personnel development programs. Parks may use local recognized instructors to papers create customized training to help employees prepare to demonstrate certification standards. On-the-job development is recognized. Click on your job category to business plan see what the IDP can do for you! New GS-025 Interpreters. The IDP should be the foundation for your training and skills development – it empowers you to take responsibility for your own development.
Interpretive employees hired into Ranger Careers positions after January 1, 1996, should pursue the benchmark competencies to meet the national standard for NPS interpretation. NPS Special Directive 94-3 prescribes successful completion of training before advancing to the Full Performance level within the Ranger Careers program, but parks and supervisors have the final say in how this developmental strategy is applied. You need to work with your supervisor to develop a learning plan that incorporates opportunities to study the curriculum material and resources, identify learning needs and wuthering heights papers, ways to business mortgage broker meet them. Upon successful certification in each module, an SF10-182 form should be completed by you and wuthering term, your supervisor and, along with the confirmation letter from essayist Mather, placed in your Official Personnel Folder as documentation of your achievement. Many interpreters are finding that completion of the benchmark competencies makes them more marketable in hiring and promotional transfers. Wuthering? Participation in the IDP indicates to business broker peers and hiring officials that you are serious about professionalism and hold yourself accountable for meeting and maintaining standards of excellence in your interpretive work. The IDP encourages life-long learning – so achieving the benchmark competencies is a sign of term a personal work ethic based on continuous growth and improvement. No matter how long you’ve been an essays peace love interpreter, the IDP can help you get better at what you do. The IDP promotes the heights term, idea of life-long learning.
Freeman Tilden said, “Interpretation is a voyage of discovery in the field of human emotional and intellectual growth, and it’s hard to foresee a time when an interpreter can confidently say, ‘Now we are wholly adequate to business mortgage broker our task.’” The IDP curriculum is a foundation to guide your advanced development and the increased depth/sophistication of your interpretive skills. The IDP is a venue for you to participate and contribute “on the cutting edge” to the growth of interpretation as a profession. The IDP promotes professionalism. It is based on the philosophy of Tilden, Mills, and other early thinkers and writers. It is built on the evolutionary body of work of wuthering heights term papers our growing profession.
Over 300 field interpreters helped to identify the essayist, essential benchmark competencies from the Ranger Careers position descriptions, develop the IDP curriculum, and heights term, describe the corresponding NPS national standards for interpretive work. Since 1996, 130 of your colleagues have volunteered to serve as collateral duty peer reviewers for the IDP certification program. In 2000, the National Association for Interpretation adopted language from the NPS national standard (core rubric) as its definition for interpretation. In 2003, Stephen F. Austin University in Texas will begin offering a Masters Degree in Resource Interpretation – the essayist, first of wuthering term papers its kind – based on the NPS benchmark competencies. The IDP provides an about car accidents opportunity to get valuable input and fresh perspectives on wuthering heights term papers, your work, from peers outside your park. The IDP promotes professional accountability. Redemption Essay? Since 1996, NPS interpreters (from VUA’s to Regional Chiefs) have submitted over 3,000 of their programs and heights papers, products for peer review. This is a giant leap forward from using audience applause at the end of our programs as personal justification for the effectiveness of our work.
Although much needs to be done in essayist, the emerging field of papers audience research in order to verify the business plan, IDP concepts, the national standards have taken us light-years ahead in terms of measuring and articulating the potential interpretive effectiveness of the work we do – for both personal and non-personal services. Many interpreters are finding that completion of the benchmark competencies makes them more marketable in hiring and heights papers, promotional transfers. The principles of sound interpretation apply to all interpreters - including those who are “grandfathered” (an incumbent in a permanent GS-025-05/07/09 position on 01/01/96). The national standards are applicable and useful to everyone who creates, delivers, plans or evaluates interpretation services. Your participation in the peer review certification program will indicate to essayist peers and hiring officials that you are serious about professionalism and hold yourself accountable for meeting and maintaining standards of excellence in your interpretive work. Supervisor involvement is crucial to developing interpreters -- the IDP provides you with standards, tools and resources.
Supervisors who are knowledgeable and can communicate about the IDP and its resources have a solid foundation for guiding and focusing the development of effective interpreters. The IDP can help you provide analysis of an interpreter’s performance, suggest strategies for term papers improvement, help the employee identify training and career goals, and business, develop a learning plan that is mutually beneficial. Supervisors who understand and wuthering term, broadly apply the national standards will enable more effective interpretive products and programming in their parks. National standards can be used: for employee self-assessment before any coaching takes place; as language in audit/coaching forms and discussions; as language in performance standards; to measure effectiveness of interpretive products; to essayist identify areas for employee development; to identify skills in job candidates. Law Enforcement Rangers. Interpretation of the resource is identified as an essential skill for the full performance (GS-09) level for NPS protection rangers. The broadened protection responsibilities defined within Ranger Careers call for heights competencies in public education efforts. The Entry Level essential interpretive competencies are derived from the benchmark position descriptions, and are recommended for those performing protection duties.
The Module 101 curriculum (Fulfilling the NPS Mission - The Process of Interpretation) provides a strong foundation for anyone who works with park visitors. Module 102 (Informal Visitor Contacts) and essayist, Module 103 (Interpretive Talk) also present foundational skills -- certification in these competencies would meet Ranger Careers requirements for competencies in resource education. Park Guides, Visitor Use Assistants, Volunteers, Interns/SCA’s, Cooperating Association Employees, Park Partners and Others Who Deliver NPS Interpretive and heights papers, Information Services. Although the IDP, as an employee development program, was designed primarily to about in jordan support the GS-025 park ranger/interpreter career ladder, components of the wuthering heights papers, IDP definitely apply to essayist the interpretive services you provide . The IDP curriculum is an excellent way to learn about interpretation. The developmental activities and resources can be used by wuthering papers anyone for self-directed learning, and can be useful tools for 12 provincial essay developing training sessions. Module 101 (Fulfilling the NPS Mission - The Process of Interpretation) should be your foundation for interpretive principles. You should know and understand the national standards for the interpretive competencies that apply to the work you perform . Module 102 (Informal Visitor Contacts) and Module 103 (Interpretive Talk) are useful skills for all who work with park audiences. Other modules may apply to the specific type of wuthering term papers work you perform (i.e. conducted activities, interpretive writing, curriculum-based education programs).
The level of essays peace love your participation in IDP training should be agreed upon with your supervisor and wuthering heights papers, assigned work should be grade appropriate. Voluntary participation in love, the program to enhance skills for wuthering term papers job advancement does not guarantee advancement, but will likely make you more marketable for interpretive jobs with the NPS and essays about the yellow wallpaper, other agencies. The IDP provides standards for accountability and helps achieve park goals for visitor experience and resource protection . The IDP curriculum and papers, national standards can be used: to evaluate interpretive effectiveness of programs/media and determine strengths and weaknesses; to inform park planning and interpretive priorities; as language to communicate about a park interpretive program; to identify potential leaders and supervisors who have interpretive skills to engage and english 12 provincial, inform discussions of park significance and audience outreach. The IDP can be a powerful tool for your education staff. Module 101 (Fulfilling the wuthering heights term, NPS Mission - The Process of Interpretation), Module 270 (Presenting Effective Curriculum-based Programs) and 12 provincial, Module 370 (Developing Curriculum-based Programs and Services) provide the link between the powerful informal learning principles of the papers, IDP and shawshank, your staff’s knowledge of formal education principles and learning theories. The resulting combination of skills will facilitate education programs that are guaranteed to engage as well as instruct, and maximize the opportunities for wuthering term papers students to relate to and remember what they learn. Resource Management Specialists/Researchers. The IDP can provide a useful foundation for essay car accidents collaboration with interpreters and educators. Module 340 (Interpretive Research and Resource Liaison) instructs interpreters about the research process and reinforces the need to collaborate with researchers and resource managers. A resource manager (natural or cultural) who is knowledgeable about the term, interpretive principles in Module 101 (Fulfilling the NPS Mission - The Process of Interpretation) and Module 340 can help interpreters effectively translate research results and management data into plan mortgage broker interpretive programs and products that engender long-term care for heights papers park resources.
Specifically, the IDP can help you in your work in the following ways: engender public support for resource management initiatives through effective press releases, articles, presentations and exhibits that you develop/present or that park interpreters develop/present with your input build powerful interpretation/education components into your resource management plans, initiatives and funding requests. The IDP provides a basis for evaluating the elements of interpretive effectiveness in media products. The national standard for assessing the interpretive elements of media can be applied in the front-end, formative, and business plan mortgage, summative stages of papers planning and development. It can be useful as a foundation for roundtable discussions, evaluating the potential interpretive effectiveness of proposed or existing park media, and defining interpretive standards/goals for media contractors. The Module 311 (Media Development) curriculum is a tool that informs and enhances the media planning process. Although specifically designed for training park interpreters to work on business mortgage broker, a media planning team or develop in-house media products, Module 311 has broad application for the media planning process. Along with Module 101 (Fulfilling the NPS Mission - The Process of wuthering term papers Interpretation) and Module 230 (Interpretive Writing), Module 311 provides a common platform for NPS media specialists, park interpreters, park partners and love, contractors to discuss and articulate resource-specific interpretive goals and desired outcomes. The ideas in this provocative module continue to evolve with input from media specialists, and represent the cutting edge of interpretive theory for papers media development. The IDP reinforces the principles of goal-oriented interpretive planning through effective group process.
Module 101 (Fulfilling the essayist, NPS Mission - The Process of Interpretation) and Module 310 (Planning Park Interpretation) provide a foundation for training park interpreters, and also for informing park partners and wuthering, stakeholders, about effective planning for 12 provincial exam meanings-based resource interpretation. Module 310 emphasizes the importance of multiple perspectives in the CIP/LRIP planning process in order to identify and articulate a broad range of resource meanings, interpretive themes and delivery venues to reach multiple audiences. The module also encourages interpreters to connect all of their individual work to accomplishing the broader goals of park planning.
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Wuthering Heights Essays | GradeSaver
against nature essay A subtle chain of countless rings. The next unto the farthest brings; The eye reads omens where it goes, And speaks all languages the rose; And, striving to be man, the worm. Wuthering. Mounts through all the spires of form. Introduction Our age is retrospective. It builds the essay in jordan, sepulchres of the fathers.
It writes biographies, histories, and criticism. The foregoing generations beheld God and nature face to face; we, through their eyes. Why should not we also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and philosophy of insight and not of tradition, and a religion by revelation to us, and not the heights papers, history of business plan mortgage broker theirs? Embosomed for a season in nature, whose floods of life stream around and through us, and invite us by the powers they supply, to action proportioned to nature, why should we grope among the dry bones of the past, or put the living generation into masquerade out of its faded wardrobe?
The sun shines to-day also. There is more wool and flax in the fields. There are new lands, new men, new thoughts. Let us demand our own works and laws and worship. Wuthering Papers. Undoubtedly we have no questions to ask which are unanswerable. We must trust the perfection of the creation so far, as to believe that whatever curiosity the order of things has awakened in our minds, the order of shawshank essay things can satisfy. Every man's condition is a solution in hieroglyphic to those inquiries he would put. He acts it as life, before he apprehends it as truth. In like manner, nature is already, in its forms and tendencies, describing its own design. Let us interrogate the great apparition, that shines so peacefully around us. Heights. Let us inquire, to what end is nature?
All science has one aim, namely, to find a theory of nature. We have theories of races and of functions, but scarcely yet a remote approach to an idea of creation. We are now so far from the road to shawshank redemption essay, truth, that religious teachers dispute and papers, hate each other, and speculative men are esteemed unsound and frivolous. Plan. But to a sound judgment, the papers, most abstract truth is the essayist, most practical. Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is, that it will explain all phenomena. Now many are thought not only unexplained but inexplicable; as language, sleep, madness, dreams, beasts, sex. Heights Papers. Philosophically considered, the universe is composed of Nature and the Soul.
Strictly speaking, therefore, all that is business mortgage broker separate from us, all which Philosophy distinguishes as the NOT ME, that is, both nature and wuthering heights, art, all other men andmy own body, must be ranked under this name, NATURE. In enumerating the values of nature and casting up their sum, I shall use the word in both senses; -- in its common and in its philosophical import. In inquiries so general as our present one, the inaccuracy is not material; no confusion of thought will occur. Nature, in the common sense, refers to essences unchanged by man; space, the air, the essay about car accidents, river, the leaf. Art is applied to the mixture of heights his will with the same things, as in a house, a canal, a statue, a picture. But his operations taken together are so insignificant, a little chipping, baking, patching, and washing, that in an impression so grand as that of the world on the human mind, they do not vary the result. Chapter I NATURE To go into essays about the yellow solitude, a man needs to retire as much from his chamber as from society.
I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is with me. But if a man would be alone, let him look at the stars. The rays that come from those heavenly worlds, will separate between him and what he touches. One might think the atmosphere was made transparent with this design, to give man, in the heavenly bodies, the perpetual presence of the sublime. Seen in the streets of cities, how great they are! If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how would men believe and wuthering term, adore; and preserve for many generations the remembrance of the city of God which had been shown!
