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A Sample Hospital Business Plan Template. Are you about starting a hospital/healthcare center? If YES, here is childrens essays, a complete sample hospital business plan template feasibility study you can use for FREE . Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a hospital. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample healthcare service marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for hospitals. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. The Storm By Kate Chopin Essay? It might no longer be new to you that health is indeed wealth. We all have come to know that aphorism without no hassle.

It is therefore in childrens essays place to say that when one has a sound health, one can be of leadership, optimum relevance to the society. Literature Essays? This is one of the reason those who are in the medical line are solving this problem through diverse healthcare businesses. One healthcare business that is focus here is the hospital business. Why Start a Hospital or Healthcare Center? Starting a hospital is one of those businesses that require you to first look at the existing laws in by kate essay the country or the State you reside, before going all out to start the childrens literature essays business. This is so because there is hardly any country that does not pay serious attention on their health sector.

The health industry is usually highly regulated so as to guide against the infiltration of quacks or substandard hospital or health facilities. If you have interest in starting your own hospital business, then you would need to by kate pay a visit to the health and medical regulatory body in your country ( the department / ministry of health and medical services ) to get all the childrens essays needed information that is required before you can legally start your own hospital business in your city. Also the business plan is something that you have got to essay tackle with before launching out in business. Childrens? Very vital information such as the vision, mission, marketing plans, legal documents, as well as many other things will be looked in pay to paper a business plan. Here is a sample hospital business plan that is literature essays, capable of leading you all the way; A Sample Hospital Business Plan Template. No doubt, the expository writing essay healthcare cum medical industry of which hospital business is a subset of, is perhaps one of the fastest growing and childrens essays largest industries in the world; this is so because the wealth of any nation depends on the health of the essays and polar nation. Obviously there is hardly any country where the health care industry is not handled with all seriousness. Childrens Literature? As a matter of paper done, fact, the healthcare industry is known to gulp well over 10 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) of childrens essays, most developed countries. Basically, a healthcare provider is by kate chopin essay, a health professional such as nurse or doctor et al or an establishment such as a hospital or a medical clinic or a healthcare center / facility that provides preventive, curative, promotional, rehabilitative or palliative healthcare / medical services in a systematic way to individuals, families or communities. The hospital industry comprises of operators who are licensed as general medical and surgical hospitals that provide surgical and nonsurgical diagnostic and medical treatment to inpatients with medical conditions.

In general, hospitals maintain inpatient beds and childrens literature essays usually provide other services such as outpatient services, operating room services and pharmacy services. There is indeed a very large market for hospital (healthcare service) providers in the storm by kate chopin the United States and of course in most parts of the world. For instance, the World Health Organization (W.H.O) estimated that there are about 9.2 million physicians, 19.4 million nurses and midwives, 1.9 million dentists and essays other dentistry personnel, 2.6 million pharmacists and other pharmaceutical personnel, and over interesting 1.3 million community health workers worldwide. This goes to show that the health care industry is indeed one of the largest segments of the workforce of any nation. It is on record that in childrens essays 2011, healthcare costs paid to hospitals, physicians, nursing homes, diagnostic laboratories, pharmacies, medical device manufacturers and other players in essay the health care system business value chain consumed an estimated value of 17.9 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the essays United States; this is indeed the essays and polar bears largest of literature, any country in the world. As a matter of fact, experts projected that the healthcare share of the GDP of the United States will continue to grow, reaching 19.6 percent of GDP by 2016. The Healthcare cum Hospital industry is have, indeed a very massive industry in the U.S. Statistics has it that The Hospital industry in literature the United States of America, is worth $986bn, with an estimated growth rate of 3.4 percent. There are about reflective, 3,184 registered and licensed hospital businesses in the United States and childrens literature they are responsible for employing about essays warming and polar, 5,513,669 people that comprises of doctors, nurses, pharmacists, dentist, opticians, surgeons and other health and non – health workers. It is important to state that there is no hospital with a lion share of the childrens essays available market in the United States. If you are considering starting your own hospital in the United States, then you should try and work around the have paper done industry barriers.

The truth is that, the barriers to entry in the Hospitals industry are high and this is due to the significant regulatory requirements and the experience and strength of incumbents. For example, medical licensure creates a barrier to entry in the healthcare sector. As a matter of fact, it is absolutely compulsory for any investor who is looking towards starting a hospital to meet extensive federal, state and literature essays local laws and regulations. These regulations relate to the adequacy of medical care, equipment, personnel, operating policies and procedures. Regulations also involve maintaining adequate records, preventing fires, setting rates and complying with building codes and environmental protection laws. These regulations make it difficult and costly for aspiring entrepreneurs to enter the industry. Over and above, if you are determine and you are ready to go all the way, you will surely succeed in establishing your hospital in the United States of writing 5 paragraph essay, America and you will be glad you did because it is indeed a profitable line of business. Literature Essays? Hospital Business Plan Executive Summary.

Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC is a standard, licensed and chopin certified hospital service provider that will be located in the heart of Miami Beach, Florida – United States of America. We have been able to acquire a standard facility that is highly suitable for the kind of childrens literature, hospital business we want to essays and polar bears operate. Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC is in the hospital industry to provide health care services such as Inpatient care, Outpatient care, Anatomical pathology services, Diagnostic X-ray services, Clinical laboratory services, Operating room services and other medical services. We are well trained and childrens literature essays equipped to service the market segments that require healthcare services. We are in the hospital business to deliver excellent healthcare services to all those who will patronize our services. We will also ensure that in the line of carrying out leadership program essay our duty, we comply with the literature essays laws and health regulations in essays warming Florida and childrens essays The United States of America. Our employees are well trained and qualified to handle the wide range of health care services. Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC will operate a 24 hours 7 days a week healthcare service; our hospital will be opened round the clock to attend to clients (patients). We have a standard medical call center that is manned by trained health workers. Our work force is going to writing 5 paragraph be well trained to operate within the framework of childrens essays, our organization’s corporate culture and also to meet the needs of all our customers.

Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC will ensure that all our patients cum customers are given first class treatment whenever they visit our hospital. Sample Reflective Essay? We have a CRM software that will enable us manage a one on one relationship with our customers no matter how large the numbers of our customers’ base grows. Essays? Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC is a family business that is owned and managed by Dr. Marvin Clarkson and his wife Joan Clarkson (Nurse). Interesting Studies? Dr. Phil Clarkson is going to be the Medical Director (Chief Executive Officer) of the hospital; He is a qualified and well trained Medical Doctor with well over 15 years of experience working as a medical doctor and medical researcher with the essays United States’ government.

He will be ably supported by his wife Joan Clarkson who has grown in writing 5 paragraph her career to become one of the most respected senior nurses in Miami, Florida. Childrens Literature? Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC is in essay the business of ensuring that our patient / clients are well treated and taken care of and our services will be carried out by highly trained professional doctors, dentist, surgeons, opticians, nurses, nurse#8217;s aides, mental health counselors, chiropractors, medication management counselors, physical therapists and other health and non – health workers, who know what it takes to literature essays give our highly esteemed customers (patients) value for their money. These are the health care services that Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC will be offering; Inpatient care Outpatient care Anatomical pathology services Diagnostic X-ray services Clinical laboratory services Operating room services Occupational, Physical, and Speech Therapy Personal Injury Case Management. Our vision is to become the number one choice when it comes to healthcare service delivery in the whole of Florida and also to be amongst the top 20 ( hospital ) health care service provider in the United States of America within the next 10 years. Research Done? Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC is in business is to establish a first class hospital that will take care of childrens essays, both highly placed clients and lowly placed clients as long as they can afford our services. We want to and polar bears become one of the leaders in literature the hospital cum health care services industry in Florida, and in The United States of America. Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC is a business that will be built on pay to have research done a solid foundation. From the outset, we have decided to recruit only qualified professionals (doctors, dentist, surgeons, opticians, nurses, nurse#8217;s aides, chiropractors, medication management counselors, physical therapists and other health and non – health workers) to man various job positions in our organization.

We are quite aware of the rules and regulations governing the hospital cum health care industry which is why we decided to recruit only well experienced and essays qualified employees as foundational staff of the organization. We hope to expository writing essay leverage on their expertise to childrens essays build our hospital brand to be well accepted in Florida and the whole of the United States. When hiring, we will look out for case studies in law applicants that are not just qualified and experienced, but honest, customer centric and childrens are ready to work to pay to research done help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the stake holders ( the owners, workforce, and customers ). As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on literature their performance for a period of five years or more. These are the positions that will be available at Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC; Chief Medical Director / Chief Executive Officer Doctor / Surgeon / Dentist Pharmacist Nurses / Nurse#8217;s Aides Information Technologist (Contract) Admin and Human Resources Manager Sales and Marketing Executive Accountant / Cashier Customer Care Executive Cleaners. Roles and Responsibilities. Chief Medical Director / Chief Executive Officer: Responsible for providing direction for the storm the business Creating, communicating, and implementing the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and literature essays overall direction i.e. leading the development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Sample Essay? Attend to high profile clients and severe medical cases Responsible for fixing prices and essays signing business deals Responsible for recruitment Responsible for payment of essays warming, salaries Responsible for signing checks and documents on childrens literature behalf of the studies in law company Evaluates the success of the organization. Responsible for providing professional medical services to childrens essays our patients Responsible for interesting in law offering occupational, physical, and speech therapy Responsible for handling medical emergencies.

Responsible for childrens literature essays managing the daily activities in the company (dispensary store) providing advice about health issues, symptoms and medications in response to customer enquiries Responsible for recruiting, training and essay managing staff Responsible for processing prescriptions and essays dispensing medication Responsible for ordering, selling and controlling medicines and other stock Responsible for pay to have done meeting medical representatives Responsible for managing the childrens essays organizations’ budgets Responsible for keeping statistical and expository 5 paragraph financial records Responsible for preparing publicity materials and childrens displays Handle marketing services Interfaces with third – party providers (vendors) Handle any other duty as assigned by the Medical Director. Responsible for leadership essay managing our patients Handles personal injury case management Responsible for childrens offering medication management services Assist the essays warming and polar bears doctors in treating patients. Sales and Marketing Manager. Manage external research and coordinate all the childrens literature essays internal sources of information to retain the organizations’ best customers and attract new ones Model demographic information and analyze the volumes of transactional data generated by customer Identifies development opportunities; follows up on development leads and contacts; participates in the structuring and financing of projects; assures the completion of development projects. Expository 5 Paragraph Essay? Writing winning proposal documents, negotiate fees and rates in line with organizations’ policy Responsible for handling business research, market surveys and feasibility studies for clients Responsible for childrens supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients Develop, execute and evaluate new plans for expanding increase sales Create new markets cum businesses for essays on global warming and polar the organization Empower and motivates the sales team to meet and surpass agreed targets. Manage the organization website Handles e-commerce aspect of the business Responsible for installing and maintenance of literature essays, computer software and hardware for the organization Manage logistics and supply chain software, Web servers, e-commerce software and POS (point of sale) systems Manage the organization’s CRM software application Handles any other technological and IT related duties. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to forecast trends and business conditions. Responsible for sample reflective essay financial forecasting and risks analysis.

Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and financial reporting for one or more properties. Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensuring compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC Serves as internal auditor for Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC. Client Service Executive. Welcomes clients and potential clients by greeting them in person or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries. Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level Through interaction with clients on literature essays the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in the company’s products and services Manages administrative duties assigned by the creative director in an effective and timely manner Consistently stays abreast of any new information on the organizations’ products, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and helpful information is supplied to clients when they make enquiries.

Responsible for cleaning the hospital facility at all times Ensure that toiletries and supplies don’t run out of stock Cleans both the interior and exterior of the hospital facility Handle any other duty as assigned by the admin and HR manager. Hospital Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Essays Warming And Polar? Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC is set to become one of the leading hospital cum healthcare service providers in Florida which is why we are willing to literature essays take our time to cross every ‘Ts’ and dot every ‘Is’ as it relates to our business. We want our hospital to be the number one choice of sample reflective, all residence of Miami and childrens literature essays other cities in Florida. We know that if we are going to achieve the goals that we have set for pay to have research paper done our business, then we must ensure that we build our business on a solid foundation. We must ensure that we follow due process in setting up the business. Even though our Chief Medical Director (owner) has a robust experience in health management services, public health and medical research, we still went ahead to hire the essays services of business consultants that are specialized in setting up new businesses to help our organization conduct detailed SWOT analysis and to the storm by kate chopin essay also provide professional support in helping us structure our business to indeed become a leader in the hospital / healthcare industry. This is the summary of the childrens SWOT analysis that was conducted for Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC; Our strength lies in studies the fact that we have a team of essays, well qualified professionals manning various job positions in our hospital. As a matter of fact, they are some of the best hands in interesting in law the whole of Miami Florida. Our location, the business model we will be operating on, opening 24 hours daily and childrens literature essays 7 days in a week, multiple payment options, well equipped medical call center and our excellent customer service culture will definitely count as a strong strength for us.

Our perceived weakness lies in chopin essay the point that we are just starting out and we may not have the required finance to literature sustain the by kate essay kind of publicity that we intend giving the business and also the literature finance needed for the acquiring some of the latest medical and surgical equipment et al. The opportunities that are available to hospitals cum healthcare services providers are unlimited considering the fact that hospital is not only meant for those who are sick and need treatment; people who are not sick may be required to conduct routine medical checkups from time to time and we are going to position our hospital to make the best out essay of the childrens literature essays opportunities that will be available to us in case in law Florida. Just like any other business, one of the major threats that we are likely going to face is economic downturn and unfavorable government policies (healthcare reform). Essays? It is a fact that economic downturn affects purchasing power. Another threat that may likely confront us is the arrival of a new and bigger / well established hospital or healthcare brand in same location where our hospital is located. Hospital Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. The hospital cum health care industry is indeed a thriving and dynamic industry; with the aid of technology, it is becoming easier to treat, manage and cure some ailments that before now are not easy to handle. No doubt there are many ways of providing healthcare services in this changing era since the place of delivery may be in the patient home, the community, the workplace, or in health facilities. The hospital industry has recently begun consolidating, largely due to sample reflective the pressures of healthcare reform. The truth is that, the demand for hospital cum health care services has steadily grown over the last five years, as healthcare reform legislation broadened insurance coverage and the plummeting unemployment rate increased disposable income. As an essays investor in the hospital cum health care industry, in order to expository writing maintain an advantaged position in this competitive industry, you should source for essays the most skilled and specialized healthcare professionals.

One thing about this industry is that labor costs is on have done the high side. However, hospitals have also faced nurse and physician shortages and have struggled to recruit qualified personnel. Industry profitability has generally risen over the past five years due to increases in service prices. No doubt the childrens essays home healthcare industry will continue to grow and become more profitable because the aging baby-boomer generation in Unites States is expected to drive increasing demand for case health care services. Joan Phil® Hospital, LCC is in business to service a wide range of childrens essays, customers in Miami Beach, Florida – United States of America and other cities such as Green acres City, Miami, Jacksonville, Clearwater, Tampa, Fort Lauderdale, North Miami, West Palm Beach, Palm Harbor, Deltona, Orlando, Palm Bay and Panama City et al. Have Research? We will ensure that we target but self – pay customers (who do not have health insurance cover), and those who have health insurance cover. Generally, every living person, whether old or young will at one point or the order need to visit the hospital. The fact that we are going to open our doors to a wide range of customers does not in any way stop us from abiding by the rules and regulations governing the hospital cum health care industry in the United States.

Our staff is well trained to effectively service our customers and give them value for their monies. Our customers can be categorized into the following; The whole residents within the area where our hospital is located Expectant Mothers Injured Sports Men and Women Corporate organizations such as banks, insurance companies, manufacturing companies, oil and gas companies et al Schools Health Management Organizations (HMOs) Our Competitive Advantage. Aside from the competitions that exist amongst various hospitals, they also compete against other healthcare services providers such as home health care services providers, health centers and community clinics et al. To be highly competitive in the hospital cum healthcare industry means that you should be able to deliver consistent quality patient service and should be able to meet the expectations of your patients at all time; they should experience improvement in their health when they patronize your hospital.

Joan Phil® Hospital, LCC is childrens literature essays, coming into the market well prepared to favorably compete in the industry. Our hospital facility is well positioned ( centrally positioned ) and essays on global and polar bears visible, we have enough parking space with good security. Our staff is well groomed in all aspect of healthcare service delivery and all our employees are trained to provide customized customer service to all our clients (patients). our services will be carried out by highly trained professionals ( doctors, dentist, surgeons, opticians, nurses, nurse#8217;s aides, chiropractors, medication management counselors, physical therapists and other health and literature non – health workers ) who know what it takes to expository writing 5 paragraph give our highly esteemed customers value for childrens essays their money. Interesting? We are going to be one of the literature essays few hospitals cum healthcare service providers in the whole of Florida that will run a standard medical call center for on global warming and polar 24 hours a day and 7 days a week. We have enough trained health workers that are ready to essays run a shift system.

Lastly, all our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be among the best within our category (startups hospitals cum health care service providers in essay the United States) in the industry. It will enable them to be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our business aims and objectives. Hospital Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Joan Phil® Hospital LLC will ensure that we do all we can to maximize the business by childrens essays generating income from the storm by kate chopin, every legal means within the scope of our industry. Literature? Below are the pay to paper sources we intend exploring to generate income for Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC; Inpatient care Outpatient care Anatomical pathology services Diagnostic X-ray services Clinical laboratory services Operating room services Occupational, Physical, and Speech Therapy Personal Injury Case Management. It is important to childrens literature state that our sales forecast is based on the data gathered during our feasibility studies, market survey and also some of the assumptions readily available on studies in law the field.

We have been able to critically examine the health care market and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to childrens come up with the following sales forecast. The sales projection is based on have information gathered on literature essays the field and some assumptions that are peculiar to similar startups in Miami Florida. Below is the sales projection for Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC it is based on essays on global and polar bears the location of childrens essays, our hospital and expository writing 5 paragraph of course the wide range of our services and target market; First Year-: $100,000 ( From Self – Pay Clients / Patients ): $250,000 ( From Health Insurance Companies ) Second Year-: $250,000 ( From Self – Pay Clients / Patients ): $500,000 ( From Health Insurance Companies ) Third Year-: $500,000 ( From Self – Pay Clients / Patients ): $1,500,000 ( From Health Insurance Companies ) N.B : This projection is done based on childrens what is obtainable in the industry and essay with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown and natural disasters within the period stated above. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher. Childrens Essays? The marketing and sales strategy of Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC will be based on generating long-term personalized relationships with customers. In order to achieve that, we will ensure that we offer top notch all – round health care services at affordable prices compare to what is obtainable in Florida. All our employees will be well trained and equipped to provide excellent and reflective essay knowledgeable health care services and customer service. We know that if we are consistent with offering high quality health care service delivery and excellent customer service, we will increase the number of essays, our customers by more than 25 percent for the first year and then more than 40 percent subsequently. Before choosing a location for chopin our hospital, we conducted a thorough market survey and feasibility studies in literature essays order for us to be able to be able to penetrate the available market and become the preferred choice for residence of Miami Beach, Florida – United States of America and other cities such as Green acres City, Miami, Jacksonville, Clearwater, Tampa, Fort Lauderdale, North Miami, West Palm Beach, Palm Harbor, Deltona, Orlando, Palm Bay and Panama City et al where our services will be available.

We have detailed information and data that we were able to interesting utilize to structure our business to essays attract the numbers of customers we want to attract per sample essay time. We hired experts who have good understanding of the childrens literature essays hospital cum health care industry to reflective essay help us develop marketing strategies that will help us achieve our business goal of winning a larger percentage of the childrens available market in writing 5 paragraph essay Florida. In summary, Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC Services will adopt the following sales and marketing approach to win customers over; Introduce our business by literature sending introductory letters to residence, business owners and corporate organizations Advertise our hospital in community based newspapers, local TV and local radio stations List our hospital on yellow pages ads (local directories) Leverage on the internet to promote our hospital Engage in direct marketing Leverage on word of mouth marketing (referrals) Enter into business partnership with health management organizations, government agencies and health insurance companies. Attend health care related exhibitions / expos. Hospital Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy.

We are in the hospital business -to become one of the market leaders and also to maximize profits hence we are going to explore all available conventional and non – conventional means to promote our hospital. Essays On Global Warming And Polar? Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC has a long term plan of opening of hospital in key cities around Florida which is why we will deliberately build our brand to literature essays be well accepted in Miami Beach before venturing out. As a matter of in law, fact, our publicity and advertising strategy is literature, not solely for winning customers over but to effectively communicate our brand to the general public. Here are the platforms we intend leveraging on to promote and advertise Joan Phil® Hospital, LCC; Place adverts on the storm chopin essay both print (community based newspapers and magazines) and electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant community health programs Leverage on childrens the internet and interesting social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, YouTube, Google + et al to promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations all around Miami Beach Florida. Engage in literature essays road show from time to time Distribute our fliers and handbills in by kate chopin target areas Ensure that all our workers wear our branded shirts and all our vehicles and ambulances are well branded with our company’s logo et al. Our Pricing Strategy.

Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC will work towards ensuring that all our services are offered at highly competitive prices compare to what is obtainable in The United States of America. On the childrens literature average, hospitals and health care service providers usually leverage on the fact that a good number of reflective, their clients do not pay the service charge from their pockets; private insurance companies, Medicare and Medicaid are responsible for childrens literature the payment. In view of that, it is easier for hospitals and essays and polar bears health care service providers to bill their clients based in their discretions. However, in some cases hospitals and health care service providers also adopt the hourly billing cum per childrens literature essays visit billing method. For example, it is easier and preferable for hospitals and healthcare services providers to bill personal injury case management services by the hour as against a fixed price. Sample Essay? At Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC, our payment policy is all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the payment options that will be available in every of our outlets; Payment by cash Payment via Point of Sale (POS) Machine Payment via online bank transfer (online payment portal) Payment via Mobile money Check (only from loyal customers) In view of the childrens literature essays above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our payment plans without any itches. If you are looking towards starting a hospital, then you should be ready to go all out to ensure that you raise enough capital to cover some of the basic expenditure that you are going to incur. The truth is have done, that starting this type of business does not come cheap. You would need money to secure a standard hospital facility, you will need money to acquire medical equipment and supply and you would need money to pay your workforce and pay bills for a while until the literature revenue you generate from the expository 5 paragraph business becomes enough to pay them. Besides it is expensive to childrens acquire a standard well – equipped ambulance.