But every night come out these envoys of beauty, and light the universe with their admonishing smile. The stars awaken a certain reverence, because though always present, they are inaccessible; but all natural objects make a kindred impression, when the mind is open to their influence. Nature never wears a mean appearance. Essay About Car Accidents. Neither does the wisest man extort her secret, and lose his curiosity by finding out wuthering heights term papers all her perfection. Nature never became a toy to a wise spirit.
The flowers, the animals, the mountains, reflected the wisdom of his best hour, as much as they had delighted the simplicity of his childhood. When we speak of nature in shawshank redemption this manner, we have a distinct but most poetical sense in the mind. We mean the integrity of impression made by manifold natural objects. It is this which distinguishes the stick of timber of the wood-cutter, from the tree of the poet. The charming landscape which I saw this morning, is indubitably made up of some twenty or thirty farms.
Miller owns this field, Locke that, and Manning the woodland beyond. But none of heights term them owns the essayist, landscape. There is a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the parts, that is, the poet. This is the best part of these men's farms, yet to this their warranty-deeds give no title. To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most persons do not see the sun. Wuthering Heights Papers. At least they have a very superficial seeing. The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into the eye and about in jordan, the heart of the child. The lover of nature is he whose inward and wuthering term papers, outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood. His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of his daily food.
In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the business mortgage, man, in spite of real sorrows. Nature says, -- he is my creature, and maugre all his impertinent griefs, he shall be glad with me. Not the sun or the summer alone, but every hour and season yields its tribute of delight; for wuthering, every hour and change corresponds to and authorizes a different state of the essay in jordan, mind, from breathless noon to grimmest midnight. Nature is a setting that fits equally well a comic or a mourning piece. In good health, the air is a cordial of incredible virtue. Crossing a bare common, in snow puddles, at twilight, under a clouded sky, without having in my thoughts any occurrence of special good fortune, I have enjoyed a perfect exhilaration.
I am glad to the brink of fear. In the woods too, a man casts off his years, as the heights, snake his slough, and at what period soever of life, is always a child. In the woods, is perpetual youth. Within these plantations of God, a decorum and sanctity reign, a perennial festival is dressed, and the guest sees not how he should tire of them in a thousand years. In the woods, we return to reason and faith. There I feel that nothing can befall me in life, -- no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair.
Standing on the bare ground, -- my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space, -- all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God. The name of the nearest friend sounds then foreign and accidental: to be brothers, to be acquaintances, -- master or servant, is then a trifle and essays about the yellow wallpaper, a disturbance. I am the lover of uncontained and immortal beauty. In the wilderness, I find something more dear and connate than in streets or villages. In the tranquil landscape, and especially in the distant line of the horizon, man beholds somewhat as beautiful as his own nature. The greatest delight which the papers, fields and woods minister, is the suggestion of an occult relation between man and the vegetable. I am not alone and in jordan, unacknowledged.
They nod to me, and I to them. The waving of the boughs in the storm, is new to me and old. It takes me by surprise, and yet is not unknown. Its effect is like that of a higher thought or a better emotion coming over me, when I deemed I was thinking justly or doing right. Yet it is certain that the power to term papers, produce this delight, does not reside in business broker nature, but in man, or in a harmony of both. It is necessary to use these pleasures with great temperance.
For, nature is not always tricked in wuthering term papers holiday attire, but the same scene which yesterday breathed perfume and glittered as for the frolic of the nymphs, is overspread with melancholy today. Nature always wears the colors of the spirit. To a man laboring under calamity, the heat of his own fire hath sadness in it. Then, there is a kind of essayist contempt of the landscape felt by him who has just lost by death a dear friend. The sky is heights term papers less grand as it shuts down over less worth in the population. English 12 Provincial Essay. Chapter II COMMODITY Whoever considers the final cause of the world, will discern a multitude of wuthering heights usesthat result. Business Plan Mortgage. They all admit of being thrown into one of the following classes; Commodity; Beauty; Language; and Discipline.
Under the general name of Commodity, I rank all those advantages which our senses owe to nature. This, of course, is a benefit which is temporary and mediate, not ultimate, like its service to the soul. Yet although low, it is perfect in its kind, and is the only use of nature which all men apprehend. The misery of wuthering heights man appears like childish petulance, when we explore the steady and prodigal provision that has been made for his support and english 12 provincial exam essay, delight on this green ball which floats him through the heavens. What angels invented these splendid ornaments, these rich conveniences, this ocean of air above, this ocean of wuthering heights term water beneath, this firmament of about the yellow wallpaper earth between? this zodiac of lights, this tent of dropping clouds, this striped coat of climates, this fourfold year?
Beasts, fire, water, stones, and corn serve him. The field is at heights papers, once his floor, his work-yard, his play-ground, his garden, and his bed. More servants wait on man. Than he 'll take notice of. ------ Nature, in its ministry to shawshank, man, is not only the material, but is wuthering term papers also the process and essayist, the result. All the parts incessantly work into each other's hands for the profit of man. The wind sows the seed; the sun evaporates the sea; the wind blows the vapor to the field; the ice, on wuthering heights term, the other side of the planet, condenses rain on this; the rain feeds the plant; the plant feeds the animal; and thus the endless circulations of the divine charity nourish man. The useful arts are reproductions or new combinations by the wit of man, of the same natural benefactors. He no longer waits for favoring gales, but by means of steam, he realizes the fable of Aeolus's bag, and carries the two and thirty winds in the boiler of his boat. To diminish friction, he paves the english, road with iron bars, and, mounting a coach with a ship-load of men, animals, and merchandise behind him, he darts through the country, from town to town, like an eagle or a swallow through the air.
By the aggregate of these aids, how is the face of the world changed, from the era of Noah to that of Napoleon! The private poor man hath cities, ships, canals, bridges, built for him. He goes to the post-office, and the human race run on his errands; to the book-shop, and the human race read and write of all that happens, for him; to wuthering heights, the court-house, and nations repair his wrongs. He sets his house upon the road, and the human race go forth every morning, and shovel out the snow, and cut a path for him. But there is no need of specifying particulars in essayist this class of uses. The catalogue is endless, and the examples so obvious, that I shall leave them to the reader's reflection, with the general remark, that this mercenary benefit is one which has respect to a farther good. A man is fed, not that he may be fed, but that he may work. Chapter III BEAUTY A nobler want of man is heights served by nature, namely, the love of Beauty.
The ancient Greeks called the world , beauty. Such is the constitution of essayist all things, or such the plastic power of the human eye, that the primary forms, as the heights papers, sky, the mountain, the tree, the broker, animal, give us a delight in and for themselves; a pleasure arising from outline, color, motion, and term, grouping. This seems partly owing to essay in jordan, the eye itself. The eye is the best of artists. By the mutual action of its structure and of the laws of wuthering light, perspective is produced, which integrates every mass of objects, of what character soever, into a well colored and shaded globe, so that where the particular objects are mean and unaffecting, the landscape which they compose, is shawshank redemption essay hope round and symmetrical.
And as the term, eye is the best composer, so light is the first of painters. There is no object so foul that intense light will not make beautiful. And the stimulus it affords to the sense, and a sort of infinitude which it hath, like space and time, make all matter gay. Even the corpse has its own beauty. But besides this general grace diffused over nature, almost all the individual forms are agreeable to the eye, as is proved by our endless imitations of some of them, as the acorn, the grape, the essays, pine-cone, the wheat-ear, the egg, the wuthering, wings and forms of most birds, the about car accidents in jordan, lion's claw, the serpent, the butterfly, sea-shells, flames, clouds, buds, leaves, and the forms of term papers many trees, as the business mortgage, palm. For better consideration, we may distribute the aspects of Beauty in a threefold manner. 1. First, the simple perception of natural forms is a delight. The influence of the forms and actions in term papers nature, is so needful to man, that, in its lowest functions, it seems to lie on the confines of commodity and beauty.
To the body and essays, mind which have been cramped by noxious work or company, nature is wuthering medicinal and restores their tone. The tradesman, the attorney comes out of the din and craft of the street, and essays peace love, sees the sky and wuthering term papers, the woods, and is a man again. In their eternal calm, he finds himself. The health of the eye seems to demand a horizon. We are never tired, so long as we can see far enough. But in other hours, Nature satisfies by its loveliness, and without any mixture of corporeal benefit. I see the spectacle of morning from the hill-top over against my house, from day-break to peace love, sun-rise, with emotions which an angel might share.
The long slender bars of cloud float like fishes in the sea of crimson light. From the earth, as a shore, I look out into that silent sea. I seem to partake its rapid transformations: the active enchantment reaches my dust, and I dilate and conspire with the papers, morning wind. How does Nature deify us with a few and cheap elements! Give me health and a day, and shawshank hope, I will make the pomp of emperors ridiculous. The dawn is my Assyria; the sun-set and wuthering heights term papers, moon-rise my Paphos, and about the yellow, unimaginable realms of faerie; broad noon shall be my England of the senses and the understanding; the night shall be my Germany of mystic philosophy and wuthering term, dreams. About The Yellow Wallpaper. Not less excellent, except for our less susceptibility in the afternoon, was the charm, last evening, of a January sunset. The western clouds divided and subdivided themselves into term papers pink flakes modulated with tints of unspeakable softness; and the air had so much life and sweetness, that it was a pain to come within doors. What was it that nature would say? Was there no meaning in the live repose of the valley behind the mill, and which Homer or Shakspeare could not reform for the yellow, me in words?
The leafless trees become spires of term papers flame in the sunset, with the blue east for their back-ground, and the stars of the peace, dead calices of flowers, and every withered stem and stubble rimed with frost, contribute something to the mute music. The inhabitants of cities suppose that the papers, country landscape is pleasant only half the year. I please myself with the graces of the winter scenery, and believe that we are as much touched by it as by the genial influences of summer. To the attentive eye, each moment of the year has its own beauty, and in the same field, it beholds, every hour, a picture which was never seen before, and which shall never be seen again. The heavens change every moment, and reflect their glory or gloom on the plains beneath. The state of the wallpaper, crop in the surrounding farms alters the wuthering heights term papers, expression of the earth from week to english exam, week. The succession of wuthering native plants in the pastures and roadsides, which makes the silent clock by which time tells the summer hours, will make even the divisions of the day sensible to a keen observer. The tribes of birds and insects, like the plants punctual to their time, follow each other, and the year has room for all.
By water-courses, the variety is greater. In July, the blue pontederia or pickerel-weed blooms in large beds in the shallow parts of our pleasant river, and swarms with yellow butterflies in continual motion. Art cannot rival this pomp of purple and gold. Indeed the river is a perpetual gala, and boasts each month a new ornament. But this beauty of Nature which is seen and felt as beauty, is the least part. The shows of day, the dewy morning, the rainbow, mountains, orchards in blossom, stars, moonlight, shadows in still water, and the like, if too eagerly hunted, become shows merely, and mock us with their unreality. Go out of the house to see the moon, and 't is mere tinsel; it will not please as when its light shines upon your necessary journey. The beauty that shimmers in the yellow afternoons of October, who ever could clutch it? Go forth to find it, and it is gone: 't is only a mirage as you look from the windows of diligence. 2. The presence of a higher, namely, of the spiritual element is shawshank redemption essential to its perfection.
The high and divine beauty which can be loved without effeminacy, is wuthering term papers that which is found in combination with the human will. Beauty is the mark God sets upon virtue. Every natural action is essay hope graceful. Term Papers. Every heroic act is also decent, and causes the place and the bystanders to shine. We are taught by great actions that the universe is the property of english 12 provincial exam essay every individual in it. Every rational creature has all nature for wuthering heights papers, his dowry and estate.
It is essays his, if he will. He may divest himself of it; he may creep into a corner, and abdicate his kingdom, as most men do, but he is entitled to the world by his constitution. In proportion to term papers, the energy of his thought and will, he takes up the world into himself. All those things for which men plough, build, or sail, obey virtue; said Sallust. The winds and waves, said Gibbon, are always on the side of the essay about car accidents in jordan, ablest navigators. So are the sun and moon and all the stars of heaven. Heights. When a noble act is done, -- perchance in a scene of great natural beauty; when Leonidas and his three hundred martyrs consume one day in dying, and the sun and moon come each and look at them once in the steep defile of Thermopylae; when Arnold Winkelried, in the high Alps, under the shadow of the avalanche, gathers in his side a sheaf of Austrian spears to break the line for his comrades; are not these heroes entitled to add the beauty of the scene to the beauty of the deed? When the bark of Columbus nears the shore of America; -- before it, the beach lined with savages, fleeing out of all their huts of cane; the sea behind; and the purple mountains of the Indian Archipelago around, can we separate the man from the living picture? Does not the New World clothe his form with her palm-groves and savannahs as fit drapery? Ever does natural beauty steal in like air, and envelope great actions. Essay Car Accidents In Jordan. When Sir Harry Vane was dragged up the wuthering term, Tower-hill, sitting on a sled, to about in jordan, suffer death, as the champion of the English laws, one of the multitude cried out to him, You never sate on so glorious a seat.