The items listed below are the basics that we would need when starting our hospital in the United States, although costs might vary slightly; The Total Fee for Registering the Business in the United States $750. Legal expenses for obtaining licenses and permits $1,500. Marketing promotion expenses for the grand opening of Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC in have research done the amount of $3,500 and as well as flyer printing (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580. Cost for hiring Business Consultant – $2,500. Cost for Computer Software (Accounting Software, Payroll Software, CRM Software, Microsoft Office, QuickBooks Pro, drug interaction software, Physician Desk Reference software) $7,000 Insurance (general liability, workers#8217; compensation and property casualty) coverage at literature essays, a total premium $3,400.

Cost for payment of rent for 12 month at chopin essay, $1.76 per square feet in the total amount of $105,600. Cost for hospital remodeling (construction of racks and shelves) $20,000. Other start-up expenses including stationery ($500) and phone and utility deposits ($2,500). Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) $300,000 The cost for literature Start-up inventory (stocking with a wide range of products) $150,000 Storage hardware (bins, rack, shelves,) $3,720 Cost for Nurse and Drugs Supplies (Injections, Bandages, Scissors, et al)- $3,000 Cost for medical equipment $300,000 Cost of purchase of ambulance and other vehicles : $100,000 The cost for the purchase of furniture and gadgets (Computers, Printers, Telephone, TVs, tables and chairs et al): $4,000. The cost of Launching a Website: $700 Miscellaneous: $10,000. We would need an estimate of $1.2M to successfully set up our hospital in Miami Beach Florida. Please note that this amount includes the salaries of all the staff for the first month of operation.

Generating Funding / Startup Capital for Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC. Warming And Polar Bears? Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC is a private business that is solely owned and financed by Dr. Childrens Literature? Phil Clarkson and leadership program his wife Joan Clarkson (Nurse). They do not intend to childrens essays welcome any external business partners, which is why he has decided to restrict the sourcing of the start – up capital to 3 major sources. These are the areas Joan Phil® Hospital; LLC intends to generate our start up capital;

Generate part of the 5 paragraph essay start – up capital from childrens, personal savings Source for the storm essay soft loans from literature, family members and friends Apply for loan from on global bears, my Bank. N.B: We have been able to generate about essays, $200,000 ( Personal savings $150,000 and on global warming and polar bears soft loan from family members $50,000 ) and we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $1M from our bank. All the papers and childrens document have been signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from chopin, now our account will be credited with the amount. Hospital Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. The future of a business lies in the numbers of loyal customers that they have the childrens literature essays capacity and essay competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If all of childrens literature, these factors are missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop. Sample Essay? One of our major goals of starting Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for injecting finance from external sources once the business is essays, officially running.

We know that one of the ways of gaining approval and winning customers over is to offer our health care services a little bit cheaper than what is obtainable in leadership the market and we are well prepared to survive on lower profit margin for a while. Joan Phil® Hospital, LLC will make sure that the childrens literature right foundation, structures and chopin essay processes are put in place to essays ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Leadership Program? Our organizations’ corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and training and re – training of our workforce is at the top burner. As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of three years or more. We know that if that is childrens literature essays, put in place, we will be able to successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to help us build the business of our dreams. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Leasing of facility and essays warming and polar bears remodeling the facility: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from childrens literature essays, family members: Completed Applications for Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and expository Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of literature, Medical Equipment and Ambulances et al: In Progress Purchase of the Needed furniture, racks, shelves, computers, electronic appliances, office appliances and CCTV: In Progress Creating Official Website for the Company: In Progress Creating Awareness for the business both online and around the community: In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Compilation of our list of products that will be available in our pharmacy store: Completed Establishing business relationship with vendors (wholesale pharmaceutical companies): In Progress .

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A Look At Childrens Literature English Literature Essay - UK Essays

Oracle Apps Manufacturing Resume Sample. Functional Consultant Oracle Applications Specialist with 11+ years of business and IT experience. ERP Analyst with 7 years of experience in manufacturing and distribution modules of childrens, Oracle Applications. Five full cycle implementation at manufacturing sites (USA) using Oracle apps R12 and 11i various modules. Skilled in chopin, Identifying and Analyzing Business Requirements , Solution Design, Gap Analysis , Business Process Mapping, Application configuration, Data Conversion and Validation, Customization and Localization, System and childrens Integration Testing, User Acceptance and Training. Expertise and essays on global and polar bears implementation experience in childrens essays, Oracle ERP Inventory (INV), Bills of Material (BOM), Work in on global warming, Process (WIP), Advance supply chain planning (ASCP), Manufacturing Scheduling /MRP, Warehouse Management (WMS) , Mobile Supply Chain Applications (MSCA), Engineering (ENG), Cost management (CST), Quality (QA), E-Records and E-Signatures (ERES), Approvals Management (AME), Order Management (OM), Purchasing (PO), Depot Repair (CSD). Functional expertise in Report, Interfaces, Conversions and Extensions (RICE) Component. Discoverer Configuration. Good working experience in Demantra Demand Management, Oracle Configurator, I-Supplier, I-Procurement, Advanced Product Catalog (APC), Oracle Workflow, XML Publisher.

Solution design for Business Flows and childrens essays Functions such as Design to Release , Forecast to essays bears Plan , Plan to childrens literature essays Schedule , Schedule to Build , Quality management, Product Costing to Inventory Valuation , Inventory Count to Reconciliation , Plan to Replenish, Procure to Pay , Internal Requisition to Deliver, Requisition to Receipt, Supplier Return, Order to by kate Shipment, Assemble to Order to literature essays Shipment , Available to expository 5 paragraph essay Promise , Service Request to Resolution, Repair process , Period End Close and Reporting. Conversant with ‘Oracle - AIM’, ‘Oracle Accelerator’ ‘GE Healthcare - IMPRD’ Implementation Methodology. Oracle Business Accelerator-R12 certified. Project management. Experienced in managing offshore support team. Excellent communication documentation skill. Tools/Packages Oracle applications R12, 11i, 11 10.7, Oracle Accelerator, Oracle UPK, Discoverer, Bartender, Intermec- labelshop pro, Data Loader, Toad, SQL*Loader, SQL*Plus, Open Interface API , Quality Center, QTP, PVCS, e-Library, Workflow Builder, MS Project, OpenProj, MS office, Visio. Programming Language PL/SQL, SQL, HTML, XML. Operating Systems Windows Vista/XP/2000/NT, UNIX (SUN Solaris), DOS. Databases Oracle 10g, 9i, 8i, 8.x, 7.x and MS Access.

Oracle 11i Implementation, GE Healthcare - GSC, Milwaukee, WI Feb 2009 Present. Global Service Center (GSC) of childrens literature, GEHC is the sample reflective world’s leading Service business of childrens literature essays, medical diagnostic imaging equipment, including conventional and digital x-ray, computed tomography, magnetic resonance, ultrasound, positron emission tomography and nuclear medicine. GSC implementing Oracle Applications to automate entire repair process. As a SME I implemented Depot Repair, INV, BOM, WIP, PO, OM, CST and Quality module. Key initiatives are streamline the Return Repair process, Exchange Loaner process, Asset Recovery process, Item attribute- service and template set-up , Non-standard job configuration , Productivity repair cost analysis, Repair part testing and quality data collection, Repair process holds, Repair BOM and Routing, Quality collection plans and collection element setup, label printing bar code deployment for repair process, Product cost mapping, Purchasing Position Hierarchy and approval route configuration, Shipping network set-up, Shelf life management, Cycle count Physical count setup, Solution design document, Reporting requirements. Requirement collection evaluation. Scope determination.

Gap Analysis and Resolution. Prepared Design functional specification document for new business processes. Mapped business process with the oracle modules. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules like CSD, INV, BOM, WIP, CST, PO, OM and interesting case Quality. Integrated Order Management with Depot Repair to create RMA and Sales Orders, validate customer accounts, and literature invoice customers for repairs. Integrated Quality with WIP PO to capture Quality data during repair inspection process. Defined various repair types like Repair and leadership essay Return, Loaner, Exchange, Advance Exchange, Replacement etc to support different business processes. Configured quality collection plans to capture critical element as per repair test plan for literature, specific item. Displayed alert massage for specifications and pay to have research paper errors. Configured Purchasing options, Receiving Options, Purchasing Approval Groups, Buyers, Jobs, Position Hierarchy, Assignment set, Sourcing Rules and literature the Approved Supplier list.

Form Personalization to trigger custom label. Evaluated/demonstrated E-Records and bears E-Signatures (ERES) to literature essays meet FDA compliance requirements. Data Migration Validation strategy. Essays Warming. Performed Data conversion through Data Loader. Designed customized reports Bar code labels. Literature. Bar Code printer deployment. Coordinated between the business and the technical team members through the solution delivery process. Recommended supported all Oracle Applications patching, upgrades and maintenance activities by testing and troubleshooting functional issues. Conducted CRP, User Acceptance Test User Training. Go Live. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to leadership resolution.

Environment : Oracle Applications 11.5.10.2. Oracle R12 implementation, Escalade Inc, Evansville, IN Jan 2008 Feb 2009. ERP Specialist - MFG SC. Escalade Inc is childrens essays, a manufacturer and distributor of case studies, sporting goods and office/graphic arts products through two wholly owned subsidiaries: Escalade Sports and Martin Yale. As a SME I implemented INV, BOM, WIP, ASCP, WMS, MSCA, CST, PO and Quality across multiple sites in US, Mexico Europe using Oracle Business Accelerator. Key initiatives are Planning and scheduling configuration , Integration with Demantra forecast model, Constrained Planning configuration, Available to promise (ATP) configuration, Build to Order process set-up, RF Scanner, label printing bar code process deployment for manufacturing, receiving and shipping, Super market setup, WMS org configuration , Put away and Cross Docking rule set-up, MSCA GUI configuration, PTO Kit set-up, Direct Indirect cost mapping, Return Repair process, Set-up for Demo Trade-show inventory, NPI and literature ECO process, Purchasing approval hierarchy configuration , Auto create purchase requisition from planning workbench, Cycle count and Physical count setup, OSP and reflective essay Drop-ship process, Quality collection plans and collection element set-up, Engineering, Production Purchasing hold, Scrap calculation, XML and childrens essays Discoverer reports, Workflow configuration, Scrap calculation, Data migration from AS400 to oracle, Training and the storm by kate chopin essay change management. Collected business requirement by interviewing client team across multiple sites. Reviewed business process documents. Accountable for childrens literature, providing leadership and facilitation for writing 5 paragraph essay, requirements gathering, structured documentation and childrens essays presentation of findings. Gap Analysis and expository writing essay Resolution.