Charles II., to intimidate the citizens of London, caused the patriot Lord Russel to be drawn in an open coach, through the term, principal streets of the city, on his way to the scaffold. But, his biographer says, the multitude imagined they saw liberty and virtue sitting by his side. In private places, among sordid objects, an essayist act of truth or heroism seems at once to heights term papers, draw to itself the sky as its temple, the sun as its candle. Nature stretcheth out her arms to embrace man, only let his thoughts be of 12 provincial exam essay equal greatness. Willingly does she follow his steps with the rose and papers, the violet, and bend her lines of essays love grandeur and grace to heights term, the decoration of her darling child. Only let his thoughts be of equal scope, and exam essay, the frame will suit the picture. A virtuous man is in unison with her works, and makes the central figure of the visible sphere. Homer, Pindar, Socrates, Phocion, associate themselves fitly in our memory with the geography and climate of Greece. The visible heavens and earth sympathize with Jesus. And in common life, whosoever has seen a person of powerful character and happy genius, will have remarked how easily he took all things along with him, -- the persons, the opinions, and the day, and nature became ancillary to a man. 3. There is still another aspect under which the beauty of the world may be viewed, namely, as it become s an object of the intellect.
Beside the relation of things to virtue, they have a relation to thought. The intellect searches out the absolute order of things as they stand in wuthering term the mind of God, and without the colors of affection. Essay About Car Accidents. The intellectual and heights, the active powers seem to succeed each other, and the exclusive activity of the one, generates the exclusive activity of the other. There is something unfriendly in each to the other, but they are like the alternate periods of feeding and working in animals; each prepares and will be followed by the other. Therefore does beauty, which, in relation to actions, as we have seen, comes unsought, and comes because it is unsought, remain for the apprehension and pursuit of the intellect; and then again, in its turn, of the active power. Nothing divine dies. All good is eternally reproductive. Shawshank. The beauty of nature reforms itself in the mind, and not for barren contemplation, but for new creation.
All men are in some degree impressed by the face of the heights term papers, world; some men even to delight. This love of beauty is Taste. Others have the same love in such excess, that, not content with admiring, they seek to embody it in business broker new forms. Papers. The creation of essayist beauty is Art. The production of a work of art throws a light upon the mystery of wuthering term humanity.
A work of art is an 12 provincial abstract or epitome of the world. It is the result or expression of nature, in miniature. For, although the works of nature are innumerable and all different, the result or the expression of them all is similar and single. Nature is a sea of forms radically alike and even unique. A leaf, a sun-beam, a landscape, the ocean, make an analogous impression on the mind. What is common to them all, -- that perfectness and harmony, is beauty.
The standard of beauty is the wuthering heights term, entire circuit of love natural forms, -- the totality of heights nature; which the Italians expressed by defining beauty il piu nell' uno. Nothing is quite beautiful alone: nothing but is beautiful in the whole. A single object is only so far beautiful as it suggests this universal grace. The poet, the painter, the sculptor, the musician, the architect, seek each to concentrate this radiance of the world on one point, and each in his several work to essay in jordan, satisfy the love of beauty which stimulates him to produce. Thus is Art, a nature passed through the alembic of man.
Thus in art, does nature work through the term, will of a man filled with the essays love, beauty of her first works. The world thus exists to the soul to satisfy the desire of beauty. This element I call an ultimate end. No reason can be asked or given why the soul seeks beauty. Beauty, in its largest and profoundest sense, is one expression for the universe. God is the all-fair.
Truth, and wuthering heights term, goodness, and redemption, beauty, are but different faces of the same All. But beauty in nature is not ultimate. It is the herald of inward and eternal beauty, and is not alone a solid and satisfactory good. It must stand as a part, and not as yet the last or highest expression of the final cause of Nature. Wuthering Heights Term. Chapter IV LANGUAGE Language is a third use which Nature subserves to man. Nature is the vehble, and threefold degree. 1. Essays Peace Love. Words are signs of natural facts. 2. Particular natural facts are symbols of particular spiritual facts. 3. Nature is the symbol of spirit. 1. Wuthering Papers. Words are signs of natural facts.
The use of natural history is to give us aid in supernatural history: the use of the outer creation, to give us language for the beings and redemption, changes of the heights papers, inward creation. Every word which is used to express a moral or intellectual fact, if traced to its root, is found to be borrowed from some material appearance. Right means straight ; wrong means twisted . Spirit primarily means wind ; transgression , the crossing of a line ; supercilious , the raising of the english exam, eyebrow . We say the heart to express emotion, the head to denote thought; and thought and emotion a re words borrowed from sensible things, and now appropriated to spiritual nature. Most of the process by which this transformation is made, is hidden from us in the remote time when language was framed; but the same tendency may be daily observed in wuthering heights children. Children and savages use only nouns or names of things, which they convert into exam essay verbs, and apply to analogous mental acts. 2. But this origin of wuthering heights all words that convey a spiritual import, -- so conspicuous a fact in the history of language, -- is our least debt to nature. It is not words only that are emblematic; it is things which are emblematic. Every natural fact is a symbol of some spiritual fact. Every appearance in essays about the yellow nature corresponds to some state of the mind, and that state of the mind can only be described by presenting that natural appearance as its picture.
An enraged man is a lion, a cunning man is wuthering a fox, a firm man is a rock, a learned man is a torch. Essays Wallpaper. A lamb is innocence; a snake is subtle spite; flowers express to us the delicate affections. Light and darkness are our familiar expression for knowledge and ignorance; and heat for love. Visible distance behind and heights, before us, is respectively our image of memory and hope. Who looks upon a river in a meditative hour, and is not reminded of the plan broker, flux of all things? Throw a stone into the stream, and the circles that propagate themselves are the heights, beautiful type of all influence. Man is conscious of a universal soul within or behind his individual life, wherein, as in a firmament, the natures of Justice, Truth, Love, Freedom, arise and shine. This universal soul, he calls Reason: it is not mine, or thine, or his, but we are its; we are its property and men. And the blue sky in which the private earth is buried, the sky with its eternal calm, and full of everlasting orbs, is the type of Reason. That which, intellectually considered, we call Reason, considered in relation to nature, we call Spirit.
Spirit is the Creator. Spirit hath life in itself. And man in all ages and countries, embodies it in english his language, as the wuthering term, FATHER. It is easily seen that there is nothing lucky or capricious in these analogies, but that they are constant, and pervade nature. These are not the dreams of a few poets, here and essays, there, but man is an term papers analogist, and studies relations in all objects. He is placed in the centre of beings, and a ray of relation passes from every other being to him. And neither can man be understood without these objects, nor these objects without man.
All the facts in natural history taken by themselves, have no value, but are barren, like a single sex. But marry it to human history, and it is full of life. Whole Floras, all Linnaeus' and Buffon's volumes, are dry catalogues of facts; but the most trivial of these facts, the essays, habit of a plant, the organs, or work, or noise of an insect, applied to the illustration of wuthering heights term papers a fact in intellectual philosophy, or, in any way associated to human nature, affects us in the most lively and agreeable manner. The seed of essay in jordan a plant, -- to what affecting analogies in the nature of man, is that little fruit made use of, in wuthering heights all discourse, up to the voice of Paul, who calls the shawshank, human corpse a seed, -- It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. The motion of the earth round its axis, and round the sun, makes the day, and the year. These are certain amounts of brute light and heat.
But is wuthering papers there no intent of an analogy between man's life and the seasons? And do the essay car accidents in jordan, seasons gain no grandeur or pathos from that analogy? The instincts of the ant are very unimportant, considered as the ant's; but the moment a ray of relation is seen to extend from it to man, and heights papers, the little drudge is seen to essay, be a monitor, a little body with a mighty heart, then all its habits, even that said to be recently observed, that it never sleeps, become sublime. Because of this radical correspondence between visible things and human thoughts, savages, who have only what is necessary, converse in wuthering term papers figures. As we go back in history, language becomes more picturesque, until its infancy, when it is all poetry; or all spiritual facts are represented by natural symbols. The same symbols are found to make the original elements of all languages. It has moreover been observed, that the idioms of all languages approach each other in passages of the greatest eloquence and power. And as this is the first language, so is it the last.
This immediate dependence of language upon nature, this conversion of an outward phenomenon into a type of somewhat in human life, never loses its power to affect us. It is this which gives that piquancy to the conversation of a strong-natured farmer or back-woodsman, which all men relish. A man's power to connect his thought with its proper symbol, and so to about in jordan, utter it, depends on the simplicity of his character, that is, upon his love of truth, and his desire to communicate it without loss. The corruption of wuthering heights term papers man is followed by the corruption of language. When simplicity of business mortgage broker character and wuthering term papers, the sovereignty of ideas is broken up by the prevalence of secondary desires, the desire of riches, of pleasure, of power, and of praise, -- and duplicity and falsehood take place of simplicity and truth, the power over shawshank redemption nature as an interpreter of the will, is in a degree lost; new imagery ceases to be created, and old words are perverted to stand for things which are not; a paper currency is employed, when there is no bullion in the vaults. In due time, the term papers, fraud is manifest, and words lose all power to stimulate the understanding or the affections. Hundreds of writers may be found in every long-civilized nation, who for about, a short time believe, and make others believe, that they see and utter truths, who do not of themselves clothe one thought in heights papers its natural garment, but who feed unconsciously on essays, the language created by the primary writers of the country, those, namely, who hold primarily on nature. But wise men pierce this rotten diction and fasten words again to heights term, visible things; so that picturesque language is at once a commanding certificate that he who employs it, is a man in alliance with truth and God. The moment our discourse rises above the ground line of familiar facts, and is inflamed with passion or exalted by thought, it clothes itself in images. A man conversing in earnest, if he watch his intellectual processes, will find that a material image, more or less luminous, arises in his mind, cotemporaneous with every thought, which furnishes the vestment of the thought. Hence, good writing and brilliant discourse are perpetual allegories.
This imagery is essayist spontaneous. It is the blending of experience with the present action of the mind. It is proper creation. It is the working of the Original Cause through the instruments he has already made. Wuthering Heights. These facts may suggest the advantage which the love, country-life possesses for a powerful mind, over the artificial and curtailed life of cities. We know more from term papers, nature than we can at will communicate. Essayist. Its light flows into the mind evermore, and we forget its presence. The poet, the wuthering heights, orator, bred in the woods, whose senses have been nourished by their fair and english 12 provincial essay, appeasing changes, year after year, without design and without heed, -- shall not lose their lesson altogether, in the roar of cities or the broil of politics. Long hereafter, amidst agitation and terror in national councils, -- in the hour of revolution, -- these solemn images shall reappear in wuthering heights term papers their morning lustre, as fit symbols and words of the thoughts which the passing events shall awaken. At the call of a noble sentiment, again the business plan mortgage broker, woods wave, the wuthering heights papers, pines murmur, the river rolls and shines, and the cattle low upon the mountains, as he saw and heard them in his infancy.
And with these forms, the spells of persuasion, the keys of power are put into the yellow his hands. 3. We are thus assisted by natural objects in the expression of particular meanings. Wuthering Heights Term. But how great a language to convey such pepper-corn informations! Did it need such noble races of creatures, this profusion of forms, this host of orbs in shawshank redemption essay heaven, to furnish man with the dictionary and wuthering heights, grammar of essay about car accidents his municipal speech? Whilst we use this grand cipher to expedite the affairs of our pot and kettle, we feel that we have not yet put it to its use, neither are able. We are like travellers using the cinders of wuthering term papers a volcano to roast their eggs.
Whilst we see that it always stands ready to clothe what we would say, we cannot avoid the question, whether the characters are not significant of themselves. Have mountains, and waves, and skies, no significance but what we consciously give them, when we employ them as emblems of our thoughts? The world is emblematic. Parts of speech are metaphors, because the whole of nature is a metaphor of the essays about, human mind. The laws of moral nature answer to wuthering term papers, those of matter as face to face in a glass. The visible world and the relation of its parts, is the dial plate of the invisible. The axioms of physics translate the laws of ethics.
Thus, the whole is greater than its part; reaction is equal to english exam, action; the wuthering heights, smallest weight may be made to lift the greatest, the exam essay, difference of weight being compensated by time; and many the like propositions, which have an ethical as well as physical sense. These propositions have a much more extensive and universal sense when applied to heights term, human life, than when confined to technical use. In like manner, the memorable words of history, and the proverbs of nations, consist usually of a natural fact, selected as a picture or parable of a moral truth. Thus; A rolling stone gathers no moss; A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush; A cripple in the right way, will beat a racer in the wrong; Make hay while the sun shines; 'T is hard to carry a full cup even; Vinegar is the son of wine; The last ounce broke the camel's back; Long-lived trees make roots first; -- and the like. In their primary sense these are trivial facts, but we repeat them for the value of their analogical import. What is true of proverbs, is true of all fables, parables, and allegories. This relation between the mind and matter is not fancied by some poet, but stands in essays peace the will of God, and heights term papers, so is free to be known by all men. It appears to men, or it does not appear. When in fortunate hours we ponder this miracle, the wise man doubts, if, at all other times, he is not blind and deaf; ------ Can these things be, And overcome us like a summer's cloud, Without our special wonder? for the universe becomes transparent, and the light of higher laws than its own, shines through it.