Prepared functional specifications use-case document for new or modified business processes. Conducted work sessions to capture required input for Accelerator questionnaire. Configured Production and Test instance using Accelerator advance setup template. Configuration Tool runs issues resolved and validated base set-up. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules INV, BOM, WIP, ASCP, WMS, MSCA, PO, CST and Quality. Integrated Quality with WIP and Purchasing to capture Quality data during manufacturing, receiving and return process. Literature. Mapped Non conformance, disposition, skip lot inspection processes. Data Migration strategy. Prepared CV060/CV040 - Conversion specification documents, Data Validation Load file preparation.

Performed Data conversion through Data Loader. Supported conversions like Items, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, Item transaction default, Price list, On hand. Designed customized reports Bar code labels and leadership prepared specification documents. Integrated testing with Bartender S/W label printer. Trained Users on Oracle forms and childrens essays Handheld Computers/Handheld Terminals. On Global Warming Bears. Barcode scanning process deployment for MFG, Receiving Shipping area. Used Oracle UPK to prepare training manuals, user training document work instruction sheet. Helped with security, Oracle responsibilities, alerts, workflow approvals and system privileges.

Identified and analyzed non-functional requirements such as system performance, usability, reliability, adaptability, security, and other operational aspects. Coordinated between the business and literature the technical team members through the essay solution delivery process. Recommended supported all Oracle Applications patching, upgrades and childrens literature essays maintenance activities by testing and troubleshooting functional issues. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to program essay resolution effectively. Conducted Super user training, CRP, User Acceptance Test, end user training.

Go Live. Production Support Implementation issues, Training, Month end, year end activities. Environment : Oracle Applications R12.0.4. Oracle Apps, Cummins Power Generation, Fridley, MN Jul 2007 Jan 2008. Cummins Power Generation is a global provider of childrens literature essays, power generation systems, components and services in have paper, standby power, distributed power generation, as well as auxiliary power in mobile applications. As a Solutions Architect designed and deployed ‘Cummins Annual Operating Plan automated processes, solution that integrate IT and childrens business process to support strategic business information needs. Oracle solution primarily involves Oracle Inventory, Work in sample reflective essay, Process, Bills of Material Cost management. In order to prepare the literature essays annual operating plan (AOP) for Cummins line of business (commercial, consumer Electronic) it is imperative to understand the essays warming impact of impending cost changes to the sellable products.

Variation between the estimated total product cost planned in the AOP and actual total product cost resulting from cost roll should ideally be zero. Childrens Literature. To estimate the impact of cost change variance as early as possible in AOP process, a custom functionality ‘Tool Reports’ blended with standard oracle process got designed and deployed. Requirements definition evaluation: functions and features. Prepared business use case, functional and technical design specifications document. Solution design for pay to paper, AOP automated tool and reports. Coordinated between the business and the technical team members through the childrens literature solution delivery process. Identified operational inefficiencies and 5 paragraph essay integration issues. Childrens Literature Essays. Suggested alternative solution.

Prioritization and pay to research done assignment of literature, development activities to offshore team. Specification documents for reports customizations. Designed deployed customized reports. Prepared test script, user training document and work instruction sheet. Conducted integrated testing and UAT. Analyzed data issues and resolved problems. Supported development and execution of deployment plan. Environment : Oracle Applications 10.7. Achievement : Year 2007 AOP variation was $15.7 million. After AOP automated tool deployment, 2008 variation is virtually Zero. Oracle 11i Roll-out, USG Interiors Inc, Greenville, MS Mar 2007 - Jun 2007.

USG is a leading manufacturer of building materials for the construction and remodeling industries. As an ERP analyst rolled out Oracle Inventory, Bills of Material, Work in Process, Warehouse Management and research done Mobile Supply Chain Applications (MSCA) and cost modules at USG plant. Key initiatives were Item attributes, template, categories configuration, RF Scanner and bar code process deployment, WMS Org configuration, WMS Rules set-up, Receiving manufacturing transactions on RF scanner, New product introduction (NPI), cycle count set-up, Work Order-less Completions and return process, Scrap calculation , Production Reporting and Reconciliation, product cost mapping , Custom reports. Requirement collection evaluation. Literature Essays. Scope determination. Mapped business process with the reflective essay oracle modules. Gap Analysis and Resolution.

Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules in development and production environment. Trained Users on childrens literature, Oracle forms and leadership Handheld Computers/Handheld Terminals for manufacturing and inventory transactions. Prepared test plans, user training document work instruction sheet. Designed implemented customized reports/labels required by users. Integrated testing with bar code S/W label printer. Coordinated between the business and the technical team members through the solution delivery process.

Recommended Supported all Oracle Applications patching, upgrades and maintenance activities by testing and troubleshooting functional issues. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to literature resolution effectively. Conducted Super user training, CRP , User Acceptance Test , end user training and Go Live. Production Support roll-out issues , Training, Month end activities. Environment: Oracle Applications 11.5.10.

Oracle 11i Implementation at Datex-Ohmeda Inc, Laurel, MD Oct 2005 - Feb 2007. Manufacturing Functional Lead. Datex-Ohmeda Inc is essays on global bears, implementing Oracle Applications Suite of software to meet its e-business vision. As a Function Lead implemented Oracle INV, BOM, WIP, ENG, MS/MRP, PO, ERES and AME at Laurel plant. Literature. Key initiatives were to configure Planning, Inventory Min-Max planning, SMI material through Kanban Replenishment, cycle count physical count set-up, OSP process, Shelf life item management. By Kate Chopin Essay. Super market setup (Lean MFG) to streamline material handling, ERES deployment across oracle modules, ATO PTO, Approval hierarchy set-up, Data migration from legacy system to oracle.

Coordinated with technical team for customization, third party system integrations (e-Matrix, GXS- supplier portal, BI Reports-Cognos), SOX compliance. Requirement collection evaluation. Scope determination. As-Is Vs To-be Process Analysis. Gap Analysis and Resolution. Accountable for providing leadership and facilitation for requirements gathering, structured documentation and childrens presentation of findings.

Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules in development and production environment. Prepared Conversion specification documents CV60/CV40, Data Validation Load file preparation. Deployed ERES AME framework to achieve FDA compliance for required business transactions. Performed Data conversion through Interfaces/Data Loader. Conversions like Items, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, Item transaction default, On handetc.

Error resolution. Designed customized reports Bar code labels required by users. Specification documents for Reports Customizations MD63 interface MD60. Developed comprehensive test plan at interesting in law, various Phase CRP1, CRP2, and ITEST Go-live. Childrens Literature. Prepared Test scripts for user testing by reflective mapping the literature essays actual business scenarios.

Exhaustive Implementation Testing End to End. Managed Quality Center/ Test Director for pay to research, test case management and essays defect tracking. Prepared Test Plan, Training Documents and work instructions. User training and warming User Acceptance Test. Go Live. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to childrens literature resolution effectively. Production Support resolved implementation issues. Month end, year end activities. Environment : Oracle Applications 11.5.10. Oracle 11i Implementation at expository 5 paragraph, GE Clinical Systems, Madison, WI Feb 2004 Aug 2005.

GE Clinical Systems in childrens literature essays, the business of high end Medical equipment like digital imaging, scanners etc. It is carrying out the implementation in on global, a global single instance in a discrete manufacturing environment. As a MFG Consultant I was responsible for INV, WIP, BOM, CST and essays ENG module implementation. Key initiatives were to set up Item parameter, cycle count physical count, Model BOM Configuration, Product Cost mapping, Cost-roll up and variance analysis, Data migration and essays validation, NPI and ECO process. Coordinated with technical team for third party system integrations (Sales workbench, Service Parts Order Management, BI Reports, IQA) Mapped business requirements. As-Is Vs To-be Process Analysis. Gap Analysis and childrens literature Resolution. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules in development and production environment.

Prepared Conversion specification documents CV60/CV40. Leadership Program. Data Validation Load file preparation. Performed Data conversion through Interfaces / Data Loader. Conversions like Item, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, On handetc. Error resolution. Designed customized reports/labels required by literature essays users. Specification documents for interesting case in law, Reports Customizations MD63 interface MD60. Developed comprehensive test plan at various Phase CRP1, CRP2, and ITEST Go-live. Prepared Test scripts for user testing by mapping the actual business scenarios. Exhaustive Implementation Testing End to End. Literature. Managed Quality Center/ Test Director for expository essay, test case management and childrens defect tracking.

Prepared Training Documents. End user training. Conducted CRP UAT. Go-live. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution effectively. Production Support resolved implementation issues. Program. Month end Quarter close activities. Environment : Oracle Applications 11.5.9. Oracle Apps Production Support, GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI Apr 2003 Jan 2004. Production support activities (24x7) for GE healthcare live sites across Americas, Europe and essays Asia. Tracked and resolved business user issues and helped with process across Manufacturing, Distribution and the storm Finance modules.

Assisted program manager by scoping the childrens proposed solution leading to accurate cost and essay time estimates. Developed functional specifications and system design specifications document to meet business requirements. Supported Conversions, Report, Interfaces, and Extensions requirements. Prepared Set-up BR100, Conversion specification documents CV60/CV40. Supported Data conversions like Items, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, on hand, Sourcing rule, Item Transaction Defaults, Open PO, Price List. Coordinated between the literature business and the technical team members through the interesting solution delivery process.

Test plan development and execution. Conducted User training. Prepared training documents and work instructions. Month end, Quarter close, Year end activities and reporting. Environment : Oracle Applications 11i.

Configure, Price, Quote, GE Healthcare, Mumbai, India Feb 2001 Mar 2003. Configure-Price-Quote (CPQ), a Product Configuration application, is GEHC’s global initiative to integrate its multiple equipment selling systems on a single global platform. CPQ integrates with the childrens essays Order to Receipt (OTR) Oracle Apps system different components of sales workbench. CPQ Application is program, being developed using Selectica’s ISS (Interactive Selling System) tool. Identified and childrens literature consolidated key Business needs requirements from different GEHC businesses feeding into interesting in law, the CPQ program. Analyzed and Evaluated enhancements to the application. Coordinated between User and childrens essays technical teams through the design and development process to delivery.

Developed test plan and integrated test script. Expository Writing 5 Paragraph. Used Test Director for literature, defect tracking. Designed Product hierarchy tool to support product configuration. Developed use cases system mock up for support tools. Bajaj Tempo Limited, M.P., India Jul 1997 Jun 1999. Bajaj Tempo is program, a leading light commercial Vehicle manufacturer in India. Manufacture Tempo Trax, Tempo Traveler, Matador, Tempo Tractor, and Mini-door in childrens essays, the segment of passenger load carrying vehicle. As Production Engineer I was -in-charge of Tempo Trax production line, managed manpower of around 20 employees and reporting to leadership Plant Manager.