It is the standing problem which has exercised the wonder and the study of every fine genius since the world began; from the about car accidents, era of the Egyptians and the Brahmins, to that of Pythagoras, of Plato, of Bacon, of Leibnitz, of Swedenborg. Heights Papers. There sits the Sphinx at the road-side, and from age to age, as each prophet comes by, he tries his fortune at reading her riddle. There seems to be a necessity in spirit to manifest itself in material forms; and day and night, river and business mortgage broker, storm, beast and bird, acid and alkali, preexist in heights term necessary Ideas in the mind of God, and are what they are by virtue of preceding affections, in the world of spirit. A Fact is the end or last issue of spirit. The visible creation is the terminus or the circumference of the invisible world. Material objects, said a French philosopher, are necessarily kinds of scoriae of the substantial thoughts of the Creator, which must always preserve an exact relation to essay about, their first origin; in other words, visible nature must have a spiritual and moral side. This doctrine is abstruse, and though the images of garment, scoriae, mirror, c., may stimulate the fancy, we must summon the papers, aid of subtler and more vital expositors to make it plain.
Every scripture is to be interpreted by english 12 provincial, the same spirit which gave it forth, -- is the heights papers, fundamental law of essay about criticism. A life in harmony with nature, the love of truth and of virtue, will purge the eyes to understand her text. By degrees we may come to know the primitive sense of the permanent objects of nature, so that the world shall be to us an open book, and every form significant of wuthering heights term its hidden life and final cause. A new interest surprises us, whilst, under the view now suggested, we contemplate the fearful extent and redemption essay hope, multitude of objects; since every object rightly seen, unlocks a new faculty of the soul. That which was unconscious truth, becomes, when interpreted and defined in an object, a part of the domain of knowledge, -- a new weapon in the magazine of power. Chapter V DISCIPLINE In view of the significance of nature, we arrive at once at a new fact, that nature is a discipline. This use of the world includes the preceding uses, as parts of itself. Space, time, society, labor, climate, food, locomotion, the animals, the mechanical forces, give us sincerest lessons, day by day, whose meaning is unlimited. Wuthering Heights. They educate both the Understanding and the Reason. Every property of matter is a school for the understanding, -- its solidity or resistance, its inertia, its extension, its figure, its divisibility. The understanding adds, divides, combines, measures, and finds nutriment and shawshank redemption, room for its activity in this worthy scene.
Meantime, Reason transfers all these lessons into its own world of thought, by perceiving the analogy that marries Matter and Mind. 1. Nature is a discipline of the understanding in intellectual truths. Our dealing with sensible objects is a constant exercise in the necessary lessons of difference, of likeness, of order, of being and seeming, of progressive arrangement; of ascent from particular to general; of combination to heights papers, one end of essayist manifold forces. Proportioned to wuthering heights, the importance of the organ to be formed, is the extreme care with which its tuition is provided, -- a care pretermitted in no single case. What tedious training, day after day, year after year, never ending, to form the common sense; what continual reproduction of annoyances, inconveniences, dilemmas; what rejoicing over us of little men; what disputing of prices, what reckonings of interest, -- and all to form the Hand of the mind; -- to instruct us that good thoughts are no better than good dreams, unless they be executed! The same good office is performed by Property and essay, its filial systems of debt and credit. Debt, grinding debt, whose iron face the widow, the orphan, and the sons of genius fear and hate; -- debt, which consumes so much time, which so cripples and disheartens a great spirit with cares that seem so base, is a preceptor whose lessons cannot be forgone, and is needed most by those who suffer from it most. Moreover, property, which has been well compared to snow, -- if it fall level to-day, it will be blown into drifts to-morrow, -- is the surface action of internal machinery, like the index on the face of a clock. Whilst now it is the gymnastics of the understanding, it is wuthering hiving in shawshank essay the foresight of the spirit, experience in profounder laws. The whole character and fortune of the heights papers, individual are affected by the least inequalities in the culture of the understanding; for about in jordan, example, in the perception of differences.
Therefore is Space, and therefore Time, that man may know that things are not huddled and lumped, but sundered and individual. A bell and a plough have each their use, and neither can do the office of the other. Water is good to drink, coal to burn, wool to wear; but wool cannot be drunk, nor water spun, nor coal eaten. The wise man shows his wisdom in separation, in gradation, and his scale of wuthering term papers creatures and of merits is essayist as wide as nature. The foolish have no range in their scale, but suppose every man is as every other man. What is not good they call the worst, and what is not hateful, they call the best. In like manner, what good heed, nature forms in us! She pardons no mistakes. Her yea is yea, and her nay, nay. The first steps in Agriculture, Astronomy, Zoology, (those first steps which the farmer, the hunter, and the sailor take,) teach that nature's dice are always loaded; that in heights papers her heaps and rubbish are concealed sure and useful results.
How calmly and genially the mind apprehends one after another the laws of physics! What noble emotions dilate the mortal as he enters into the counsels of the creation, and feels by about the yellow wallpaper, knowledge the privilege to BE! His insight refines him. The beauty of nature shines in his own breast. Man is greater that he can see this, and the universe less, because Time and Space relations vanish as laws are known. Here again we are impressed and even daunted by wuthering papers, the immense Universe to be explored.
What we know, is a point to what we do not know. Open any recent journal of science, and the yellow, weigh the problems suggested concerning Light, Heat, Electricity, Magnetism, Physiology, Geology, and judge whether the interest of wuthering term papers natural science is likely to be soon exhausted. Passing by essayist, many particulars of the discipline of term papers nature, we must not omit to essays peace love, specify two. The exercise of the Will or the lesson of power is taught in every event. From the child's successive possession of his several senses up to the hour when he saith, Thy will be done! he is wuthering papers learning the secret, that he can reduce under his will, not only particular events, but great classes, nay the whole series of events, and so conform all facts to his character. Nature is thoroughly mediate. It is made to mortgage, serve. It receives the dominion of man as meekly as the ass on which the Saviour rode. It offers all its kingdoms to wuthering term papers, man as the raw material which he may mould into what is useful.
Man is essays love never weary of working it up. He forges the subtile and delicate air into wise and melodious words, and gives them wing as angels of wuthering persuasion and essayist, command. One after another, his victorious thought comes up with and reduces all things, until the world becomes, at last, only a realized will, -- the double of the man. 2. Sensible objects conform to the premonitions of Reason and reflect the conscience. All things are moral; and in their boundless changes have an wuthering heights term papers unceasing reference to spiritual nature.
Therefore is nature glorious with form, color, and motion, that every globe in the remotest heaven; every chemical change from the rudest crystal up to the laws of life; every change of vegetation from the first principle of growth in the eye of a leaf, to the tropical forest and antediluvian coal-mine; every animal function from the sponge up to Hercules, shall hint or thunder to man the laws of right and wrong, and echo the business plan, Ten Commandments. Therefore is nature ever the ally of Religion: lends all her pomp and riches to the religious sentiment. Prophet and priest, David, Isaiah, Jesus, have drawn deeply from this source. This ethical character so penetrates the bone and marrow of nature, as to wuthering term papers, seem the end for business broker, which it was made. Whatever private purpose is answered by any member or part, this is its public and universal function, and is never omitted.
Nothing in heights nature is exhausted in its first use. Broker. When a thing has served an end to the uttermost, it is term wholly new for an ulterior service. In God, every end is converted into a new means. Thus the use of commodity, regarded by itself, is business mean and squalid. But it is to the mind an heights papers education in the doctrine of Use, namely, that a thing is good only 12 provincial exam essay so far as it serves; that a conspiring of parts and efforts to the production of an end, is essential to any being. The first and gross manifestation of this truth, is our inevitable and hated training in values and wants, in corn and meat. Wuthering Papers. It has already been illustrated, that every natural process is a version of a moral sentence. The moral law lies at the centre of nature and radiates to the circumference. It is the pith and marrow of shawshank every substance, every relation, and every process.
All things with which we deal, preach to papers, us. What is shawshank a farm but a mute gospel? The chaff and the wheat, weeds and plants, blight, rain, insects, sun, -- it is a sacred emblem from the first furrow of spring to the last stack which the snow of winter overtakes in the fields. But the sailor, the term, shepherd, the miner, the merchant, in their several resorts, have each an experience precisely parallel, and leading to the same conclusion: because all organizations are radically alike. Essay Car Accidents. Nor can it be doubted that this moral sentiment which thus scents the air, grows in the grain, and impregnates the waters of the world, is caught by term, man and sinks into his soul.
The moral influence of nature upon every individual is that amount of essays about the yellow truth which it illustrates to wuthering term, him. Who can estimate this? Who can guess how much firmness the sea-beaten rock has taught the fisherman? how much tranquillity has been reflected to man from the azure sky, over whose unspotted deeps the winds forevermore drive flocks of essays stormy clouds, and leave no wrinkle or stain? how much industry and providence and affection we have caught from the pantomime of brutes? What a searching preacher of self-command is the varying phenomenon of Health! Herein is especially apprehended the unity of Nature, -- the unity in variety, -- which meets us everywhere. All the endless variety of things make an identical impression. Xenophanes complained in his old age, that, look where he would, all things hastened back to Unity.
He was weary of term papers seeing the same entity in essays the yellow wallpaper the tedious variety of forms. The fable of Proteus has a cordial truth. A leaf, a drop, a crystal, a moment of heights term time is related to the whole, and partakes of the perfection of the whole. Each particle is a microcosm, and faithfully renders the likeness of the essay, world. Not only resemblances exist in things whose analogy is obvious, as when we detect the type of the human hand in the flipper of the fossil saurus, but also in objects wherein there is great superficial unlikeness. Thus architecture is called frozen music, by wuthering term papers, De Stael and Goethe. Vitruvius thought an architect should be a musician. Essays Love. A Gothic church, said Coleridge, is a petrified religion. Michael Angelo maintained, that, to an architect, a knowledge of anatomy is term papers essential. In Haydn's oratorios, the notes present to shawshank redemption hope, the imagination not only motions, as, of the papers, snake, the stag, and the elephant, but colors also; as the green grass.
The law of harmonic sounds reappears in the harmonic colors. The granite is differenced in its laws only by the more or less of heat, from the river that wears it away. The river, as it flows, resembles the air that flows over it; the air resembles the light which traverses it with more subtile currents; the light resembles the heat which rides with it through Space. Each creature is only a modification of the other; the about wallpaper, likeness in them is more than the difference, and their radical law is one and the same. A rule of one art, or a law of one organization, holds true throughout nature. So intimate is this Unity, that, it is easily seen, it lies under the undermost garment of nature, and betrays its source in Universal Spirit. For, it pervades Thought also. Every universal truth which we express in words, implies or supposes every other truth. Omne verum vero consonat. It is like a great circle on a sphere, comprising all possible circles; which, however, may be drawn, and comprise it, in like manner. Wuthering Term. Every such truth is the absolute Ens seen from redemption essay hope, one side.
But it has innumerable sides. Wuthering Heights Papers. The central Unity is still more conspicuous in essayist actions. Words are finite organs of the infinite mind. They cannot cover the dimensions of what is in truth. They break, chop, and impoverish it. An action is the perfection and publication of wuthering heights thought. A right action seems to fill the eye, and to be related to all nature.
The wise man, in doing one thing, does all; or, in the one thing he does rightly, he sees the likeness of all which is done rightly. Words and actions are not the attributes of brute nature. They introduce us to the human form, of which all other organizations appear to be degradations. When this appears among so many that surround it, the spirit prefers it to all others. It says, `From such as this, have I drawn joy and knowledge; in such as this, have I found and essay, beheld myself; I will speak to it; it can speak again; it can yield me thought already formed and alive.' In fact, the eye, -- the wuthering term, mind, -- is always accompanied by these forms, male and female; and these are incomparably the richest informations of the power and order that lie at the heart of things. Unfortunately, every one of them bears the marks as of some injury; is marred and superficially defective. Nevertheless, far different from the deaf and dumb nature around them, these all rest like fountain-pipes on exam essay, the unfathomed sea of thought and virtue whereto they alone, of all organizations, are the entrances.
It were a pleasant inquiry to follow into detail their ministry to our education, but where would it stop? We are associated in adolescent and adult life with some friends, who, like skies and waters, are coextensive with our idea; who, answering each to a certain affection of the soul, satisfy our desire on that side; whom we lack power to put at such focal distance from us, that we can mend or even analyze them. We cannot choose but love them. When much intercourse with a friend has supplied us with a standard of excellence, and has increased our respect for the resources of God who thus sends a real person to outgo our ideal; when he has, moreover, become an object of thought, and, whilst his character retains all its unconscious effect, is converted in the mind into solid and sweet wisdom, -- it is a sign to term papers, us that his office is closing, and he is commonly withdrawn from our sight in a short time. Chapter VI IDEALISM Thus is the unspeakable but intelligible and practicable meaning of the world conveyed to man, the immortal pupil, in every object of sense. To this one end of Discipline, all parts of nature conspire.
A noble doubt perpetually suggests itself, whether this end be not the Final Cause of the Universe; and whether nature outwardly exists. Essayist. It is a sufficient account of that Appearance we call the World, that God will teach a human mind, and so makes it the receiver of wuthering heights term a certain number of congruent sensations, which we call sun and moon, man and woman, house and essays love, trade. In my utter impotence to test the authenticity of the report of my senses, to know whether the wuthering, impressions they make on me correspond with outlying objects, what difference does it make, whether Orion is up there in heaven, or some god paints the image in the firmament of the soul? The relations of parts and shawshank redemption, the end of the whole remaining the same, what is the difference, whether land and sea interact, and worlds revolve and intermingle without number or end, -- deep yawning under deep, and galaxy balancing galaxy, throughout absolute space, -- or, whether, without relations of time and space, the same appearances are inscribed in the constant faith of man? Whether nature enjoy a substantial existence without, or is only in wuthering heights papers the apocalypse of the essayist, mind, it is alike useful and alike venerable to me. Be it what it may, it is ideal to wuthering heights, me, so long as I cannot try the accuracy of my senses. Essayist. The frivolous make themselves merry with the Ideal theory, as if its consequences were burlesque; as if it affected the stability of nature.
It surely does not. God never jests with us, and will not compromise the end of wuthering papers nature, by permitting any inconsequence in its procession. Essayist. Any distrust of the heights term, permanence of laws, would paralyze the faculties of man. Their permanence is sacredly respected, and essay about car accidents in jordan, his faith therein is perfect. The wheels and heights term papers, springs of man are all set to the hypothesis of the permanence of nature. We are not built like a ship to be tossed, but like a house to peace, stand. It is a natural consequence of this structure, that, so long as the active powers predominate over the reflective, we resist with indignation any hint that nature is more short-lived or mutable than spirit. The broker, the wheelwright, the carpenter, the toll-man, are much displeased at the intimation.
But whilst we acquiesce entirely in the permanence of natural laws, the question of the absolute existence of term papers nature still remains open. It is the uniform effect of culture on the human mind, not to shake our faith in the stability of particular phenomena, as of heat, water, azote; but to lead us to regard nature as a phenomenon, not a substance; to attribute necessary existence to spirit; to esteem nature as an accident and an effect. To the senses and the unrenewed understanding, belongs a sort of instinctive belief in the absolute existence of nature. In their view, man and nature are indissolubly joined. Things are ultimates, and they never look beyond their sphere. The presence of Reason mars this faith.
The first effort of thought tends to relax this despotism of the senses, which binds us to essayist, nature as if we were a part of it, and shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat. Until this higher agency intervened, the animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and colored surfaces. When the eye of Reason opens, to outline and surface are at once added, grace and expression. These proceed from wuthering heights papers, imagination and affection, and abate somewhat of the angular distinctness of objects. If the Reason be stimulated to more earnest vision, outlines and surfaces become transparent, and essayist, are no longer seen; causes and wuthering, spirits are seen through them. The best moments of life are these delicious awakenings of the higher powers, and the reverential withdrawing of nature before its God. Let us proceed to indicate the effects of culture.
1. Shawshank Essay Hope. Our first institution in wuthering term the Ideal philosophy is a hint from nature herself. Nature is made to conspire with spirit to emancipate us. Business Plan. Certain mechanical changes, a small alteration in our local position apprizes us of a dualism. We are strangely affected by seeing the shore from a moving ship, from papers, a balloon, or through the tints of an unusual sky. English 12 Provincial Exam Essay. The least change in our point of view, gives the term, whole world a pictorial air. A man who seldom rides, needs only to get into a coach and traverse his own town, to turn the street into a puppet-show. The men, the business plan, women, -- talking, running, bartering, fighting, -- the earnest mechanic, the wuthering, lounger, the essays peace, beggar, the wuthering heights papers, boys, the dogs, are unrealized at once, or, at least, wholly detached from all relation to the observer, and seen as apparent, not substantial beings. What new thoughts are suggested by seeing a face of country quite familiar, in the rapid movement of the rail-road car! Nay, the most wonted objects, (make a very slight change in the point of vision,) please us most.
In a camera obscura, the butcher's cart, and the figure of one of our own family amuse us. So a portrait of a well-known face gratifies us. Shawshank Redemption Hope. Turn the eyes upside down, by looking at wuthering heights papers, the landscape through your legs, and how agreeable is the picture, though you have seen it any time these twenty years! In these cases, by mechanical means, is suggested the difference between the observer and the spectacle, -- between man and nature. Hence arises a pleasure mixed with awe; I may say, a low degree of the sublime is felt from the essays, fact, probably, that man is hereby apprized, that, whilst the world is a spectacle, something in himself is stable. 2. In a higher manner, the poet communicates the same pleasure. By a few strokes he delineates, as on air, the sun, the mountain, the camp, the city, the term papers, hero, the maiden, not different from what we know them, but only lifted from the ground and afloat before the eye. He unfixes the land and the sea, makes them revolve around the axis of his primary thought, and disposes them anew. Business Broker. Possessed himself by a heroic passion, he uses matter as symbols of it.
The sensual man conforms thoughts to things; the poet conforms things to wuthering heights papers, his thoughts. The one esteems nature as rooted and fast; the other, as fluid, and impresses his being thereon. To him, the refractory world is ductile and business plan mortgage, flexible; he invests dust and stones with humanity, and makes them the words of the Reason. The Imagination may be defined to be, the use which the Reason makes of the material world. Shakspeare possesses the power of subordinating nature for wuthering heights term, the purposes of expression, beyond all poets. His imperial muse tosses the creation like a bauble from hand to hand, and uses it to embody any caprice of thought that is upper-most in his mind. The remotest spaces of 12 provincial exam essay nature are visited, and wuthering term, the farthest sundered things are brought together, by a subtle spiritual connection. We are made aware that magnitude of material things is relative, and business plan mortgage broker, all objects shrink and expand to wuthering heights term, serve the passion of the poet. Peace Love. Thus, in his sonnets, the lays of birds, the scents and dyes of flowers, he finds to be the shadow of his beloved; time, which keeps her from him, is his chest ; the suspicion she has awakened, is her ornament ; The ornament of beauty is Suspect, A crow which flies in heaven's sweetest air. His passion is not the fruit of chance; it swells, as he speaks, to a city, or a state.
No, it was builded far from accident; It suffers not in smiling pomp, nor falls. Under the brow of thralling discontent; It fears not policy, that heretic, That works on wuthering heights term, leases of essays the yellow wallpaper short numbered hours, But all alone stands hugely politic In the strength of his constancy, the Pyramids seem to him recent and transitory. The freshness of youth and love dazzles him with its resemblance to morning. Take those lips away. Which so sweetly were forsworn; And those eyes, -- the break of day, Lights that do mislead the morn. The wild beauty of term this hyperbole, I may say, in business broker passing, it would not be easy to match in heights term literature. About The Yellow Wallpaper. This transfiguration which all material objects undergo through the passion of the poet, -- this power which he exerts to dwarf the great, to wuthering heights term papers, magnify the small, -- might be illustrated by a thousand examples from his Plays. I have before me the Tempest, and will cite only these few lines.
ARIEL. The strong based promontory. Have I made shake, and by the spurs plucked up. The pine and cedar. Prospero calls for music to soothe the frantic Alonzo, and his companions; A solemn air, and the best comforter. To an unsettled fancy, cure thy brains.
Now useless, boiled within thy skull. Again; The charm dissolves apace, And, as the morning steals upon english the night, Melting the wuthering heights, darkness, so their rising senses. Essayist. Begin to chase the ignorant fumes that mantle. Their clearer reason. Begins to swell: and the approaching tide. Will shortly fill the reasonable shores. That now lie foul and muddy.
The perception of real affinities between events, (that is to say, of wuthering term ideal affinities, for those only are real,) enables the poet thus to make free with the most imposing forms and phenomena of the world, and to assert the predominance of the essays about the yellow wallpaper, soul. Wuthering. 3. Whilst thus the poet animates nature with his own thoughts, he differs from the philosopher only herein, that the one proposes Beauty as his main end; the other Truth. But the shawshank redemption hope, philosopher, not less than the poet, postpones the apparent order and relations of things to the empire of thought. The problem of philosophy, according to Plato, is, for all that exists conditionally, to find a ground unconditioned and absolute. It proceeds on the faith that a law determines all phenomena, which being known, the phenomena can be predicted. That law, when in term papers the mind, is an idea.
Its beauty is infinite. Exam. The true philosopher and the true poet are one, and a beauty, which is truth, and a truth, which is beauty, is the aim of both. Is not the charm of one of Plato's or Aristotle's definitions, strictly like that of the Antigone of Sophocles? It is, in both cases, that a spiritual life has been imparted to nature; that the solid seeming block of matter has been pervaded and dissolved by a thought; that this feeble human being has penetrated the vast masses of nature with an informing soul, and recognised itself in their harmony, that is, seized their law. Wuthering Term. In physics, when this is attained, the memory disburthens itself of its cumbrous catalogues of particulars, and about car accidents, carries centuries of observation in a single formula. Thus even in physics, the material is degraded before the heights term papers, spiritual. The astronomer, the geometer, rely on their irrefragable analysis, and disdain the results of about wallpaper observation.
The sublime remark of Euler on his law of arches, This will be found contrary to all experience, yet is true; had already transferred nature into the mind, and left matter like an outcast corpse. 4. Intellectual science has been observed to beget invariably a doubt of the term papers, existence of matter. Turgot said, He that has never doubted the existence of about matter, may be assured he has no aptitude for metaphysical inquiries. It fastens the attention upon immortal necessary uncreated natures, that is, upon Ideas; and in their presence, we feel that the outward circumstance is a dream and a shade. Whilst we wait in this Olympus of gods, we think of nature as an appendix to the soul. We ascend into their region, and know that these are the heights term papers, thoughts of the Supreme Being. Essays About The Yellow Wallpaper. These are they who were set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When he prepared the heavens, they were there; when he established the wuthering heights term papers, clouds above, when he strengthened the fountains of the deep.
Then they were by him, as one brought up with him. Of them took he counsel. Their influence is proportionate. As objects of science, they are accessible to mortgage, few men. Yet all men are capable of being raised by wuthering heights papers, piety or by passion, into their region. And no man touches these divine natures, without becoming, in some degree, himself divine.
Like a new soul, they renew the body. We become physically nimble and lightsome; we tread on air; life is essay in jordan no longer irksome, and we think it will never be so. No man fears age or misfortune or death, in their serene company, for he is transported out of the district of change. Whilst we behold unveiled the nature of Justice and Truth, we learn the difference between the absolute and the conditional or relative. We apprehend the absolute. As it were, for the first time, we exist. We become immortal, for we learn that time and heights, space are relations of matter; that, with a perception of truth, or a virtuous will, they have no affinity.
5. Finally, religion and ethics, which may be fitly called, -- the practice of ideas, or the introduction of ideas into life, -- have an analogous effect with all lower culture, in degrading nature and suggesting its dependence on spirit. Plan Mortgage. Ethics and religion differ herein; that the one is the system of heights term papers human duties commencing from man; the other, from english 12 provincial exam, God. Religion includes the personality of God; Ethics does not. They are one to our present design. They both put nature under foot.
The first and last lesson of religion is, The things that are seen, are temporal; the things that are unseen, are eternal. It puts an affront upon nature. It does that for heights papers, the unschooled, which philosophy does for Berkeley and Viasa. The uniform language that may be heard in the churches of the most ignorant sects, is,------Contemn the unsubstantial shows of the world; they are vanities, dreams, shadows, unrealities; seek the realities of 12 provincial religion. The devotee flouts nature. Some theosophists have arrived at a certain hostility and indignation towards matter, as the Manichean and Plotinus.
They distrusted in themselves any looking back to these flesh-pots of Egypt. Plotinus was ashamed of wuthering heights term papers his body. In short, they might all say of matter, what Michael Angelo said of peace love external beauty, it is the heights, frail and weary weed, in which God dresses the soul, which he has called into time. Essayist. It appears that motion, poetry, physical and intellectual science, and religion, all tend to affect our convictions of the reality of the external world. But I own there is something ungrateful in expanding too curiously the particulars of the term, general proposition, that all culture tends to imbue us with idealism. I have no hostility to nature, but a child's love to it. I expand and live in the warm day like corn and melons. Let us speak her fair. I do not wish to fling stones at my beautiful mother, nor soil my gentle nest.
I only wish to indicate the true position of nature in regard to man, wherein to establish man, all right education tends; as the ground which to attain is the object of human life, that is, of man's connection with nature. Culture inverts the vulgar views of nature, and car accidents in jordan, brings the mind to call that apparent, which it uses to call real, and that real, which it uses to call visionary. Children, it is true, believe in the external world. The belief that it appears only, is an wuthering term papers afterthought, but with culture, this faith will as surely arise on the mind as did the first. The advantage of the essays, ideal theory over the popular faith, is this, that it presents the world in precisely that view which is most desirable to term papers, the mind. It is, in fact, the view which Reason, both speculative and practical, that is, philosophy and shawshank redemption hope, virtue, take. Wuthering Heights Term Papers. For, seen in the light of thought, the business mortgage broker, world always is phenomenal; and wuthering heights term papers, virtue subordinates it to the mind. Essays About Wallpaper. Idealism sees the wuthering heights papers, world in God.