Production planning to meet daily and monthly targets. Manufacturing scheduling Resource allocation. Co-ordination with supporting dept. (Maintenance, Quality control, IT , Return Repair dept etc). Performance monitoring execution. Production issue resolution. Master of childrens essays, Engineering (Manufacturing Systems), Birla Institute of expository 5 paragraph essay, Technology and childrens literature essays Science- Pilani, Bachelor of program essay, Engineering (Mechanical), Govt.

Engineering College, Ujjain India. Oracle Certification Program (OCP) - 11i E-Business Suite Essentials for Implementers.

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Advanced Essay #2: Children s Books: Importance in Influencing

An Analysis of literature, Chaucer#8217;s Knight#8217;s Tale Essay. In what ways and to what extent is Chaucer#8217;s Knight#8217;s Tale appropriate to its teller, #8220;a verray parfit, gentil knycht?Sophie KingChaucer#8217;s Knight#8217;s Tale is a story in which the courtly ideals of the pay to paper, chivalric knight are questioned. The narrator of the story, a knight himself, tells us about the noble Theseus and childrens literature, his rule over Athens. Paper Done? Theseus is appropriate to the description #8220;a verray parfit gentil knycht#8221; as much as the literature essays, narrator himself but we come to question the leadership, perfection of both as the childrens, story progresses. Although based on classical Greek mythology Chaucer writes in medieval terms. There is still great debate today about the values of the and polar, medieval knight that so often appears in Chaucer#8217;s work. Childrens Literature? Reading courtly poetry and stories of reflective essay, medieval romance might trick us into believing the nobility of childrens, knights but the 5 paragraph, reality would have been much less romantic in the cruel and turbulent times of the medieval world Chaucer writes about. The Knight#8217;s tale might be said to uphold the power of chivalry and express the nature of the noble life, but as the story unwinds it becomes easier to see the limitations and realities of chivalric power and raises profound questions on courtly love. Childrens? Winthrop Wetherbee suggests,The relationship of love and war is one sided: honouring his lady confirms the knight#8217;s courtesy but it is leadership program, most of all an childrens literature excuse for the self-centered enterprise of demonstrating prowess. In practise warfare remains the true test of chivalry and courtesy is largely the stuff of courtly poetryThus there is a clash of priorities and it appears impossible for the perfect knight to be loyal to his neighbour, to his lady, to God, to war and to everything else the code of chivalry entails. The nature of warfare in itself is a crime against courtesy.

An example of leadership, this is within the fight between Arcite and Palamon in the forest. They courteously help each other to arm and then a fight to childrens, the death ensues. It raises the question whether it is even possible to be a perfect and noble knight when the two main aspects of the tale are love and war. Being a knight becomes a contradiction in itself. Although Chaucer uses #8220;a verray parfit gentil knycht#8221; in the general prologue to describe the narrator, it seems to refer directly and undoubtedly to expository writing essay, the character of Theseus too. He is the embodiment of childrens essays, success in love and war, as told within the first section of the poem in his defeat of the Amazons and the wife he brings home.

Critics have said Theseus is the spokesman of mood and morals throughout the story. He is equal in nobility of character and depth of feeling. He embodies chivalric heroism in its highest form. Courtly grace and political responsibility combined with success in warfare and love make him a character that the Knight aspires to be. He never doubts the values and decisions of Theseus making it easy as a reader to see the Duke as a #8220;verray parfit gentil knycht. But we must of essays on global warming and polar bears, course always be cautious of the narrator. Theseus is symbolic of the ideal knight which is exactly what the essays, teller intended him to be when telling the story within the Canterbury tales. I call him symbolic as we never really learn much of his personality. Interesting Case? He does not display enough distinct characteristics for us to get a sense of who he really is. Literature? We only know of his courageousness and wisdom throughout.

It becomes clear when analysing Arcite and Palamon that its is extremely difficult to distinguish between the two. Furthermore Emelye only speaks once within the tale and even this is in prayer. This suggests the meaning of the the storm by kate chopin essay, Knight#8217;s Tale is not displayed through characterization. A. Childrens Essays? C. Spearing says it is, #8220;more like a perception of the nature of the human condition as a whole.#8221;Returning to Theseus, we witness his first example of gallantry behaviour. After winning at war he discovers the weeping widows and their husbands, #8220;dead bodyes vileynye#8221; since Creon refuses to allow proper burials.

Since vileynye is the opposite of gentilnesse Theseues#8217;s gentile qualities are emphasised when he vows to affront this offence against courtliness. He displays a sense of compassion as they appeal to his pitee;Som drope of writing, pitee thurgh thy gentillesse,Upon us wrecched women lat thou falle. This is the first of many examples of Theseus#8217;s chivalric behaviour but he is not the only knight in the tale to display chivalric qualities. There are moments of noble behaviour between Arcite and Palamon, for essays, example in the forest scene when both are seized by reflective essay, a violent jealousy and are on the point of fighting to childrens, the death. Chivalry remains at the forefront of their minds as they both gallantly and courteously help each other to leadership, arm before the battle ensues. It seems ironic and rather absurd to a modern audience that following this chivalric behaviour they switch so easily from brothers to warriors. The battle #8220;reduces them to wild beasts.#8221; When reading the following lines it is difficult to see the childrens literature essays, courteousness and selflessness that a knight is supposed to portray;In his fightyng were a wood leon,And as a crueel tigre was Arcite;As wilde bores gonne they to smyte,That frothen whit as foom for ire wood.

Up to the ancle foghte they in hir blood. Research Paper? Yet we must see the conflict in chivalric terms. Rather than a means of childrens literature essays, affirming the gallantry of reflective essay, these two knights I would argue it works to childrens literature essays, emphasise Theseus#8217;s chivalric qualities. On finding them in this state he acknowledges loves#8217; violent effects and takes pitee on expository writing 5 paragraph essay, the two knights. He responds almost sarcastically about the way of the childrens essays, chivalric world,Thus hath hir lord, the god of love, ypayedHir wages and hir fees for hir servyse!Theseus then organises the tournament that is to decide who should live to marry Emelye. This is a typically medieval reaction as a fight to the death amongst nobles was perfectly legal if conducted under the control of a nobleman. Theseus is the noble knight in this case and defines the rules of the great tournament that is to decide the fate of the expository writing 5 paragraph, two lovers. Here there is a vital change of narrative thought, as the Knight appears to grow less sure of the nature of chivalry. The tournament creates death and destruction despite valiant attempts to prevent bloodshed with the ban of essays, certain weapons of essay, war.

There is a noticeable amount of animal imagery within this section of the poem that invites us to believe it was a violent and savage contest. Theseus does not quite achieve what he perhaps hoped to. The death of Arcite envokes questions about the nature of childrens, fighting tournaments to win the lady. Critics have suggested A Knight#8217;s Tale demonstrated Chaucer#8217;s distaste of this chivalric practise, viewing it as an outmoded procedure. The Knight begins to doubt the chivalric values of Theseus and knighthood in itself when describing the three temples. He goes into essay, a long meticulous description and in doing so seems to lose control of the narration. Childrens Essays? He emphasises negatives such as the painting in the temple of Mars in which he depicts a violence that pervades all life. By describing the terrifying power of the Gods, the Knight reveals an awareness of the expository writing essay, dangers of the world and lack of power mere mortals have. After promoting the noble nature of Theseus#8217;s authority as a knight he comes to realise that even a #8220;verray parfit gentil knycht#8221; cannot make much difference in such a cruel world. This is reiterated in Theseus#8217;s speech at Arcite#8217;s funeral when he describes life as a foule prisoun.

Despite claiming to not wanting to describe the funeral he goes on to descibe it in great details as though the details of the event are being forced back into his mind. Childrens Essays? The description of the perfect knight is appropriate to teller and protagonist and proves to make a vital point within the story. Critics have said it perhaps answers the question of what the true knight is worth a little too easily and so we perceive the studies in law, ideals of the knight in a negative way. I would conclude by saying that the description of a #8220;verray parfit gentil knycht#8221;could easily be said to be appropriate to literature essays, both Theseus and the narrator and what they aspire to be, but the truth is that perhaps this idealism is unreachable and the tale in fact makes us question the #8220;perfection#8221; of the medieval knight. His final speech in which he realises that by dying young and research paper, nobly Arcite has escaped the #8220;foule prisoun#8221; of life, Thesues proves the childrens literature essays, lack of power he has to create order despite his authority and nobility. Wetherebee says, #8220;The conqueror whose chivalry had once seemed all sufficient has been humbled.#8221; And so the case studies in law, disorderliness of life is asserted and despite all aspects of chivalric intentions, as humans we are merely puppets to a greater power. The Knight has tried to promote his fellow noblemen within his tale and,#8221;he never abandons chivalric decorum, but we sense that he has again come close to acknowledging the fundamental limitations of the code by which he lives. Childrens Literature? #8221; We learn from expository writing essay, this that chivalry is by no means faultless and despite trying to promote his perfect knight, the teller has actually come to realise the imperfections that chivalry entails. Although the literature, Knight#8217;s Tale was meant to assert the ordering power of chivalry it becomes clear that it is no real means of controlling life.

It#8217;s rituals and courtly codes of conduct are made insignificant in view of death caused by war and the overruling power of the Gods. The tale makes us doubt the entire idea of chivalry and makes us question whether it is even possible to call any of the knights involved in this essay, narrator or characters #8220;verray parfit#8221; or #8220;gentil.#8221; The Chaucer#8217;s Knights Tale is therefore appropriate to expository writing 5 paragraph, its teller not because both are perfect in their knightliness but because as the tale unravels and the truth about chivalry comes to the forefront, so too does the teller#8217;s narrative prowess. At the start both the teller and the knights in his tale were visions of perfection. The teller proved his prowess in his eloquent language as the essays, knights in interesting studies, his story behaved gallantly and respectably. As the story concludes we may doubt both teller and tale and their chivalric notions just as we respected them at the start. They are intricately tied to one another and therefore always appropriate to one another. Bishop, Ian. The narrative art of The Canterbury tales : a critical study of the major poems. London : Dent, 1988Spearing, A.C. The Knight#8217;s Tale.

London : Cambridge University Press, 1966. Wetherbee, Winthrop. Geoffery Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1989. University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Childrens Literature? Date: 25 July 2016.

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Critical Essays on Children s Literature - Cambridge Scholars Publishing

essay on the wire Jason Mittell calls David Simon’s bluff: to literature essays, what degree is The Wire really like a “televised novel”? To what degree is it more like a video game? Why not classify it as what it really is - a genre-spawning “masterpiece” in the medium of television. The Wire (2002-2008) is paradigmatic of a critical darling - few people watch it (at least in the numbers typical of commercial television), but it generates adoration and essay, evangelism by nearly all who do. Television critics have taken it on themselves to lobby their readers to give the show a chance, asking reluctant viewers to overlook its dark and cynical worldview to literature essays, see the truth and beauty offered by its searing vision into the bleak heart of the U.S. city. Leadership! Thankfully for us scattered fans, HBO has allowed the show to continue for five seasons, even without a clear sense that the show’s dedicated fandom leads to overt profitability. Childrens Essays! This chapter was composed in the interim between seasons four and five, and thus only refers to the show’s first four seasons. The author would like to thank the readers of the storm, his blog, Just TV, for childrens, the thoughtful feedback posted about a draft of interesting case in law, this chapter as well as the comments by this volume’s editors.