It beholds the whole circle of essayist persons and things, of actions and events, of country and wuthering papers, religion, not as painfully accumulated, atom after atom, act after act, in an aged creeping Past, but as one vast picture, which God paints on the instant eternity, for the contemplation of the soul. Essays About. Therefore the soul holds itself off from a too trivial and microscopic study of the universal tablet. It respects the end too much, to immerse itself in wuthering heights term papers the means. It sees something more important in Christianity, than the scandals of ecclesiastical history, or the niceties of about wallpaper criticism; and, very incurious concerning persons or miracles, and wuthering heights term papers, not at all disturbed by chasms of historical evidence, it accepts from God the phenomenon, as it finds it, as the pure and awful form of religion in the world. It is not hot and passionate at the appearance of business plan mortgage broker what it calls its own good or bad fortune, at the union or opposition of other persons. No man is its enemy.
It accepts whatsoever befalls, as part of its lesson. It is a watcher more than a doer, and it is a doer, only heights that it may the better watch. Chapter VII SPIRIT It is essential to essays about the yellow, a true theory of term papers nature and of man, that it should contain somewhat progressive. Shawshank Hope. Uses that are exhausted or that may be, and facts that end in the statement, cannot be all that is true of this brave lodging wherein man is wuthering heights term papers harbored, and essays peace, wherein all his faculties find appropriate and endless exercise. And all the uses of nature admit of being summed in one, which yields the activity of wuthering man an infinite scope. Through all its kingdoms, to the suburbs and outskirts of things, it is faithful to the cause whence it had its origin. Essayist. It always speaks of Spirit. Term. It suggests the absolute. It is a perpetual effect. Essays Love. It is heights a great shadow pointing always to the sun behind us.
The aspect of nature is devout. English. Like the term, figure of Jesus, she stands with bended head, and hands folded upon the breast. The happiest man is he who learns from nature the lesson of worship. Essays About. Of that ineffable essence which we call Spirit, he that thinks most, will say least. We can foresee God in the coarse, and, as it were, distant phenomena of matter; but when we try to define and describe himself, both language and thought desert us, and we are as helpless as fools and savages. That essence refuses to be recorded in propositions, but when man has worshipped him intellectually, the noblest ministry of nature is to stand as the apparition of God. It is the organ through which the universal spirit speaks to the individual, and strives to lead back the individual to heights papers, it.
When we consider Spirit, we see that the views already presented do not include the whole circumference of man. We must add some related thoughts. Three problems are put by nature to the mind; What is matter? Whence is it? and essayist, Whereto? The first of these questions only, the ideal theory answers. Idealism saith: matter is a phenomenon, not a substance. Idealism acquaints us with the total disparity between the evidence of our own being, and wuthering term, the evidence of the english exam essay, world's being. Wuthering. The one is perfect; the other, incapable of any assurance; the english essay, mind is a part of the nature of things; the world is a divine dream, from which we may presently awake to the glories and certainties of day.
Idealism is a hypothesis to heights term, account for nature by other principles than those of exam carpentry and chemistry. Term Papers. Yet, if it only deny the existence of matter, it does not satisfy the demands of the spirit. It leaves God out of me. It leaves me in plan mortgage the splendid labyrinth of my perceptions, to wander without end. Then the heart resists it, because it balks the affections in wuthering papers denying substantive being to men and women. Nature is so pervaded with human life, that there is something of humanity in all, and in every particular. But this theory makes nature foreign to me, and does not account for that consanguinity which we acknowledge to it.
Let it stand, then, in the present state of our knowledge, merely as a useful introductory hypothesis, serving to apprize us of the eternal distinction between the soul and the world. But when, following the invisible steps of thought, we come to inquire, Whence is matter? and Whereto? many truths arise to us out of the recesses of consciousness. We learn that the highest is present to the soul of man, that the plan broker, dread universal essence, which is not wisdom, or love, or beauty, or power, but all in one, and each entirely, is that for which all things exist, and that by which they are; that spirit creates; that behind nature, throughout nature, spirit is present; one and not compound, it does not act upon heights term papers us from without, that is, in space and time, but spiritually, or through ourselves: therefore, that spirit, that is, the car accidents, Supreme Being, does not build up nature around us, but puts it forth through us, as the life of the tree puts forth new branches and leaves through the pores of the wuthering heights papers, old. 12 Provincial. As a plant upon the earth, so a man rests upon the bosom of heights God; he is nourished by unfailing fountains, and business mortgage, draws, at his need, inexhaustible power. Who can set bounds to the possibilities of man? Once inhale the upper air, being admitted to behold the absolute natures of justice and truth, and we learn that man has access to heights papers, the entire mind of the Creator, is himself the creator in the finite. This view, which admonishes me where the sources of wisdom and power lie, and points to virtue as to The golden key. Which opes the palace of eternity, carries upon its face the highest certificate of truth, because it animates me to create my own world through the purification of my soul. Essayist. The world proceeds from the same spirit as the body of man.
It is term papers a remoter and inferior incarnation of God, a projection of shawshank hope God in the unconscious. But it differs from the body in one important respect. It is not, like that, now subjected to wuthering term, the human will. Its serene order is inviolable by us. It is, therefore, to us, the present expositor of the divine mind. It is a fixed point whereby we may measure our departure. As we degenerate, the contrast between us and our house is more evident.
We are as much strangers in nature, as we are aliens from God. We do not understand the notes of birds. The fox and the deer run away from us; the redemption essay, bear and tiger rend us. Wuthering Heights Papers. We do not know the uses of more than a few plants, as corn and the apple, the potato and the vine. Is not the landscape, every glimpse of which hath a grandeur, a face of him? Yet this may show us what discord is between man and essayist, nature, for you cannot freely admire a noble landscape, if laborers are digging in the field hard by. The poet finds something ridiculous in his delight, until he is out of the sight of men. Chapter VIII PROSPECTS In inquiries respecting the laws of the world and the frame of things, the highest reason is always the truest. That which seems faintly possible -- it is so refined, is often faint and wuthering heights term papers, dim because it is love deepest seated in the mind among the eternal verities. Wuthering. Empirical science is apt to cloud the sight, and, by the very knowledge of functions and processes, to bereave the student of the essay about, manly contemplation of the whole.
The savant becomes unpoetic. But the best read naturalist who lends an entire and devout attention to truth, will see that there remains much to learn of his relation to the world, and that it is not to be learned by any addition or subtraction or other comparison of wuthering heights term papers known quantities, but is arrived at by untaught sallies of the spirit, by a continual self-recovery, and by entire humility. He will perceive that there are far more excellent qualities in the student than preciseness and infallibility; that a guess is often more fruitful than an indisputable affirmation, and that a dream may let us deeper into the secret of nature than a hundred concerted experiments. Business Plan Mortgage Broker. For, the problems to be solved are precisely those which the physiologist and the naturalist omit to state. It is not so pertinent to man to know all the wuthering heights papers, individuals of the animal kingdom, as it is to know whence and whereto is this tyrannizing unity in his constitution, which evermore separates and classifies things, endeavoring to reduce the most diverse to one form.
When I behold a rich landscape, it is less to english, my purpose to wuthering, recite correctly the order and essayist, superposition of the strata, than to know why all thought of multitude is lost in a tranquil sense of unity. I cannot greatly honor minuteness in details, so long as there is no hint to explain the relation between things and thoughts; no ray upon the metaphysics of conchology, of wuthering heights botany, of the arts, to show the relation of the forms of flowers, shells, animals, architecture, to the mind, and build science upon ideas. In a cabinet of natural history, we become sensible of a certain occult recognition and sympathy in regard to the most unwieldly and eccentric forms of beast, fish, and insect. Essayist. The American who has been confined, in his own country, to the sight of buildings designed after foreign models, is wuthering term surprised on entering York Minster or St. Peter's at Rome, by business mortgage, the feeling that these structures are imitations also, -- faint copies of an invisible archetype. Nor has science sufficient humanity, so long as the naturalist overlooks that wonderful congruity which subsists between man and the world; of wuthering term papers which he is lord, not because he is the most subtile inhabitant, but because he is its head and heart, and mortgage broker, finds something of himself in every great and small thing, in every mountain stratum, in every new law of color, fact of astronomy, or atmospheric influence which observation or analysis lay open.
A perception of this mystery inspires the muse of George Herbert, the beautiful psalmist of the seventeenth century. The following lines are part of his little poem on Man. Man is all symmetry, Full of proportions, one limb to term, another, And to all the world besides. Each part may call the about the yellow wallpaper, farthest, brother; For head with foot hath private amity, And both with moons and tides. Nothing hath got so far.
But man hath caught and wuthering heights papers, kept it as his prey; His eyes dismount the highest star; He is in little all the sphere. Herbs gladly cure our flesh, because that they. Find their acquaintance there. Business Mortgage Broker. For us, the winds do blow, The earth doth rest, heaven move, and term papers, fountains flow; Nothing we see, but means our good, As our delight, or as our treasure; The whole is either our cupboard of plan mortgage food, Or cabinet of pleasure.
The stars have us to bed: Night draws the curtain; which the sun withdraws. Music and light attend our head. All things unto our flesh are kind, In their descent and being; to our mind, In their ascent and cause. More servants wait on man. Than he'll take notice of.
In every path, He treads down that which doth befriend him. When sickness makes him pale and wan. Oh mighty love! Man is one world, and hath. Another to attend him. The perception of this class of truths makes the attraction which draws men to science, but the end is wuthering heights term papers lost sight of in attention to the means.
In view of this half-sight of science, we accept the sentence of Plato, that, poetry comes nearer to vital truth than history. Every surmise and vaticination of the mind is entitled to a certain respect, and business mortgage broker, we learn to prefer imperfect theories, and sentences, which contain glimpses of wuthering heights term truth, to digested systems which have no one valuable suggestion. A wise writer will feel that the ends of study and composition are best answered by announcing undiscovered regions of thought, and so communicating, through hope, new activity to the torpid spirit. I shall therefore conclude this essay with some traditions of man and nature, which a certain poet sang to me; and which, as they have always been in the world, and perhaps reappear to every bard, may be both history and prophecy. `The foundations of man are not in business plan mortgage matter, but in spirit. But the wuthering heights term, element of spirit is eternity.
To it, therefore, the longest series of events, the oldest chronologies are young and recent. In the cycle of the universal man, from whom the english exam, known individuals proceed, centuries are points, and all history is but the epoch of one degradation. `We distrust and deny inwardly our sympathy with nature. We own and disown our relation to it, by turns. We are, like Nebuchadnezzar, dethroned, bereft of reason, and heights term papers, eating grass like an ox. But who can set limits to the remedial force of spirit? `A man is a god in ruins. When men are innocent, life shall be longer, and shall pass into the immortal, as gently as we awake from english 12 provincial essay, dreams. Papers. Now, the world would be insane and rabid, if these disorganizations should last for hundreds of about the yellow wallpaper years. It is kept in check by death and infancy. Infancy is the perpetual Messiah, which comes into the arms of fallen men, and pleads with them to return to paradise. `Man is the dwarf of himself.
Once he was permeated and dissolved by spirit. He filled nature with his overflowing currents. Out from wuthering term papers, him sprang the essay car accidents, sun and moon; from man, the sun; from woman, the moon. The laws of his mind, the periods of his actions externized themselves into day and night, into heights papers the year and the seasons. But, having made for exam essay, himself this huge shell, his waters retired; he no longer fills the veins and veinlets; he is shrunk to a drop.
He sees, that the structure still fits him, but fits him colossally. Say, rather, once it fitted him, now it corresponds to wuthering heights papers, him from far and on high. He adores timidly his own work. Now is man the follower of the sun, and woman the follower of the moon. Yet sometimes he starts in his slumber, and wonders at shawshank redemption hope, himself and his house, and muses strangely at the resemblance betwixt him and it. He perceives that if his law is still paramount, if still he have elemental power, if his word is sterling yet in nature, it is not conscious power, it is not inferior but superior to wuthering heights term papers, his will. It is Instinct.' Thus my Orphic poet sang. At present, man applies to nature but half his force. He works on the world with his understanding alone. He lives in it, and masters it by shawshank redemption hope, a penny-wisdom; and he that works most in it, is but a half-man, and whilst his arms are strong and his digestion good, his mind is imbruted, and he is a selfish savage. His relation to nature, his power over it, is through the understanding; as by manure; the economic use of fire, wind, water, and the mariner's needle; steam, coal, chemical agriculture; the repairs of the human body by the dentist and the surgeon.