What is most interesting to me about the critical praise deservedly lavished on The Wire is not how it may or may not yield an increase in viewership but how the critical consensus seems to situate the show distinctly within the frame of another medium. For many critics, bloggers, fans, and even creator David Simon himself, The Wire is best understood not as a television series but as a “visual novel.” As a television scholar, this cross-media metaphor bristles - not because I don’t like novels but because I love television. And I believe that television at its best shouldn’t be understood simply as emulating another older and childrens literature, more culturally valued medium. The Wire is a masterpiece of television, not a novel that happens to be televised, and thus should be understood, analyzed, and celebrated on its own medium’s terms. Yet thinking comparatively across media can be quite rewarding as a critical exercise, illuminating what makes a particular medium distinctive, and how its norms and assumptions might be rethought. So before considering how the show operates televisually, what does thinking of The Wire as a novel teach us about the show? And might other cross-media metaphors yield other insights?

The Wire ’s novelistic qualities are most directly linked to its storytelling structure and on global warming, ambitions. As Simon attests in frequent interviews and literature essays, commentary tracks, he is looking to tell a large sweeping story that has traditionally been the purview of the essay novel, at least within the realm of culturally legitimate formats. He highlights how each season offers its own structural integrity, much like a specific book within a larger epic novel, and childrens essays, each episode stands as a distinct chapter in that book. The model, modestly left unspoken, might be War and Peace , a vast narrative containing fifteen “books,” each subdivided into at least a dozen chapters and and polar, released serially over five years - Simon has less modestly mentioned Moby-Dick as another point of comparison, although that epic novel was neither serialized nor subdivided into books. In The Wire , each season focuses on literature a particular facet of have paper done, Baltimore and slowly builds into a cohesive whole. An episode typically does not follow the childrens literature essays self-contained logic of most television programming, as story lines are introduced gradually and major characters might take weeks to appear. Expository Essay! “Novelistic” is an apt term for describing this storytelling structure, as we rarely dive into a novel expecting the childrens first chapter to typify the whole work as a television pilot is designed to do. Simon emphasizes how the show requires patience to essays on global warming and polar bears, allow stories to build and themes to accrue - a mode of engagement he suggests is more typical of literature, reading than viewing.

Enhancing the show’s novelistic claims is the presence of well-regarded crime fiction writers like George Pelecanos, Richard Price, and Dennis Lehane on the staff, and Price’s novel Clockers is surely an interesting case influence with its dual focus on a criminal and a cop in the urban drug war. This parallel to childrens essays, the novel brings with it not just an imagined structure and scope but a host of assumed cultural values as well. While the novel’s history in the eighteenth and by kate, nineteenth centuries featured numerous contestations over the form’s aesthetic and cultural merits, by the time television emerged in the mid-twentieth century, the literary novel’s cultural role was firmly ensconced as one of the most elite and childrens essays, privileged storytelling formats. As the most popular and culturally influential form of storytelling, television has usurped the role that the early novel played as a lowbrow mass medium threatening to corrupt its readers and interesting case, demean cultural standards. By asserting The Wire as a televised novel, Simon and critics are attempting to literature essays, legitimize and validate the research done demeaned television medium by linking it to the highbrow cultural sphere of literature. The phrase “televised novel” functions as an oxymoron in its assumed cultural values, much like the term “soap opera” juxtaposes the extremities of art and commerce into literature essays, a cultural contradiction. Pay To Paper Done! For The Wire , especially in its context of HBO’s slogan “It’s Not TV, It’s HBO,” the link to childrens literature, the novel rescues the show from the stigmas of its televised form, raising it above the commercialized swamp of ephemera imagined by leadership, many as typical television. But I would contend that emphasizing the literary facets of The Wire obscures many of literature, its virtues and qualities, setting it up to fail when measured by some of the aesthetic aims of the novel. While any form as diverse as the novel cannot be firmly defined as dependent on any singular theme or formal quality, we can point to some key features common to essays on global, many novels that The Wire seems not to childrens literature, share. Novels typically probe the interior lives of their characters, both through plots that center on character growth and transformations, and through the scope of narration that accesses characters’ thoughts and beliefs. Even novels about case studies in law, a broad range of literature, people and institutions often ground their vision of the world through the experiences of one or two central characters who transform through the narrative drive - for instance, a Charles Dickens novel like Bleak House examines institutions like the legal system, but does so primarily through the experiences and perspective of a central character.

These features of characterization and interiority are certainly not unique to novels, and probably apply to many television series as well, but if The Wire is pay to have held as exemplar of the televised novel, we would assume that it shares the novel’s core treatment of character, which I believe it does not. Simon has suggested that The Wire is a show about the literature essays relationship between individuals and institutions - a claim that the program seems to uphold. But I would argue that the point of emphasis is much more clearly on institutions rather than individuals, as within each of the social systems that the show explores - the police, the drug trade, the essays docks, city government, and the educational system - the institution is brought into focus through the literature lens of numerous characters. Certainly Jimmy McNulty is a central point of leadership essay, access to understand police bureaucracy and functions nominally as the show’s main character, but by season four he is in the margins while characters like Cedric Daniels, “Bunny” Colvin, and Bunk Moreland provide alternate entry points to explore the police system. Likewise, we experience the drug trade through a range of characters from D’Angelo Barksdale to Stringer Bell, Omar Little to literature essays, Bodie Broadus.

While all of on global bears, these characters have depth and complexity, we rarely see much of their existence beyond how they fit into their institutional roles. Even romantic relationships seem to foreground interinstitutional links between police, lawyers, and politicians more than interpersonal bonds that deepen characters’ inner lives and motivations. The chronic alcoholism and essays, infidelity of The Wire ’s police officers offers a portrait less of flawed personalities than of a flawed institution; for interesting studies, instance, the police admire the systematic discipline and coordination of Barksdale’s crew, which is distinctly lacking in literature essays, the Baltimore Police Department. This is not to suggest that characters in The Wire are flat or merely cardboard cutouts enacting a social simulation. One of the show’s most masterful features is its ability to create achingly human characters out of the tiniest moments and case, subtle gestures, such as Lester Freamon silently sanding doll furniture, D’Angelo Barksdale picking out childrens literature, his clothes, or Bubbles walking through “Hamsterdam” in sample reflective essay, a daze trying to childrens, find himself.

But the way The Wire portrays its characters seems distinctly not novelistic: we get no internal monologues or speeches articulating characters’ deep thoughts, and essay, few senses of deep character goals or transformations motivating the dramatic actions. Character depth is conveyed through the texture of everyday life on the job - a set of childrens essays, operating systems that work to dehumanize the bears characters at nearly every turn. As Simon notes, The Wire has … resisted the idea that, in this post-modern America, individuals triumph over institutions. The institution is always bigger. It doesn’t tolerate that degree of individuality on any level for any length of time. These moments of epic characterization are inherently false. They’re all rooted in, like, old Westerns or something. Guy rides into town, cleans up the town, rides out of town. There’s no cleaning it up anymore. Childrens Essays! There’s no riding in, there’s no riding out.

The town is sample what it is. (Quoted in childrens literature, Mills 2007) In the leadership program essay show’s character logic, the institution is the defining element in a character’s life, externalized through practices, behaviors, and choices that deny individuality and agency - a storytelling structure that seems contrary to childrens literature essays, principles typical of most literary novels. There are clearly aspects of the novel that have inspired The Wire - the expository writing 5 paragraph essay sweeping storytelling scope, the attention to details of systems and characters, and the social issue probing of works like The Jungle . Additionally, literary developments in recent decades have opened up the formal and literature essays, stylistic possibilities of the genre, and thus there are certainly fictional trends that The Wire taps into. Ultimately, however, I contend that we should view The Wire using the expository writing 5 paragraph essay lens of its actual medium of television to best understand and appreciate its achievements and importance. But viewing a text through the expectations and assumptions of another form can help us understand its particular cultural logic. Might other media metaphors be similarly useful, within limits, to help unravel The Wire ? Surely journalism and documentary would be apt comparisons, with Simon’s roots as a newspaperman and investment in creative nonfiction. Yet I would like to literature, suggest that it might be useful to view the program using the pay to have lens of a seemingly off-base medium, and literature essays, hence offer a brief detour to answer an unlikely question: How might we conceive of The Wire as a video game? Let me preemptively acknowledge one significant limitation here: watching The Wire is not interactive, at least in the explicit mode that Eric Zimmerman (2004, 158) argues typifies games.

But then again, watching a game like baseball is also noninteractive - despite my ritualized efforts to superstitiously trigger my team’s good fortune via carefully chosen clothing, gestures, and behaviors, I have failed to essays on global and polar, alter the literature essays outcome of any Red Sox game (at least as far as I know). In thinking about a filmed series like The Wire as a game, we need to think of the ludic elements within the show’s diegesis, not the interactive play that we expect when booting up a video game. Thus The Wire might be thought of as a spectatorial game, being played on-screen for the benefit of an audience. Games certainly play a more crucial role within The Wire ’s storyworld than literature does, as its characters hardly ever seem to read, but can regularly be seen playing craps or golf, watching basketball or dogfighting. More centrally, nearly every episode has at interesting case in law least one reference to “the game,” a slang term for the urban drug trade that extends to literature, all of the show’s institutional settings. Within the show’s portrait of Baltimore, the game is played in all venues - the pay to paper corners, City Hall, the police station, and literature, the union hall - and by a range of players - street-level junkies looking to score, corrupt politicians filling campaign coffers, cops bucking for pay to, promotion, stevedores trying to maintain the docks. Literature! “The game” is the overarching metaphor for urban struggle, as everyone must play or get played - as Marla Daniels tries to have research paper done, warn her husband, Cedric, “The game is rigged - you can’t lose if you don’t play” (episode 1.2). Sometimes characters are playing the same game, as the childrens essays chase between the cops and Barksdale’s crew develops into chopin essay, a series of moves and countermoves, but some institutions engage in a different game altogether - in childrens, season one, the research done cops go to the FBI for help busting Barksdale’s drug and money-laundering system, but the childrens literature essays feds are only essay playing the terrorism and political corruption game. Ultimately, Bell is brought down by trying to play two games at once, and gets caught when the rules of the drug game conflict with the corporate political game.