This is such a resumption of power, as if a banished king should buy his territories inch by inch, instead of vaulting at once into papers his throne. Meantime, in the thick darkness, there are not wanting gleams of a better light, -- occasional examples of the action of man upon nature with his entire force, -- with reason as well as understanding. Such examples are; the traditions of miracles in business mortgage broker the earliest antiquity of all nations; the history of Jesus Christ; the achievements of a principle, as in religious and political revolutions, and in heights term papers the abolition of the essayist, Slave-trade; the wuthering papers, miracles of enthusiasm, as those reported of Swedenborg, Hohenlohe, and the Shakers; many obscure and yet contested facts, now arranged under the name of Animal Magnetism; prayer; eloquence; self-healing; and the wisdom of children. These are examples of Reason's momentary grasp of the sceptre; the exertions of a power which exists not in time or space, but an instantaneous in-streaming causing power. The difference between the actual and the ideal force of man is happily figured by the schoolmen, in saying, that the knowledge of man is an evening knowledge, vespertina cognitio, but that of God is a morning knowledge, matutina cognitio. Shawshank Redemption Hope. The problem of restoring to the world original and eternal beauty, is solved by the redemption of the soul. The ruin or the blank, that we see when we look at wuthering heights term, nature, is in our own eye. The axis of vision is not coincident with the axis of things, and so they appear not transparent but opake. The reason why the world lacks unity, and love, lies broken and in heaps, is, because man is disunited with himself.
He cannot be a naturalist, until he satisfies all the heights term papers, demands of the spirit. Love is as much its demand, as perception. Indeed, neither can be perfect without the other. In the uttermost meaning of the words, thought is devout, and devotion is thought. Deep calls unto deep. But in actual life, the marriage is not celebrated. There are innocent men who worship God after the tradition of their fathers, but their sense of duty has not yet extended to the use of all their faculties. English Exam Essay. And there are patient naturalists, but they freeze their subject under the wintry light of the understanding. Is not prayer also a study of truth, -- a sally of the soul into the unfound infinite? No man ever prayed heartily, without learning something.
But when a faithful thinker, resolute to detach every object from personal relations, and see it in the light of thought, shall, at the same time, kindle science with the wuthering, fire of the holiest affections, then will God go forth anew into the creation. It will not need, when the mind is prepared for study, to search for objects. Shawshank Redemption Hope. The invariable mark of wisdom is to see the miraculous in the common. What is a day? What is a year? What is summer? What is woman? What is a child? What is sleep? To our blindness, these things seem unaffecting.
We make fables to hide the baldness of the fact and conform it, as we say, to the higher law of the mind. But when the wuthering heights term papers, fact is seen under the light of an idea, the gaudy fable fades and shrivels. We behold the about the yellow, real higher law. To the wise, therefore, a fact is true poetry, and the most beautiful of fables. These wonders are brought to our own door.
You also are a man. Man and woman, and their social life, poverty, labor, sleep, fear, fortune, are known to you. Learn that none of these things is wuthering term superficial, but that each phenomenon has its roots in the faculties and affections of the mind. Whilst the abstract question occupies your intellect, nature brings it in the concrete to be solved by your hands. It were a wise inquiry for the closet, to 12 provincial exam essay, compare, point by point, especially at remarkable crises in life, our daily history, with the rise and heights term, progress of ideas in the mind. So shall we come to look at the world with new eyes. It shall answer the endless inquiry of the intellect, -- What is truth? and of the essay about in jordan, affections, -- What is good? by yielding itself passive to the educated Will. Then shall come to pass what my poet said; `Nature is not fixed but fluid.
Spirit alters, moulds, makes it. The immobility or bruteness of nature, is the absence of spirit; to pure spirit, it is fluid, it is volatile, it is obedient. Every spirit builds itself a house; and beyond its house a world; and beyond its world, a heaven. Know then, that the world exists for you. For you is the phenomenon perfect. What we are, that only can we see.
All that Adam had, all that Caesar could, you have and can do. Adam called his house, heaven and earth; Caesar called his house, Rome; you perhaps call yours, a cobler's trade; a hundred acres of ploughed land; or a scholar's garret. Papers. Yet line for line and point for point, your dominion is as great as theirs, though without fine names. Build, therefore, your own world. As fast as you conform your life to the pure idea in essayist your mind, that will unfold its great proportions. Wuthering. A correspondent revolution in things will attend the influx of the spirit. So fast will disagreeable appearances, swine, spiders, snakes, pests, madhouses, prisons, enemies, vanish; they are temporary and shall be no more seen. The sordor and filths of nature, the essay, sun shall dry up, and the wind exhale.
As when the summer comes from the wuthering heights papers, south; the snow-banks melt, and the face of the earth becomes green before it, so shall the advancing spirit create its ornaments along its path, and carry with it the beauty it visits, and the song which enchants it; it shall draw beautiful faces, warm hearts, wise discourse, and heroic acts, around its way, until evil is business plan broker no more seen. The kingdom of man over nature, which cometh not with observation, -- a dominion such as now is wuthering beyond his dream of God, -- he shall enter without more wonder than the blind man feels who is gradually restored to essays the yellow wallpaper, perfect sight.'
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40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays. The secret to a successful essay doesn’t just lie in the clever things you talk about and the way you structure your points. To be truly brilliant, an essay needs to utilise the wuthering term papers right language. 12 Provincial Exam Essay. You could make a great point, but if it’s not intelligently articulated, you almost needn’t have bothered. Developing the language skills to build an argument and to write persuasively is crucial if you’re to write outstanding essays every time. Heights Term. In this article, we’re going to equip you with the words and phrases you need to write a top-notch essay, along with examples of how to utilise them.
It’s by no means an exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of using the words and phrases we describe that we won’t have room to include, but there should be more than enough below to help you make an instant improvement to about wallpaper your essay-writing skills – whether you’re a native English speaker or taking your first steps into wuthering heights papers, writing essays in English. Let’s start by plan mortgage looking at wuthering heights term, language for essays about wallpaper, general explanations of complex points. Usage : “In order to” can be used to term introduce an explanation for the purpose of an argument. Example : “In order to business plan understand X, we need first to understand Y.” Usage : Use “in other words” when you want to express something in a different way (more simply), to make it easier to understand, or to emphasise or expand on a point. Example : “Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on heights term, the land and in essays wallpaper, the water.” Usage : This phrase is another way of saying “in other words”, and can be used in heights term, particularly complex points, when you feel that an alternative way of wording a problem may help the reader achieve a better understanding of wallpaper its significance.
Example : “Plants rely on photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the sun.” Usage : “That is” and “that is to say” can be used to heights term add further detail to your explanation, or to be more precise. Example : “Whales are mammals. That is to say, they must breathe air.” Usage : Use “to that end” or “to this end” in a similar way to “in order to” or “so”. Example : “Zoologists have long sought to shawshank redemption essay hope understand how animals communicate with each other. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at papers, elephant sounds and their possible meanings.” Adding additional information to support a point.
Students often make the mistake of using synonyms of “and” each time they want to essayist add further information in support of a point they’re making, or to build an argument. Wuthering Term Papers. Here are some cleverer ways of doing this. Usage : Employ “moreover” at the start of essayist a sentence to add extra information in support of a point you’re making. Example : “Moreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in support of…” Usage :This is also generally used at the start of a sentence, to add extra information. Example : “Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…”
Usage : This is used in the same way as “moreover” and wuthering heights term “furthermore”. Example : “What’s more, this isn’t the essayist only evidence that supports this hypothesis.” Usage : Use “likewise” when you want to wuthering talk about something that agrees with what you’ve just mentioned. Example : “Scholar A believes X. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in favour of plan mortgage this point of wuthering term view.” Usage : Use “similarly” in the same way as “likewise”. Example : “Audiences at english 12 provincial exam, the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Papers. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to 12 provincial exam the unfamiliar.” Usage : Use the phrase “another key point to heights term remember” or “another key fact to remember” to introduce additional facts without using the word “also”. Example : “As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of essay car accidents in jordan a closer relationship between humans and nature. Wuthering Heights Term Papers. Another key point to business plan mortgage broker remember is wuthering heights term papers, that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.” Usage : Use “as well as” instead of “also” or “and”.
Example : “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” Usage : This wording is used to add an extra piece of peace information, often something that’s in some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of information. Example : “Not only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the summit of heights papers Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.” Usage : Used when considering two or more arguments at a time. Example : “Coupled with the literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…” Usage : This can be used to essayist structure an argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other.
Example : “There are many points in support of this view. Term. Firstly, X. Secondly, Y. And thirdly, Z. 16. Not to mention/to say nothing of. Usage : “Not to mention” and “to say nothing of” can be used to essays about add extra information with a bit of emphasis. Example : “The war caused unprecedented suffering to papers millions of people, not to peace mention its impact on term, the country’s economy.” Words and phrases for demonstrating contrast. When you’re developing an argument, you will often need to car accidents in jordan present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence – “it could show this, but it could also show this”, or “X says this, but Y disagrees”.
This section covers words you can use instead of the “but” in wuthering heights papers, these examples, to make your writing sound more intelligent and interesting. Usage : Use “however” to introduce a point that disagrees with what you’ve just said. Example : “Scholar A thinks this. However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.” Usage : Usage of this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion. Example: “The historical evidence appears to suggest a clear-cut situation. On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day.” Usage : Used in a similar manner to essayist “on the other hand” or “but”. Example : “The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an accurate account.
Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.” Usage : Use “by contrast” or “in comparison” when you’re comparing and contrasting pieces of wuthering term evidence. Example : “Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on mortgage, insufficient evidence. By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.” Usage : Use this to wuthering term papers cast doubt on english 12 provincial exam, an assertion. Example : “Writer A asserts that this was the reason for wuthering heights papers, what happened. Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to say this.” Usage : This is used in redemption essay, the same way as “then again”. Example : “The evidence ostensibly appears to wuthering heights term papers point to this conclusion. That said, much of the evidence is unreliable at best.”
Usage : Use this when you want to introduce a contrasting idea. Example : “Much of essays scholarship has focused on this evidence. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.” Adding a proviso or acknowledging reservations. Sometimes, you may need to acknowledge a shortfalling in a piece of evidence, or add a proviso. Here are some ways of doing so. Usage : Use “despite this” or “in spite of this” when you want to outline a point that stands regardless of wuthering heights papers a shortfalling in plan mortgage, the evidence.
Example : “The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.” Usage : Use this when you want your reader to consider a point in the knowledge of something else. Example : “We’ve seen that the methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to the rigorous standards expected in scientific research today, which makes it difficult to wuthering papers draw definite conclusions. Business Plan Broker. With this in mind, let’s look at a more recent study to see how the results compare.” Usage : This means “on condition that”. Papers. You can also say “providing that” or just “providing” to mean the 12 provincial same thing. Example : “We may use this as evidence to support our argument, provided that we bear in heights term, mind the shawshank redemption limitations of the methods used to obtain it.” Usage : These phrases are used when something has shed light on something else. Example : “In light of the term evidence from the essays the yellow wallpaper 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…” Usage : This is similar to heights term papers “despite this”. Example : “The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for its day.”
Usage : This is the same as “nonetheless”. Example : “The study was flawed, but it was important nevertheless.” Usage : This is essayist, another way of saying “nonetheless”. Example : “Notwithstanding the limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of wuthering term papers how we view the workings of the human mind.” Good essays always back up points with examples, but it’s going to get boring if you use the business expression “for example” every time. Wuthering Heights. Here are a couple of other ways of saying the same thing. Example : “Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates.
Swallows, for instance, leave the UK in early winter and fly south…” Example : “To give an illustration of essays wallpaper what I mean, let’s look at the case of…” When you want to heights term demonstrate that a point is particularly important, there are several ways of essays peace highlighting it as such. Usage : Used to introduce a point that is loaded with meaning that might not be immediately apparent. Example : “Significantly, Tacitus omits to wuthering heights term tell us the kind of gossip prevalent in Suetonius’ accounts of the same period.” Usage : This can be used to mean “significantly” (as above), and it can also be used interchangeably with “in particular” (the example below demonstrates the love first of these ways of using it). Example : “Actual figures are notably absent from wuthering heights term Scholar A’s analysis.” Usage : Use “importantly” interchangeably with “significantly”. Example : “Importantly, Scholar A was being employed by the yellow wallpaper X when he wrote this work, and was presumably therefore under pressure to portray the situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.”
You’ve almost made it to the end of the wuthering heights papers essay, but your work isn’t over yet. You need to end by wrapping up everything you’ve talked about, showing that you’ve considered the english 12 provincial arguments on both sides and reached the most likely conclusion. Here are some words and phrases to help you. Usage : Typically used to introduce the concluding paragraph or sentence of an essay, summarising what you’ve discussed in heights term papers, a broad overview. Example : “In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.” Usage : Used to signify what you believe to be the most significant point, and the main takeaway from the essay. Example : “Above all, it seems pertinent to remember that…” Usage : This is a useful word to use when summarising which argument you find most convincing. Example : “Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by financial gain – seems to me to be the most persuasive argument for her actions following Mozart’s death.” Usage : Use in the same way as “persuasive” above.
Example : “The most compelling argument is plan broker, presented by Scholar A.” Usage : This means “taking everything into account”. Example : “All things considered, it seems reasonable to papers assume that…” How many of these words and exam phrases will you get into your next essay? And are any of your favourite essay terms missing from our list?
Let us know in the comments below! 221 Responses to heights term papers “40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays” January 09, 2015 at 8:47 am, Jimmy Tan said: January 23, 2016 at business broker, 1:13 am, AN INDIAN said: It is term papers, very useful for junior as well as to senior.It is 12 provincial essay, awesome……………… thanks for this. November 29, 2016 at 9:46 am, Mofasa said: March 10, 2017 at 3:30 pm, Vaibhavi said: May 04, 2017 at 3:54 pm, felix said: September 17, 2017 at 8:02 am, arjun said:
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Hopefully I can face my exam in good perfect manner. Car Accidents In Jordan. Thanks a lot for the assistant support. December 27, 2015 at 10:55 am, Ikoo said: I need more information about black’s writing .also,his romantic way in nature . Please could you help me ? May 26, 2015 at wuthering heights, 2:39 pm, Mike said: These are reach-me-downs and the ideas you express are poorly connected. For example, ‘As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of redemption a closer relationship between humans and wuthering heights term nature. Another key point to remember is broker, that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.” You link these facts incorrectly – they are not a series of points that are additive.
They are causally related, i.e. one is a consequence of the other. I believe this is better, both logically and stylistically: ‘Romantic writers, including Blake, decried the negative impact of the Industrial Revolution on, amongst other things, society’s connectedness with the natural world. Consequently he foregrounded the term importance of improving the relationship between humankind and nature.’ You also lace your examples with contractions and these have no place in academic writing. September 19, 2016 at 11:18 am, Helena said: March 23, 2017 at essays about, 5:33 pm, Dr. Jim Loving said: You are correct. I have taught writing for 40-plus years, and I find many of wuthering papers these suggestions wordy and unnecessary.
For instance, “In order to” can simply to be “To.” June 02, 2015 at about the yellow, 1:48 am, phertauwete said: Thanks so much, I got it. June 05, 2015 at wuthering, 5:17 am, william said: Thank you very much, I’m having my O-level English in about 2 hours now and you really helped me. I’m sure i can score an essayist A now #128512; June 07, 2015 at term papers, 7:21 am, Lysha said:
Great!! Thank you so much for shawshank hope, including the tips above. June 09, 2015 at wuthering heights, 8:40 pm, Suus said: These words will really help me doing my English writing exam well tomorrow! #128578; June 21, 2015 at 11:52 am, Ali Zorab said: Such great tips, indeed. July 02, 2015 at 6:38 pm, Tim said: You did a wonderful job.
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This is helpful! Thanks for sharing! October 06, 2015 at 10:59 pm, Joe said: Thanks for the list. I think it would also be helpful to essayist include a list of words to help express the heights term thoughts of the essayist writers being referenced in the essay, for example, “Jacob states that teachers need to consider the learning abilities of all students” or “Williams asserts that reading English texts more often can increase the wuthering heights term papers writing skills of ESL learners”. It sometimes becomes boring to keep saying, “so-and-so states that…”
October 12, 2015 at 9:07 am, faiz said: This was useful for me. October 14, 2015 at 3:09 am, Lilow W. said: This article was wonderful. Furthermore, I don’t think my world history grade, as well as my grades in essayist, language arts and wuthering heights term papers science, would have been half of what they are now without it. Essays The Yellow. All things considered, this was an heights papers amazing article and I recommend it to business plan mortgage anyone looking to give their essay an elegant twist. October 15, 2015 at 3:41 pm, Ayushi said: Thanks!!
Really a very useful list! October 18, 2015 at 3:29 pm, Missy said: Really helpful ……………. Thank you guys. October 19, 2015 at 10:49 am, steven O'Donnell said: I would have also included “in fact” October 19, 2015 at 9:42 pm, Tom Howell said: *Gasp* As someone who has studied and wuthering term takes a modicum of essayist interest in papers, the English language, and having spent a lifetime writing scientific essays, all I can say is this list of business plan mortgage broker cliches will not aid you in your academic pursuits.
This is a categorical list of English don’ts that will undoubtedly be highlight with a sigh, and a comment something along the heights lines of “Please, no more” – paraphrased of course. Some of these are inescapable and are useful tools, but please use in english 12 provincial exam essay, moderation. If you truly wish to improve your writing, consider the heights term papers use of about the yellow language in literature you may study as part of your academic endeavours – be it english or technical based. What makes a writing style worthy of note, and what makes it tedious and monotonous? The use of structure, engaging writing styles, and even metaphors can be true keys to heights term papers essay success. December 07, 2015 at 8:24 am, Jeff B. said: Tom, I must agree. In my English class such cliches as listed here would be highlighted and returned to english exam essay the student with an admonition to “please use your own words,” or something to that effect. As I like to joke, “Cliches should be avoided like the plague.” October 20, 2015 at 8:22 pm, yoursif said:
October 22, 2015 at 5:00 pm, nur amira said: thanks it was indeed helpful. November 02, 2015 at 1:11 pm, sania said: really..its very helpful. im unanimous in term, asserting that how this has engendered an wallpaper advantageous impact..in my result. November 12, 2015 at 10:59 am, Alex said: This is so great… thanks for the A grade. November 16, 2015 at 1:22 pm, Chala said: Thanks a lot for this helpful article. One question though:
The example given for phrase 12 “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” has a comma included after “X”, but isn’t a serial comma incorrect in a series of two items? November 21, 2015 at heights, 9:05 pm, Yo said: November 26, 2015 at 5:29 pm, courage said: thanks very much.very useful we look forward for 12 provincial, other posts. November 29, 2015 at 1:13 am, Joey said: I don’t really feel comfortable using firstly, secondly, thirdly to introduce new points… does anyone else feel the heights same? December 07, 2015 at essays love, 7:58 am, Jeff B. said: While some of the wuthering heights suggestions in this article are valuable, I am going to have to agree with Tom Howell about the use of cliches.
Many of the phrases suggested (e.g. “To put it another way” and “Another key thing to remember”) are cliches, and peace should be avoided in original writing. Another note: this article recommends the use of “In conclusion” to introduce the conclusion. My suggestion is to avoid it, and I am not the only one who feels this way. To quote the Writing Center at Harvard University: summary,’ and ‘to sum up.’ These phrases can be. useful–even welcome–in oral presentations. But. readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of the. pages, when an essay is heights term papers, about to end. You’ll irritate. your audience if you belabor the obvious.”
If your readers cannot figure out that from reading your text that you are presenting your conclusion, then your conclusion has more problems than simply the introduction to essayist it. December 07, 2015 at 8:03 am, Jeff B. said: Note: In my comment above, I should have specified “for college-level writing… and above.” Further, I will say that sometimes, indeed, “In conclusion” can be a useful phrase, but in many if not most cases it should be avoided. December 07, 2015 at 10:43 am, Jeff B. said: * Assuming, of course, that my “comment above” is actually posted after it undergoes “moderation.” Otherwise my note makes no sense… December 07, 2015 at 8:25 pm, pavla said: put (or set) the term papers record straight. December 09, 2015 at 12:42 pm, Ahsan said:
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You will need to delve into the narrative and let the wuthering heights term, story tell itself; if you are choosing to write a singular anecdote, the story should be sufficiently compelling on essays wallpaper, its own, without a lot of explanation. You may have read through these three options and heights term thought, “What about a fourth option, in which I discuss my goals and why HBS? Certainly they want to know about that!” The HBS admissions committee is a straight-shooting group—if the school wanted candidates to write about their goals and why HBS, or wanted them not to, the essayist, prompt would come right out and heights term papers say so. The reality is that most people should not use this essay to discuss their career ambitions and interest in HBS, because doing so will not reveal that much “more” about them. For example, if you are a consultant who plans to return to consulting after graduation, we cannot imagine a scenario in which addressing your goals and why an HBS MBA is business mortgage critical would constitute an effective use of heights term papers, this essay.
However, if you are a medic at english exam essay a bush hospital in Uganda and are applying to HBS with the goal of commercializing low-cost technologies to fight infectious diseases, this may well be a fitting topic for your essay, as you seek to connect the dots between your unusual (in a positive sense) career path and your aspirations. In short, for most candidates, we would suggest eschewing a “Why MBA? Why HBS?” approach, but in a few rare cases, it may be appropriate and papers compelling. Finally, let us talk about exam essay word limits! HBS has not stipulated any particular parameters, but keep in wuthering heights term mind that with each word, you are making a claim on someone else’s time—so you better make sure that what you have written is worth that additional time and effort. We expect that most of our clients will use between 750 and 1,000 words, with some using as few as 600 and business plan broker a small minority using as many as 1,250.
We have difficulty imagining a scenario in which an applicant would truly need more than 1,250, but we certainly know of heights papers, candidates who were accepted with essays that exceeded that high target. In short, take the space you need to tell your story properly and showcase your personality and experience, and then work to reduce your essay to essayist its lowest possible word count, without sacrificing any impact or effectiveness. Have the wuthering heights, Last Word: The Post-Interview Reflection (conditional on essayist, being interviewed) From the heights papers, admissions committee: “Following the plan mortgage broker, interview, candidates are required to submit a written reflection using our online application system. Wuthering Term Papers? This must be submitted within 24 hours following the completion of the interview. Detailed instructions will be provided to essayist those applicants who are invited to wuthering the interview process.” For the fourth consecutive year, HBS ask candidates who are granted an interview to complete one more written task. Within 24 hours of interviewing, you must submit some final words of reflection, addressing the question “How well did we get to shawshank know you?” As with the application essay, this post-interview reflection is open-ended; you can structure it however you wish and write about whatever you want to tell the wuthering term, committee.
HBS urges interviewed applicants not to business mortgage approach this reflection as a formal essay but instead “as an heights term papers email you might write to a colleague or supervisor after a meeting.” Some candidates may find this additional submission intimidating, but we encourage you to view it as an opportunity to reveal new aspects of essay about in jordan, your profile to wuthering heights term the admissions committee. Because your HBS interviewer will have read your entire application before your meeting, you will likely discuss information from your resume, essays, recommendations, etc., during your interview. This post-interview reflection, then, could provide an opening for in jordan you to wuthering heights term papers integrate new and english essay different elements of your profile, thereby adding depth to your candidacy. Papers? For example, if you could not find a way to the yellow wallpaper include the story of a key life experience of yours into wuthering heights papers, your essays, but your interviewer touches on a similar story or something connected with this experience in your meeting, you would now have license to share that anecdote. As soon as your interview is over, jot down all the topics covered and stories you discussed. Essays About Wallpaper? If you interview on campus, note also any observations about term your time there. For example, sitting in on a class might have reminded you of a compelling past experience, or participating in the case method may have provided insight into an approach you could use in some way in the future. Maybe the people you met or a building you saw made a meaningful impression on you.
Whatever these elements are, tie them to aspects of plan, your background and wuthering term profile while adding some new thoughts and redemption essay information about yourself. This last part is key—simply describing your visit will not teach the admissions committee anything about you , and a flat statement like “I loved the wuthering heights term, case method” will not make you stand out. Similarly, offering a summary of everything the admissions committee already knows about you will not advance your candidacy and would constitute a lost opportunity to essay hope keep the wuthering heights papers, committee learning about the yellow who you are. HBS offers some additional advice on the post-interview reflection that we strongly urge you to take seriously and follow: We will be much more generous in our reaction to typos and grammatical errors than we will be with pre-packaged responses. Emails that give any indication that they were produced BEFORE you had the interview will raise a flag for us. We do not expect you to solicit or receive any outside assistance with this exercise.
As for how long this essay should be, HBS again does not offer a word limit. We have seen successful submissions ranging from 400 words to more than 1,000. Wuthering Heights? We recommend aiming for approximately 500, but adjust as appropriate to thoroughly tell the english 12 provincial exam, admissions committee what you feel is important, while striving to wuthering heights be succinct. For a thorough exploration of HBS’s academic program/merits, defining characteristics, crucial statistics, social life, academic environment and more, please check out the mbaMission Insider’s Guide to Harvard Business School . (Note: As a complement to our essay analysis, be sure to read Jeremy Shinewald’s Poets Quants article “ Before You Write That HBS Essay ,” in which he offers his top five dos and don’ts for this essay question.) The Next Step—Mastering Your HBS Interview: Many MBA candidates find admissions interviews stressful and intimidating, but mastering this important element of the english essay, application process is definitely possible—the key is informed preparation. Wuthering Term Papers? And, on your way to this high level of preparation, we offer our free Interview Primers to spur you along! Download your free copy of the peace love, Harvard Business School Interview Primer today—and be sure to term papers check out our one-of-a-kind service: HBS Mock Interview and Post-Interview Reflection Support . Mission Admission: The MBA Resume, Part 2. Professor Profiles: David Beim, Columbia Business School.
Essay Writing Workshop (NYC) Aug 9: Writing a Standout HBS Essay (Online) Aug 22: The Last-Minute MBA Application (Online) Sept 6, 2017 Harvard Business School (Round 1) Sept 8, 2017 Cambridge Judge (Round 1) Sept 12, 2017 Duke Fuqua (Early Action) Sept 13, 2017 Yale SOM (Round 1) Sept 19, 2017 Stanford (Round 1) Sept 19, 2017 Penn Wharton (Round 1) Click here to see the complete deadlines. Click here for essays wallpaper the 20162017 MBA Essay Analysis.
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