Simon has suggested that the show’s goal is to “portray systems and literature essays, institutions and be honest with ourselves and viewers about how complex these problems are” (quoted in Zurawik 2006). While Simon imagines that the televised novel is the paper done form best suited to accomplish such goals, in today’s media environment, video games are the go-to medium for portraying complex systems. As Janet Murray writes, “The more we see life in terms of systems, the more we need a system-modeling medium to represent it - and the less we can dismiss such organized rule systems as mere games” (quoted in literature essays, Moulthrop 2004, 64). If novels typically foreground characterization and interiority in ways that The Wire seems to deny, video games highlight the complexity of interrelated systems and pay to have paper, institutions that is one of the show’s strengths. Many video games are predicated on childrens essays the logic of simulating complex systems, modeling an interrelated set of practices and sample essay, protocols to explore how one choice ripples through an immersive world. Ian Bogost (2006, 98) defines a simulation as “a representation of a source system via a less complex system that informs the user’s understanding of the source system in childrens, a subjective way” - a formulation that certainly captures the essence of The Wire as a dramatic distillation of Baltimore’s institutional systems viewed through the critical perspective of Simon and his cowriters. We might imagine the show as a televisual adaptation of Will Wright’s landmark game SimCity (1989): an array of systems are dramatized, each with changing variables that ripple across the larger simulation model in unpredictable and 5 paragraph essay, often counterintuitive ways. SimCity functions as a “God game” at a macrolevel of control over the microdecisions of childrens literature, urban existence.

But The Wire dramatizes its institutions more through the actions of sample, characters in relation to the institution, blending the urban scope of childrens literature, SimCity with the personal focus typifying The Sims (2000), Wright’s most popular iteration of the simulation game genre. Bogost analyzes the cellular structure of simulations, with units operating in microcontexts coalescing to create broader emergent systems. Such is often the reflective case in The Wire ’s Baltimore; in the first episode, for instance, a chance violent encounter between Johnny Weeks and essays, Bodie leads Bubbles to seek revenge on Barksdale’s organization, a small-scale unit operation that leads to major institutional transformations for sample reflective, both the police and drug dealers. Such small occurrences and childrens, changes at and polar the levels of both character and institution are followed throughout the series to model how institutions operate and infiltrate the lives of their employees and members - a mode of childrens essays, representation blending the logics of SimCity and The Sims . One of the central elements of games, especially those centered on simulations, is sample replayability; for a game to be embraced by its players, it typically must allow enough experiential variation to invite multiple passes through its ludic journey. Instead of viewing each of childrens literature essays, The Wire ’s seasons as a singular book within an epic novel, we could view them as one play through its simulation game. In the first season, we walk through the police’s attempt to take down Barksdale’s drug operation, concluding seemingly in a “checkmate” scene where Avon Barksdale and Stringer Bell yield to the police’s final moves (1.12). Sample Essay! Yet rather than game over, the childrens literature move results in a stalemate that no players deem victorious - a few criminals get sentenced, but the Barksdale machine remains intact.

Season three offers a replay with some changed variables and strategies for case, all sides: What if drugs are decriminalized? What if the drug trade goes legit through a conglomerated co-op rather than violent competition? What if a former soldier repents and literature essays, tries to give back to his community? Given the show’s cynical vision of pay to have research paper done, corrupt institutions, reform typically produces various forms of essays, failure, as the parameters of the system are too locked in to truly produce social change or allow for an imagined solution to systemic problems; as Pryzbylewski notes in a later episode, referencing football but also his own life’s work, “No one wins - one side just loses more slowly” (4.4). Yet the ludic joy of the on global warming and polar third season is the essays ability to replay the first season’s narrative through the pay to research imagination of new rules and essays, ways to play the game - a mode of sample essay, engagement offered with less imaginative vision and more amoral brutality in essays, season four’s replay of the drug game under the leadership essay leadership of Marlo Stanfield.

The characters in childrens, The Wire , while quite human and multidimensional, are as narrowly defined in leadership, their possibilities as typical video game avatars. They each do what they do because that is the way the game is played - Bubbles can’t get clean, McNulty can’t follow orders, Avon can’t stop fighting for his corners, and Frank Sobotka can’t let go of the glory days of the docks. The characters with both the childrens literature will and opportunity to change, like Bell, D’Angelo, or Colvin, find the systems too resistant, the “boss levels” too difficult, to overcome the status quo. The show offers a game that resists agency, a system impervious to change, and pay to paper done, yet the players keep playing because that is all they know how to do. The opening scene in the series shows McNulty interviewing a witness to a murder, killed after trying to rob a craps game; even though the victim tried to childrens, “snatch and run” every Friday night, the witness says that they had to let him play, because “it’s America, man” (1.1). The game must be played, no matter the cost. Have Research! Throughout the series, the moments of greatest conflict are where a player steps over the line and childrens literature, breaks the unwritten rules of his or her institution - shooting Omar on Sunday morning, Carver leaking information about Daniels, Nick Sobotka going beyond smuggling to expository writing 5 paragraph, enter the drug trade. Literature! In the show’s representation of Baltimore, the game is more than a metaphor; it is the social contract that just barely holds the sample world together. Season four offers a replay with an childrens literature essays expansion pack complete with new avatars and settings, focusing on the kids of interesting case, Tilghman Middle School. The introduction of this new system triggers emotional distress - the rules of The Wire ’s simulation logic all but ensure that most of the literature essays children will end up broken and damaged, as that’s the way the game is played.

As we watch the season progress, the choices that the pay to paper kids make and essays, the actions that are enacted on essay them all function as unit operations, microinstances that begin to coalesce into larger systemic forces. Essays! We watch in hope that they each choose the right moves, play by rules that we know well after three seasons, but realize that nobody wins - it’s just about writing essay, who loses more slowly. It is a tribute to the efficacy of the show’s logic of emergent systems that the end result of each child’s fate is both entirely unpredictable from the outset and completely inevitable given the way each played - and was played by - the game. Childrens! As viewers, we also play along in rooting for particular players, tracking the near misses that could have changed each of their lives along the on global warming way, and learning the lessons of the show’s simulation rhetoric. As Bogost (2006) observes, simulations make arguments and reinforce ideologies through their underlying rules and assumptions; The Wire serves as a prototype of a persuasive game, making arguments about the childrens essays inefficacy of the drug war, the warming class politics of urban America, and the failure of U.S. education under the childrens literature regime of testing, all rhetorically framed within the metaphor of a game to be played and lost. If the video game medium offers such insight into what makes The Wire an innovative and have research paper, successful program, why wouldn’t Simon or other critics highlight this cross-media parallel as well as the literature essays novel? One answer is obvious: it helps legitimize the show by comparing it to the highbrow, respectable literary form rather than the more derided and reflective, marginalized medium. And of course, I do believe that Simon and his cowriters do conceive of their practices as fitting with their conceptions of what the novel can do, with “the game” serving as mostly a metaphor for essays, the desolate lives of in law, their characters and institutions. Childrens Literature Essays! But through my own little game here, reading The Wire for the anthology Third Person through the analytic lens of its previous game studies iteration of First Person , we can see both the possibilities and limitations of analyzing a text through the framework of expository 5 paragraph essay, what it is not. Ultimately, the childrens literature best insights about the show can be found not by looking at on global bears it as either a novel or a game but in literature, terms of interesting case in law, what it truly is: a masterful example of television storytelling. Placing The Wire in literature essays, the context of television storytelling helps us understand why Simon felt compelled to frame his series as atypical of television beyond the implied cultural hierarchies.

On the show’s debut in 2002, television was in the midst of a distinctive shift in its storytelling strategies and possibilities, exploring a mode of narrative complexity that I have analyzed elsewhere (Mittell 2006). Simon’s previous work in television was primarily on the NBC series Homicide: Life on the Street , which was based on his journalistic book; Homicide ’s producers were constantly battling network requests to make plots more conclusive and uplifting, adding hopeful resolution to its bleak vision of urban murder. But in the decade between Homicide ’s 1993 premiere and The Wire ’s debut, many programs offered innovations in essays on global warming bears, complex long-form television storytelling, including The X-Files , Buffy the Vampire Slayer , The West Wing , Alias , 24 , and most important for Simon’s own program, HBO’s critically acclaimed offerings of Oz , The Sopranos (1999-2007), and Six Feet Under (2001-2005) as well as his own miniseries The Corner . Thus, while Simon frames his series primarily in novelistic terms in opposition to childrens literature, his frustrations working on Homicide , there were many key televised precedents for essays warming and polar, long-form gradual storytelling for him to draw on. The Wire does, of literature, course, draw on a number of have research paper, televisual traditions, mostly in its position within genre categories. The police drama is an obvious link, but an uncomfortable one; unlike nearly all cop shows, The Wire spends as much time focused on the criminals as the police, and as seasons progress, other civic institutions take over the dramatic center. The show belongs more to a nonexistent category of “urban drama,” documenting a city’s systemic decay; thematically, police dramas are nearly always about fighting the tide of decay, rather than contributing to its demise. In spirit, if not in essays, execution, The Wire harks back to the critically hailed yet little seen social issue dramas of the early 1960s, like East Side/West Side and The Defenders , but given the new industrial framework of premium cable television, The Wire can survive (if only barely) as a bleak social statement without reaching a mass audience - a luxury that its 1960s’ network counterparts could not afford.

What the show shares most directly with many cop show precedents is leadership essay its focus on procedure. Dragnet (1951-1970) pioneered the essays television cop show in the 1950s, inventing both the formal and cultural vocabulary of the police procedural. On Global Warming! Although it reads as a mannered caricature today, in its time Dragnet represented the height of childrens literature essays, gripping authenticity, offering viewers a gritty noir view into bears, the underbelly of Los Angeles and a celebration of the childrens essays police who protect it. The show’s narrative scope focused on the functional machinery of the interesting case police world, presenting a form of “systemic realism” that sublimated character depth to institutional logic (Mittell 2004, 137). While Dragnet did distill the childrens larger institution into the perspective of essay, Detective Joe Friday and his assorted partners, creator/producer/star Jack Webb designed the show for Friday to be viewed as “just one little cog in a great enforcement machine” (quoted in ibid., 126), and downplayed the character to generate a level of emotional engagement appropriate for a cog, redirecting viewer focus on to the minute details of police procedures. The legacy of Dragnet ’s procedural tone lives on in the childrens literature long-running Law and Order and CSI franchises, each of which offer just enough emotional investment in their institutional workers to engage viewers, but hook them with twisty mysteries each week to be solved by effective forensic detection or prosecution. The Wire manages to produce both emotional investment in its characters and a detailed eye for procedures. Interesting Case In Law! The opening credits of childrens literature essays, each season typify the show’s focus.

The characters are obscured and abstracted into a series of unit operations: close-ups of body parts, machinery, gestures, and icons of city life. What matters in the credits, and arguably the series as a whole, is less who is reflective doing the actions, but more the practices of institutional urban life themselves: the childrens literature essays policing, drug slinging, political bribing, and bureaucratic buck-passing that comprise the essays on global essence of the childrens show’s portrait of Baltimore in decay. The Wire offers a veritable how-to lesson on the police procedures of wiretapping, waterfront tracking, and surveillance as well as the less sanctioned practices of drug distribution, smuggling, and bribery. A real New York drug ring even modeled their strategy of dumping cell phones after the practices of Barksdale’s crew - a connection that police learned about leadership, while listening to dealers recap the previous episode via a wiretap (Rashbaum 2005). While traditional police procedurals have documented the practices of detection and prosecution as evidence of a functional and robust criminal justice system, The Wire ’s procedural detail shows official systems that cannot match the discipline, creativity, and flexibility of criminals, thereby offering a cynical vision of childrens literature essays, a police system playing out a losing hand. The show’s formal style supports its claims to authenticity. While it avoids Dragnet’s procedural voice-over narration, The Wire shares a similar commitment to underplaying drama, and allowing the on-screen dialogue and action to tell the interesting case story. The show refuses to use nondiegetic music except to conclude each season, and minimizes camera movement and flashy editing, allowing the essays performances and writing to tell the story with a naturalistic visual style.

Unlike many of its contemporary shows employing complex narrative strategies, The Wire avoids flashbacks, voice-overs, fantasy sequences, repetition from multiple perspectives, or reflexive commentaries on the narrative form itself (see Mittell 2006). In terms of how the show stylistically tells its story, The Wire appears more akin to conventional procedurals like Law and Order than contemporary innovators like The Sopranos or 24, sharing a commitment to authenticity and realism typified by a minimized documentary-style aesthetic that Simon (2006) summarizes: “Less is more. Explaining everything to the slowest or laziest member of the audience destroys verisimilitude and interesting case in law, reveals the movie itself, rather than the reality that the literature essays movie is trying to convey.” While its attention to reflective essay, procedural details, authenticity, and childrens essays, verisimilitude might rival any show in television history, The Wire diverges from one defining attribute of the police procedural. Program Essay! Typically procedurals, whether focusing on police precincts, medical practices, or private detectives, are devoutly episodic in structure - each week, one or more cases gets discovered, processed, and childrens literature essays, resolved, rarely to reappear or even be remembered in subsequent episodes. Leadership Essay! On The Wire , cases last an entire season or beyond, and literature essays, everything that happens is essay remembered with continuing repercussions throughout the storyworld - lessons are learned, grudges are deepened, and the stakes are raised. The show demands audiences to invest in their diegetic memories by rewarding detailed consumption with narrative payoffs; for instance, a first season bust of an childrens literature aide to pay to have done, Senator Clay Davis adds little to that season’s arc, but it sets up a major plotline of seasons three and essays, four. If Dragnet represents the prototype of the episodic procedural with hundreds of interchangeable episodes, The Wire is on the other end of television’s narrational spectrum, with each episode in the series demanding to be viewed in sequence and strict continuity. Thus, The Wire functions as what might be television’s only example of a serialized procedural.

Also debuting in 2002, The Shield blends the essays warming and polar bears procedural with the serial by mixing ongoing conflicts into its focus on the workings of a corrupt branch of the Los Angeles Police Department. The Shield , however, offers far more episodic closure than The Wire , with single cases introduced and resolved in most episodes - a plot convention that never occurs in The Wire . How does The Wire structure its balance between serial and episodic story lines? In many examples of television’s contemporary narrative complexity, individual episodes maintain a coherent and steady structure, even when they primarily function as part of a larger storytelling arc (Mittell 2006; Newman 2006). Individual episodes typically offer one self-contained plotline to be resolved while others function primarily within larger season arcs; for essays, example, each episode of have done, Veronica Mars typically introduces and resolves one new mystery, while longer character and investigative arcs proceed alongside that week’s self-contained plot. Childrens Essays! Other shows use structural devices to identify distinct episodes, such as Lost ’s designation of a specific character’s flashbacks each week or Six Feet Under ’s “death-of-the-week” structure. The Wire offers little episodic unity. Sample Essay! Although each episode is certainly structured to deliver narrative engagement and payoffs in specific beats and threads, it is hard to isolate any identifying characteristics of a single episode in the way that a show like The Sopranos has particular markers, such as “the college trip” or “the Russian in the woods.” In this way, The Wire does fit Simon’s novelistic ideals, as individual chapters are best viewed as parts of essays, a cohesive whole and not as stand-alone entries. The Wire is case studies therefore at once one of television’s most serialized programs, yet also uniquely focused more on institutional procedures and actions than character relationships and emotional struggles that typify most serialized dramas.

What are the childrens literature impacts of expository writing 5 paragraph essay, this unique narrative form of the serialized procedural, beyond just a formal innovation with its own pleasurable rewards? Dragnet and subsequent police procedurals represent law enforcement as an efficient machine - a perspective that the literature essays narrative form reinforces; by offering a weekly glimpse of how cases are solved and justice is served, the genre supports an underlying ideology of support for the status quo to reassure viewers about a functional state system able to protect and serve. Even Homicide ’s cynical and downbeat vision of on global warming, law enforcement offers resolution, if not reassurance, through its closed narrative structures. The stretch of literature, Homicide episodes most resembling The Wire was probably the essays bears first season’s focus on childrens literature essays the unsolved Adena Watson murder, a story line adapted directly from Simon’s book . On The Wire , the ongoing investigations rarely close and never resolve with any ideological certainties or reassurances, heroic victories or emotional releases. When McNulty allows his pride to swell in recognition that their detail is reflective essay made up of elite “natural police,” Freamon knocks him down, pointing out that even if they do close a big case, there will be no “parade, a gold watch, a shining Jimmy McNulty Day moment” (3.9).

Even if a resolution to a case arrives, the show refuses heroic closure or any sense of justice being served. By refusing ideological closure or easy answers to solving the complex systemic problems documented in The Wire , the show reminds us that in the end, it’s all just a game with another hand waiting to be played. The Wire ’s game logic returns to the fore here. Many of television’s complex narratives employ a puzzle structure to literature, motivate viewer interest, inspiring fans to watch shows like Lost , Veronica Mars , and Heroes with a forensic eye for details to piece together the mysteries and enigmas encoded within their serial structures. Despite being centered on crimes and detectives, The Wire offers almost no mysteries. We typically know who the criminals are and what they did. Even though the second season begins with an unsolved murder of leadership program, a shipping container full of Eastern European prostitutes, the whodunit is downplayed in childrens literature essays, the narrative drive, with the final revelation becoming almost an reflective afterthought as the focus is shifted to the larger systems of corruption, smuggling, and essays, the disintegration of essay, labor - the only closure offered by discovering the name of the already-dead murderer is the literature ability to essay, remove the “red names” from the board in the homicide squad room.

Instead of mysteries, the show’s narrative is focused on the game between competing systems, with suspense and tension generated through anticipation of childrens essays, what procedures will pay off for each side, and how the various sides will end up before the next round is played. In season four, we watch in anticipation of the twists and by kate essay, turns it will take before the police discover the bodies entombed by Chris and Snoop as potential leads and connections are missed until chance encounters point Freamon toward the significance of a nailed-up board. Childrens! The payoff is not justice being served, as the case remains unsolved at the season’s end, but the procedural journey toward the discovery. Studies! The cultural logic of traditional mysteries is based on a belief in childrens literature, functional institutions of justice being able to solve and punish crime; in The Wire ’s cynical vision, mysteries are only obstacles to improving clearance rates for homicide detectives or disruptions in the functioning machinery of by kate chopin, a criminal operation. This procedural focus of The Wire can be viewed as tied not only to television traditions but also to the mechanics of gameplay. Within the world of game studies, the term procedural conjures far different connotations than Dragnet and CSI . Some game scholars see procedural authorship as the essence of coding gameplay or “procedural narrative,” outlining the unit operations that render the childrens storyworld and enable player agency (Mateas and Stern 2007). For Murray (1997, 274), the procedural nature of games and digital narrative is essay unique in “its ability to capture experience as systems of interrelated actions” - a description seemingly capturing The Wire ’s narrative mode. Bogost (2006, 46) builds on childrens essays Murray’s model to extend a critical eye to “both technology-based and non-technologically based works from the single perspective of their shared procedurality.” Although The Wire ’s procedural language is not written in binary, each Baltimore institution has an underlying code, from the rules of the drug game’s parlay to the racial rotation in electing union leaders. The series frequently highlights what happens when conflicting codes overlap, as with Bell’s attempt to bring Robert’s Rules of Order to the meetings of drug dealers, or Colvin’s detente in the drug war to create Hamsterdam; such procedural conflicts trigger the complex social simulation needed to represent the urban environment as “systems of leadership, interrelated actions.” In both The Wire and essays, the realm of case studies, digital games, procedures are the essential building blocks of literature, narrative, character, and rhetoric, the actions that are undertaken within the parameters of the simulation, the rules of the game. Ultimately it is leadership through its focus on procedure, at the levels of action, play, and code, that The Wire generates its verisimilitude, creating a ludic engagement with the SimCity of twenty-first-century Baltimore. Childrens! HBO brands its offerings as “not TV,” and in some ways The Wire delivers, supplying a mode of storytelling previously untried on commercial U.S. television, with a tone and outlook antithetical to the medium’s perceived cultural role as a consensus-building vehicle for selling products and ideologies.

But in expository writing essay, its innovation, The Wire does reframe what television can do, and how stories can be told. Perhaps inspired by the novel but referencing the childrens literature cultural logic of games, the show presents a new model of serial procedurality that offers a probing social investigation of the leadership program essay urban condition. And as the players remind us, “it’s all in the game.” Bogost, Ian (2006). Unit Operations: An Approach to childrens essays, Videogame Criticism . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Mateas, Michael, and Andrew Stern (2007). “Writing Facade: A Case Study in Procedural Authorship.” In Second Person: Role-Playing and Story in Games and Playable Media , edited by Pat Harrigan and studies, Noah Wardrip-Fruin, 183-207. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Mittell, Jason (2004). Genre and childrens literature essays, Television: From Cop Shows to Cartoons in American Culture . New York: Routledge. Mittell, Jason (2006). “Narrative Complexity in Contemporary American Television.” Velvet Light Trap 58:29-40.

Moulthrop, Stuart (2004). “From Work to Play: Molecular Culture in the Time of Deadly Games.” In First Person: New Media as Story, Performance, and Game , edited by Noah Wardrip-Fruin and Pat Harrigan, 56-69. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Murray, Janet H. (1997). Hamlet on the Holodeck: The Future of Narrative in Cyberspace . New York: Free Press. Newman, Michael Z. (2006). “From Beats to Arcs: Toward a Poetics of Television Narrative.” Velvet Light Trap 58:16-28. Rashbaum, William K. (2005). “Police Say a Queens Drug Ring Watched Too Much Television.” New York Times , January 15. Simon, David (2006). “ The Wire on program essay HBO: Play or Get Played | Exclusive QA with David Simon.” August 16. http://members.aol.com/TheWireHBO/exclusive-1.html.

Zimmerman, Eric (2004). “Narrative, Interactivity, Play, and literature essays, Games: Four Naughty Concepts in Need of Discipline.” In First Person: New Media as Story, Performance, and Game , edited by Noah Wardrip-Fruin and Pat Harrigan, 154-164. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Zurawik, David (2006). “David Simon Has Novel Ideas about Wire.” Baltimore Sun , September 10. SimCity . Will Wright; Maxis. 1989. The Sims . Will Wright; Maxis. 2000. Dragnet (1951-1970).

NBC. Creator Jack Webb. Six Feet Under (2001-2005). HBO. Have Research! Creator Alan Ball. The Sopranos (1999-2007). HBO. Creator David Chase.